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Article
Publication date: 4 May 2012

Iliana Marinova and Valentin Mateev

The purpose of this paper is to develop an inverse approach for 3D thermal sources determination.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop an inverse approach for 3D thermal sources determination.

Design/methodology/approach

The developed approach is based on the Green's function for Poison's equation. Forward and inverse couple electromagnetic‐thermal field problems are formulated. Finite elements models are built and applied. Thermal field data are acquired by thermo vision camera. The thermal field sources are determined inside of the investigated inaccessible volume object using modeled and measured data with the developed approach.

Findings

The presented method and implemented examples demonstrate the possibilities of the developed approach for inverse source problem solution and determination of thermal field distributions of electrical devices.

Originality/value

The proposed inverse method uses the Green's function for Poison's equation for solution of thermal field problem taking into account the couple electromagnetic‐thermal problems. Proposed inverse method is very fast, accurate and can be used in many practical activities for electrical current determination and visualization in inaccessible regions only by measured external thermal field. Thermal field data needed for the method are easily acquired by thermo vision camera.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 April 2018

G.P. Ashwinkumar, C. Sulochana and S.P. Samrat

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the momentum, heat and mass transfer characteristics of magnetic-nanofluid flow past a vertical plate embedded in a porous…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the momentum, heat and mass transfer characteristics of magnetic-nanofluid flow past a vertical plate embedded in a porous medium filled with ferrous nanoparticles. The analysis is carried out in the presence of pertinent physical parameters such as aligned magnetic field, thermal radiation, chemical reaction, radiation absorption, heat source/sink.

Design/methodology/approach

The flow governing PDEs are transformed into ODEs using appropriate conversions. Further, the set of ODEs is solved analytically using the perturbation technique. The flow quantities such as velocity, thermal and concentration fields are discussed under the influence of above-mentioned pertinent physical parameters with the assistance of graphical depictions. Moreover, the friction factor, local Nusselt and Sherwood number are discussed in tabular form.

Findings

The results indicate that flow and thermal transport phenomenon is more effective in the case of the aligned magnetic field as compared with the transverse magnetic field. Also, the nanoparticle volume fraction plays a vital role in controlling the wall friction and heat transfer performance. The validation of the obtained results is done by comparing them with the results of various numerical techniques, and hence found them in excellent agreement.

Originality/value

In present days, the external magnetic fields are very effective to set the thermal and physical properties of magnetic-nanofluids and regulate the flow and heat transfer characteristics. The strength of the applied magnetic field affects the thermal conductivity of magnetic-nanofluids and makes it aeolotropic. With this incentive, the authors investigated the flow and heat transfer characteristics of electrically conducting magnetic-nanofluids over a vertical surface embedded in a porous medium. The authors discussed the dual nature of ferrous-water nanofluid in the presence of aligned magnetic field and transverse magnetic field cases. The influence of several physical parameters on velocity, thermal and concentration field converses with the succour of graphs.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

P.Di Barba

Introduces the fourth and final chapter of the ISEF 1999 Proceedings by stating electric and magnetic fields are influenced, in a reciprocal way, by thermal and mechanical…

Abstract

Introduces the fourth and final chapter of the ISEF 1999 Proceedings by stating electric and magnetic fields are influenced, in a reciprocal way, by thermal and mechanical fields. Looks at the coupling of fields in a device or a system as a prescribed effect. Points out that there are 12 contributions included ‐ covering magnetic levitation or induction heating, superconducting devices and possible effects to the human body due to electric impressed fields.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 February 2021

Leo Lukose and Tanmay Basak

The purpose of this paper is to address various works on mixed convection and proposes 10 unified models (Models 1–10) based on various thermal and kinematic conditions of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to address various works on mixed convection and proposes 10 unified models (Models 1–10) based on various thermal and kinematic conditions of the boundary walls, thermal conditions and/ or kinematics of objects embedded in the cavities and kinematics of external flow field through the ventilation ports. Experimental works on mixed convection have also been addressed.

Design/methodology/approach

This review is based on 10 unified models on mixed convection within cavities. Models 1–5 involve mixed convection based on the movement of single or double walls subjected to various temperature boundary conditions. Model 6 elucidates mixed convection due to the movement of single or double walls of cavities containing discrete heaters at the stationary wall(s). Model 7A focuses mixed convection based on the movement of wall(s) for cavities containing stationary solid obstacles (hot or cold or adiabatic) whereas Model 7B elucidates mixed convection based on the rotation of solid cylinders (hot or conductive or adiabatic) within the cavities enclosed by stationary or moving wall(s). Model 8 is based on mixed convection due to the flow of air through ventilation ports of cavities (with or without adiabatic baffles) subjected to hot and adiabatic walls. Models 9 and 10 elucidate mixed convection due to flow of air through ventilation ports of cavities involving discrete heaters and/or solid obstacles (conductive or hot) at various locations within cavities.

