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Article
Publication date: 23 January 2019

Jonathan Jones, Céline Souchay, Chris Moulin, Shirley Reynolds and Anna-Lynne Adlam

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for common mental health problems that affect children, young people and adults. The suitability of CBT…

Abstract

Purpose

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for common mental health problems that affect children, young people and adults. The suitability of CBT for children has been questioned because it requires children to think about their thoughts, feelings and behaviours. The purpose of this paper is to investigate which cognitive and affective capacities predict children’s ability to relate thoughts, feelings and behaviours.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 59 typically developing children aged between 8 and 11 years took part in the study. CBT skills were assessed on a story task that required children to relate the character’s thoughts to their feelings and behaviours. Children also completed an assessment of IQ, a feeling-of-knowing metamemory task that assessed metacognition, and a higher-order theory of mind task. Furthermore, parents rated their child’s empathy on the children’s empathy quotient.

Findings

The findings suggest that CBT is developmentally appropriate for 8–11 year old children; however, young children and children with mental health problems may have impaired metacognition and CBT skills. Metacognition and empathy may moderate the efficacy of child CBT and warrant further investigation in clinical trials.

Originality/value

This study provides evidence for the cognitive and affective skills that might predict the outcome of CBT in children. Metacognition and empathy predict children’s ability to relate thoughts, feelings and behaviours, and therefore may moderate the efficacy of CBT.

Details

Journal of Children's Services, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-6660

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2000

Shirley Reynolds

Abstract

Details

Mental Health Review Journal, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-9322

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2000

Elizabeth Parker

Abstract

Details

Mental Health Review Journal, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-9322

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Article
Publication date: 29 December 2017

Siamak Nazemi, Ramin Khajavi, Hamidreza Rabie Far, Mohammad Esmail Yazdanshenas and Manouchehr Raad

During 2008 Olympics, Michael Phelps had a record-breaking performance. One contributing factor to his success was the full-body swimsuit he was wearing. Cases like these…

Abstract

Purpose

During 2008 Olympics, Michael Phelps had a record-breaking performance. One contributing factor to his success was the full-body swimsuit he was wearing. Cases like these were the reason for the initiation of study and research for improvement in the new generation of sport gears. The purpose of this paper is to show that drag force plays a significant role in swimmers’ speed through the water; thus, using swimsuit with minimized drag force becomes imperative for Olympians like Michael Phelps.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper shows a comparative evaluation of hydrodynamics of three PET fabrics with different finishings that have hydrophobic behavior over a range of Reynolds number 1.0218×103 and 1.365×103 in the air medium at 20°C ambient temperature, and Reynolds number ranging from 15.68856×103 to 20.958×103 in the water medium at 20°C ambient temperature under stable stretch conditions.

Findings

The results show that hydrophobic finishing reduces the drag force by 1.5 percent at the angles of attack of 0 and 90 degrees.

Originality/value

If all the factors are considered to be stable for the swimmer, the drag force reduces by 1.5 percent, thereby increasing the speed of swimmer by 1.22 percent, which means that the record of the swimmer improves by 0.819 seconds.

Details

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 30 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6222

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1974

With over 4,000 retailers and a probable current turnover of £230m., Spar Vivo's performance over the past few years has been impressive. Its success is due, primarily, to…

Abstract

With over 4,000 retailers and a probable current turnover of £230m., Spar Vivo's performance over the past few years has been impressive. Its success is due, primarily, to three factors: an imaginative and colourful approach to promotions; a persistent and developing policy of own‐brand merchandising; and a realisation that what counts, in the last analysis, is the operational performance of its retailer members. RDM interviewed the two men at the top — Michael Reynolds and John Irish.

Details

Retail and Distribution Management, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-2363

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2004

Georgios I. Zekos

Investigates the differences in protocols between arbitral tribunals and courts, with particular emphasis on US, Greek and English law. Gives examples of each country and…

Abstract

Investigates the differences in protocols between arbitral tribunals and courts, with particular emphasis on US, Greek and English law. Gives examples of each country and its way of using the law in specific circumstances, and shows the variations therein. Sums up that arbitration is much the better way to gok as it avoids delays and expenses, plus the vexation/frustration of normal litigation. Concludes that the US and Greek constitutions and common law tradition in England appear to allow involved parties to choose their own judge, who can thus be an arbitrator. Discusses e‐commerce and speculates on this for the future.

Details

Managerial Law, vol. 46 no. 2/3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0558

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2018

Mohsen Sheikholeslami and Shirley Abelman

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of magnetic field on ferrofluid convective mode with radiation.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of magnetic field on ferrofluid convective mode with radiation.

Design/methodology/approach

Viscosity of Fe3O4 ferrofluid is considered as a function of magnetic field. Solutions of the governing equations are obtained by a powerful numerical method, namely, control volume finite element method (CVFEM). Roles of radiation parameter (Rd), number of undulations (N), Fe3O4–water volume fraction (ϕ), Hartmann (Ha) and Rayleigh numbers are illustrated graphically. A correlation for Nuave is extracted.

