The purpose of this paper is to consider a capacitive pressure sensor fabricated using low‐temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC) materials and technology as a candidate for an energy‐autonomous sensor application. Designing the 3D capacitive sensor structure, with the cofired thick‐film electrodes inside the narrow air gap in the LTCC substrate, was a challenging task, particularly due to the presence of the parasitic elements influencing the sensor's characteristics.
In this work, different design variants for the thick‐film electrodes of the capacitive sensing structure were studied and compared. The test sensors were designed for the pressure range 0‐10 kPa and manufactured with readout electronics based on a capacitance‐to‐digital conversion.
The typical sensitivity obtained was 4 fF/kPa, and the temperature coefficient of the sensitivity was 0.03%/°C. The design variant with the guard‐ring electrode showed the best rms resolution of 50 Pa. One drawback of the application could be the sensitivity to atmospheric humidity and the influence of the different media.
This paper focuses on the design of a capacitive gas‐pressure sensor in a 3D LTCC structure. The present study provides a good basis for further optimisation of the design of the cofired electrodes in the capacitive sensing structure.
The successful use of piezoceramic thick films in sensors and actuators requires a thorough understanding of their electrical and electromechanical characteristics. Since…
The successful use of piezoceramic thick films in sensors and actuators requires a thorough understanding of their electrical and electromechanical characteristics. Since these characteristics depend not only on the material's composition but also on its compatibility with various substrates and a number of processing parameters, accurate measurements of the material's parameters are essential. Here, the aim of this paper is to present a procedure for characterising lead‐zirconate‐titanate (PZT) thick films on pre‐fired low‐temperature co‐fired ceramic (LTCC) substrates performed in order to determine the material parameters for numerical modelling.
Owing to the lack of standard procedures for measuring the elastic and piezoelectric properties of the films, the compliance parameters were evaluated from the results of nano‐indentation tests, and a substrate‐flexure method was used to evaluate the transverse piezoelectric coefficients.
The validation of the material model and the finite‐element (FE) analysis of the demonstrator sensor/actuator structures are shown to be in agreement with the FE model, even if not an exact fit.
This paper focuses on a characterisation of PZT thick films screen‐printed on pre‐fired LTCC substrates.