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Book part
Publication date: 30 September 2021

Aliza Luft and Susan Thomson

The social categories “Hutu” and “Tutsi” have long been central to Rwandan politics, though never more so than during the 1994 genocide, when they formed the ultimate…

Abstract

The social categories “Hutu” and “Tutsi” have long been central to Rwandan politics, though never more so than during the 1994 genocide, when they formed the ultimate divide: kill (Hutu) or be killed (Tutsi). Since then, the Rwandan government has sought to eliminate these categories and replace them with a new, national identity category of “Rwandan.” This chapter draws on theories of state symbolic power and legibility to analyze how top-down projects of remaking Rwandans are being received from below. Specifically, we examine ordinary Rwandans' responses to gacaca, a community justice practice central to the state's National Unity and Reconciliation Program, and find Rwandans resent efforts to “unmake race” in favor of “nation” because the state's account of genocide in gacaca does not allow them to sincerely express their experiences; it activates traumatic pasts for what they feel is superficial national reconciliation; and it detracts from their material needs. These findings highlight the importance of distinguishing between compliance and conviction in research on state efforts to transform civilian subjectivities. They also suggest directions for further research. Namely, future research on state symbolic power should attend to how individual experiences with violence mediate top-down efforts at remaking civilian subjectivities, to how different forms of governance shape civilian resistance to state categorization and classification projects, and to what kinds of interests are likely to motivate people to alter their self-perceptions. We conclude by arguing for more work on state race and nation-making from the perspectives of its targets.

Details

Global Historical Sociology of Race and Racism
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-219-6

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 17 December 2016

Sara E. Green

The purpose of this paper is to highlight both the value and critiques of Erving Goffman’s conceptualization of stigma as well as the emotion work needed to learn the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to highlight both the value and critiques of Erving Goffman’s conceptualization of stigma as well as the emotion work needed to learn the lessons it has to teach.

Methodology/approach

I use a personal narrative grounded in my experience as a member of the “wise” category (the mother of a young woman with cerebral palsy) and observations of the reactions of my disabled students as a vehicle for taking the reader inside the experience of the trials and tribulations of reading Goffman as a member of “marked” social categories and the more humanizing experience of reading Spencer Cahill’s work.

Findings

There remains much to be learned from reading Goffman’s Stigma. In many ways his work has set the stage for approaches to the study of disability that we are still discovering. Learning these lessons through is made difficult by the de-humanizing perspective Goffman brings to the work. He clearly locates himself and his readers in the category of “we the normals” who see the stigmatized as “not quite fully human.” For disabled students and scholars and their families, reading Goffman requires a good deal of emotion management. Reading Spencer Cahill’s work can help in that process. Goffman presents disabled students and scholars and their family members with confirmation of what we know to be true about our marked and not quite human status in the eyes of others and in the process gives us our “own.” Cahill helps us all see ourselves in the strangeness that is inside social life. There is great value in both.

Details

Sociology Looking at Disability: What Did We Know and When Did We Know it
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-478-5

Keywords

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 30 September 2021

Abstract

Details

Global Historical Sociology of Race and Racism
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-219-6

Case study
Publication date: 10 September 2015

Carlos Omar Trejo-Pech, Susan White and Magdy Noguera

Controladora Comercial Mexicana, a Mexican retailer, had successfully managed the bankruptcy process and was ready to emerge from its problems, primarily caused by…

Abstract

Synopsis

Controladora Comercial Mexicana, a Mexican retailer, had successfully managed the bankruptcy process and was ready to emerge from its problems, primarily caused by speculation and excessive debt, and begin operations anew. Was the restructured Comerci capable of regaining its position as a premier retailer, and more importantly, was the firm capable of repaying the high level of debt that it carried following bankruptcy reorganization? How strong was the reorganized firm? Had Comerci truly left its problems behind in bankruptcy court, or would history repeat itself? How could Comerci raise funds needed for growth – through additional debt? Though asset sales?

Research methodology

This case was researched using publicly available information, including the company's financial statements, bankruptcy filings, news stories about the bankruptcy and financial data bases (e.g. ISI Emerging Markets, Economática, Capital IQ, etc.) to obtain information about the competitors and from financial analysts.

Relevant courses and levels

This case is intended for advanced undergraduate or MBA electives in finance. Students should have a basic understanding of valuation and financing before attempting this case. The case could also be used in a corporate finance or banking class to illustrate bankruptcy and credit risk, or could be used in an international business class to illustrate the differences between USA and international bankruptcies.

