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Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Simon Neaime and Nora Ann Colton

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has witnessed much change over the past few decades. It has experienced the difficulties of post-colonial independence marred by a…

Abstract

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has witnessed much change over the past few decades. It has experienced the difficulties of post-colonial independence marred by a number of wars. This political instability coupled with too much government control and regulation caused much of the international financial and business community to shun this region for emerging superstars of Southeast Asia. Fund managers estimated that out of a total of US$65 billion of capital floated into emerging markets in the peak year of 1993, only 0.3% trickled to Arab markets. Yet, this region is rich in human capital and natural resources. It is the home of 6% of the world's population with a wealth of highly skilled workers and a gross domestic product (GDP) of over US$600 billion. The region also has some of the world's largest oil reserves. This volume sets out to offer a reappraisal of the performance of international financial arrangements in the MENA region over the past two decades. Reappraisal offers much insight into how countries in the MENA region have been attempting to restructure their financial markets over the past two decades in hopes of attracting and utilizing international capital more effectively. It also proffers an analysis of the future prospects of international capital flows in this region as well as examining a number of case studies for insights into how financial markets operate in the Middle East.

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Abstract

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Abstract

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Abstract

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Simon Neaime

This chapter studies the properties and characteristics of the Middle East and North African (MENA) stock markets, and the prospects and implications of enhanced financial…

Abstract

This chapter studies the properties and characteristics of the Middle East and North African (MENA) stock markets, and the prospects and implications of enhanced financial liberalization in the region. It also explores whether these markets can offer international investors unique risk and returns characteristics to diversify international and regional portfolios. Johansen co-integration tests reveal that the Gulf Cooperation Council equity markets still offer international investors the portfolio diversification potentials mainly through mutual funds, while other emerging MENA stock markets like those of Turkey, Egypt, Morocco, and to a lesser extent Jordan have matured, and are now integrated with the world financial markets.

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Sam Hakim and Simon Neaime

We investigate the profitability and risk management in banking in two prominent countries in Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Egypt and Lebanon, where banks operate…

Abstract

We investigate the profitability and risk management in banking in two prominent countries in Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Egypt and Lebanon, where banks operate under market-oriented economic regimes. The study covers the 1990s which witnessed banking sector reforms towards a more efficient financial system. Noting the differences in the structure of the banking system and the monetary changes in Egypt and Lebanon, we investigate the impact of liquidity, credit, and capital on bank profitability in each country's banking sector. Based on our findings, we draw conclusions on the strength of risk management practices and enforcement of banking regulations.

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Simon Neaime

After investigating debt sustainability in Lebanon, this chapter examines the conduct of monetary policy during the last decade. The empirical section looks at the…

Abstract

After investigating debt sustainability in Lebanon, this chapter examines the conduct of monetary policy during the last decade. The empirical section looks at the long-run relationship between the nominal exchange rate and the inflation rate by employing Johansen co-integration technique. The resulting coefficient estimates suggest that while the Lebanese monetary authority has succeeded in containing inflationary pressures by adopting a monetary policy rule targeting the nominal exchange rate, it should have adopted a real exchange rate targeting policy to dampen the effects of its current policy on interest rates, public debt and budget deficits, and the growth in gross domestic product.

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

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Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Mohamed Abdelbasset Chemingui and Nora Ann Colton

The aim of this study is to determine whether Tunisia could expect an increase in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows in response to the establishment of a Free Trade…

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine whether Tunisia could expect an increase in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows in response to the establishment of a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the European Union (EU). While the conditions necessary to stimulate the flow of FDI have received considerable attention from economists in recent years, the relationship between trade policy and FDI has not been the subject of in-depth research. The study finds that the partnership agreement between Tunisia and the EU can play a catalytic role in increasing not only the openness of the Tunisian economy, but, subsequently, increasing FDI to Tunisia.

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

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Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Kıvılcım Metin Özcan and Yusuf Ziya Özcan

This chapter investigates the relationship between private savings and a broad range of macroeconomic aggregates in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) over the period…

Abstract

This chapter investigates the relationship between private savings and a broad range of macroeconomic aggregates in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) over the period 1981–1994. Private savings are explained by the growth rate of income and strong inertia. Public savings crowd out private savings only partially. A financial depth measure suggests that countries with deeper financial systems will tend to have higher private savings. Private credit and real interest rates capture the severity of borrowing constraints and the degree of financial repression. Inflation captures the macroeconomic volatility and has a positive impact on savings.

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

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Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Moyara Ruehsen

This chapter examines several viable monetary regimes including the introduction of a Palestinian currency operating under a managed float, a Palestinian currency…

Abstract

This chapter examines several viable monetary regimes including the introduction of a Palestinian currency operating under a managed float, a Palestinian currency operating under a currency board, a monetary union with Jordan, the status quo that permits the Jordanian dinar, Israeli shekel, and U.S. dollar as legal tender, and finally, dollarization coupled with the introduction of Palestinian coins. Each of these options is compared on the basis of whether or not it enhances macroeconomic stability, provides the benefits of seignorage, deters inflation, stimulates investment, and encourages fiscal and monetary discipline.

Details

Money and Finance in the Middle East: Missed Oportunities or Future Prospects?
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-347-1

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