Findings

The inner wall temperature decreases with increasing buoyancy forces, but increases with increasing Rd and Ha. Also increasing Rd results in increasing nanofluid motion. This influence is more evident when convection flow is dominant. As nanofluid temperature increases, the nanofluid begins moving from the warm surface to the outer one and dropping along the circular cylinder. At low Rayleigh number, conduction is more significant than convection. |Ψmax| increases as buoyancy force increases and it decreases as the Lorentz force increases. As Hartmann number increases, the center of the vortices moves to x = 0. As Ra increases, convection becomes stronger. Thus, |Ψmax| and temperature gradient increase with increasing Ra. As N increases, the distortion of isotherms reduces and vortices become weaker. Increasing Hartmann number results in a reduction in the thermal plume and the heat transfer mechanism changes from convection to conduction. Nusselt number decreases with increasing NNu decreases with increasing Lorentz force. At N = 5 , increasing the Lorentz force causes the main vortices to convert into three smaller ones. As the Lorentz force increases, the two upper vortices merge together and the thermal plume vanishes. The number of extrema in the Nuloc profile matches the existence of the thermal plume and the number of undulations. Nuave increases with increasing Rd. As buoyancy forces increase, the temperature decreases and in turn Nuave increases with increasing Ra.

Originality/value

Nanofluids are an innovative way to enhance radiation heat. In this paper, MHD Fe3O4–water nanofluid natural convection with radiation source term is examined. Magnetic field-dependent (MFD) viscosity is considered. Using the CVFEM, numerical simulations are carried out for various values of the radiation parameter (Rd = 0 to 0.8), volume fraction of Fe3O4–water (ϕ = 0 to 0.04), Rayleigh number (Ra = 103, 104 and 105), number of undulations (N = 3,4 and 5) and Hartmann number (Ha = 0 to 40).

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 35 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Rodney McAdam, Shirley‐Ann Hazlett and Joan Henderson

Increasing competitive pressure from global markets and technological developments has resulted in the continual demand for business improvement philosophies and…

Abstract

Increasing competitive pressure from global markets and technological developments has resulted in the continual demand for business improvement philosophies and methodologies in operations management to address this challenge. The Six Sigma approach to business improvement has emerged in both the practitioner and academic literature as having a significant role in this area. There are many documented case studies of organizational applications of Six Sigma, where large‐scale improvements in defect and process measures have been attributed to this approach, mainly in the mass‐manufacturing sector. Moreover, there are claims, less well documented, that Six Sigma can be used as a change management approach at a strategic level and thus it can be applied to other sectors such as service industries. It is contended that there is a paucity of critical reviews of the Six Sigma literature, beyond that of descriptive accounts. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to critically review the literature of Six Sigma in relation to its effect on organizations and those that work in them. A broad theoretical perspective is used to guide the review process. The paper structure is based on the dichotomies within the Six Sigma literature, namely, what is Six Sigma — strategic change or operational methods; is Six Sigma a TQM appendage, or something new; will workers in a Six Sigma environment have more empowerment or be more controlled and is Six Sigma applicable to the service sector or only for that of the manufacturing sector?

Details

International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1934-8835

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Article
Publication date: 31 May 2011

Belinda Luke, Kate Kearins and Martie‐Louise Verreynne

This article aims to consider success in terms of the financial returns and risks of new public management (NPM) in state‐owned enterprises (SOEs).

Abstract

Purpose

This article aims to consider success in terms of the financial returns and risks of new public management (NPM) in state‐owned enterprises (SOEs).

Design/methodology/approach

Financial returns of New Zealand SOEs were examined through a review of their annual reports over a five‐year period. Dimensions of risk were examined through interviews conducted in two phases over a two‐year period with senior executives from 12 of the (then) 17 SOEs operating in New Zealand.

Findings

Findings indicate the potential for SOEs to operate as profitable government investments, with clear support for positive financial returns under NPM. However, variations noted within individual SOEs also indicate that profitable and commercial operations may not be possible in all cases. An examination of the risks associated with SOEs' operations reveals a number of dimensions of risk, encompassing financial, political (including regulatory), reputational, and public accountability aspects.

Practical implications

There is a need for an enhanced awareness on the part of internal and external stakeholders (such as the government and general public) of the risks SOEs face in pursuing higher levels of profitability. Also required, is a more acute understanding on the part of internal and external stakeholders (e.g. government and the public) of the need for SOEs to manage the range of risks identified, given the potentially delicate balance between risk and return.

Originality/value

While previous studies have considered the financial returns of SOEs, or the risks faced by the public sector in terms of accountability, few have addressed the two issues collectively in a single context.

Details

International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1984

Although it is one of the old‐established and well developed NDT methods, the techniques of industrial radiology are still developing. New applications are also being found.

Abstract

Although it is one of the old‐established and well developed NDT methods, the techniques of industrial radiology are still developing. New applications are also being found.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 56 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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