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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2012

Sheela Thiruvadi

The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between the presence of females on the audit committee and the number of audit committee meetings.

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2021

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between the presence of females on the audit committee and the number of audit committee meetings.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper uses a multivariate regression model to examine the association between gender on the audit committee and the number of audit committee meetings used as a proxy for audit committee diligence. The paper uses a sample of 254 firms from the S&P SmallCap600, with a December 31, 2003 fiscal year‐end.

Findings

The author finds consistent evidence to show that audit committees with at least one female director were likely to meet more often than all‐male audit committees.

Research limitations/implications

Future research suggests that it may be fruitful to examine the effects of gender on other aspects of audit committee and board activities and the interaction between audit committees, management, and the external auditor. Furthermore, the results of the paper have strong implications for regulators and policy makers, since the presence of a female director on the audit committee may bring many positive outcomes, thereby leading to better corporate governance practices. Hence, the appointment of more females on the audit committee should be strongly emphasized.

Originality/value

This research paper contributes to the contemporary literature regarding the increased awareness of good outcomes associated with having women on the audit committee in various ways. First, this research encourages the appointment of more females on the audit committee. Second, increased diligence of the audit committee leads to enhanced corporate governance practices. Third, the presence of females on the audit committee could lead to good corporate decision making. Fourth, the presence of a female on the audit committee could lead to increased confidence of the public. Fifth, this research also serves as an influencing power to encourage equal opportunities for both men and women.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 27 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

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Article
Publication date: 4 October 2011

Sheela Thiruvadi and Hua‐Wei Huang

The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether gender diversity of audit committees has a significant impact on the firm's earnings management.

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5998

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether gender diversity of audit committees has a significant impact on the firm's earnings management.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper uses a performance‐adjusted discretionary accrual model to examine the association between gender variables and the firm's earnings management. Regression analysis is applied using 320 firms from the S&P Small Cap 600.

Findings

The authors find consistent evidence to show that the presence of a female director on the audit committee constrains earnings management by increasing negative (income‐decreasing) discretionary accruals.

Research limitations/implications

Future research can explore the behavior of female managers by applying the gender theory. Furthermore, the paper's evidence has implications for regulators and policy makers, since the presence of a female director in the audit committee may affect management decisions and audit quality in a positive way. Therefore, gender diversity on the board should be more strongly emphasized. Moreover, the presence of female members on the board may further enhance public confidence.

Originality/value

This research contributes to the existing literature on gender in four aspects. First, this research provides new evidence to reinforce the existing gender literature that women are more risk averse, cautious and ethical than men. Second, the findings showcase that gender theory can be applied into the research of management behavior. Third, the findings are significantly important in contemporary corporate governance discussions over the SOX enactment and audit committee characteristics Fourth, this study sheds further light on the importance of having women on corporate boards and the positive outcomes that are associated with it, thereby serving as an encouraging force against the existence of the glass ceiling effect.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 26 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 20 November 2019

Adelina Broadbridge

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364

Abstract

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal , vol. 34 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

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