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Article
Publication date: 9 March 2015

Mª Pilar Alonso Lifante, Celia Chaín Navarro and Francisco José González González

– The purpose of this paper is to show that some important astronomical information is still not taken into account in the documental description of historical star catalogues.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show that some important astronomical information is still not taken into account in the documental description of historical star catalogues.

Design/methodology/approach

A sample of 28 historical star catalogues (eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries) from the Royal Institute and Observatory of the Spanish Navy was selected in order to analyse their structure and to identify information patterns.

Findings

The analysis shows that there are a number of technical parameters which are not present in the cataloguing standards and which should be taken into account in the bibliographic descriptions of these specialised documents since they are of great interest to astronomers and astrophysicists. On the other hand, star catalogues provide some cartographic information which can be described by these standards but whose corresponding fields are not widely used by cataloguers.

Originality/value

A proposal of new technical parameters is given in order to try to improve the bibliographic records of these astronomical resources. Some directions are also given in order to identify the sections of the catalogues where these parameters may be found, making the task of locating them easier.

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1992

Flavio Bonifacio

This paper describes the availability of databases held on DIALOG, ESA‐IRS and DATA‐STAR. In Section 2 particular attention will be paid to database overlap between hosts…

Abstract

This paper describes the availability of databases held on DIALOG, ESA‐IRS and DATA‐STAR. In Section 2 particular attention will be paid to database overlap between hosts. Section 3 will consider the differences between prices and will analyse the relation between prices and database contents. Section 4 analyses the fixed costs of local investments and the variable added costs of online transmission.

Details

Online Review, vol. 16 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-314X

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Article
Publication date: 16 January 2017

Ray Ward

Abstract

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Reference Reviews, vol. 31 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0950-4125

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1984

S.V. Meschel

Compilation of numeric data has been of interest to mankind since ancient times. Collections of astronomic observations permitted the production of systematic calendars…

Abstract

Compilation of numeric data has been of interest to mankind since ancient times. Collections of astronomic observations permitted the production of systematic calendars for great nations like the Mayans, Egyptians, Babylonians and Jews. Extensive sets of data were available to early navigators and pioneer physicists of medieval times. A well known example of data compilation was the celebrated Alfonsine Tables. The tables were completed in 1252 under the direction of Isaac ben Said and Yehuda ben Moshe Cohen during the rule of Alfonso X. of Castile. For three hundred years this was considered to be the best planetary data collection. Another famous astronomical data compilation was Caroline Herschel's Catalogue of Stars published in 1798. In the last decade there has been an increased need for precise information by government agencies, private industries, the business world and academic institutions. The continuing acknowledgement of the need for quantitative data contributed to the quick development and marketing of many databases that contain numerical and other factual information.

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Online Review, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-314X

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1974

C.J. Tucker

The paper is based on a study carried out for the British Library. The 10 production methods compared (5 for printed and 5 for microform catalogues) are: 1. line printer…

Abstract

The paper is based on a study carried out for the British Library. The 10 production methods compared (5 for printed and 5 for microform catalogues) are: 1. line printer on 3‐part stationery; 2. line printer to offset/litho master; 3. COM master to offset/litho; 4. graphic arts quality COM to offset/litho; 5. phototypesetting to offset/litho; 6. microfiche; 7. microfilm; 8. graphic arts quality microfiche; 9. graphic arts quality microfilm; 10. PCMI ultrafiche. Tables show the approximate costs of producing different numbers of copies of different sizes and with varying cumulation frequencies (ranging from weekly to annual). Over a wide range of catalogue size and number of copies, some form of microform output is usually cheapest.

Details

Program, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

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Article
Publication date: 2 February 2015

Hollie M. Osborne and Andrew Cox

The purpose of this paper is to determine whether features of next-generation Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) interfaces are useful and intuitive to users who have…

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1819

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine whether features of next-generation Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) interfaces are useful and intuitive to users who have different levels of searching ability. In addition, it investigates whether there is a difference between librarians’ and students’ preferences for specific features.

Design/methodology/approach

The research is based on 18 semi-structured interviews conducted in July 2012 with three groups of library users from The University of Sheffield: librarians; Master of Arts Librarianship students; and a group of other post-graduate students.

