Search results1 – 10 of over 2000
In April 1999, 481 English Primary Care Groups (PCGs) were created. The National Primary Care Research and Development Centre is leading a three year longitudinal study…
In April 1999, 481 English Primary Care Groups (PCGs) were created. The National Primary Care Research and Development Centre is leading a three year longitudinal study, in conjunction with the King’s Fund, to track the development of PCGs. The implementation of clinical governance is an important responsibility of PCGs. This survey aimed to describe initial progress in implementing clinical governance in primary care, and to describe barriers to change. Data were collected in autumn 1999, using a questionnaire to clinical governance leads, in a random sample of 72 PCGs. PCGs have put considerable effort into the development of clinical governance and an extensive range of activities were planned for tracking quality of care. However, PCGs face barriers in implementing clinical governance and they must foster a culture of engaged participation by practices and practice staff. PCGs must also be given the time and resources needed to implement clinical governance.
Investigates the provision, dissemination and use ofcommunity information in public libraries in five differentsocial areas by means of interviews with community…
Investigates the provision, dissemination and use of community information in public libraries in five different social areas by means of interviews with community librarians and library users. Reveals that information from the Department of Social Security was the most heavily used. followed by bus timetables. People in the more affluent areas tended to make more use of community information than those in the poorer areas. The information could perhaps be more effectively promoted and more outside groups could be encouraged to use the libraries.
Following the Gulf War, international discussions took place about multilateral restraints on “destabilising arms transfers”. Given that the UK is one of the leading exporters of arms, any reduction in such exports would affect the UK economy. The UK government spends considerable sums promoting such exports and it benefits from defence exports as they reduce the Ministry of Defence’s procurement costs. This paper analyses the direct financial implications of arms exports to the UK government, both as a buyer of defence equipment and as a promoter of such exports. The results suggest that in the UK each job generated by arms exports is subsidised by just under £2,000 per annum and that a one‐third reduction in UK defence exports would save the taxpayer some £76 million per annum (at 1995 prices).
The purpose of this trial was to establish whether a change in the X‐ray referral procedure would reduce the time between presentation and admission for patients who…
The purpose of this trial was to establish whether a change in the X‐ray referral procedure would reduce the time between presentation and admission for patients who attended a busy Accident and Emergency department with a fractured neck of femur. This group of patients was selected because they are susceptible to decubitus ulcers, the development of which may relate to the time spent on a trolley. Senior nurses in the Accident and Emergency department were educated in patient assessment and management, and knowledge and implementation of ionising radiation regulations. They then referred patients who presented with suspected fractures of the femoral neck to the radiology department within agreed guidelines and without a doctor's examination. Records were kept over a 3‐month trial period. A total of 27 completed cases were recorded and the data included radiological findings, total time from presentation to arrival on the ward or discharge, total time waiting for a porter and being transported, total time spent in the radiology department, and whether the patient reattended for a further X‐ray examination. We concluded that the change in X‐ray referral procedure resulted in an appreciable reduction in the overall time between presentation and admission. However, it was not possible to draw any valid conclusions regarding any reduction in decubitus ulceration as a result of this speedier diagnosis and admission.
Information technology has made possible the recognition, acquisition, organization, and controlled retention of data from sources virtually unavailable in the past. Terms…
Information technology has made possible the recognition, acquisition, organization, and controlled retention of data from sources virtually unavailable in the past. Terms such as “the information society” and “information glut” have become commonplace. High‐level corporate positions with titles such as Chief Information Officer are being created in an attempt to efficiently and effectively use information for the benefit of the organization and the society it serves. A major challenge in the 1980s is to gain and maintain the ability to use this information for competitive advantage. Decision Support Systems (DSS) enable marketing managers to integrate internal and external information environments within a decision‐making context. Useful features available within Marketing Information Systems can be incorporated with the potentials of DSS. Together the two systems can provide marketing managers with opportunities to anticipate, identify, and creatively respond to changing consumer demand.
This chapter takes a critical look at the sociological notion of ‘medicalisation’ in relation to recent trends and developments in neuroscience, neurotechnology and…
This chapter takes a critical look at the sociological notion of ‘medicalisation’ in relation to recent trends and developments in neuroscience, neurotechnology and society, taking memory, medicine and the brain as our prime focus and the disease category of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as our empirical case study. Five relational nexuses in particular are identified as relevant to these developments and debates, namely the bio-psych nexus, the pharma-psych nexus, the selves-subjectivity nexus, the wellness-enhancement nexus, and the neuroculture-neurofuture nexus. We show that developments in memory medicine and the shifting boundaries of cognitive health, as embodied and expressed in the case of MCI, shed further valuable light on these issues and the interconnectivity of these relational nexuses. As an emergent disease and susceptibility category, MCI illuminates not only the fuzzy boundaries between normal and abnormal cognitive functioning, but also the working of neuroscientific, neurocultural and pharmacological interests, which, in this case, are already claiming MCI as the next locus of enhancing the mind and optimising aging. Thinking both within and beyond medicalisation challenges us to find new ways to critically understand the ideas about life and health as they travel, translate or migrate from (neuro)scientific and clinical spheres to cultural life and patient experience.