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Article
Publication date: 15 June 2022

Abhijit Borah, Sumit Kumar Mehta and Sukumar Pati

The purpose of this paper is to analyze numerically forced convective conjugate heat transfer characteristics for laminar flow through a wavy minichannel.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze numerically forced convective conjugate heat transfer characteristics for laminar flow through a wavy minichannel.

Design/methodology/approach

The mass and momentum conservation equations for the flow of water in the fluidic domain and the coupled energy conservation equations in both the fluid and solid domain are solved numerically using the finite element method. The exteriors of both the walls are subjected to a uniform heat flux.

Findings

The results reveal that the theoretical model without consideration of the effect of wall thickness always predicts a lower value of average Nusselt number ( Nu¯) as compared to the case of conjugate analysis, although it varies with the thickness as well as material of the wall. For the low amplitude of the wall (α = 0.2), the performance factor (PF) becomes very high for Re in the regime of 5 (⩽) Re (⩽) 15. For any geometrical configurations, conjugate heat transfer analysis predicts higher PF as compared to that of nonconjugate analysis.

Practical implications

The present study finds relevance in several applications, such as solar collectors and heat exchangers used in chemical industries and heating-ventilation and air-conditioning, etc.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the analysis of combined influences of the thickness and the material of the wall of the channel together with the geometrical parameters of the channel, namely, amplitude and wavelength on the heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics for flow through wavy minichannel in the laminar regime is reported first time in the literature.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 July 2021

Sumit Kumar Mehta, Sukumar Pati, Shahid Ahmed, Prangan Bhattacharyya and Jishnu Jyoti Bordoloi

The purpose of this study is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for laminar flow of water through a ribbed-wavy channel with the top…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for laminar flow of water through a ribbed-wavy channel with the top wall as wavy and bottom wall as flat with ribs of three different geometries, namely, triangular, rectangular and semi-circular.

Design/methodology/approach

The finite element method-based numerical solver has been adopted to solve the governing transport equations.

Findings

A critical value of Reynolds number (Recri) is found beyond which, the average Nusselt number for the wavy or ribbed-wavy channel is more than that for a parallel plate channel and the value of Recri decreases with the increase in a number of ribs and for any given number of ribs, it is minimum for rectangular ribs. The performance factor (PF) sharply decreases with Reynolds number (Re) up to Re = 50 for all types of ribbed-wavy channels. For Re > 50, the change in PF with Re is gradual and decreases for all the ribbed cases and for the sinusoidal channel, it increases beyond Re = 100. The magnitude of PF strongly depends on the shape and number of ribs and Re. The relative magnitude of total entropy generation for different ribbed channels varies with Re and the number of ribs.

Practical implications

The findings of the present study are useful to design the economic heat exchanging devices.

Originality/value

The effects of shape and the number of ribs on the heat transfer performance and entropy generation have been investigated for the first time for the laminar flow regime. Also, the effects of shape and number of ribs on the flow and temperature fields and entropy generation have been investigated in detail.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 20 June 2022

Ajit Kumar, Sumit Kumar Mehta, Sukumar Pati and László Baranyi

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the heat and momentum transfer for steady two-dimensional incompressible nanofluid flow through a wavy channel with linearly…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the heat and momentum transfer for steady two-dimensional incompressible nanofluid flow through a wavy channel with linearly varying amplitude in the entrance region.

Design/methodology/approach

The mass, momentum and energy conservation equations for laminar flow of Cu-water nanofluids are computationally solved using the finite element method. A parametric study is carried out by varying the dimensionless length of the channel section with varying amplitude (EL), Reynolds number (Re) and nanoparticle volume fraction (Φ) in the ranges 0 ≤ EL ≤ 25.5, 105 ≤ Re ≤ 900 and 0 ≤ Φ ≤ 0.04.