Findings

Overall, this study suggests that while the next-generation catalogue interfaces and features are useful, they are not as “intuitive” as some previous studies have claimed. Interviewees appeared to prefer the searching and browsing options over the Web 2.0 features. Both librarians and students have similar opinions regarding the usefulness of next-generation OPAC features, but preferences are complex.

Research limitations/implications

The study is based on one institution, and the disciplinary background of the post-graduate students was limited.

Practical implications

Promoting next generation OPACs and explaining their features to users is essential.

Originality/value

The paper adds to the understanding of users’ preferences in relation to next-generation OPACs, locating the findings of the current findings firmly in the context of previous literature.

Details

Program, vol. 49 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 25 September 2009

Winnie Tam, Andrew M. Cox and Andy Bussey

The purpose of this paper is to identify the features that international student users prefer for next generation OPACs.

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2903

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the features that international student users prefer for next generation OPACs.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 16 international students of the University of Sheffield were interviewed in July 2008 to explore their preferences among potential features in next generation OPACs. A semi‐structured interview schedule with images of mock‐up screens was used.

Findings

The results of the interviews were broadly consistent with previous studies. In general, students expect features in next generation OPACs should save their time, be easy to use and relevant to their search. This study found that recommender features and features that can provide better navigation of search results are desired by users. However, Web 2.0 features, such as RSS feeds and those features which involved user participation were among the least popular.

Practical implications

This paper produces findings of relevance to any academic library seeking to implement a next‐generation OPAC.

Originality/value

There have been no previous published research studies of users' preferences among possible features of next‐generation OPACs.

Details

Program, vol. 43 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1997

T Kippenberger

Wonders why, in an atmosphere of intense competition, some companies achieve sustained high growth in profits and revenues. Highlights the example of Formule 1, a chain of…

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Abstract

Wonders why, in an atmosphere of intense competition, some companies achieve sustained high growth in profits and revenues. Highlights the example of Formule 1, a chain of budget hotels in France, launched in 1985, which beat off the no‐star and one‐star hotels, costing between 60 and 90 francs, and with 2 stars at double the price. Demonstrates that Formule 1's basic premise was ‘a good night's sleep for a low price’ — e.g. no need to provide restaurants, lounges, receptionists outside check‐in and check‐out times (automated tellers are used at other times), giving basic accommodation at the standard of two‐star hotels for one‐star price! Catalogues that Formule 1 has now built over 300 hotels in Europe, Africa, Australia with Asia next for development — a success story for others to envy, copy, or ignore at their peril.

Details

The Antidote, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-8483

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 July 2011

Takaya Inamori, Nobutada Sako and Shinichi Nakasuka

This paper aims to present an attitude determination and control system for a nano‐astrometry satellite which requires precise angular rate control. Focus of the research…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present an attitude determination and control system for a nano‐astrometry satellite which requires precise angular rate control. Focus of the research is methods to achieve the requirement.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to obtain astrometry data, the satellite attitude should be controlled to an accuracy of 0.05°. Furthermore, attitude spin rate must be controlled to an accuracy of 4×10−7 rad/s during observation. In this paper the following unique ideas to achieve these requirements are introduced: magnetic disturbance compensation and rate estimation using star blurred images.

Findings

This paper presents the feasibility of a high accurate attitude control system in nano‐ and micro‐satellite missions.

Practical implications

This paper presents a possibility of the application of nano‐satellites to remote‐sensing and astronomy mission, which requires accurate attitude control.

Originality/value

Originalities of the paper are the methods to achieve the high accurate attitude control: magnetic disturbance compensation and angular rate estimation using star images.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 83 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1999

Brian Vickery

The paper attempts to provide an outline account of the development and context of scientific and technical communication during the twentieth century. The main channels…

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1708

Abstract

The paper attempts to provide an outline account of the development and context of scientific and technical communication during the twentieth century. The main channels and forms of communication are reviewed, and their changing contributions to the overall pattern of information flow. The ever‐increasing volume and diversity of scientific and technical information are emphasised. The paper concludes with some reflections on what may be learnt from this history.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 55 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

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