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Article
Publication date: 13 May 2020

Ying Xia

This study aims to analyze the dynamic monitoring of deformation damage of steel structure buildings in long-term use. Although the steel structure building has the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to analyze the dynamic monitoring of deformation damage of steel structure buildings in long-term use. Although the steel structure building has the advantage of high structural strength, it will be deformed after being affected by factors such as corrosion and impact during long-term use, and which will affect building safety, especially the public building facilities. The dynamic monitoring of its security is an indispensable means.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper briefly introduced the principle of building information modeling (BIM)-based steel structure building information monitoring and the dynamic information monitoring system based on this principle. Then the monitoring system was used to analyze an operational steel structure suspension bridge in Xinxiang City, Henan Province, China, and compared it with the monitoring system based on back propagation (BP) neural network.

Findings

The results showed that the fitting degree of the dynamic deformation displacement data processed by BIM-based monitoring system was higher than that processed by BP-based monitoring system. Based on the comprehensive comparison of the dynamic data of all monitoring points, the BIM-based monitoring system had higher accuracy of deformation displacement monitoring and reliability of structural safety evaluation.

Originality/value

In summary, the BIM-based steel structure building monitoring system can effectively monitor the dynamic information of steel structure information.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology , vol. 18 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 23 October 2020

Jiaqiang Chen

The main supporting frame of steel structure buildings is steel, and the beam-column joints of the steel structure directly affect the stability and strength of the…

Abstract

Purpose

The main supporting frame of steel structure buildings is steel, and the beam-column joints of the steel structure directly affect the stability and strength of the supporting frame.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper briefly introduced the beam-column joints which are used for ensuring the stability of buildings in the steel structure building, selected the fabricated beam-column joints which were different from the traditional welding methods, tested the fabricated beam-column joints with the reaction frame and jack and detected the influence of the thickness and length of the splice plate on the mechanical properties of joints.

Findings

The results showed that the joint stress and the displacement in the vertical direction increased under greater load no matter which kind of fabricated joint was used; under the same load, the thickness and length of the splice significantly affected the mechanical properties of joints, and the larger the thickness and length, the smaller the joint stress and displacement in the vertical direction.

Originality/value

To sum up, increasing the thickness or length of the splice plate of the fabricated joint can effectively improve the mechanical properties of joints.

Details

International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, vol. 39 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-4708

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 May 2021

Jingyu Yu, Jingfeng Wang, Zhengmao Hua and Xingxing Wang

Airports are booming in China, to enlarge their capacities and stimulate economic development. Large-span spatial steel structures are commonly used in the terminal…

Abstract

Purpose

Airports are booming in China, to enlarge their capacities and stimulate economic development. Large-span spatial steel structures are commonly used in the terminal buildings of airport projects. Their advantages include prefabrication, strength, usability, adaptability and aesthetic quality. To manage large-span spatial steel structure projects, building information modeling (BIM) is recommended. Although there are plenty of studies on BIM application in steel structure projects, it is still rare to apply BIM to optimize the schedule and cost of steel structures, especially for airport projects.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper aims to develop a framework in which BIM and a time-cost optimization model are integrated to optimize construction costs and the duration of large-span spatial steel structure projects. A real case study was conducted to verify the feasibility of the BIM-based time-cost optimization model in an airport terminal building, which was built with a large-span spatial steel structure.

Findings

The results preliminarily support the reliability of the proposed BIM-based time-cost optimization model. The BIM-based time-cost optimization model will benefit construction planning for professionals and enrich relevant research on the application of BIM in large-span spatial steel structure projects.

Originality/value

The steel structure is difficult to control budgets and progress. This paper is expected to be adopted for optimizing the time and cost plans for projects involving steel structures in airport terminal buildings.

Details

Journal of Facilities Management , vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-5967

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 October 2019

Zijing Wang

Special shaped columns composed of concrete-filled square steel tubes have broad application prospects in steel structure residential buildings. The paper aims to discuss…

Abstract

Purpose

Special shaped columns composed of concrete-filled square steel tubes have broad application prospects in steel structure residential buildings. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the thermal bridge problem of special-shaped column structures is studied, T-shaped column composed of concrete-filled square steel tubes is taken as an example, the finite element thermal bridge model is established by ANSYS software, the heat treatment is calculated by the software and the results are output.

Findings

According to the finite element results, it can be found that in the thermal bridge model, the temperature distribution is uniform, the heat flux density is small and the heat dissipation where the steel plate locates is serious. The lowest temperature of the thermal bridge is greater than the air condensation temperature, and the affected area is about 0.2 m, which is larger than the thickness of the wall and will not cause too much impact on the wall. It will help to suppress heat dissipation and achieve energy-saving and heat preservation inside the buildings.

