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Article
Publication date: 24 September 2019

Tahar Tayebi and Ali J. Chamkha

The purpose of this paper is to study the influence of magnetic field on entropy generation and natural convection inside an enclosure filled with a hybrid nanofluid and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the influence of magnetic field on entropy generation and natural convection inside an enclosure filled with a hybrid nanofluid and having a conducting wavy solid block. Also, the effect of fluid–solid thermal conductivity ratio is investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

The governing equations that are formulated in the dimensionless form are discretized via finite volume method. The velocity–pressure coupling is assured by the SIMPLE algorithm. Heat transfer balance is used to verify the convergence. The validation of the numerical results was performed by comparing qualitatively and quantitatively the results with previously published investigations.

Findings

The results indicate that the magnetic field and the conductivity ratio of the wavy solid block can significantly affect the dynamic and thermal field and, consequently, the heat transfer rate and entropy generation because of heat transfer, fluid friction and magnetic force.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the present numerical study is the first attempt to use hybrid nanofluid for studying the entropy generation because of magnetohydrodynamic natural convective flow in a square cavity with the presence of a wavy circular conductive cylinder. Irreversibilities due to magnetic effect are taken into account. The effect of fluid–solid thermal conductivity ratio is considered.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 September 2018

Ammar I. Alsabery, Tahar Tayebi, Ali J. Chamkha and Ishak Hashim

The purpose of this paper is to study problem of conjugate MHD natural convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a square cavity with conductive inner block using…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study problem of conjugate MHD natural convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a square cavity with conductive inner block using Buongiorno’s two-phase model numerically.

Design/methodology/approach

An isothermal heater is placed on the left wall of the square cavity, while the right wall is maintained at a constant cold temperature. The horizontal top and bottom walls are kept adiabatic. The boundaries of the annulus are assumed to be impermeable, the fluid within the cavity is a water-based nanofluid having Al2O3 nanoparticles. The Boussinesq approximation is applicable. The governing equations subject to the boundary conditions are solved using the finite difference method.

Findings

Numerical results are presented graphically in the form of streamlines, isotherms and nanoparticles distributions as well as the local and average Nusselt numbers. The results show that the effect of the nanoparticles addition on the average Nusselt number is essential for low Rayleigh, high Hartmann and high values of length ratio when attenuated the convective flow.

Originality/value

According to exist studies and to the authors’ best knowledge, so far, there have been no studies of conjugate natural convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a square cavity with a conductive inner block using Buongiorno’s two-phase model with the effect of the magnetic field. Thus, the authors believe that this work is new and valuable. The aim of this study is to investigate the MHD natural convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a square cavity with conductive inner block using Buongiorno’s two-phase model.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 28 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 October 2021

Abdelraheem M. Aly and Shreen El-Sapa

The purpose of this paper is to work out the magnetic forces on heat/mass transmission in a cavity filled with a nanofluid and wavy porous medium by applying the…

65

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to work out the magnetic forces on heat/mass transmission in a cavity filled with a nanofluid and wavy porous medium by applying the incompressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (ISPH) method.

Design/methodology/approach

The cavity is filled by a nanofluid and an undulating layer of a porous medium. The inserted two circular cylinders are rotated around the cavity’s center by a uniform circular velocity. The outer circular cylinder has four gates, and it carries two different boundary conditions. The inner circular cylinder is carrying Th and Ch. The Lagrangian description of the dimensionless regulating equations is solved numerically by the ISPH method.

Findings

The major outcomes of the completed numerical simulations illustrated the significance of the wavy porous layer in declining the nanofluid movements, temperature and concentration in a cavity. The nanofluid movements are declining by an increase in nanoparticle parameter and Hartmann number. The variations on the boundary conditions of an outer circular cylinder are changing the lineaments of heat/mass transfer in a cavity.

Originality/value

The originality of this study is investigating the dual rotations of the cylinders on magnetohydrodynamics thermosolutal convection of a nanofluid in a cavity saturated by two wavy horizontal porous layers.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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