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Article
Publication date: 31 October 2022

Maryam Farhang, Omid Kamran-Disfani and Arash H. Zadeh

This paper aims to investigate the impact of brand equity (BE) on stock performance (i.e. stock return, volatility and beta), and compare the performance of a high brand…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the impact of brand equity (BE) on stock performance (i.e. stock return, volatility and beta), and compare the performance of a high brand equity stocks (HBES) portfolio with that of the overall market during market downturn, market upturn and total disturbance periods of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020.

Design/methodology/approach

Stock performance data and brand valuation estimates are obtained from various sources to assemble a portfolio of HBES and conduct the analyses. Econometric models are estimated to examine the impact of BE on stock performance and compare the HBES portfolio performance versus the overall market.

Findings

BE was positively associated with stock return and negatively associated with both types of risk (volatility and beta) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Specifically, during the market downturn period, BE was positively related to stock return and negatively related to stock volatility; during the market upturn period, BE was negatively associated with both types of risk; and during the total disturbance period, BE was positively associated with stock return and negatively associated with both types of risk. Finally, the HBES portfolio outperformed the market (S&P 500 index).

Research limitations/implications

The findings advance the extant research by providing evidence pertaining to brands' role in mitigating the impact of unpredictable market shocks and crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, on stock performance. While brands are mostly viewed as drivers of sustained competitive advantage and profitability, their protective role in crisis times is noteworthy.

Practical implications

The research findings potentially help marketing and brand managers to justify marketing spending and craft their strategies to enhance firm performance during crises similar to COVID-19.

Originality/value

The marketing–finance interface can benefit from insights offered by the COVID-19 pandemic, as such crises are becoming prevalent and are capable of damaging various stakeholders' outcomes (firms, investors and customers). The empirical examination is separately conducted on the market downturn, market upturn and total disturbance period attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Details

Journal of Product & Brand Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1061-0421

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2014

Ranjan D’Mello and Mercedes Miranda

We investigate the impact of the creation of a new incentive structure for CEOs resulting from firms introducing equity-based compensation (EBC) as a means of paying top…

Abstract

We investigate the impact of the creation of a new incentive structure for CEOs resulting from firms introducing equity-based compensation (EBC) as a means of paying top executives on policy decisions. Contrasting a firm’s stock and operating performance in the period the CEO is compensated with EBC (EBC period) and the period when EBC is not a component of the same executive’s pay (No EBC period) leads us to conclude that awarding stock options and restricted shares to executives is not associated with improved firm performance. However, firms initiate EBC after superior performance suggesting that CEOs are awarded compensation in this form as a reward for past performance. Firms have higher unsystematic and total risk levels in the EBC period suggesting EBC influences CEOs’ risk-taking behavior and reduces agency costs arising from managerial risk aversion. While there is no change in R&D expenses and cash ratios there is a decrease in capital expenditures in the EBC period, which is consistent with reduced overinvestment agency costs. Finally, leverage and payout ratios are similar in both periods implying that firms’ financing policy is not influenced by changes in CEOs’ compensation structure.

Details

Corporate Governance in the US and Global Settings
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-292-0

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 16 July 2019

Mahfuja Malik and Eunsup Daniel Shim

The purpose of this study is to conduct a comparative analysis of the economic determinants of the compensation for chief executive officers (CEOs) between the pre- and…

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to conduct a comparative analysis of the economic determinants of the compensation for chief executive officers (CEOs) between the pre- and post-financial crisis periods. To conduct the comparative analysis, the authors consider five years before and five years after the financial crisis of 2008. The authors use the data from the US financial service institutions and run separate regressions for the pre- and post-crisis periods to check if there is any significant difference in the economic determinants of executive compensation before and after the financial crisis. The authors find that total compensation and its incentive components decreased significantly in the post-crisis period. In the pre-crisis period, total compensation was determined by stock performance, accounting profit, growth, and leverage, whereas in the post-crisis period stock returns and leverage are the major factors influencing total compensation. The authors also find that firms’ leverage negatively influences the sensitivity of the pay for performance, but the influence of leverage on pay for performance is weaker in the post-crisis period. Our research is significant in the context of the US economy, the regulatory reforms of financial institutions, and the perspectives of the executive compensations. This is the first study that compares the relationship between compensation and firm performance over the pre- and post-crisis periods. It is an explicit attempt to develop a theoretical understanding of the compensation/performance relationship for the financial industry, which is blamed for the financial crisis and is affected by the Dodd–Frank regulation after the crisis.

