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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2006

Rozilah Kasim and John Hudson

To consider the extent to which the concept of social enterprise fits within facilities management (FM) thinking in helping to create community benefit in the process of…

Abstract

Purpose

To consider the extent to which the concept of social enterprise fits within facilities management (FM) thinking in helping to create community benefit in the process of delivering housing market renewal (HMR) in the UK. HMR via its HMR pathfinder organisations is part of many strategies in the ODPM (2003), introduced by the UK government to tackle low demand and housing abandonment across the UK.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper considers two key themes. First, it focuses on social enterprise practice within the context of supporting and sustaining the existing economy of the local communities in the most deprived areas in the UK. Second, it discusses the present understanding of FM practices and how far these fit within social enterprise practices in delivering social objectives.

Findings

Social enterprises tackle a wide range of social, environmental and economic issues to achieve public benefit. It is a promising vehicle for the development of community‐based FM.

Originality/value

The paper builds on established literature and generates debate on the role of FM within the context of relevant organisations that offers new ways of operating for public benefit rather than purely maximising profits for shareholders.

Details

Facilities, vol. 24 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2008

Michael Bull

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the special issue, which explores the concept and significance of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship internationally.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the special issue, which explores the concept and significance of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship internationally.

Design/methodology/approach

This introductory article examines the literature that exists to date and presents an outline of some of the fundamental issues and the challenging tensions within the conceptualisation of social enterprise. The article concludes with a discussion of critical future research needs.

Findings

The findings suggest that a critical perspective is required in order to add originality and value to this developing area of research.

Originality/value

The papers presented raise some interesting issues about current conceptualisations of social enterprise and entrepreneurship, challenging tensions from critical, theoretical and empirical perspectives. The Special Issue seeks to expand the debate in social enterprise and bring to the fore some critical perspective in order to highlight alternative views which are often in conflict with the wave of euphoria and optimism that is driving current theoretical development in the field of social enterprise and entrepreneurship.

Details

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, vol. 14 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2554

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Article
Publication date: 14 August 2009

Daniel Shah

The purpose of this paper is to provide a view on key social enterprise research priorities from the perspective of the UK's national body for social enterprise.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a view on key social enterprise research priorities from the perspective of the UK's national body for social enterprise.

Design/methodology/approach

The suggestions are informed by the coalition's ongoing policy work, especially preparation for a Ministerial Summit on social enterprise held on the 12 March 2009. Preparation involved building on extant policy positions and desk research, and extensive consultation with coalition members and the wider social enterprise movement, including regional consultation events, an online forum, semi‐structured interviews and workshops and discussion at the summit itself.

Findings

A number of areas of particular interest for future research are identified in the context of a highly dynamic policy, political and economic climate for social enterprises.

Research limitations/implications

The recommendations are based on limited time for original research and are the opinion of an organisation that exists to promote social enterprise.

Originality/value

It is hoped that future research in the areas identified will inform the policy agenda, raising the profile of social enterprise research, increasing its impact and ultimately leading to better support for and understanding of social enterprises.

Details

Social Enterprise Journal, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-8614

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

Jim Brown

To study a range of options for providing equity finance (equity capital) in social enterprises.

Abstract

Purpose

To study a range of options for providing equity finance (equity capital) in social enterprises.

Design/methodology/approach

The UK government’s keenness for social enterprises to overcome the sector’s cultural aversion to borrowing and seek finance for their activities and end grant dependency within the sector is discussed. Considers the different motives of ethical investors and the potentially blurred boundary between what constitutes a social enterprise and what constitutes a private enterprise. Reports on how the Community Interest Companies (CICs), which provides the legal format for social enterprises, has adapted its regulations to pave the way for new forms of equity finance for social enterprises.

Findings

It is possible to adapt the rights of ownership identified by Jeff Gates (1998) to provide the basis for equity finance for social enterprises through its attention to liquidation rights, income rights, appreciation rights, voting rights, and transfer rights.

Originality/value

Clarifies some of the aspects involved in equity finance to reveal the potential of this type of finance for social enterprises.

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Article
Publication date: 16 November 2010

Raymond Dart, Erin Clow and Ann Armstrong

The purpose of this paper is to highlight conceptual and technical difficulties in mapping “social enterprise” and “social purpose business” organizations.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to highlight conceptual and technical difficulties in mapping “social enterprise” and “social purpose business” organizations.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper reflects on the design and administration of a social enterprise population survey in Ontario, Canada.

Findings

Numerous approaches used to frame social enterprise organizations were seriously flawed and fundamentally problematic, and criteria to distinguish social enterprise from other organizations were seemingly arbitrary, unstable, or unworkable.

Originality/value

This paper both contributes to those attempting to empirically research social enterprise organizations, and to the broader discussion concerning whether social enterprise is usefully approached as a distinctive organizational form.