Findings

Mixed convection plays an important role for various processes based on convection pattern and heat transfer rate. An important dimensionless number, Richardson number (Ri) identifies various convection regimes (forced, mixed and natural convection). Generalized models also depict the role of “aiding” and “opposing” flow and combination of both on mixed convection processes. Aiding flow (interaction of buoyancy and inertial forces in the same direction) may result in the augmentation of the heat transfer rate whereas opposing flow (interaction of buoyancy and inertial forces in the opposite directions) may result in decrease of the heat transfer rate. Works involving fluid media, porous media and nanofluids (with magnetohydrodynamics) have been highlighted. Various numerical and experimental works on mixed convection have been elucidated. Flow and thermal maps associated with the heat transfer rate for a few representative cases of unified models [Models 1–10] have been elucidated involving specific dimensionless numbers.

Originality/value

This review paper will provide guidelines for optimal design/operation involving mixed convection processing applications.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 July 2008

Marcin Lefik and Krzysztof Komęza

This paper aims to present the plan to develop the known algorithm for thermal and electromagnetic coupled problem calculation. This is used for a one‐phase induction…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present the plan to develop the known algorithm for thermal and electromagnetic coupled problem calculation. This is used for a one‐phase induction motor with locked rotor for nominal and lowered voltage excitation values. It also aims to prepare a calculating method for the average heat transfer coefficient for natural convection from the induction motor housing external face.

Design/methodology/approach

The numerical investigations proposed are based on 3D finite element models for thermal and electromagnetic fields analysis and 3D volume element model for average heat transfer coefficient calculations. The thermal model is experimentally validated.

Findings

The paper provides a numerical method to calculate average heat transfer coefficient for the induction motor housing external faces. This coefficient is shown as a temperature function. Temperature variations in the various parts of the induction motor with locked rotor are calculated. The calculation results are compared with the measurement results.

Research limitations/implications

The average heat transfer coefficient is calculated for a limited range of temperature and for the natural convection case. Electromagnetic field analysis does not include losses in the motor core. These losses could be included in the thermal and electromagnetic fields coupled calculation problem as an additional heat source for the thermal field.

Originality/value

The paper presents a 3D transient thermal field and electromagnetic field coupled problem and proposes a method for calculating the average heat transfer coefficient of natural convection from the housing external face of the induction motor with a locked rotor.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 27 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 November 2019

Rohit Pethe, Thomas Heuzé and Laurent Stainier

The purpose of this paper is to present a variational mesh h-adaption approach for strongly coupled thermomechanical problems.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a variational mesh h-adaption approach for strongly coupled thermomechanical problems.

Design/methodology/approach

The mesh is adapted by local subdivision controlled by an energy criterion. Thermal and thermomechanical problems are of interest here. In particular, steady and transient purely thermal problems, transient strongly coupled thermoelasticity and thermoplasticity problems are investigated.

Findings

Different test cases are performed to test the robustness of the algorithm for the problems listed above. It is found that a better cost-effectiveness can be obtained with that approach compared to a uniform refining procedure. Because the algorithm is based on a set of tolerance parameters, parametric analyses and a study of their respective influence on the mesh adaption are carried out. This detailed analysis is performed on unidimensional problems, and a final example is provided in two dimensions.

Originality/value

This work presents an original approach for independent h-adaption of a mechanical and a thermal mesh in strongly coupled problems, based on an incremental variational formulation. The approach does not rely on (or attempt to provide) error estimation in the classical sense. It could merely be considered to provide an error indicator. Instead, it provides a practical methodology to adapt the mesh on the basis of the variational structure of the underlying mathematical problem.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

K. Li, B.Q. Li, J. Handa and H.C. de Groh

The quality of crystals grown in space can be diversely affected by the melt flows induced by g‐jitter associated with a space vehicle. This paper presents a full…

Abstract

Purpose

The quality of crystals grown in space can be diversely affected by the melt flows induced by g‐jitter associated with a space vehicle. This paper presents a full three‐dimensional (3D) transient finite element analysis of the complex fluid flow and heat and mass transfer phenomena in a simplified Bridgman crystal growth configuration under the influence of g‐jitter perturbations and magnetic fields.

Design/methodology/approach

The model development is based on the Galerkin finite element solution of the magnetohydrodynamic governing equations describing the thermal convection and heat and mass transfer in the melt. A physics‐based re‐numbering algorithm is used to make the formidable 3D simulations computationally feasible. Simulations are made using steady microgravity, synthetic and real g‐jitter data taken during a space flight.

Findings

Numerical results show that g‐jitter drives a complex, 3D, time dependent thermal convection and that velocity spikes in response to real g‐jitter disturbances in space flights, resulting in irregular solute concentration distributions. An applied magnetic field provides an effective means to suppress the deleterious convection effects caused by g‐jitter. Based on the simulations with applied magnetic fields of various strengths and orientations, the magnetic field aligned with the thermal gradient provides an optimal damping effect, and the stronger magnetic field is more effective in suppressing the g‐jitter induced convection. While the convective flows and solute transport are complex and truly 3D, those in the symmetry plane parallel to the direction of g‐jitter are essentially two‐dimensional (2D), which may be approximated well by the widely used 2D models.