Originality/value

The experimental results prove the effectiveness of the special-shaped column structure for building energy-saving buildings. This study provides some theoretical basis for further application of special-shaped column structures in architecture.

Details

International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, vol. 38 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-4708

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 December 2021

Riza Suwondo, Lee Cunningham, Martin Gillie, Made Suangga and Irpan Hidayat

The robustness of building structures in a fire has recently drawn wide attention. This study presents the progressive collapse analysis of steel frame building structures

Abstract

Purpose

The robustness of building structures in a fire has recently drawn wide attention. This study presents the progressive collapse analysis of steel frame building structures under localised fire. The main objective of this study is to propose methods to enhance the structural collapse resistance of such structures in fire.

Design/methodology/approach

A modelling method was developed and validated against both experimental and analytical studies. Then, a series of robustness analyses were performed to investigate the interaction among the members and the pattern of load distribution within the structures. These analyses show that lateral resistance and load redistribution have a vital role in the robustness of the building. Thus, two approaches have been adopted to enhance the robustness of the focused steel frame during a fire.

Findings

It is found that increased size of floor beams and vertical bracing systems are effective measures in preventing whole structure collapse. The larger beam section is able to prevent catenary action so that the load in the failed columns can safely transfer to the adjacent columns without buckling. On the other hand, the bracing system improves the lateral resistance that can accommodate the lateral force when catenary action occurs in the beam.

Originality/value

Previous studies have focused on the collapse mechanism of steel frame structures. However, the parameters affecting the structural robustness in a fire have not yet been explored. To address this gap, this study adopted numerical modelling to undertake parametric studies to identify effective methods to improve the robustness of such structures under fire conditions.

Details

Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-2317

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 February 2020

Ruochen Zeng, Abdol Chini and Robert Ries

As green building movement is widespread throughout the world, low-energy building becomes the standard. A designer's selection of building systems and materials during…

Abstract

Purpose

As green building movement is widespread throughout the world, low-energy building becomes the standard. A designer's selection of building systems and materials during early design phase becomes more important. It is essential that designers include embodied energy and emissions among other criteria they use in selecting materials during the design development phase of a building. The aim of this study is to develop a model to integrate the embodied energy, embodied emissions, and cost of the alternative structure and envelope systems of a building during the design development stage.

Design/methodology/approach

A conceptual model is proposed to integrate the embodied energy, embodied emissions, and cost of the alternative structure and envelope systems of a building. A case study is used to test the proposed model in predicting the embodied impacts and cost of structure and envelope systems for an educational building.

Findings

The proposed model can assist designers in making informed decisions at the early design stage and selecting alternative structure and envelope systems considering embodied impacts and costs.

Social implications

Designers consider reducing embodied impacts of buildings during early design phase as an important social responsibility, especially for megaprojects, which have great impact on our daily life.

Originality/value

Development of a model that can be used to support design decisions regarding sustainable design (embodied energy and embodied carbon emissions) and costs of buildings in early design phase.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 28 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 July 2005

Ali Mehrabian and Achintya Haldar

Some lessons learned from post‐earthquake damage survey of structures affected by the Bam earthquake of December 26, 2003 in Iran are encapsulated in this paper. The Bam…

3320

Abstract

Purpose

Some lessons learned from post‐earthquake damage survey of structures affected by the Bam earthquake of December 26, 2003 in Iran are encapsulated in this paper. The Bam earthquake caused catastrophic structural damage in the region.

Design/methodology/approach

A method similar to that of rapid evaluation procedure (REP), recommended by the Applied Technology Council (ATC‐20) in the USA, was used for damage survey.

Findings

Bam represents a typical ancient city in many countries around the world. Most of the structures in the region are made of adobe, unreinforced masonry, steel, and unreinforced/reinforced concrete. Some of the main types of structural damage, their causes, and potential remedial measures are characterized with an emphasis on the very basic fundamental principles of earthquake‐resistant design.

Practical implications

The research reported has considerable implications for other seismic‐affected regions of the world.

Originality/value

A first hand‐account of the catastrophic damage caused by this natural disaster and the implications for future design and construction in seismic‐affected areas.

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 June 2017

Chrysanthos Maraveas, Zacharias Fasoulakis and Konstantinos Daniel Tsavdaridis

This paper aims to present technical aspects of the assessment method and evaluation of fire damaged steel structures. The current work focuses on the behavior of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present technical aspects of the assessment method and evaluation of fire damaged steel structures. The current work focuses on the behavior of structural normal steel (hot-rolled and cold-formed) and high-strength bolts after exposure to elevated temperatures. Information on stainless steel, cast iron and wrought iron is also presented.