Findings

A higher heat transfer rate is seen in the wavy channel compared to a plane channel beyond a critical value of Re (Recrit) whose value varies with EL; moreover, the overall heat transfer decreases with EL. The heat transfer rate increases with phi for all EL values investigated. The combined effects of the increase in the overall heat transfer and the associated pressure drop in the wavy channel compared to the parallel plate channel are presented as performance factor (PF) against EL. For the highest value of EL (= 25.5), PF monotonically decreases with Re. For smaller values of EL (= 5.5 and 11.5) and also for EL = 0, PF decreases with Re in the lower and the higher Re regimes, while it increases in the intermediate Re regime. In all cases, PF is higher for φ = 0.04 than for the base fluid. The sensitivity of the average Nusselt number to nanoparticle volume fraction follows a non-monotonic trend with the change in Re, φ and EL.

Practical implications

This study finds relevance in several applications such as solar collectors, heat exchangers and heat sinks.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the analysis of forced convection flow of nanofluid through a wavy channel with linearly varying amplitude is reported for the first time in the literature.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 August 2020

Sumit Kumar Mehta and Sukumar Pati

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for the magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) pressure-driven flow of Al2O3

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for the magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) pressure-driven flow of Al2O3-water nanofluid through an asymmetric wavy channel.

Design/methodology/approach

Galerkin finite element method is used to solve the governing transport equations numerically within the computational domain using the appropriate boundary conditions. The temperature and flow fields are computed by varying Reynolds number (Re), Hartmann number (Ha) and nano-particle volume fraction (ϕ) in the following range: 10 ≤ Re ≤ 500, 0 ≤ Ha ≤ 75 and 0 ≤ ϕ ≤ 5%.

Findings

The formation of the recirculation zones in the wavy passages, the size of it and the strength of the vortices formed can be modulated by the application of the magnetic field. The overall heat transfer rate increases with Ha for all ϕ both for a lower and higher regime of Re although the enhancement is more for lower values of Re and nanofluids as compared to base fluid and for intermediate values of Re, the effect of a magnetic field is almost insignificant. The magnetic performance factor (PFmagnetic) decreases with Ha although the rate of decrement varies with Re. The increase ϕ also enhances PFmagnetic especially at lower and higher values of Re. The addition of nano-particle enhances the entropy generation at lower values of the Re, while the opposite effect is seen for higher values of Re.

Practical implications

The present study has enormous practical relevance for the design of heat exchanger applied for solar collectors, process plants, textile and aerospace applications.

Originality/value

The combined effects on the heat transfer rate and the associated pressure drop penalty due to the applied magnetic field for the flow of nanofluid through an asymmetric wavy channel have not been reported to date. The effect of the magnetic field on the formation of recirculation zones and hot spot intensity in the asymmetric wavy channel has been examined in detail. The PFmagnetic is investigated first time for the MHD nanofluid flow through a wavy channel.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 31 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 January 2019

Manash Protim Boruah, Pitambar R. Randive and Sukumar Pati

The purpose of this study is to numerically analyze the thermal and entropy generation characteristics on two-dimensional, incompressible, laminar single-phase flow of Al2O…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to numerically analyze the thermal and entropy generation characteristics on two-dimensional, incompressible, laminar single-phase flow of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a micro-channel subjected to asymmetric sinusoidal wall heating with varying amplitude, length of fluctuation period and phase difference of applied heat flux for Reynolds number in the range of 25-1000.

Design/methodology/approach

The numerical computation is based on the Finite Element Method and the Lagrange finite element technique is used for approximating the flow variables within the computational domain.

Findings

The average Nusselt number increases with increasing Reynolds number (Re) for all the volume fractions of nanofluid. However, the total entropy generation decreases up to a critical value of Re and increases thereafter. Increase in volume fraction shifts the critical Re towards the lower Re regime. The average Nusselt number and total entropy generation increase with amplitude and length of fluctuation period of heat flux. The optimal choice of volume fraction for lesser entropy generation and higher heat transfer is found to be 3 per cent independent of the value of amplitude, length of fluctuation period and phase difference of the heat flux.

