Search results

1 – 10 of 941
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 28 October 1995

Susan M. Petroshius, Stephen J. Newell and Steven J. Ross

The Hispanic population in the United States is rapidly increasing and is expected to be the largest minority group within the next decade. Consequently, a better…

Abstract

The Hispanic population in the United States is rapidly increasing and is expected to be the largest minority group within the next decade. Consequently, a better understanding of this group of consumers is of great importance to marketers. This study investigates the role that acculturation plays on a number of consumer‐related attitudes and behaviors. The results indicate that as acculturation increases, Hispanic consumers are more frequently exposed to English language media, use coupons with greater frequency, and display less loyalty to specific brands.

Details

American Journal of Business, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1935-5181

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 16 August 2013

Philip M. Stinson, John Liederbach, Steven L. Brewer, Hans D. Schmalzried, Brooke E. Mathna and Krista L. Long

The purpose of the study is to provide empirical data on cases of drug‐related police corruption. It identifies and describes incidents in which police officers were…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study is to provide empirical data on cases of drug‐related police corruption. It identifies and describes incidents in which police officers were arrested for criminal offenses associated with drug‐related corruption.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is a quantitative content analysis of news articles identified through the Google News search engine using 48 automated Google Alerts queries. Statistical analyses include classification trees to examine causal pathways between drugs and corruption.

Findings

Data were analyzed on 221 drug‐related arrest cases of officers employed by police agencies throughout the USA. Findings show that drug‐related corruption involves a wide range of criminal offenses, and that cocaine is the most prevalent drug. Older officers and those employed by large agencies are less likely than others to lose their jobs after a drug‐related arrest.

Research limitations/implications

The study is limited by the quality of the available content in each case. The data are also limited to cases that involve an official arrest. Additionally, the data are the result of a filtering process that includes the exercise of media discretion as to types of news stories reported and the content devoted to particular news stories.

Practical implications

The data provide documentation of drug‐related corruption and the drug trade in 141 police agencies and the need for police executives to develop effective strategies to address it.

Originality/value

The study augments the few drug corruption studies published and is the only study known to describe drug‐related corruption at many police agencies across the USA.

Details

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, vol. 36 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 January 1990

Steven Green and Jenny Bryan

How managers can help employees suffering from cancer to come toterms with the illness is discussed and the dos and don′ts of attitudestowards people in this situation…

Abstract

How managers can help employees suffering from cancer to come to terms with the illness is discussed and the dos and don′ts of attitudes towards people in this situation, especially in the workplace, are listed.

Details

Employee Councelling Today, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-8217

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 February 1998

Jody R. Hoffman and Steven G. Rogelberg

The growing use of teams in the workplace has led to an increasing number of incentive systems designed to motivate team performance. The present paper reviews such…

Abstract

The growing use of teams in the workplace has led to an increasing number of incentive systems designed to motivate team performance. The present paper reviews such incentive systems, including: team gainsharing/profit‐sharing incentive systems; team goal‐based incentive systems; team discretionary bonus systems; team skill incentive systems; team member skill incentive systems; team member goal‐based incentive systems; and team member merit incentive systems. Evidence regarding the effectiveness of each team incentive system is reviewed. Generally, two factors affect the usefulness of a given team incentive system: team interdependence (both within and between teams) and team type (i.e., full‐ or part‐time). Based upon these factors, guidelines for the implementation of each team incentive system are provided.

Details

Team Performance Management: An International Journal, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1352-7592

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2017

Can Chen

Given the significant amount of public infrastructure spending and the widely expressed concern about the declining quality of the American public infrastructure system…

Abstract

Given the significant amount of public infrastructure spending and the widely expressed concern about the declining quality of the American public infrastructure system, research about the effectiveness of public infrastructure investment is especially timely and crucial. The study extends public service production theory and public choice theory to the public infrastructure field, and develops a realistic and full theoretical model of public highway production by taking state highway efficiency differences into account. The panel fixed-effects method is used to examine the effects of state highway finance on state highway infrastructure quality. This study finds that state highway maintenance spending plays a crucial role in improving state road and bridge quality. Moreover, highway efficiency elements matter for state highway infrastructure quality.

