Search results

1 – 10 of 22
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 26 February 2021

Manickam Ramesh Kumar, Ramalingam Malathy, Sundararajan Paramasivam, Ill-Min Chung, Seung-Hyun Kim and Prabakaran Mayakrishnan

The textile industry is one of the largest and most important industrial sectors in India. Because the textile industry consumes large quantities of water and produces…

Abstract

Purpose

The textile industry is one of the largest and most important industrial sectors in India. Because the textile industry consumes large quantities of water and produces highly polluted water discharge, its environmental impact is high. Water is expensive to use, treat and dispose of. Therefore, water conservation and reuse are critical necessity for the textile industry because decreasing water and wastewater treatment and recycling costs can be beneficial.

Design/methodology/approach

This research neutralized the pH during dyeing industry wastewater treatment. The system should be robust to erroneous sensor measurements. A pH meter was developed and used to monitor the pH of wastewater hourly before and after HCl treatment.

Findings

HCl was used to neutralize the pH of wastewater from 9 to 7.5. The amount of HCl was optimized depending on the wastewater. Three wastewater treatment methods were used, namely, HCl, wash water and reverse osmosis (RO) treatments. The HCl treatment was the most effective for decreasing the pH; the wash water treatment was the most effective for decreasing the total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS) total hardness and chemical oxygen demand; and the RO treatment was the most effective for decreasing the biochemical oxygen demand, TDS, TSS, total hardness and Cl concentration.

Originality/value

The pH should be monitored during the textile dyeing because the addition of color to textile fabrics is the most effective at neutral pH. This study evaluated several parameters of wastewater, including pH, color, TSS and TDS. The fabricated digital pH meter provided superior results than conventional measuring devices. The goal was to maintain a neutral pH during dyeing and recycle wastewater to improve environmental sustainability. The newly developed digital pH meter was less expensive and more precise than traditional pH meters. Before reusing and recycling, wastewater underwent ultrafiltration and RO treatment.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 17 April 2020

Rajan Anitha, Chan Basha Nusrath Unnisa, Venkatesan Hemapriya, Selvaraj Mohana Roopan, Subramanian Chitra, Ill-Min Chung, Seung-Hyun Kim and Prabakaran Mayakrishnan

Over the past decade, plant extracts are ultimate green candidatures to substitute the expensive and noxious synthetic corrosion inhibitors. In this regard, this study…

Abstract

Purpose

Over the past decade, plant extracts are ultimate green candidatures to substitute the expensive and noxious synthetic corrosion inhibitors. In this regard, this study aims to focus on evaluating anti-corrosion properties of green inhibitor Cyperus rotundus (C. rotundus), a perennial herb found throughout India.

Design/methodology/approach

The biocompatible components present in C. rotundus extract was analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy analysis. The corrosion inhibitory effect of C. rotundus was assessed by impedance, polarization and surface morphometric study [atomic force microscopy (AFM)]. Density functional theory (DFT) study was carried using DFT/B3LYP, and basis set used for calculations was 6-31G (d, p) using Gaussian 03 program package.

Findings

Predominant components such as octadecanoicacid, ethylester, n-hexadecanoic acid, pentanoicacid-4-oxoethyl ester, cyclotrisiloxane, hexamethyl, cyclotetrasiloxane and octamethyl were identified from the extract of C. rotundus. Impedance study demonstrated that the addition of inhibitor reduces the double-layer capacitance and increases the charge transfer resistance. Furthermore, polarization studies indicated that the extract of C. rotundus acted as a mixed-type inhibitor with decrease in corrosion current density with increase in concentration. AFM study evinced the formation of inhibitor film on mild steel surface. The donor–acceptor interactions of active sites of predominant phytoconstituents were substantiated by computational analysis (DFT).

Originality/value

This paper deals with the inhibition effect of extract of C. rotundus on mild steel in 0.5M H2SO4. C. rotundus has a capability to adsorb on the metal surface, thus hindering corrosion.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 49 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 11 June 2018

Kathirvel Kalaiselvi, Ill-Min Chung, Seung-Hyun Kim and Mayakrishnan Prabakaran

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the inhibitive performance of Coreopsis tinctoria (C. tinctoria) plant extract for the corrosion of mild steel in 0.5 M H2SO4.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the inhibitive performance of Coreopsis tinctoria (C. tinctoria) plant extract for the corrosion of mild steel in 0.5 M H2SO4.

Design/methodology/approach

The inhibition efficiency was studied by weight loss, electrochemical measurements and the surface analysis was done by Raman, scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) analysis.

