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Static VAR compensators (SVC) have been recognized to be one of the most important flexible AC transmission systems devices used for mitigating the low-frequency…
Static VAR compensators (SVC) have been recognized to be one of the most important flexible AC transmission systems devices used for mitigating the low-frequency electrochemical oscillations occurring in the system and for reactive power compensation, thereby improving the overall dynamic stability and efficiency of the system. The purpose of this paper is to optimize and dynamically tune the control parameters of the classical proportional integral and derivative (PID) controller of the SVC for a two-machine system by designing a new robust optimization technique.
The angular speed deviation between the two machines is used as an auxiliary signal to SVC for generation of the required damping output. To justify the efficacy of the system undertaken, a light load fault at time t = 1 s is projected to the system. The simulation is carried out in MATLAB/Simulink architecture.
The proposed technique helps in the enhancement of system efficiency, reliability and controllability and by effectively responding to the non-linearities taking place in a power grid network. The results obtained are indicative of the fact that the proposed modified brain storming optimization (MBSO) technique reduces system disturbances very quickly, increases the system response in terms of better rise time, settling time and peak overshoot and improves the efficiency of the system.
A detailed comparison of the MBSO technique is compared with the conventional brain storming optimization (BSO) and PID technique. Total harmonic distortion through fast Fourier transform is also compiled to prove that the values of the proposed MBSO method found out to be confined well within the prescribed IEEE-514 boundaries.