Details

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 29 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 22 November 2019

Umesh Chandra Pandey and Chhabi Kumar

Abstract

Details

SDG5 – Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women and Girls
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-521-5

Content available

Abstract

Details

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 4 May 2020

Shawn L. Benaine

Through comparative analysis with other social science disciplines, gaps are identified in the performance gaming literature of public administration as it compares to…

Abstract

Purpose

Through comparative analysis with other social science disciplines, gaps are identified in the performance gaming literature of public administration as it compares to other social science disciplines in order to understand directions for future research in this space.

Design/methodology/approach

This study involves a systematic review of the performance gaming literature, focusing on important drivers of performance gaming. Using Google Scholar, Web of Science, and ProQuest Central, the systematic review covers years ranging from 1990 through 2019 and revealed empirical studies that were deemed relevant based on whether an article was (1) an empirical study and (2) performance gaming or cheating behavior was the outcome variable. Out of the 81 articles surmised from the search, 51 were regarded as relevant by meeting these criteria.

Findings

The main finding is that public administration has primarily focused on drivers that are embedded in the performance system. The other social sciences (psychology and economics, in particular) focus mainly on individual factors, mostly cognitive in nature. Public administration has also looked at organizational drivers, though this is a burgeoning area. Scholars in public administration may benefit from the other social sciences by determining how individual drivers work within the context of public organizations and how these shape organizational behavior.

Originality/value

Per my knowledge, the paper is the first to systematically compare the performance gaming literature of public administration to other social science disciplines. The paper provides a direction for this burgeoning area of research.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 33 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 3 September 2018

Can Chen

It is well known that public infrastructure, particularly the transportation infrastructure sector, is notorious for low efficiency, spending waste and corruption…

Abstract

Purpose

It is well known that public infrastructure, particularly the transportation infrastructure sector, is notorious for low efficiency, spending waste and corruption. Achieving the efficiency of public infrastructure investment is a crucial element to improve the current deteriorating condition of American transportation infrastructure system. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

This research utilizes an input-oriented, variable return to scale non-parametric data envelopment analysis to estimate the relative cost efficiency of highway infrastructure investment among the 48 American continental states from 1995 to 2009.

Findings

The empirical results reveal that there is a large efficiency variation among state highway infrastructure systems.

Practical implications

In addition, state governments on average reach 95.8 percent of the efficiency of their best practice peers in terms of providing quality highway infrastructure outcomes.

Details

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 30 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 2 October 2009

Steven L. Green

Some members of Congress in the USA have expressed serious concern that endowment spending rates of major American universities are too low. The purpose of this paper is…

Abstract

Purpose

Some members of Congress in the USA have expressed serious concern that endowment spending rates of major American universities are too low. The purpose of this paper is to derive optimal spending rates and compare them with actual rates to determine if this concern is warranted.

Design/methodology/approach

A Cobb‐Douglas utility function is used to represent the trade‐off between current spending and endowment (which allows more future spending). Maximization of this function subject to relevant constraints yields a formula for the optimal endowment spending rate, which takes the form of a difference equation. The steady‐state solution to this difference equation is explored, along with the nature of convergence to the steady‐state. Relevant data are obtained from American universities with endowments over $500 million in 2007 to determine the optimal spending rates implied by the theory. These optimal rates are then compared with actual average spending rates.

Findings

Actual average spending rates are just below 5 per cent, which is well below the optimal rates of 7‐8 per cent implied by the theory.

Practical implications

The results provide some support for regulations mandating minimum average spending rates from university endowments over time.

Originality/value

This paper is the first to model this problem using a theoretical framework that closely parallels the actual trade‐off considered by university investment managers, and it is the first to compare actual and theoretically optimal rates of endowment spending.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

1 – 10 of 941