Findings

Maximum inhibition efficiency of C. tinctoria in 0.5 M H2SO4 on mild steel is 80.62 per cent (500 ppm) at 303 ± 1K. The adsorption of the C. tinctoria on the mild steel surface in 0.5 M H2SO4 was found to obey Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Temperature studies were carried out and the significant parameters, such as change in enthalpy (ΔH°), change in entropy (ΔS°) and change in free energy (ΔG°ads) and heat of adsorption (Qads), were calculated. The productive layer formed on the mild steel surface in 0.5 M H2SO4 were confirmed by the Raman spectral analysis.

Originality/value

This paper provides information on the inhibitive properties of C. tinctoria plant extract which is found to be a good corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 0.5 M H2SO4.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 65 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 28 June 2019

Subramanian Chitra, Ill-Min Chung, Seung-Hyun Kim and Mayakrishnan Prabakaran

The study aims to find new anticorrosive components from a plant source, namely, Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. et Zucc. (P. terminalis), a traditional medicinal shrub…

Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to find new anticorrosive components from a plant source, namely, Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. et Zucc. (P. terminalis), a traditional medicinal shrub predominantly used by Tujia people.

Design/methodology/approach

Because phenolic components from plants are known for its numerous values in several fields, the corrosion inhibitive ability of P. terminalis extract was analyzed by electrochemical studies (polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) and surface examination (by scanning electron microscopy [SEM], energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy [EDX] and atomic force microscopy [AFM]).

Findings

The examination of total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoids content (TFC) and individual phenols (UHPLC) showed the presence of 85.21 mg/g (TPC), 25.38 mg/g (TFC), protocatechuic acid (62.10 µg/g), gentisic acid (60.21µg/g), rutin (50.12 µg/g), kaempferol (46.58 µg/g) and p-Coumaric acid (42.35µg/g) . The polarization study shows that the maximum shift is (16 mV), imposing a mixed mode of inhibition, dominantly anodic. The surface morphology studies by SEM, EDX and AFM confirmed the adsorption of phytochemical components on the low carbon steel surface blocking the active sites.

Originality/value

The study unveils the inhibitive nature of P. terminalis, preventing aggressive attack by 0.5 M HCl on low carbon steel. This also exhibits few phenols present in methanolic leaf extract which may be the role player of corrosion inhibition.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 48 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 2 May 2017

Venkatesan Hemapriya, Mayakrishnan Prabakaran, Kandasamy Parameswari, Subramaniyan Chitra, Seung-Hyun Kim and Ill-Min Chung

The aim of this paper was to investigate the corrosion inhibition potential of two synthesized benzothiazines, namely…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper was to investigate the corrosion inhibition potential of two synthesized benzothiazines, namely, 3,4-dihydro-2-methoxycarbonylmethyl-3-oxo-2H-1,4-benzothiazine (1) and ethyl 3-oxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzothiazine-2-carboxylate (2) on mild steel corrosion in 1M H2SO4.

Design/methodology/approach

Corrosion inhibition efficiency (IE%) was studied by weight loss measurements, potentiodyanmic polarization method, alternating current (AC) impedance spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Quantum chemical approach was used to complement the experimental results.

Findings

The results obtained show that the IE% increased with inhibitor concentration and follow the order 2 > 1, obeying Langmuir adsorption isotherm. The calculated quantum chemical indices were consistent with experimental results.

Originality/value

This paper provides information on the inhibitive properties of new set of benzothiazines on mild steel corrosion in 1M H2SO4.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 64 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 3 February 2012

Seung Hyun Kim, Jae Min Cha, Ronald F. Cichy, Mi Ran Kim and Julie L. Tkach

The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of the size of the board of directors and board involvement in strategy on financial performance in the private club industry.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of the size of the board of directors and board involvement in strategy on financial performance in the private club industry.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected in a web‐based survey of chief operating officers (COOs) and general managers (GMs) who are members of the Club Managers Association of America (CMAA). Hierarchical regression analysis of data from 360 respondents was used to examine the proposed model.

Findings

The results showed that board members' involvement in strategy and the size of the board of directors have a positive influence on a private club's financial performance.

Research limitations/implications

Further research is indicated to include other board‐related influences such as group composition and the quality of relationships between board members and GMs/COOs to measure a club's financial performance.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to the limited existing literature on the association between a board of directors and financial performance in the private club industry.