Article
Publication date: 27 July 2012

Yong Tan and Christos Floros

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the determinants of bank performance in China. In particular, the paper examines the effects of stock market volatility…

6130

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the determinants of bank performance in China. In particular, the paper examines the effects of stock market volatility, competition and ownership on bank performance in China.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample comprises a total of 11 banks (four state‐owned and seven joint‐stock commercial banks) listed in the Chinese Stock Exchanges. The period under consideration extends from 2003‐2009. The generalized methods of moments (GMM) difference and system estimators are applied.

Findings

Empirical results show that high level of stock market volatility can translate into higher return on equity (ROE) and excess return on equity (EROE). Rather than leading to improved profitability, the labour productivity has a negative impact on economic value added (EVA). Ownership does not have any effect on the profitability of Chinese banking industry. The bank profitability in terms of ROE and EROE is lower in the banking industry with higher competition. When using the GMM with ROE‐COC and ROE, the paper finds that high taxation has a negative impact on both state‐owned and joint‐stock banks, while the capital level is negatively related to joint‐stock commercial banks. With regards to the other two performance indicators (EVA and NIM), the result suggests that higher cost efficiency and labour productivity improve the performance of both state‐owned and joint‐stock commercial banks. Large volume of non‐traditional activity is the explanation of poor performance of state‐owned commercial banks, while higher credit risk, lower taxation and the mature banking industry are helpful in improving the performance of joint‐stock commercial banks.

Research limitations/implications

Further research should examine other methods (e.g. the Rosse‐Panzar H statistic) to calculate the bank competition in China, and other determinants of bank performance in Asian countries and compare them with these results.

Social implications

The current study has relevant policy implications. First, in order to increase the profit earned from the traditional loan‐deposit services, the Chinese banks should make loans to the high risk projects or companies, and control the expenses including both the operating and personnel expenses. Furthermore, the government and bank regulatory authority should make policy such as inject capital to SOCBs and write‐off NPLs for them to reduce the degree of competition in order to make banks have better performance.

Originality/value

Particular emphasis is given on the investigation into the effects of stock market volatility, competition and ownership on bank performance in China while controlling for the most comprehensive bank‐specific, industry specific and macroeconomic variables.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 29 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 August 2020

Luh Gede Sri Artini and Ni Luh Putu Sri Sandhi

The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the performance of small and medium enterprises (SME) and manufacturing company stock portfolios in the Indonesian…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the performance of small and medium enterprises (SME) and manufacturing company stock portfolios in the Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets by the Sharpe Index and the significance of differences in average performance in the capital market.

Design/methodology/approach

This is comparative research that compared the performances of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets. The hypothesis examination of comparative test used one-way ANOVA technique on the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets. One-way ANOVA test was used in the analysis to test the average difference of performance indices of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios is in Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets.

Findings

The performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian capital market was not better than the performances of IHSG and LQ45 Index, the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Chinese capital market (SZSE) was better than the performance of Shenzhen Composite Index and the performance of Shenzhen A-Share Stock Price Index. The comparison of the performances of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian, Chinese and Indian capital markets showed that the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Chinese capital market was the best and the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesian capital market was the lowest.

Practical implications

The implication of this study was that SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios had relatively better performances in China and India, so investors should consider investing in SME and manufacturing company stocks. The performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolios in Indonesia was not able to exceed market and LQ45 portfolios, so the authority in Indonesia financial market should consider developing a special market for SME and manufacturing company to support the development of SME and manufacturing company in Indonesia and solve the problem of lack of funding source for SME and manufacturing company.