Originality/value

To the best of authors’ knowledge, the interplay of various parameters concerning non-uniform heating in achieving the maximum heat transfer with minimum irreversibility has not been investigated. Focusing on this agenda, the results of this study would benefit the industrial sector in achieving the maximum heat transfer at the cost of minimum irreversibilities with an optimal choice of inlet Reynolds number, volume fraction of nanofluid, amplitude, length of the period of fluctuation of heat flux and phase difference of applied heat flux.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 August 2019

Shantanu Dutta, Arup Kumar Biswas and Sukumar Pati

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the natural convection heat transfer and irreversibility characteristics in a quadrantal porous cavity subjected to uniform…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the natural convection heat transfer and irreversibility characteristics in a quadrantal porous cavity subjected to uniform temperature heating from the bottom wall.

Design/methodology/approach

Brinkmann-extended Darcy model is used to simulate the momentum transfer in the porous medium. The Boussinesq approximation is invoked to account for the variation in density arising out of the temperature differential for the porous quadrantal enclosure subjected to uniform heating on the bottom wall. The governing transport equations are solved using the finite element method. A parametric study is carried out for the Rayleigh number (Ra) in the range of 103 to 106 and Darcy number (Da) in the range of 10−5-10−2.

Findings

A complex interaction between the buoyant and viscous forces that govern the transport of heat and entropy generation and the permeability of the porous medium plays a significant role on the same. The effect of Da is almost insignificant in dictating the heat transfer for low values of Ra (103, 104), while there is a significant alteration in Nusselt number for Ra ≥105 and moreover, the change is more intense for larger values of Da. For lower values of Ra (≤104), the main contributor of irreversibility is the thermal irreversibility irrespective of all values of Da. However, the fluid friction irreversibility is the dominant player at higher values of Ra (=106) and Da (=10−2).

Practical implications

From an industrial point of view, the present study will have applications in micro-electronic devices, building systems with complex geometries, solar collectors, electric machinery and lubrication systems.

Originality/value

This research examines numerically the buoyancy driven heat transfer irreversibility in a quadrantal porous enclosure that is subjected to uniform temperature heating from the bottom wall, that was not investigated in the literature before.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 October 1999

R. Jagadeesh

Total quality management (TQM) has spread its wings in every sphere of the global corporate world and Indian companies are no exception. In this paper, first the growth…

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Abstract

Total quality management (TQM) has spread its wings in every sphere of the global corporate world and Indian companies are no exception. In this paper, first the growth and spread of TQM in India is traced from its initiation to current status. Further, the paper has tried to identify the causes for poor quality of products and service, and the gaps that exist between the expectations and the outcome after adopting the TQM practices. Later a critical view of the quality scene in India is presented, and finally, based on these observations suitable guidelines and recommendations are made to bridge this gap. It is concluded that there is still a long way to go for Indian companies to receive the stamp of acceptance for their products at international level.

Details

The TQM Magazine, vol. 11 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-478X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 September 2022

Feda Abdalla Zahor, Reema Jain, Ahmada Omar Ali and Verdiana Grace Masanja

The purpose of this paper is to review previous research studies on mathematical models for entropy generation in the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flow of nanofluids. In…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review previous research studies on mathematical models for entropy generation in the magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flow of nanofluids. In addition, the influence of various parameters on the velocity profiles, temperature profiles and entropy generation was studied. Furthermore, the numerical methods used to solve the model equations were summarized. The underlying purpose was to understand the research gap and develop a research agenda.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper reviews 141 journal articles published between 2010 and 2022 on topics related to mathematical models used to assess the impacts of various parameters on the entropy generation, heat transfer and velocity of the MHD flow of nanofluids.

Findings

This review clarifies the application of entropy generation mathematical models, identifies areas for future research and provides necessary information for future research in the development of efficient thermodynamic systems. It is hoped that this review paper can provide a basis for further research on the irreversibility of nanofluids flowing through different channels in the development of efficient thermodynamic systems.

Originality/value

Entropy generation analysis and minimization constitute effective approaches for improving the performance of thermodynamic systems. A comprehensive review of the effects of various parameters on entropy generation was performed in this study.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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