Design/methodology/approach

Because of the complexity of the issue, an elaborate presentation of the mechanical properties influencing factors is followed. Subsequently, a wide range of experimental studies is extensively reviewed in the literature while simplified equations for determining the post-fire mechanical properties are proposed, following appropriate categorization. Moreover, the reinstatement survey is also comprehensively described.

Findings

Useful conclusions are drawn for the safe reuse of the structural elements and connection components. According to the parametric investigation of the aforementioned data, it can be safely concluded that the most common scenario of buildings after fire events, i.e. apart from excessively distorted structures, implies considerable remaining capacity of the structure, highlighting that subsequent demolition should not be the case, especially regarding critical infrastructure and buildings.

Originality/value

The stability of the structure as a whole is addressed, with aim to establish specific guidelines and code provisions for the correct appraisal and rehabilitation of fire damaged structures.

Details

Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-2317

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 31 December 2019

Sassan Eshghi and Mohammad Mahdi Maddah

Mid-rise steel moment-resisting frames (MRFs) with intermediate ductility are a major part of conventional residential buildings in Iran. According to Iranian seismic…

Abstract

Purpose

Mid-rise steel moment-resisting frames (MRFs) with intermediate ductility are a major part of conventional residential buildings in Iran. According to Iranian seismic design codes, in this resisting system, considering the strong-column/weak-beam (SCWB) criterion is not mandatory. Where a metal deck ceiling system is used, the composite action of a concrete slab and steel beams could change the collapse mechanism of the structure, especially in the MRFs with intermediate ductility. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of the composite action in the seismic collapse risk of this type of structures. Seismic collapse risk assessment can be carried out by using simplified pushover-based methods. In these methods, the cyclic deterioration of an equivalent single degree of freedom (ESDoF) system must be considered when the modified Ibarra–Medina–Krawinkler is used for nonlinear modeling of MRFs. Accordingly, a modified method is developed to use in simplified collapse risk assessment process. For these purposes, two mid-rise MRFs with intermediate ductility located in Tehran have been selected as case studies. The results confirm that the composite action is very effective in collapse risk value in the steel MRFs in which their SCWB ratio is less than 1. Moreover, the proposed approach of considering the cyclic deterioration of ESDoF systems increases the accuracy of the simplified collapse assessment approaches.

Design/methodology/approach

Identifying seismically vulnerable buildings to collapse requires using robust methods. These methods can be simplified based on pushover analysis methods. An attempt was made to apply one of these approaches for steel MRFs with intermediate ductility. In these frames, the composite action of a concrete slab and steel beams could change the collapse mechanism. Here, two MRFs were investigated in order to assess this effect on collapse risk value. This process was done by modifying the SPO2IDA method as a simplified collapse capacity evaluation approach by developing a relationship to consider the cyclic deterioration effects for the ESDoF systems.

Findings

The results showed that it is necessary to consider the slab effects in the analytical model in the collapse assessment process of MRFs with intermediate ductility, especially in the condition in which the SCWB ratios of the frame are less than 1. Furthermore, by utilizing the proposed method of considering the ESDoF cyclic deterioration, the error values of the SPO2IDA program were reduced significantly. Moreover, estimating the collapse risk parameters shows that the utilized simplified method presents suitable accuracy and could be an acceptable approach to collapse risk assessment of mid-rise steel MRFs.

Originality/value

The influence of the composite action in seismic collapse risk of MRFs with intermediate ductility is investigated. Also, a modified relationship is developed to consider the deterioration effects on the ESDoF parameters used in simplified collapse risk assessment process. Also, a framework is presented for utilized methodology.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 11 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1999

Kim Newman and Lynn Lorch Metz

The purpose of this article is to inform the reader of the various options available today in the management of power and communication systems within a library. These…

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to inform the reader of the various options available today in the management of power and communication systems within a library. These options are measured against several factors: the library’s program goals, its budget, and its structure. As library architects and interior designers, the design of the building must meet the user’s needs and the owner’s goals and be flexible to change as these needs and goals change. The facility’s ability to support technology and provide for adaptation to future changes is key to its success. This article describes six methods of managing and accessing power and communication in both new and renovated facilities. It describes the advantages and disadvantages of each system, and provides examples of their practical applications. The solutions to managing wiring for power and communication within the furniture systems is also discussed relative to how the connections interface with the building and the users. On reading this article, librarians and owners will have a better understanding of the options available and how their decisions regarding these options impacts the future adaptability of the facility.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

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