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Article
Publication date: 5 July 2011

John McManus

The purpose of this paper is to offer a point of view on the challenges China faces competing in a twenty‐first century software industry.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to offer a point of view on the challenges China faces competing in a twenty‐first century software industry.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach taken was desk research and conversations with other academics and industry experts.

Findings

The paper suggests that China needs to overcome weaknesses in managerial and technical skills and focus on international markets where it is positive strengths.

Practical implications

India provides some important and practical lessons for China's emerging software industry including those Chinese firms looking to increase their export revenues and presence around the globe.

Originality/value

This paper provides insight into the issues and challenges faced by the Chinese software industry looking to expand within a global economy. The paper may also prove useful to those researchers interested in emerging economies.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 May 2022

Xiaowei Liu, Wen Guang Qu and Alain Pinsonneault

Nowadays, an increasing number of firms choose to develop proprietary software, instead of buying packaged software. What factors will affect different types of software

Abstract

Purpose

Nowadays, an increasing number of firms choose to develop proprietary software, instead of buying packaged software. What factors will affect different types of software investments? According to the environment-strategy alignment research, environment should be an influential factor. However, environment's role has received scarce attention in the literature. The authors' study addresses this research gap by investigating how industry environment affects different types of software investments. The study identifies three types of software investments (software insourcing, outsourcing, and buying) and examines how the characteristics of the industry environment (including industry munificence, dynamism, and concentration) influence each software investment.

Design/methodology/approach

The generalized least squares (GLS) model and the ordinary least squares with panel-corrected standard errors (OLS-PCSE) model are applied to test the hypotheses, based on industry-level panel data from the US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA).

Findings

The analysis shows that industry munificence, dynamism, and concentration have different impacts on software insourcing, outsourcing, and buying, respectively.

Originality/value

This study classifies software investment into three types – software insourcing, outsourcing, and buying and investigates how the industry environment affects them. The findings suggest that research should distinguish among software insourcing, outsourcing, and buying due to their different characteristics.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 122 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Bimal Kishore Sahoo

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the trends in relative efficiency of software companies in India during 1999-2008 by applying input-oriented data envelopment…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the trends in relative efficiency of software companies in India during 1999-2008 by applying input-oriented data envelopment analysis (DEA) model. Based upon the PROWESS Database of Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE), the efficiencies were estimated for the Indian, multinational and group companies. Also, relationship between efficiency and size is examined.

Design/methodology/approach

The study applied DEA to measure relative efficiencies of software companies and two different DEA models, CCR and BCC, were applied to evaluate the relative efficiency of the sample software companies in India. Comparisons of efficiency scores based on ownership were carried out by applying ANOVA and t-statistics.

Findings

The mean overall technical efficiency (OTE) of the software industry in India during 1999-2008 was low at 0.477. The mean pure technical efficiency for the industry for the study period was found to be 0.654 suggesting that software firms, on an average, were wasting 35 per cent of their inputs. It was observed that the Indian-owned companies have relatively high OTE score as compared to foreign owned and group owned companies. The mean OTE score of PI companies was found to be greater than the other two categories. In terms of, size it is observed that medium sized companies performance better.

Practical implications

Software companies can use DEA to examine their performance against the best performers in the industry. Software industry in India, which is doted by large number of small firms in the lower part of the size pyramid, needs to increase their size to improve their efficiency.

Originality/value

Research on measurement of service sector export oriented industry efficiency is limited. This paper is one of the few published studies examined service sector performance. This paper fills the gap in the literature by applying DEA in software industry in India and compares performance in terms of ownership and size.

Details

Benchmarking: An International Journal, vol. 23 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-5771

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 January 2007

Frank Alpert

In less than three decades the entertainment software industry has emerged as a huge industry, with sales larger than Hollywood movie box office sales. Yet, little is…

4829

Abstract

Purpose

In less than three decades the entertainment software industry has emerged as a huge industry, with sales larger than Hollywood movie box office sales. Yet, little is known about this industry. Stereotypes about the industry may not be correct. This paper seeks to address this knowledge gap.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper identifies what is known, and what needs to be known. The paper reviews the literature and adds data from the most recent reports available.

Findings

The literature has been slow to address this industry. It has not even been clear what to call this industry. (Some people still call it the video game industry.) The most basic marketing issues still need to be researched, i.e. customer benefits sought and segmentation. A typology of game genres is proposed.

Originality/value

This paper is the first overview of the entertainment software industry from a marketing perspective.

Details

Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, vol. 19 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-5855

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 15 June 2015

Joachim Viehoever

Enterprise software is a predominant sector in the European software industry. Four of the five largest European software companies are found in this sector…

Abstract

Enterprise software is a predominant sector in the European software industry. Four of the five largest European software companies are found in this sector. Interestingly, two of these — among them SAP as one of the two global market leaders — are located within the same industrial agglomeration in South-Western Germany. This agglomeration, the SAP cluster, further consists of enterprise software SMEs forming a ‘satellite system’ centred around the large players, which fosters the formation of ‘mutualistic symbiotic’ relationships between large and small firms. At first sight, cluster formation in the context of the enterprise software industry might seem perplexing considering that traditional rationales of agglomeration economies seem obsolete in an environment where advances in communications technology would permit companies to locate in any location within a modern developed economy instead of concentrating in proximity to each other or to major players in the industry. This chapter explores possible explanations of this agglomeration phenomenon based on patterns of competition, collaboration and the formation of social capital between smaller firms and large anchor firms.