Originality/value

The originality of the present study is in the measurement of the performance of SME and manufacturing company stock portfolio by risk-adjusted return which returns per risk unit measured by Sharpe Index as a more beneficial measurement in measuring stock portfolio performance than average return. Comparative study of the stock portfolio performances of small medium enterprises and manufacturing company In Indonesian, Chinese and Indian stock markets, and object studies conducted in Indonesia, China and India.

Details

Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, vol. 37 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1026-4116

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 September 2019

Suhadak Kurniati

This paper aims to examine the influence of good governance on corporate value, in which the stock returns and financial performance act as the mediator of the…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the influence of good governance on corporate value, in which the stock returns and financial performance act as the mediator of the relationship among them.

Design/methodology/approach

This research was conducted on companies go public listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange and was included in 2011 to 2017 LQ45 index list, with samples taking a purposive sampling approach through four criteria. Data analysis using WarpPLS with indicator approaches are formative (mutually exclusive between indicators).

Findings

The findings are as follows: good corporate governance has a significant influence on stock returns in a negative direction; good corporate governance has no significant influence on financial performance; good corporate governance has no significant influence on company value; stock returns have a significant influence on financial performance in a positive direction; financial performance has a significant influence on stock returns with a positive direction; stock returns significantly influence the value of the company in a positive direction; financial performance has a significant influence on the company value in a positive direction.

Originality/value

The novelty in this study is that the relationship between stock returns and financial performance is reciprocal, which is the relationship among variables that affect each other (back and forth causality), in which in the previous study, the relationship between variables is only one direction; besides, the previous study conducted an analysis to find out the influence of good corporate on stock returns, company value and financial performance separately, with mixed results.

Details

Corporate Governance: The International Journal of Business in Society, vol. 19 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-0701

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 7 December 2021

Munazza Jabeen and Saba Kausar

This paper aims to examine the performance of Islamic and conventional stocks listed at the Pakistan Stock Exchange by using both parametric and non-parametric approaches…

1993

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the performance of Islamic and conventional stocks listed at the Pakistan Stock Exchange by using both parametric and non-parametric approaches. The motivation is to do risk-return analysis of Islamic stock prices and conventional stock prices.

Design/methodology/approach

It uses various measures of performance, e.g. Sharpe ratio, Treynor ratio, Jensen's alpha, beta, generalized auto-regressive conditional heteroskedasticity and stochastic dominance. Using the Karachi Meezan Index-30 (KMI-30) and the Karachi Stock Exchange Index-30 (KSE-30) as proxies for Islamic and conventional stock prices, respectively, it examines the performance of Islamic and conventional stocks. The daily data of KMI-30 and KSE-30, covering period from June 9, 2009 to June 20, 2020 are used.

Findings

The results show that the overall KMI-30 outperforms the KSE-30. The returns of the KMI-30 are greater than the KSE-30. However, the risk and volatility of the KMI-30 and KSE-30 are similar. Further, the KMI-30 has higher excess returns per unit of total risk than the KSE-30. But both indexes have similar excess returns per unit of systematic risk. Moreover, the KMI-30 returns have stochastically dominance over the KSE-30 returns. These results reveal that the Islamic index performs better than the conventional index.

Practical implications

The findings provide several practical implications in financial and investment decisions making by investors, managers and policymakers such as strategies for asset allocation and investment. Further, in risk management, it provides guidance for allocating portfolios and managing risk. The investment in Islamic stocks may mitigate potential risk within asset portfolios.

Originality/value

This research is unique in its approach to the analysis of the performance comparison of conventional and Islamic stock by using comprehensive parametric and non-parametric estimation techniques. Such research has not been undertaken in the Pakistan's equity market since.

Details

ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0128-1976

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 August 2021

Samah El Hajjar, Elie Menassa and Talie Kassamany

Motivated by the findings of Bhabra and Hossain (2017) that highlight an improvement in US market performance in the post-Sarbanes–Oxley (SOX) period, this paper aims to…

Abstract

Purpose

Motivated by the findings of Bhabra and Hossain (2017) that highlight an improvement in US market performance in the post-Sarbanes–Oxley (SOX) period, this paper aims to investigate how this change varies with the methods of payment used for the deals.

