Search results

1 – 10 of over 20000
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 5 September 2017

Henryk Rybinski, Lukasz Skonieczny, Jakub Koperwas, Waclaw Struk, Jolanta Stepniak and Weronika Kubrak

The purpose of this paper is to present a solution for building an institutional information system (IIS) for the university, so that it combines the functionality of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a solution for building an institutional information system (IIS) for the university, so that it combines the functionality of institutional repository (IR) with the functionality of current research information system (CRIS). The paper presents functionality of a system that has been implemented at Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), which solves the requirements of both system types. In addition, applied AI technologies aiming at providing features attractive for the system beneficiaries are presented.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have reviewed various approaches to IIS, analyzed the problems observed by researchers in combining CRIS with IR, and have shown how the problems can be solved within a system that integrates various functionalities. Based on this analysis, the authors have implemented software Ω-ΨR (OMEGA-PSIR) for an academic IIS, which integrates requirements of both system types, and then deployed it at WUT.

Findings

It is shown that although a classical repository is an important part of the CRIS/IR system, the essential value of the solution is in providing analytical tools for “research management.” Based on the example of OMEGA-PSIR, the authors have also presented how the researcher-centric approach influences the acceptance rate of the academic community. It is also shown how the researcher-centric approach can take advantage from integrating the conflicting functionalities of IR and CRIS.

Practical implications

The paper bridges the gap between theory and practice in the area of IIS for academic institutions. It constructively discusses the role of institutional IR and it provides guides how to develop a system combining functionalities of CRIS and IR, as well as how to make IIS more attractive for the users by making the system researcher centric.

Originality/value

The survey of various approaches to IIS is unique. The research-centric approach and its implementation within OMEGA-PSIR system are original. Lessons learned from deploying the software at the WUT are of great value for institutions planning to install IR/CRIS solutions. A survey research concerning the system usability is provided, showing practical usefulness of the proposed approach.

Details

Program, vol. 51 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 25 July 2008

Tim S. McLaren and David C.H. Vuong

This paper has the objective of demonstrating a more structured and useful method for evaluating functionality of enterprise software packages such as supply chain…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper has the objective of demonstrating a more structured and useful method for evaluating functionality of enterprise software packages such as supply chain management information systems (SCM IS). Existing taxonomies have limited utility for software selection and analysis due to the variation and overlap in functionality found in modern enterprise systems.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative analysis of over 1,800 pages of SCM IS documentation and independent analyst reports is used to identify relevant SCM IS functional attributes in the seven most widespread SCM IS packages. Pattern matching and coding of constructs is used to iteratively build a hierarchical taxonomy of SCM IS functionality.

Findings

The taxonomy developed describes 83 major functional attributes that form five top‐level categories: primary supply chain processes, data management, decision support, relationship management, and performance improvement. The codes representing supply chain processes agree with the widely used Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) process model, although the terminology was not used consistently in vendor and analyst documents.

Research limitations/implications

The approach described enables richer classification schemes to be built that will better distinguish between the wide‐ranging functionality found in modern enterprise information systems.

Practical implications

Selection and analysis of SCM IS is difficult due to the functional overlaps in different systems. The approach described enables a more structured, detailed, and useful analysis of an organization's current or proposed information systems.

Originality/value

This paper contributes a novel approach for conceptualizing and analyzing complex information systems using hierarchical rather than traditional flat taxonomies.

Details

Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. 21 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0398

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 June 1999

Alexander Howard, Ashok Kochhar and John Dilworth

This paper describes the use of a set of manufacturing planning and control (MPC) system activities for assessing the functionality suitable in individual companies. Field…

Abstract

This paper describes the use of a set of manufacturing planning and control (MPC) system activities for assessing the functionality suitable in individual companies. Field studies were carried out in medium‐sized batch manufacturing companies and the set of activities was used to investigate the functionality and level of computer support suitable in each case. The field studies verified the set of activities and the findings were used to refine the activities and identify additional activities to be included in the set. The field studies were also used to develop detailed reasons why each activity was considered relevant or not relevant. From the field studies it was possible to conclude that the overall type of company (i.e. make‐to‐order (MTO), make‐to‐stock (MTS), etc.) was not in itself sufficient to predict which activity would be relevant to a particular company. It is proposed that there are numerous reasons why an activity is relevant or not relevant and that it is the detailed characteristics of the individual company which are important in reaching this decision.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 30 September 2014

Sarandis Mitropoulos, George Dimitrios Baltasis, Michalis Rodios and Christos Douligeris

The purpose of this paper is to present the SociaLib system, which is a collaborative digital library system. The system uses Drupal content management system to implement…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the SociaLib system, which is a collaborative digital library system. The system uses Drupal content management system to implement Web 2.0 functionalities and facilitate collaboration and cooperation between its users. It offers a variety of functions, like wikis, forums and it is also accessible from microbrowsers.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper starts with a reference to collaboration in Digital Libraries and states related work. Then, it introduces the SociaLib system, including implementation and functionalities. There is also an example of how such a system can be used in a real-world situation. Ideas for future work are also included.