Details

The CASE Journal, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 1544-9106

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2001

Susan M. Ryan

Exposes a subtle method of price increase used by The West Group that has gone unnoticed by the American law librarian community, that of decreasing the number of pages in…

335

Abstract

Exposes a subtle method of price increase used by The West Group that has gone unnoticed by the American law librarian community, that of decreasing the number of pages in serial, reporter volumes. The author examined volumes from Federal Supplement, Federal Reporter and the seven regional reporters to determine the number of pages contained in these volumes prior to the West/Thomson merger and how that number has changed since the merger. After documenting the decline in page number per volume, the author proposes some actions law libraries can take to respond to the page decline and its attendant increase in the amount law libraries may pay each year for the same number of pages spread out over more volumes.

Details

The Bottom Line, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0888-045X

Keywords

Case study
Publication date: 4 March 2021

Susan White and Karen Hallows

Students need to know basic capital budgeting techniques to value INFINITI and its competitors. Issues include how to: handle taxes in a discounted cash flow analysis when…

Abstract

Theoretical basis

Students need to know basic capital budgeting techniques to value INFINITI and its competitors. Issues include how to: handle taxes in a discounted cash flow analysis when valuing an S Corp. where incentives depend on current (known) and future (unknown) tax provisions; value a firm using comparable multiples analysis and transactions data; assess the costs and benefits of acquiring a firm versus being acquired; and analyze an industry and perform a ratio and financial statement analysis.

Research methodology

The case information was obtained through interviews with co-founder Mark Schwaiger. In addition, the authors researched industry and comparable company data, along with current events relating to the professional employer organization (PEO). Financial data was obtained from the owners and competitor data was obtained from Thomson One and Bloomberg.

Case overview/synopsis

INFINITI HR was a PEO providing comprehensive human resources to their clients. Co-founders Scott Smrkovski and Mark Schwaiger were at a crossroads at the end of 2015 trying to determine the best course of action to take with their company to grow and prosper. One option was for INFINITI to be acquired by a larger company and the second option was for INFINITI acquire a smaller company. In this case, students have the opportunity to do a financial analysis and evaluation of INFINITI and its competitors to determine which option is the best.

Complexity academic level

This case is intended for an advanced undergraduate or an MBA corporate finance class.

Details

The CASE Journal, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Case Study
ISSN:

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2014

Akhila L. Ananth

The Edmund Edelman Children’s Court is a juvenile dependency courthouse in Los Angeles designed with bright murals, open play spaces, and modified courtrooms to be…

Abstract

The Edmund Edelman Children’s Court is a juvenile dependency courthouse in Los Angeles designed with bright murals, open play spaces, and modified courtrooms to be “child-sensitive” and “family-friendly.” Through a recounting of the political and cultural forces at play building up to its construction, I argue that the decisions to build a “child-sensitive” court confirm the carceral containment of the culpable black adult. This article represents an inquiry into the cultural logic of the court’s construction, revealing the relationship between raced constructions of innocence and guilt. This study draws from five months of fieldwork conducted in the Edelman Children’s Court.

Details

Studies in Law, Politics, and Society
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-785-6

Keywords

Abstract

Details

American Life Writing and the Medical Humanities: Writing Contagion
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-673-0

Book part
Publication date: 9 June 2020

Marcellia Susan

Micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are important assets for the economic sustainability in Indonesia. The sector has an important role in encouraging economic…

Abstract

Micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are important assets for the economic sustainability in Indonesia. The sector has an important role in encouraging economic growth and supporting the creation of new jobs for the Indonesian population. When Indonesia was facing the economic crisis situation, MSMEs remained and stood strong. In fact, the data shows an increasing number of MSMEs. Despite their contribution to Indonesia’s economies, it turns out that MSMEs still have very basic problems. The results of previous research indicate that MSMEs still face various problems related to financial management caused by a lack of managerial and financial knowledge. There are many cash flow problems faced by MSMEs that are in line with the lack of knowledge and understanding of financial management by MSME actors. This indicates that owners or managers of MSMEs need to have sufficient financial literacy. Understanding of financial literacy is paramount for business actors and can be utilized for instance to prepare financial statements that can be used to obtain funds. In the context of MSMEs, owners or managers need to have financial knowledge related to financial access and also for a company business to grow well. This study aims to analyze the financial literacy of owners or managers and its impact on access to finance and growth of the MSMEs in West Java, Indonesia. The samples of this research are MSMEs’ owners or managers of various business types. Data concerning Financial Literacy, Access to Finance, and Growth of the MSMEs are obtained through questionnaires. The obtained data were processed using Structural Equation Modeling to ensure the relationships between research variables. The results of the research analysis show depictions of the financial literacy, financial access, and growth of MSMEs in West Java, Indonesia. The results of the study support the previous studies and theories that Financial Literacy has a positive effect on Access to Finance and Growth of MSMEs, and Access to Finance also has a positive effect on Growth of MSMEs.

Details

Advanced Issues in the Economics of Emerging Markets
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-578-9

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Storytelling-Case Archetype Decoding and Assignment Manual (SCADAM)
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-216-0

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