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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

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Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

Susan Maret

Government secrecy is often portrayed as antithetical to transparency1 as well as an affront to the general right to know, citizen participation, administrative oversight…

Abstract

Government secrecy is often portrayed as antithetical to transparency1 as well as an affront to the general right to know, citizen participation, administrative oversight, and democracy itself.2 Furthermore, government secrecy is connected to “much broader questions regarding the structure and performance of democratic systems” (Galnoor, 1977, p. 278), and in instances, is “more dangerous to democracy than the practices they conceal” (Fulbright, 1971).3 This condition has led to what Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. (1987) describes as a secrecy state, whichhas extended the secrecy system far beyond its legitimate bounds. In doing so, the target is far less to prevent the disclosure of information to enemy governments than to prevent the disclosure of information to the American Congress, press and people. For governments have discovered that secrecy is a source of power and an efficient way of covering up the embarrassments, blunders, follies and crimes of the ruling regime. (p. 5)

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Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

The first chapters in this part of volume 19 contrast systems of news control in Israel and the United Kingdom. Both systems not only represent the struggle over necessary…

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The first chapters in this part of volume 19 contrast systems of news control in Israel and the United Kingdom. Both systems not only represent the struggle over necessary secrecy and freedom of the press, but also a type of secrecy that serves national security interests, which brings with it, potential censorship.1

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Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

Susan Maret and Lea Aschkenas

Operation Pedro Pan was a 1960s clandestine program resulting in the transport of more than 14,000 Cuban children to the United States. Based on the rumor that children…

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Operation Pedro Pan was a 1960s clandestine program resulting in the transport of more than 14,000 Cuban children to the United States. Based on the rumor that children would be taken from their parents if they remained in Cuba, Operation Pedro Pan serves as an example of U.S. government secrecy and propaganda. In this chapter, the authors examine the research efforts of former Pedro Pan children such as Maria de los Angeles Torres, and Yvonne M. Conde to uncover the stories of their transport to the United States, as well as relevant theories on government secrecy articulated by scholars such as Blanche Wiesen Cook and Carl J. Friedrich.

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Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

Abstract

Details

Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

Abstract

Details

Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

Volume 19, Research in Social Problems and Public Policy begins with David N. Gibbs’ chapter, “Sigmund Freud as a theorist of government secrecy.” Drawing on Freud's…

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Volume 19, Research in Social Problems and Public Policy begins with David N. Gibbs’ chapter, “Sigmund Freud as a theorist of government secrecy.” Drawing on Freud's psychological theories from his works Civilization and its Discontents and A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis, Gibbs observes:one of Freud's most important insights is his view of the human mind as a highly complex censoring mechanism, which systematically censors certain types of information, while it leaves uncensored other types of information.

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Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

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William R. Freudenburg, A Life in Social Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-734-4

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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

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Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

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Book part
Publication date: 26 January 2011

Antoon De Baets

The question of how we know when censorship occurred has several sides. Problems of evidence of censorship do not only arise from practical obstacles, but also from its…

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The question of how we know when censorship occurred has several sides. Problems of evidence of censorship do not only arise from practical obstacles, but also from its very nature as a knowledge-related phenomenon. Scarcity and abundance of information about censorship may be determined by the extent of the censors’ success or by uneven research efforts. These factors often make it complicated to demarcate censorship from similar restrictions and to identify patterns and trends in the relationship between power and freedom. The present chapter looks into this epistemological problem by mapping the set of concepts governing and surrounding censorship in the particular field of history. It draws up a mini-dictionary with definitions of 26 key concepts related to, larger than, and different from the censorship of history. As these definitions are interrelated, the set in its entirety forms a taxonomy.

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Government Secrecy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-390-4

Keywords

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