Findings

The system was evaluated using a usability questionnaire on a subject of 50 people. The results were promising, showing user acceptance and satisfaction.

Originality/value

This paper offer collaborative solutions to Digital Library users, helping them communicate and cooperate with colleagues on their research. The system uses Web 2.0 functions that enable the user to be more productive and also work mobile if he wishes.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 32 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Gerald Feldman, Hanifa Shah, Craig Chapman, Erika A. Pärn and David J. Edwards

Enterprise systems (ES) upgrade is fundamental to maintaining a system’s continuous improvement and stability. However, while the extant literature is replete with…

Abstract

Purpose

Enterprise systems (ES) upgrade is fundamental to maintaining a system’s continuous improvement and stability. However, while the extant literature is replete with research on ES upgrade decision-making, there is scant knowledge about how different decision processes facilitate this decision to upgrade. This paper aims to investigate and better understand these processes from an organisational perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

The study adopted a qualitative survey design, and used a Web-based questionnaire and semi-structured interviews to collect data from 23 large organisations. Data accrued were qualitatively analysed and manually coded to identify the various decision processes undertaken during ES upgrade decisions.

Findings

Analysis results reveal complex interrelations between the upgrade drivers, the need to evaluate the new version’s functionality and the upgrade impact. Understanding the interaction between these elements influences the upgrade decision process.

Research limitations/implications

The study proposes ES upgrade processes that support a decision to upgrade major releases. Further research is required to offer either similar or conflicting arguments on the upgrade decision-making and provide a probabilistic generalisation of the decision-making processes.

Originality/value

The research offers a comprehensive and empirically supported methodical approach that embraces an evaluation of a new version’s functionality, technical requirements and concomitant upgrade implications as intrinsic decision processes. This approach assists in the decisions to establish the upgrade need and determine the level of change, effort required, impacts and associated benefits.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, vol. 15 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 August 2005

Markus Biehl

Anecdotal evidence suggests that the use of the external supply chain (SC) functionality offered by business‐to‐business electronic marketplaces (EMPs) results in improved…

Abstract

Purpose

Anecdotal evidence suggests that the use of the external supply chain (SC) functionality offered by business‐to‐business electronic marketplaces (EMPs) results in improved efficiencies and reduced costs in supply chains. Anecdotal evidence also suggests, however, that most of the benefits offered by EMPs could also be achieved by an increase in the firm's internal SC capabilities. The firm's decision is thus one of seeking SC efficiencies through internal capabilities (e.g. enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems), through participation in EMPs, or through a combination of both. Seeks to examine this issue.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper conceptually examines the choice of using ERP systems versus EMPs within the context of value creation and competitiveness in an SC partnership. Then a dynamic, non‐linear model is proposed to support this decision.

Findings

Three findings stand out. First, while small firms are often well served with just using EMPs, large firms are better off using a well‐balanced portfolio of internal and external capabilities along with their SC processes. Second, unless a sufficient level of internal information technology capabilities is present, firms with a large scope of stock‐keeping units will not be able to significantly improve their SC effectiveness by just using EMPs. Finally, the successful acquisition of SC capabilities depends on the level of uncertainty of the associated technology and market.

Originality/value

This paper considers a range of organizational and environmental factors that impact the choice between EMPs and ERP systems that have not previously been considered. The findings have a major impact on the choice of internal versus external functionality to increase the firm's SC capabilities.

Details

Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. 18 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0398

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 22 June 2012

Przemysław Lech

The purpose of this paper is to examine the information gathering methods used during enterprise system (ES) selection among Polish organizations and to have IT consulting…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the information gathering methods used during enterprise system (ES) selection among Polish organizations and to have IT consulting experts evaluate these methods, which will result in identification of the preferred approach for the information‐gathering task during system selection.

Design/methodology/approach

The research has a qualitative exploratory design with grounded theory being the main research method. A mixed quantitative‐qualitative approach to data collection was used: an e‐mail‐based survey was used as an introductory stage to gather data on information‐gathering methods. The results of the survey were evaluated by ES experts during unstructured interviews. The interviews were then transcribed and coded according to the grounded theory coding techniques.

Findings

The evaluation of selection approaches revealed that the approach to information gathering should depend on the level of configurability of the systems subject to selection. Two generic approaches were identified: requirements driven – for highly configurable systems, and system functionality driven – for the systems offering limited configurability. Interaction between the customer and the bidder was also identified as the main condition for preparing the unbiased offer by the bidders.

Research limitations/implications

Regarding the survey study, as the survey sample was small and the sample selection process was not random, the results should not be generalised to the whole population of Polish enterprises. It would be also beneficial to test the validity of the findings from the grounded theory study on the big population of ES bidders with the use of statistical methods.

