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Article
Publication date: 30 August 2019

Liliya Frolova

The purpose of this paper is to study the process of coprecipitation of polyhydroxocomplexes of nickel and aluminum from solutions of nickel (Ni) (II) sulfate and aluminum…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the process of coprecipitation of polyhydroxocomplexes of nickel and aluminum from solutions of nickel (Ni) (II) sulfate and aluminum (Al) (III) sulfate with caustic soda and to study the conversion process to nickel aluminate and to check its properties.

Design/methodology/approach

For the thermodynamic analysis of the precipitation process, the software package MEDUSA was used. The dependences of the electrical conductivity, pH and residual concentrations as functions of the OH/Me ratio were obtained. Using X-ray phase analysis, spectroscopic analysis and derivatographic analysis, the properties of the products obtained were studied. The effects of OH/Me ratio and molar ratio cation of reagents on the physicochemical properties of the products were analyzed.

Findings

The paper deals with the results of theoretical and experimental research on the synthesis pigments of blue and green colors based on Ni-Al spinel. The influence of the molar ratio cation content on optical and color characterise of pigments were studied.

Originality/value

The original complex method of studying the processes of co-precipitation of cations in the form of hydroxides is proposed. pH precipitation of aluminum hydroxide and nickel are different. It is interesting to study their co-precipitation. The resulting single-phase product is a precursor of nickel aluminate over a wide range of cation ratios. The dependences of the electrical conductivity, pH and residual concentrations as functions of the OH/Me ratio were obtained.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 48 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2008

Antoni Neyman and Jan Sikora

The aim of this paper is to research grease and additives' influence on fretting wear of mild steel.

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to research grease and additives' influence on fretting wear of mild steel.

Design/methodology/approach

Experiments were performed on a laboratory stand with contact conditions cylinder on flat. The mild steel couples were tested under dry conditions and lubricated with mineral and synthetic greases containing as additives: graphite, molybdenum disulphide, ZDDP and molybdenum dithiocarbamate in different concentrations.

Findings

The results revealed a significant influence of grease consistency and its welding load on the fretting wear of steel couples. Graphite and molybdenum disulphide were effective in a 10 percent concentration. ZDDP additive in a more than 1 percent concentration increased fretting wear. Molybdenum dithiocarbamate was not more effective than molybdenum disulphide powder. Grease lubrication of the fretted couple changed significantly the wear mechanism observed on SEM photographs of fretting scars.

Practical implications

The paper presents some indications of proper selection of grease for fretting prevention.

Originality/value

The influence of the main features of grease on fretting wear was confirmed on the basis of extensive investigation.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 60 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 January 2021

Amruta Joglekar-Athavale and Ganapti S. Shankarling

A mixed metal oxide-based spinel ceramic pigment has been successfully synthesized incorporating inorganic, high-temperature stable furnace cement as an inbuilt binder…

50

Abstract

Purpose

A mixed metal oxide-based spinel ceramic pigment has been successfully synthesized incorporating inorganic, high-temperature stable furnace cement as an inbuilt binder. Step by step synthesis was done for the spinel and cement mix formulations.

Design/methodology/approach

The pigment mix was synthesized by a solid-solid method where the inorganic binder was incorporated in the mix. The results suggested that CoCuMn-based spinel ceramic pigment with cement mix could be obtained at an annealing temperature of 1,100ºC for 1 h and the size, morphology and crystallinity of spinel mix were greatly influenced by the calcination temperature.

Findings

The pigment mix synthesized was applied as a coating to different substrates such as aluminum, glass and Mild steel. The results revealed that spectral selectivity of TSSS paint coatings based on the CoMnCu spinel ceramic mix was much better than that of solvent-based coatings for high-temperature applications. The presence of cement as an inorganic binder makes the functioning and application of paint easy as it becomes that of a waterborne type.

Originality/value

Ease of application, stability at high temperatures, best absorptivity at the solar selective spectrum and excellent adhesion properties for the selected surface are the key features of the designed pigment system. The applied pigment mix was studied as a coating to get the results for solar selective system.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 50 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 November 2015

Fawzia Fahim Abdel-Mohsen and Hassan Salah Aly Emira

– The purpose of this study was to prepare colour pigments for use as spectrally selective coatings for solar absorbers.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to prepare colour pigments for use as spectrally selective coatings for solar absorbers.

Design/methodology/approach

Nano-particles cobalt and nickel oxides were prepared by sol–gel techniques. These oxides were prepared with its molar ratios and annealed at 200, 400, 600 and 800°C. The structure of the pigments was characterized by infrared spectrometer, differential scanning calorimetry analysis, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscope.