The findings of a comparative analysis between the SAP cluster environment and two categories of controls (firms in other agglomerated environments and those unaffected by agglomeration effects within Germany) show that SAP cluster SMEs might simultaneously benefit from heightened intensity of competition and a more pronounced inclination towards collaboration. Moreover, the role of social capital derived from SAP as anchor firm clearly differentiates SAP cluster participants from firms located within other environments.

Details

New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-032-6

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1994

Kim Mills and Geoffrey Fox

InfoMall is a program led by the Northeast Parallel Architectures Centerfeaturing a partnership of approximately twenty‐four organizations witha plan for accelerating…

296

Abstract

InfoMall is a program led by the Northeast Parallel Architectures Center featuring a partnership of approximately twenty‐four organizations with a plan for accelerating development of the High‐Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) software and systems industry. HPCC is a critical technology where the United States has clear international leadership and which will have unprecedented impact on industry, education, society, and defense. The communications component of HPCC is critical to developing HPCC products. Acceptance of HPCC by these real‐world sectors has been delayed by the extremely hard problem of HPCC software development. InfoMall employs a novel technology development strategy involving closely linked programs in technology extraction and certification, software development, marketing, education, and training, economic development, and small business support. The process is constructured and explained by analogy to a full‐service set of stores in a shopping mall.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 June 2011

Weihui Dai, Mingqi Chen and Nan Ye

The purpose of this paper is to define and analyze the innovation system of China's software industry in order to build its innovation capability.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to define and analyze the innovation system of China's software industry in order to build its innovation capability.

Design/methodology/approach

From a complex adaptive systems (CAS) perspective, the authors researched the constitution and operating mechanism of China's software industry innovation system. By using methods and theories of CAS theory, the innovation problems of the software industry in China were analyzed and valuable suggestions put forth for its future development.

Findings

Innovation system is one kind of complex systems and it has the characteristics of CAS.

Research limitations/implications

Quantitative analysis of the software industry innovation system should be emphasized in the next stage of research.

Practical implications

The paper provides a new perspective and useful advice for technology policymakers.

Originality/value

The paper applies CAS theory to the area of social management and provides a new approach to study industrial innovation systems.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 40 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 September 2021

Ncamsile Ashley Nkambule, Wei-Kang Wang, Irene Wei Kiong Ting and Wen-Min Lu

The main purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the impact of intellectual capital efficiency on US multinational software companies' performance from 2012 to…

Abstract

Purpose

The main purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the impact of intellectual capital efficiency on US multinational software companies' performance from 2012 to 2016 by applying data envelopment analysis (DEA).

Design/methodology/approach

It adopts a new slacks-based measure (SBM) to obtain a more accurate performance estimation and rank between companies. Regression analysis is used to test the overall IC and each of its elements (Human Capital, Innovation Capital, Process Capital and Customer Capital).

Findings

The univariate result shows that multinational companies are more efficient than non-multinational companies. However, the regression result shows that multinationality can hardly explain the firm efficiency of software firms. Another interesting finding is that intellectual capital has a positive and significant impact on software firm performance in the US human capital influences firm efficiency directly. However, when human capital is combined with the other elements of IC, the contribution of human capital becomes less significant. This is because people may think that innovation capital, process capital and customer capital can replace human capital, but it is not. In short, human capital may affect firm efficiency through other elements of IC (innovation capital, process capital and customer capital) as it is the base of other elements.

Research limitations/implications

The results show that multinational companies have higher efficiency scores than non-multinational companies. In addition, Intellectual capital has a positive and significant impact on software firm performance in the US human capital influences firm efficiency directly. However, when human capital is combined with the other elements of IC, the contribution of human capital becomes less significant. This is because people may think that innovation capital, process capital and customer capital can replace human capital, but it is not. In short, human capital may affect firm efficiency through other elements of IC (innovation capital, process capital and customer capital) as it is the base of other elements.

Practical implications

Overall, the study highlights the needs of having intellectual capital and its elements (Human Capital, Innovation Capital, Process Capital and Customer Capital) to increase firm efficiency.

Originality/value

First, the authors use a more comprehensive elements of IC, which are human capital, innovation capital, process capital and customer capital for a better IC measurement. Second, this study makes the first attempt using the DSBM model via DEA to examine the operating efficiency of US multinational software firms.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 23 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 1990

C.D.J. Waters

Haulage contractors are always looking for waysof improving efficiency and reducing costs. Theseusually rely on better management practices.Computers are now an almost…

Abstract

Haulage contractors are always looking for ways of improving efficiency and reducing costs. These usually rely on better management practices. Computers are now an almost essential management tool and it would be reasonable to suggest that truck operators should be heavy users of computer software. There seems to be a considerable amount of software available to them, but it has been suggested that this is not widely used. To see if this is true a survey of the trucking industry was done in Alberta, Canada. This survey showed an unexpectedly low use of computers, with a preference for general business software rather than specialised packages designed for truckers. Operators often suggested their use of computers was limited by a shortage of adequate software. Overcoming this shortage could offer considerable benefits to both the trucking industry and software suppliers.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 20 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2010

Rossitza Rousseva

Software development activities have been identified as a ‘window of opportunity’ for latecomer companies. Based on a critical literature review, this paper argues that…

Abstract

Software development activities have been identified as a ‘window of opportunity’ for latecomer companies. Based on a critical literature review, this paper argues that studies are yet to scrutinise the exact nature and extent of the capabilities, which the latecomer companies have been able to develop. The main proposition advanced by this research is that the analyses need to investigate the technological capabilities, which the latecomer companies have been able to accumulate. This study outlines the specifics in analysing technological capabilities in latecomer software companies and improves our understanding about the complexity in developing software industries in latecomer context.

Details

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-5945

Keywords

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