Practical implications

For highly configurable systems, a model that includes a business process analysis, detailed requirements' specification and dedicated system functionality presentation is the preferred approach. A workshop is preferred to obtaining a ready requirements list. For systems offering limited configurability, an approach centred on system presentation is more suitable. In this case the requirements should be gathered during the presentation on a “gap‐fit” basis.

Originality/value

There is a significant lack of research that explores the selection process, with the stress on organizational needs and system functionality information gathering and makes indications for improvement of this process from the consulting enterprise (bidder) point of view. The paper fills this gap by presenting the results of a survey among Polish enterprises regarding selection routines and the evaluation of these routines by expert ES professionals, resulting in the development of the preferred set of information‐gathering methods.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 12 February 2018

Anwar ul Haq, George Magoulas, Arshad Jamal, Asim Majeed and Diane Sloan

E-learning environments and services (ELES) adoption and success rates challenge ELES designers, practitioners and organisations. Enterprise decision makers continue to…

Abstract

Purpose

E-learning environments and services (ELES) adoption and success rates challenge ELES designers, practitioners and organisations. Enterprise decision makers continue to seek effective instruments in launching such systems. The purpose of this paper is to understand users’ perceptions of ELES effectiveness and develop a theoretical framework which improves understanding of success factors for adoption.

Design/methodology/approach

Grounded theory method is used to reflect on the relationships between changing users’ requirements and expectations, technological advances and ELES effectiveness models. A longitudinal study collecting data from social media blogs over four years was authenticated based on the context evaluation, language structure and conversational constructs.

Findings

Identification of a new core dimension named “Concept Functionality” which can be used to understand the relationships between e-learning effectiveness factors including the relationships with other domains such as security. The findings are also used to validate major existing models for the success of ELES.

Practical implications

The new framework potentially improves system design process in the fields of education technology, enterprise systems, etc.

Originality/value

Concept functionality dimension can offer more insights to understand ELES effectiveness and further improve system design process in a variety of domains including enterprise systems, process modelling and education technology.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 22 May 2020

Catarina Antónia Martins, Maria João Aibéo Carneiro and Osvaldo Rocha Pacheco

Destination management organizations perform a very important role regarding the management of tourism destinations. Destination management systems are a key technological…

Abstract

Purpose

Destination management organizations perform a very important role regarding the management of tourism destinations. Destination management systems are a key technological infrastructure for these organizations. However, in the literature, it is not clear what are the factors that promote the implementation of these systems, neither what are the factors that contribute to their success. This study aims to propose and test two research models to overcome these research gaps.

Design/methodology/approach

The first model refers to the determinants of the implementation of destination management systems, and the second model refers to the determinants of the success of those systems. The models are tested with data collected through a questionnaire survey from destination management organizations of five European countries, which are among the leaders in international tourism receipts.

Findings

Concerning the factors that promote the implementation of destination management systems, this study reveals the importance of the diversity of partnerships that the private sector establishes in the destination, of advantages resulting from governance and of partners' involvement in the functions of destination management organizations. Concerning the factors that promote the success of these systems, this study highlights the importance of a phased implementation, the fact that a high number of functionalities in the system prevents success and the importance of having a revenue model that can support financial and operating costs.

Originality/value

The study provides important theoretical and practical contributions to the successful implementation of destination management systems by destination management organizations.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 121 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 31 August 2012

Tien‐Chen Chien

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influences of system and instructor factors on e‐learning effectiveness under the interactions of computer self‐efficacy…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the influences of system and instructor factors on e‐learning effectiveness under the interactions of computer self‐efficacy. In this study, the factors of the e‐learning system are functionality, interaction, and response. The factors of the e‐learning instructor are attitude, technical skills, and instructional method. The moderating effects of learners' computer self‐efficacy are examined.

Design/methodology/approach

The study surveyed general employees in the financial services industry in Taiwan. A questionnaire was developed to measure participants' perceptions. Four hundred questionnaires were sent out, and 362 were returned. Of these, 314 were valid, leading to a return rate of 78.5 percent.

Findings

The results of data analysis indicate that both system and instructor factors have significant positive influences on e‐learning effectiveness. Learners' computer self‐efficacy has a moderating effect on the relationship between system functionality and training effectiveness. The higher the computer self‐efficacy, the stronger is the relationship between functionality and effectiveness, and vice versa. However, computer self‐efficacy does not have a significant moderating effect on the relationship between other independent variables and training effectiveness.

Originality/value

Since both system and instructor factors have positive influences on e‐learning effectiveness, HRD managers need to pay more attention to issues in both areas. High computer self‐efficacy can result in better training effectiveness; therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to enhancing employee computer skills and their confidence in using e‐learning.

Details

European Journal of Training and Development, vol. 36 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-9012

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 20000