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The star rating summarises the review content and conveys the message faster than other review components. Star ratings influence helpfulness of the reviews, and extreme…
The star rating summarises the review content and conveys the message faster than other review components. Star ratings influence helpfulness of the reviews, and extreme reviews are considered as less helpful in the decision process. However, literature has rarely addressed variations in star ratings across product categories and variations between two online retailers. In this paper, the authors have compared the distribution of star ratings across 11 products and among the retailers.
Online reviews for 11 product categories have collected, and the authors compared the distribution of star ratings across 11 products and retailers. Correspondence analysis has been applied to show the association between star ratings and product categories for the e-retail firms.
The Amazon site contains proportionately more number of 1-star rated reviews than Flipkart. In Amazon reviews, few product categories are closely associated with 1-star and 2-star reviews, whereas no product categories are closely associated with 1-star and 2-star reviews in Flipkart reviews. The results indicate two distinct communication strategies followed by the firms in managing online consumer reviews.
The authors did not analyse data across demographic details because of access restriction policies of the websites.
Understanding the distribution of review characteristics will improve the consumer’s decision-making ability and using online review content judiciously.
This study’s results show significant insights on online retailing by providing cues in using shopping sites and online review characteristics of two prominent retailers.
This paper has brought out a distinct distribution pattern of online review between Amazon and Flipkart. Amazon allows a higher degree of negative contents, whereas Flipkart allows more number of positive reviews.
With the increasing demand for surveillance and smart transportation, drone technology has become the center of attraction for robotics researchers. This study aims to…
With the increasing demand for surveillance and smart transportation, drone technology has become the center of attraction for robotics researchers. This study aims to introduce a new path planning approach to drone navigation based on topology in an uncertain environment. The main objective of this study is to use the Ricci flow evolution equation of metric and curvature tensor over angular Riemannian metric, and manifold for achieving navigational goals such as path length optimization at the minimum required time, collision-free obstacle avoidance in static and dynamic environments and reaching to the static and dynamic goals. The proposed navigational controller performs linearly and nonlinearly both with reduced error-based objective function by Riemannian metric and scalar curvature, respectively.
Topology and manifolds application-based methodology establishes the resultant drone. The trajectory planning and its optimization are controlled by the system of evolution equation over Ricci flow entropy. The navigation follows the Riemannian metric-based optimal path with an angular trajectory in the range from 0° to 360°. The obstacle avoidance in static and dynamic environments is controlled by the metric tensor and curvature tensor, respectively. The in-house drone is developed and coded using C++. For comparison of the real-time results and simulation results in static and dynamic environments, the simulation study has been conducted using MATLAB software. The proposed controller follows the topological programming constituted with manifold-based objective function and Riemannian metric, and scalar curvature-based constraints for linear and nonlinear navigation, respectively.
This proposed study demonstrates the possibility to develop the new topology-based efficient path planning approach for navigation of drone and provides a unique way to develop an innovative system having characteristics of static and dynamic obstacle avoidance and moving goal chasing in an uncertain environment. From the results obtained in the simulation and real-time environments, satisfactory agreements have been seen in terms of navigational parameters with the minimum error that justifies the significant working of the proposed controller. Additionally, the comparison of the proposed navigational controller with the other artificial intelligent controllers reveals performance improvement.
In this study, a new topological controller has been proposed for drone navigation. The topological drone navigation comprises the effective speed control and collision-free decisions corresponding to the Ricci flow equation and Ricci curvature over the Riemannian metric, respectively.