Details

Social Enterprise Journal, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-8614

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1975

Nikhilesh Dholakia and Ruby R. Dholakia

Compares the marketing functions of social enterprises with that of private enterprise, and discusses the management problems involved in the selection and implementation…

Abstract

Compares the marketing functions of social enterprises with that of private enterprise, and discusses the management problems involved in the selection and implementation of a social enterprise strategy. Purports that the marketing function in a social enterprise, as in other types of enterprise, is concerned with decisions relating to the level, composition, and distribution of the output. Recognises that marketing mix decisions – e.g. product, price, place, and promotional decision – provide one specific way of determining the output enterprise. Concludes that the marketing planning problem, in a social enterprise, is a complex one, and success depends on the twin elements of operating flexibility and consumer participation.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

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Article
Publication date: 8 February 2011

Tuuli Pärenson

The aim of this paper is to determine the criteria for a solid impact evaluation in social entrepreneurship. The solid impact evaluation method is needed for building the…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to determine the criteria for a solid impact evaluation in social entrepreneurship. The solid impact evaluation method is needed for building the bridge between two separate discourses of social entrepreneurship: the discourses of protectionists of social entrepreneurship, who believe without empirical proof that social enterprises are effective and the opponents or doubters in social entrepreneurship, who need empirical proof of the effectiveness of social enterprises.

Design/methodology/approach

The criteria for a solid impact evaluation discourse of social entrepreneurship are determined and its impact evaluation is analysed based on literature.

Findings

A solid social impact evaluation method should be able to analyse: the social impact of the organisation and not only the financial allocation and outcome; differences in the impact of two organisations which are operating in the same field; and the selection of target group and analysis of all the impacts of the activities.

Research limitations/implications

The list of criteria for a solid impact evaluation might not be complete as it is based on literature review only. As there is a considerable gap between the discourse of protectionists and opponents of social entrepreneurship, additional analyses are required to analyse the discourse of practitioners of social entrepreneurship.

Practical implications

The current study could be used for practitioners as well as for politicians while preparation for the negotiations with the representatives with other sectors as it brings out some of the common topics that are misunderstood by different parties.

Originality/value

This paper takes the first step toward a construction of a solid impact evaluation model. Evaluating the social impact of social enterprises with a solid model could bring closer the discourses of social enterprises used by protectionists and opponents of social entrepreneurship.

Details

Society and Business Review, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5680

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Article
Publication date: 21 August 2008

Gye‐Soo Kim

Social Enterprise (SE) has a vital role to play in helping meet some main commitments for Korea‐growing economy; supporting stronger communities; closing opportunity…

Abstract

Social Enterprise (SE) has a vital role to play in helping meet some main commitments for Korea‐growing economy; supporting stronger communities; closing opportunity gap‐together with the developing a vibrant third sector. The Strategy and action plan is intend to grow and develop us of social enterprise business model in Korea. The sustainable strategy and action plan will be useful for Korea’s Social enterprise. This paper will suggest that from the sustainable strategy to action plan of social enterprise in Korea.

Details

Asian Journal on Quality, vol. 9 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1598-2688

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Article
Publication date: 18 May 2012

Ross Millar

The purpose of this paper is to reflect on social enterprise as an organisational form in health organisation and management.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to reflect on social enterprise as an organisational form in health organisation and management.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents a critique of the underlying assumptions associated with social enterprise in the context of English health and social care.

Findings

The rise of social enterprise models of service provision reflects increasingly hybrid organisational forms and functions entering the health and social care market. Whilst at one level this hybridity increases the diversity of service providers promoting innovative and responsive services, the paper argues that further inspection of the assumptions associated with social enterprise reveal an organisational form that is symbolic of isomorphic processes pushing healthcare organisations toward greater levels of homogeneity, based on market‐based standardisation and practices. Social enterprise forms part of isomorphic processes moving healthcare organisation and management towards market “norms”.

Originality/value

In line with the aim of the “New Perspectives section”, the paper aims to present a provocative perspective about developments in health and social care, as a spur to further debate and research in this area.

Details

Journal of Health Organization and Management, vol. 26 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7266

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Article
Publication date: 6 September 2021

Gulizhaer Aisaiti, Ling Liang, Luhao Liu, Jiaping Xie and Tingting Zhang

This paper aims to propose a social enterprise legitimation mechanism by combining the established logic and transformational logic to test the validity of the conceptual model.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a social enterprise legitimation mechanism by combining the established logic and transformational logic to test the validity of the conceptual model.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors construct the theoretical framework based on integrating organizational identity theory, attention-based view and collected 128 social enterprises data during the post-pandemic period in China. The authors applied multiple hierarchical regression analysis and mediation analysis to test the research hypothesis.

Findings

The results show that strong organizational identity contributes significantly to the cognitive legitimacy of social enterprise. Besides, we found that social welfare logic and digital transformation can positively mediate the correlation between organizational identity and cognitive legitimacy.

Practical implications

Social enterprises enhance legitimacy significantly by social welfare logic comparing with commercial logic, which indicates that social enterprises should allocate more internal resources and attention to present the organization's social value through various distributions. More importantly, social enterprises should embrace digital transformation to enhance transparency and efficiency, decrease transaction costs, enlarge organizational social impact to strengthen cognitive legitimacy.

Originality/value

The paper first proposed and empirically tested that digital transformation is an important mechanism to enhance the social enterprise's cognitive legitimacy.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

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