Originality/value

The physics‐based re‐numbering algorithm has made possible the large scale finite element computations for 3D g‐jitter flows in a magnetic field. The results indicate that an applied magnetic field can be effective in suppressing the g‐jitter driven flows and thus enhance the quality of crystals grown in space.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 15 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2001

Florin David, Tiberiu Tudorache and Virgiliu Firteanu

This paper presents a 3D numerical modeling of electromagnetic and thermal fields in three‐phase electric arc furnaces. The thermal effect of the foamy slag is studied in…

Abstract

This paper presents a 3D numerical modeling of electromagnetic and thermal fields in three‐phase electric arc furnaces. The thermal effect of the foamy slag is studied in the first part of the paper. The Joule power density is calculated with an AC electromagnetic analysis and is transferred to the steady state thermal problem as heat source. The second part of the paper presents a numerical analysis of new electromagnetic stirring methods.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 20 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 August 2021

Nirmalendu Biswas, Dipak Kumar Mandal, Nirmal K. Manna, Rama Subba Reddy Gorla and Ali J. Chamkha

The aims of this study is to numerically investigate the thermal phenomena during magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) free convection in an oblique enclosure filled with porous…

Abstract

Purpose

The aims of this study is to numerically investigate the thermal phenomena during magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) free convection in an oblique enclosure filled with porous media saturated with Cu–Al2O3/water hybrid nanofluid and heated at the left wavy wall. The thermophysical phenomena are explored thoroughly by varying the amplitude (λ) and undulation (n) of the wavy wall and the inclination of the enclosure (γ) along with other pertinent physical parameters. Darcy–Rayleigh number (Ram), Darcy number (Da), Hartmann number (Ha) and nanoparticle volumetric fraction (ϕ). The effect of all parameters has been analyzed and represented by using heatlines, isotherms, streamlines, average Nusselt number and local Nusselt number.

Design/methodology/approach

The finite volume method is used to work out the transport equations coupled with velocity, pressure and temperature subjected to non-uniform staggered grid structure after grid-sensitivity analysis by an indigenous computing code and the semi-implicit method for pressure linked equations (SIMPLE) algorithm. The solution process is initiated following an iterative approach through the alternate direction implicit sweep technique and the tridiagonal matrix algorithm (TDMA) algorithm. The iterative process is continued until successive minimization of the residuals (<1e-8) for the governing equations.

Findings

This study reveals that the increase in the heating surface area does not always favor heat transfer. An increase in the undulation amplitude enhances the heat transfer; however, there is an optimum value of undulation of the wavy wall for this. The heat transfer enhancement because of the wall curvature is revealed at higher Ram, lower Da and Ha and lower volume fraction of nanoparticles. In general, this augmentation is optimum for four undulations of the wavy wall with an amplitude of λ = 0.3. The heat transfer enhancement can be more at the cavity inclination   γ = 45°.

Research limitations/implications

The technique of this investigation could be used in other multiphysical areas involving partial porous layers, conducting objects, different heating conditions, wall motion, etc.

Practical implications

This study is to address MHD thermo-fluid phenomena of Cu–Al2O3/water-based hybrid nanofluid flow through a non-Darcian porous wavy cavity at different inclinations. The amplitude and number of undulations of the wavy wall, permeability of the porous medium, magnetic field intensity, nanoparticle volumetric fraction and inclinations of the enclosure play a significant role in the heat transfer process. This analysis and the findings of this work can be useful for the design and control of similar thermal systems/devices.

Originality/value

Many researchers have examined the problem of buoyancy-induced free convection in a wavy-porous cavity packed with regular fluids or nanofluids. However, the effect of magnetic fields along with the amplitude (λ) at different undulations (n) of the heated wavy wall of an inclined enclosure is not attended so far to understand the transport mechanisms. Most often, the evolutions of the thermo-fluid phenomena in such complex geometries invoking different multiphysics are very intricate. Numerical implementations for simulations and subsequent post-processing of the results are also challenging.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 November 2010

A. Kumaravel, N. Ganesan and Raju Sethuraman

The purpose of the paper is to investigate the linear thermal buckling and vibration analysis of layered and multiphase magneto‐electro‐elastic (MEE) cylinders made of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to investigate the linear thermal buckling and vibration analysis of layered and multiphase magneto‐electro‐elastic (MEE) cylinders made of piezoelectric/piezomagnetic materials using finite element method.

Design/methodology/approach

The constitutive equations of MEE materials are used to derive the finite element equations involving the coupling between mechanical, electrical, magnetic and thermal fields. The present study is limited to clamped‐clamped boundary conditions. The linear thermal buckling is carried out for an axisymmetric cylinder operating in a steady state axisymmetric uniform temperature rise. The influence of stacking sequences and volume fraction of multiphase MEE materials on critical buckling temperature and vibration behaviour is investigated. The influence of coupling effects on critical buckling temperature and vibration behaviour is also studied.

Findings

The critical buckling temperature is higher for MEE axisymmetric cylinder as compared to elastic cylinder.

Originality/value

Linear thermal buckling and vibration analysis of MEE axisymmetric cylinders are studied using the finite element approach. The structure can be used for active vibration control, sensors and actuators. Studying the buckling and vibration behaviour of such structures and influence of coupling effect is extremely useful for the design of magnetoelectroelastic structures.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 6 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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