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Book part
Publication date: 14 August 2023

Antara Bhattacharyya and Sushil Kr. Haldar

Over the decades, the child sex ratio (CSR) is found to be declining in India. Declining CSR has been one of the biggest social problems in India; the problem is assumed to be…

Abstract

Over the decades, the child sex ratio (CSR) is found to be declining in India. Declining CSR has been one of the biggest social problems in India; the problem is assumed to be deep-rooted because economic growth or social progress fails to correct the adverse CSR in India. The proposed research tries to evaluate the impact of women's agency along with some affirmative actions (toward empowering women) on CSR in India. The role of women's agency is assumed to be significant toward correcting the adverse CSR. However, it is confined to two variables like female literacy rate (FLR) and female work force participation rate (FWFPR). Women agency should take into account women's ability to make effective choices and to transform those choices into desired outcomes. Therefore, in order to explore the effect of some affirmative actions in explaining the variations of CSR across the states in India, three popular schemes, namely, Self Help Group (SHG), Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK), and Kishori Shakti Yojana (KSY), are used in the present analysis.

Pooled regression shows that FWFPR has a positive impact on CSR but FLR has a nonlinear relationship with the CSR. It is found that the SHG has positive but the KSY has negative effect on CSR; the other variable like RMK does not play any significant role toward variations of CSR. States showing higher concentration of ST population are found to be conducive to favorable CSR compared to SC population. Per capita net state domestic product (PCNSDP) has a similar effect like FLR. This study also finds significant discriminating role (against female child) of major states compared to minor states and UTs. Therefore, the role of women's agency toward improving CSR needs to be highlighted more profoundly in Indian context.

Details

Gender Inequality and its Implications on Education and Health
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83753-181-3

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 April 2015

Sangita Dutta Gupta, Ajitava Raychaudhuri and Sushil Kr. Haldar

This paper aims to address the issue of gender inclusivity in the information technology (IT) sector of India. The main objective of the paper is to find out the factors…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to address the issue of gender inclusivity in the information technology (IT) sector of India. The main objective of the paper is to find out the factors influencing female participation in the IT industry. It proposes some policy initiatives to support involvement of women in adequate proportion in the workforce.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses a unique set of data from 63 IT companies from three big cities of Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR), Bengaluru and Kolkata. An ordered logit model is applied to find out the determinants of female absorption in the IT industry. ANOVA is used to study the variations between and within the IT industry of female labor force participation.

Findings

Result reveals that the percentage and mobility of female employees in an organization does not depend on the turnover or the total number of skilled employees in the organization. It depends on the location.

Research limitations/implications

The main limitation of the paper is that many IT companies do not want to reveal data about the percentage of female employees. If more companies could have been included, more accurate results could have been found.

Practical implications

The study discusses the aspect of gender inclusivity in the IT sector as well as the impact of higher skill on gender. The paper proposes some policy initiatives which can increase the number of female employees in the IT sector.

Originality/value

The study fulfills the need to know about the gender inclusivity aspect of the IT sector in India.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

Keywords

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 14 August 2023

Abstract

Details

Gender Inequality and its Implications on Education and Health
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83753-181-3

Article
Publication date: 6 September 2022

Raghavendra Nayak and Rajasekharan Pillai K

The purpose of this study is to explore the current state of knowledge of sustainable entrepreneurship (SE) and to gain more insights from the articles originated from the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to explore the current state of knowledge of sustainable entrepreneurship (SE) and to gain more insights from the articles originated from the emerging economies. This paper also sets an agenda for future research in this knowledge domain.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors perform a systematic literature review by analyzing the primary studies related to SE originating from emerging economies from Asia, Africa and the Middle East. This review scrutinizes a total number of 45 studies to explore the current state of research in this knowledge domain from such economies.

Findings

Overall, this review finds that SE research is still at the nascent stage, especially in the context of emerging economies. The authors elicit a few sub-themes, within the SE research, such as individual-level factors, organizational-level factors, institutional-level factors and cultural and social factors.

Research limitations/implications

The authors present a few limitations of this study. Firstly, this study uses articles from the Scopus and Web of Science only. Secondly, this systematic review is limited to the articles originated from emerging economies of Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Thirdly, this review gives overall picture of the SE research in emerging economies and the same in other economies is not in the scope of this study.

Practical implications

The findings of this study will be helpful to the researchers to locate avenues for future course of research in SE field. This study helps the policymakers and educational institutions of emerging economies understand and ingrain sustainability element in entrepreneurship, and thereby helps them to fulfill sustainable economy and sustainable development goals.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first of its kind in the field of SE in emerging economies. This review gives more insights on the state of SE in the emerging economies, as these economies can significantly contribute to the realization of Sustainable Development Goals.

Details

Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2053-4604

Keywords

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