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 3 February 2012

Fevzi Okumus

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-6119

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 7 September 2018

Jinsil Kim, David H. Weng and Seung-Hyun (Sean) Lee

Drawing on the bribery literature, this paper aims to examine the effect of bribes paid in the home country on firms’ decision to internationalize through exports from…

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on the bribery literature, this paper aims to examine the effect of bribes paid in the home country on firms’ decision to internationalize through exports from transition economies. It also investigates whether the effect of home country bribery may vary from new ventures to established firms, and from those firms that operate in an environment with high to low informal competition.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper tests several hypotheses using a panel data with fixed effects based on a sample of firms in transition economies from the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey.

Findings

First, home country bribery in transition economies can make domestic markets more lenient and dampen firms’ motivation to seek opportunities abroad. Second, new ventures have a higher motivation to focus on their domestic markets after paying bribes. Finally, despite the benefits accrued in the home country through bribery, firms that face a higher level of informal competition in the home country are more likely to seek opportunities abroad.

Practical implications

Managers in transition economies should consider their home country bribery activities in their evaluation of foreign market opportunities. Firms that use money to influence home country government officials, especially new ventures, are advised to have a more holistic view in evaluating foreign market opportunities so they will not miss out on new opportunities.

Originality/value

This paper advances literature on home country institutions and the research on firm global strategies. Moreover, it also highlights several contingencies that shape the effect of home country bribery on firms’ foreign market focus.

Details

Multinational Business Review, vol. 26 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1525-383X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 19 February 2018

Seung-hyun Han

This paper aims to focus on the relationships between situational/dispositional variables and an individual’s intention to knowledge sharing, and has theoretical…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to focus on the relationships between situational/dispositional variables and an individual’s intention to knowledge sharing, and has theoretical implications for researchers in human resource development and management, as well as implications for practicing managers in organizations. First, this study examines whether an integrative model of knowledge sharing reveals an impact of various antecedents on sharing of knowledge between individuals, which has been rarely explored in a single study. In particular, this study is interested in examining whether the two dimensions improve individual sharing of explicit and tacit knowledge, respectively.

Design/methodology/approach

A quantitative survey design approach is used as the research method for data collection. Initially, a pilot study is conducted to examine the psychometric properties of the measures. A 120-item questionnaire is used to measure personality traits, organizational climate and knowledge-sharing intention. The main study is conducted at the Korean IT companies, which have knowledge management system and actively share knowledge between R&D engineers.

Findings

The results of regression analyses indicate that conscientiousness, openness and extroversion of dispositional variables are positively related to an individual’s intention to share knowledge. Of situational variables, organizational support and identity are positively related to knowledge sharing, and reward is negatively associated with knowledge-sharing intention. Theoretical and practical implications for future research are discussed.

Originality/value

Scholars focused with increasing emphasis over the past 20 years on an organization’s ability to facilitate, utilize and share knowledge as critical components of organizational success. Several scholarly attempts tried to explain the antecedents of knowledge sharing. Despite an increasing demand for a coherent and integrated approach to knowledge sharing, empirical efforts remain largely absent with regard to how knowledge transfer and knowledge-sharing practices among individuals are affected by dispositional and situational variables. Also, individual intention to share knowledge was primarily measured as a unidimensional concept. This is a surprising oversight, given that tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge are critical. Indeed, these may be collectivized successfully for the firm’s driver. To address this gap in our understanding of the personal dynamics involved in knowledge-sharing practices, this study seeks to investigate whether dispositional and situational variables lead to changes in individual’s intention to share tacit and explicit knowledge.

Details

European Journal of Training and Development, vol. 42 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-9012

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 23 December 2020

Yun Dong Yeo and Seung-Hyun (Sean) Lee

The purpose of this paper is to examine how the risk of war aroused by North Korea’s threatening actions trigger strategic responses from US multinational enterprises…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how the risk of war aroused by North Korea’s threatening actions trigger strategic responses from US multinational enterprises (MNEs) operating in South Korea. The authors compare two competing perspectives of real options and risk diversification to see which prevails when US MNEs are facing risk of war.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors hand collected news articles regarding North Korea’s threatening actions that may trigger strategic responses from MNEs operating in South Korea. The authors use archival data of US MNEs to verify our results.

Findings

Empirical tests of the two competing perspectives reveal that US MNEs adopt the risk diversification strategy when threatened by the risk of war. However, as MNEs have more available foreign markets outside the host country that is at risk of war, MNEs tend to take an operational flexibility approach more seriously and shift their productions to the remaining global operations. The ownership structure of the subsidiary does not appear to have significant effect on US MNEs’ strategic risk management.

Originality/value

This paper compares two perspectives, namely, real options and risk diversification, to observe how US MNEs treat their subsidiaries when facing risk of war in South Korea.

Details

Multinational Business Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1525-383X

Keywords

1 – 10 of 22