Findings

Encapsulated cobalt and nickel oxides were completely formed at 800 and 600°C, and its colour was black and dark green, respectively. The results confirmed that black and green pigments combined selectivity with colour. Optical properties such as absorption and reflection were affected by the firing temperatures on cobalt and nickel oxides–gel polymers. All synthesized pigments consisted of nano-particles.

Research limitations/implications

The prepared samples used in the present work were synthesized from cobalt chloride and nickel acetate. The salts were dispersed in polyacrylamide as a precursor.

Practical implications

The prepared metal oxides had good solar properties.

Originality/value

Colour becomes more important for thermal solar collectors, and it has attracted interest. This might be related to a generally growing attention towards architectural integration of solar energy systems into building. Architects would prefer different colours besides black, even if lower efficiency would have to be accepted.

Article
Publication date: 28 June 2013

Fawzia Fahim Abdel‐Mohsen and Hassan Salah Aly Emira

This work aimed to prepare black transition metal oxide pigments to be used as solar absorbers in the solar selective and other industrial paints.

Abstract

Purpose

This work aimed to prepare black transition metal oxide pigments to be used as solar absorbers in the solar selective and other industrial paints.

Design/methodology/approach

Mixed metal oxide CoCuMnOx spinel pigments were synthesised via the sol‐gel route. These oxides, namely (I‐Co0.50Cu0.25Mn0.25)Ox, (II‐Co0.25Cu0.50Mn0.25)Ox and (III‐Co0.25Cu0.25Mn0.50)Ox, were prepared with different molar ratios and annealed at 600, 800 and 900°C, respectively. The prepared oxides were characterised by infrared spectrometer (IS), differential scanning calorimetry analysis (DSC), X‐ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscope (TEM).

Findings

The prepared pigments have a spinel structure with the composition CoCuMnOx. All synthesised pigments consisted of nano particles ranged from 10 to 80 nm. The optical properties showed high absorption and moderately low reflectance in the solar wavelength range.

Research limitations/implications

The prepared samples, used in the present work, were synthesized from cobalt sulphate, copper chloride and manganese chloride. The salts were dispersed in polyacrylamide as a precursor.

Practical implications

The prepared samples were thermally stable and had good optical properties. They could be used as absorber materials in the painting of solar collectors.

Originality/value

These thermally stable mixed metal oxides could be used in the painting of solar collectors. The three mixed metal oxides could be used as absorber materials for heating solar collectors due to their high absorption and moderately low reflectance in the solar wavelength range.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 42 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 February 2014

Dawid J. D'Melo, Anagha S. Sabnis, Mohan A. Shenoy and Mukesh S. Kathalewar

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of acrylated guar gum (AGG) as an additive in alkyd resin for improved mechanical properties and to optimize the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of acrylated guar gum (AGG) as an additive in alkyd resin for improved mechanical properties and to optimize the results of such an addition.

Design/methodology/approach

For studying the effect of AGG on coating properties, guar gum was modified to various degrees of esterification and various compositions of alkyd systems were made by incorporating different concentrations of AGG. The mechanical and solvent absorption of the unmodified and modified alkyd systems were characterized.

Findings

The incorporation of AGG into alkyd coating showed significant improvement of mechanical properties over the unmodified one. The modification caused an additional crosslink site through its unsaturation which led to increased crosslink density without phase separation of additive from the alkyd system which was confirmed by SEM scans.

Research limitations/implications

The reactive additive, AGG used in the present study was synthesised using acryloyl chloride. Besides, it could also be synthesised from methacryloyl chloride and the effect of methyl substitution on water and solvent absorption could be studied.

Practical implications

The method developed provided a simple and practical solution to improving the mechanical properties of alkyd coatings.

Originality/value

The method for enhancing mechanical properties of cured alkyd system was novel and could find numerous applications in surface coatings.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 23 January 2019

Rakesh Ranjan, Subrata Kumar Ghosh and Manoj Kumar

The probability distribution of major length and aspect ratio (major length/minor length) of wear debris collected from gear oil used in planetary gear drive were analysed…

Abstract

Purpose

The probability distribution of major length and aspect ratio (major length/minor length) of wear debris collected from gear oil used in planetary gear drive were analysed and modelled. The paper aims to find an appropriate probability distribution model to forecast the kind of wear particles at different running hour of the machine.

Design/methodology/approach

Used gear oil of the planetary gear box of a slab caster was drained out and charged with a fresh oil of grade (EP-460). Six chronological oil samples were collected at different time interval between 480 and 1,992 h of machine running. The oil samples were filtered to separate wear particles, and microscopic study of wear debris was carried out at 100X magnification. Statistical modelling of wear debris distribution was done using Weibull and exponential probability distribution model. A comparison was studied among actual, Weibull and exponential probability distribution of major length and aspect ratio of wear particles.

