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Discusses the problems caused by pigeons in buildings and somecommon control techniques, and outlines a remedial programme. Brieflyexamines the natural history of the…
Discusses the problems caused by pigeons in buildings and some common control techniques, and outlines a remedial programme. Briefly examines the natural history of the feral pigeon. Details the common control techniques of food reduction, poisons and narcotic baits, trapping, fertility control and removal of nest sites, shooting, predators, bird scarers, bird nets,sprung wires, spikes and repellent gels. Advocates the implementation of a specialized site investigation and suggests that control is unlikely to be achieved by the application of a single product or technique.
Discusses aspects of the decay of buildings due to neglect throughthe restraints of financial stringencies. Examines factors in the spiralof decay and neglect, including…
Discusses aspects of the decay of buildings due to neglect through the restraints of financial stringencies. Examines factors in the spiral of decay and neglect, including problems caused by maintenance, occupancy, malicious damage, roof drainage, pigeons and plants, plumbing, moisture reservoirs and poor ventilation. Outlines processes of timber preservation, highlighting attention to moisture sources and ventilation, and discusses management techniques in maintenance projects. Concludes that the existing stock of buildings in the UK should be conserved not for cultural or historic reasons, but because they represent a major national asset.
Points to the decline of “craftsmanship” as a factor leading to the demise of the ability to control timber decay in an environmentally‐friendly fashion. Considers pesticides and other chemical‐based treatments as a lower‐cost, relatively recent, but often unsuccessful remedy to timber decay. Outlines major timber‐decay problems: dry rot, wet rot and woodboring insects, and their detection techniques. Includes diagrams and detailed discussion on remedial treatments. Concludes that timber decay cannot be effectively treated without an understanding of the interaction of the external environment, building materials, design and content, and the activities within and occupants of a building, and that manipulation of a single variable (timber decay organisms) is bound to be unsuccessful without such understanding.
A CONSIDERABLE literature about skin friction or boundary‐layer theory exists both in English and in German and there is general agreement as to the best practicable…
A CONSIDERABLE literature about skin friction or boundary‐layer theory exists both in English and in German and there is general agreement as to the best practicable method of dealing with a change from model to full scale. In the resume now to be given no new ideas or facts are introduced.
Under this heading are published regularly abstracts of all Reports and Memoranda of the Aeronautical Research Committee, Reports and Technical Notes of the U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, and publications of other similar research bodies as issued
To enable an assembling frame to bo dispensed with when erecting polygonal wire‐braced main rings of a rigid airship each main ring comprises a plurality of polygonal…
To enable an assembling frame to bo dispensed with when erecting polygonal wire‐braced main rings of a rigid airship each main ring comprises a plurality of polygonal rings braced by inwardly projecting girders arranged between the constituent rings. Each ring 10, Fig. 1, comprises two spaced ring girders 12, Fig. 3, having longitudinally spaced joints 14, 15 at the corners of the polygon. Short girders 17 have their outer ends connected between rings 12 at the joints 14 and their inner ends connected by girders 21 to the joints 15. At the sides and at the upper portion of the ring 10 the girders 21 embrace three sides of the polygon and are braced by girders 22. The lower portion of the ring 10 is braced by a framework 23.
[Under this heading are published regularly abstracts of all Reports and Memoranda of the Aeronautical Research Committee, Reports and Technical Notes of the U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, and publications of other similar research bodies as issued.—Ed.]
Urban sustainability is an inseparable dimension of today's cities; thus, the role played by creativity, and consequently sustainable urban entrepreneurship and the…
Urban sustainability is an inseparable dimension of today's cities; thus, the role played by creativity, and consequently sustainable urban entrepreneurship and the networks it raises, gives rise to the pro-activity of these two constructs toward a tripartition (economic, social and environmental). This study aims to measure sustainable urban entrepreneurship through a composite of existing indicators in the literature of cities.
In this study, the authors followed a quantitative research by applying exploratory factor analysis. The sample contains 308 towns and cities in Portugal, and the data were collected using secondary databases (e.g. INE; PORDATA).
Through quantitative research, this study identified the key indicators that mediate sustainable urban entrepreneurship in cities, as a methodological tool for them to evaluate their sustainable entrepreneurial capacity.
The results obtained here provide information to show that sustainable urban entrepreneurship is an essential construct for cities, allowing a solution to many of their urban problems by its association with creative economy and its influence on the revitalization of urban spaces by urban regeneration, and by the importance of networks in these, the latter being another fundamental construct.
This research makes important contributions to studies considering the sustainability construct in urban entrepreneurship area. It will help to fill part of the gap in existing studies involving the cities’ aspects in entrepreneurship field. Consequently, the main contribution of this study lies in identifying the indicators that contribute to cities' tripartite sustainable balance by assuming sustainable urban entrepreneurship as a crucial premise.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the relevance of academic research in the business and management studies stream to various stakeholders. The stakeholder theory is…
The purpose of this paper is to examine the relevance of academic research in the business and management studies stream to various stakeholders. The stakeholder theory is used to examine the influence of research on various key beneficiaries and investigate the link between the domain of research and locus of impact.
Research Excellence Framework 2014 (REF 2014) conducted in the UK provides a useful context and data for our research as REF 2014 encouraged universities to submit the information on research activities and their beneficiaries. This information is in the form of impact case studies which details the research, location of research and beneficiaries.
The findings suggest that research with an international focus has a positive impact on industry stakeholders, especially multinational corporations as well as non-governmental organizations. Second, it shows how research has made a commercial impact in innovation and small and medium enterprises’ growth while having limited impact on other domains such as social, legal, political and healthcare. More broadly, the findings indicate the degree of regional diversity. Also, the wider results-driven agenda in the UK can overestimate the research contribution to some stakeholders in the society.
Self-selection bias as universities might submit only few case studies.
For research to generate long-term benefits for the wider society, it needs to engage more deeply with the whole range of stakeholders.
This study contributes to understanding how research is consumed by stakeholders. The results indicate that while locally relevant research encourages local consumption; it is not assimilated across various stakeholders.
Continues to examine the provision of damp proofing in ground‐supported floors. Considers the problems associated with dampness in and damp proofing of floors in old…
Continues to examine the provision of damp proofing in ground‐supported floors. Considers the problems associated with dampness in and damp proofing of floors in old buildings. Examines the options for replacing the original defective floor with a ground‐bearing floor. Indicates that when a new DPM is installed, moisture can be diverted from the underside of existing ground floors to the external walls. Shows that in some instances the provision of a DPM may not be essential in replacement ground floor slabs provided that certain precautions are taken.