Design/methodology/approach

Deductive in nature and using an event study approach, this paper uses a sample of 675 deals between 1999 and 2006 to test three research hypotheses in a pre-post setting.

Findings

Results show that at the aggregate level, there is a significant improvement in the market performance of US acquirers around the announcement day in the aftermath of the passage of SOX 2002. Considered separately, both US stock acquirers and cash acquirers did not experience any significant improvement in market performance in the post-Sarbanes–Oxley period. These results are robust to controlling for governance, firm and deal variables, as well as industry and year fixed effects.

Research limitations/implications

Exploratory in nature, the results are to be interpreted in light of the sample size and the period under investigation.

Practical implications

The results provide evidence for regulators and legislators on the contribution of SOX 2002 to curbing managerial misconduct. Significant improvement in the market performance also signals more confidence in managerial decisions and a reduction in agency problems. The insignificant change in stock acquirers’ market performance can be an indication that policymakers should exert more efforts to improve shareholders' confidence in the quality of disclosure.

Originality/value

This investigation provides unique insights on whether SOX has been effective in mitigating mispricing concerns associated with stock-financed acquisitions and whether it was effective in moderating the governance mechanism associated with cash-financed acquisitions.

Details

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1985-2517

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

Bart Frijns, Farshid Navissi, Alireza Tourani‐Rad and Lana Tsai

This paper aims to investigate whether completed vs withdrawn equity offerings result in different stock price performance prior to announcement and between announcement…

2037

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate whether completed vs withdrawn equity offerings result in different stock price performance prior to announcement and between announcement and withdrawal or completion.

Design/methodology/approach

Investigates stock price performance prior to equity offerings announcements and between the announcement and actual completion or withdrawal. Stock price performance is measured by cumulative abnormal returns (CARs).

Findings

It was found that stock price performance is strong only for firms that later complete the offerings. Firms that withdraw their offerings have poor stock price performance even before the announcement. Additionally, it was found that stock price performance for both the completed and the withdrawn offerings is poor after the announcement. Contrasting with prior research, the results show that firms complete their equity offerings, even though their stock price performance deteriorates. The fact that this deterioration is significantly smaller (approximately one‐third) than that of withdrawn offerings indicates that there is an acceptable level of deterioration that firms tolerate.

Originality/value

The paper evaluates short‐run stock price performance for a number of firms in the period 1984‐2000.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 May 2019

Suhadak Suhadak, Sri Mangesti Rahayu and Siti Ragil Handayani

The purpose of this paper is to observe and analyze the influence of good corporate governance (GCG) and financial architecture on stock returns and financial performance

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to observe and analyze the influence of good corporate governance (GCG) and financial architecture on stock returns and financial performance and its implication for corporate value.

Design/methodology/approach

The data were analyzed using generalized structured component analysis. The unit of analysis for this research was LQ45 listed companies at the Indonesian Stock Exchange, taking data from the Indonesia Capital Market Directory (ICMD), and the annual reports and financial reports of these companies. The population researched was as many as 84 companies. For the sample, LQ45 companies with annual reports, financial reports and long-standing, continuous ICMD membership were examined using “purposive sampling.” The research sample was about 22 companies assessed over the course of five years (i.e. 110 samples).

Findings

First, GCG has a significant and negative relationship to stock returns; second, financial architecture has a significant and positive relationship to stock returns, financial performance and corporate value; third, stock returns have a significant and positive relationship to financial performance and corporate value; and fourth, financial performance has a significant and positive relationship to stock returns and corporate value.

Originality/value

The originality of this research is to be found in its examination and analysis of relationships between stock returns and financial performance, which was discovered to be reciprocal, namely, the relationship between the variables occurring affected each other (causality alternating with turning), whereas in previous studies the relationship between variables was unidirectional. Besides the research undertaken before, an analysis was made to understand the influence of GCG on stock returns, corporate value and financial performance. There are differences in the results between studies that support the conjecture that financial architecture has a significant positive effect on financial performance and corporate value, and also that financial architecture has a significant positive effect on financial performance and corporate value. Given those existing differences, this study reexamines the effect of financial architecture on financial performance and corporate value.

Details

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. 69 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0401

Keywords

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