Findings

Distribution of major length of wear particle was found to be closer to the exponential probability density function, whereas Weibull probability density function fitted better to distribution of aspect ratio of wear particle.

Originality/value

The potential of the developed model can be used to analyse the distribution of major length and aspect ratio of wear debris present in planetary gear box of slab caster machine.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 71 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2002

E.A.M. Youssef

Dolomite is of immense importance for industrial applications. It is occuring in many locations in Egypt. Complete investigation and identification of the ore has been…

Abstract

Dolomite is of immense importance for industrial applications. It is occuring in many locations in Egypt. Complete investigation and identification of the ore has been performed via chemical analysis and spectro‐photometric measurements using X‐ray fluroscence, X‐ray diffraction and electron microscope. The X‐ray diffraction pattern indicated that Egyptian dolomite is a crystalline material and electron microscope analysis showed that it has a lameller shape. Egyptian dolomite sample was evaluated as an extender pigment according to standard international specifications and proved to be excellent one for coating applications. Surface modification of dolomite ore particles has been carried out using stearic acid in cyclohexane. The modification concerned with the determination of adsorption isotherm, sediment volume, sedimentation rate, and dispersion properties to determine monolayer surface coverage of the ore particles. The unmodified and modified dolomite samples have been incorporated in anticorrosive primer formulations. The painted films were tested and examined in the laboratory accelerated corrosion test. Promising results were achieved and the films showed high performance as efficient extender pigment for coating applications that can replace satisfactorily its similar imported pigments.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 31 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 February 2014

Ghodsieh Mashouf, Morteza Ebrahimi and Saeed Bastani

The purpose of this work was to perform a systematic study on the effect of formulation on the physical and mechanical properties of ultaviolet (UV) curable urethane…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this work was to perform a systematic study on the effect of formulation on the physical and mechanical properties of ultaviolet (UV) curable urethane acrylate resins. In addition, the authors wanted to derive mathematical formula for the prediction of physical and mechanical properties for the aforementioned system.

Design/methodology/approach

The experiments were carried out based on mixture experimental design to determine the effect of different multifunctional acrylates (i.e. 1,6-hexanediol diacrylate (HDDA), tripropylene glycol diacrylate (TPGDA), trimethyolpropane triactylate (TMPTA)) concentration on the physical and mechanical properties of a UV curable polyurethane acrylate system. The urethane oligomer was synthesized and characterized by the research team. Microhardness, adhesion strength and scratch resistance of the cured films were evaluated as the physical and mechanical properties.

Findings

The results revealed that the resin and TMPTA concentrations had the most significant effects on the microhardness property. Adhesion strength of the films showed a linear trend with respect to all variables. Moreover, all components also had a significant and complex influence on the scratch resistance of the cured systems. In addition, mathematical equations proposed by mixture experimental design were derived for all the mentioned properties.

Research limitations/implications

Other multifunctional acrylate monomers (i.e. more than three functional) can be used in the formulations. The kinetics of the curing can affect on the network formation and consequently on the properties of the cured films.

Practical implications

The obtained results can be used by the researchers who are active in the field of structure-property relationship of polymers and surface coatings. The reported data and the mathematical equations can also be used for the formulating of an appropriate formulation based on a specific application.

Originality/value

A systematic and statistical-based approach, i.e. mixture experimental design, was used to evaluate the effect of formulation on some of the properties of a UV curable polyurethane acrylate system. A urethane oligomer and three different multifunctional acrylate monomers as reactive diluents were used in the formulations. Noteworthy to mention that several mathematical models were derived by using analysis of variance for the prediction of the properties studied in this system.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2005

Saurabh Kumar, N.M. Mishra and P.S. Mukherjee

To study and estimate changes of various properties upon use of engine oil by different methods.Design/methodology/approach – By viscosity measurement, pH measurement…

Abstract

Purpose

To study and estimate changes of various properties upon use of engine oil by different methods.Design/methodology/approach – By viscosity measurement, pH measurement, Fourier transform infra‐red spectroscopic analysis and UV‐Visible (Ultraviolet and visible rays) spectroscopic analysis.Findings – Some specific changes in additives of the oil upon use could be traced.Practical implications – Correct choice for additives for a particular use may enhance the oil life and also protect the engine from damage.Originality/value – The findings may be important to the lube oil producers and the users.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 57 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

1 – 10 of 690