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Article
Publication date: 3 September 2021

Fatemeh Narenji Thani, Ebrahim Mazari, Somaye Asadi and Maryam Mashayekhikhi

Considering innovation and its improvement as an essential strategy to enable organizations to continue their lives in the new competitive environment leads to a focus on…

Abstract

Purpose

Considering innovation and its improvement as an essential strategy to enable organizations to continue their lives in the new competitive environment leads to a focus on employees' self-development as a factor that affects human resource agility (HRA) and the tendency toward organizational innovation. Consequently, the purpose of the study was to explain the impact of self-development on the tendency toward organizational innovation with the role of the mediator, HRA in higher education institutions as one of the most important and vital organizations in any society.

Design/methodology/approach

The study was an applicable one with the quantitative approach using the descriptive–correlative method. The population consisted of 477 nonacademic employees of Kharazmi University among whom 214 ones were selected as the sample group, using a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected through the self-development, HRA and the tendency toward organizational innovation questionnaires and then analyzed using the structural equation modeling approach.

Findings

The study findings revealed a positive impact of self-development on the HRA (γ = 0/79) and HRA on the tendency toward organizational innovation (β = 0/6). Also, self-development with mediating HRA impacts the tendency toward organizational innovation (β = 0/58). Finally, self-development had no direct impact on the tendency toward organizational innovation.

Research limitations/implications

Taking the circumstances of doing this research into consideration, if there were the opportunity to do the research on the staffs of more than one university simultaneously and categorize the university staff into executives, managers and experts, more favorable results could be achieved. Also, considering group and organizational factors with the attention to the self-development approach and its factors would provide more awareness-training information on the higher education system in Iran. For future researches, both the individual and group factors are suggested to be surveyed and compared, to assess the weight and impact of these factors all together and to provide an adequate clarification of the role of the group and the organization. Finally, in future studies, it is also recommended that a qualitative approach be used to reach deeper clarifications on the aspects of these variables in the context of higher education.

Practical implications

These findings have major practical implications concerning the higher educational settings. The findings of this study must give significant and practical insights for policymakers of universities and other higher education stakeholders, as well as recommendations to the academic community for further research in this area. First, they should recognize that nonacademic staff members are professional employees who contribute to improving organizational innovation. Higher education must focus on designing and implementing successful mechanisms and a well-planned self-development program that can help and promote the self-development approach among all staff. If the above-mentioned programs are designed based on the employees' needs analysis, they will get trained in a way to enhance mental and behavioral flexibility. The programs with such an approach can result in the proactive, adaptive, resilient behavior and agility of HR.

Originality/value

The model for this study has integrated and prioritized the key innovation drivers that would help universities design, adopt and implement policies and practices that facilitate and encourage improvements and adaptation to a fast-paced environment. Furthermore, the convincing reason for the significance of the current research is that although several types of research have been carried out on each of these three variables in different contexts separately, very few studies, like this, have directly examined the correlation between these three variables among the non-academic staff in higher education institutes. So, given the importance of the issue and rare availability of evidence in this regard, the authors were intrigued to discover whether the self-development through the mediation of HRA could reinforce and strengthen the tendency toward organizational innovation and whether HRA could be an appropriate mediator of the relationship between self-development and the tendency toward organizational innovation among the nonacademic staff of Kharazmi University as one of the most prestigious and celebrated universities in Iran.

Details

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-7003

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Article
Publication date: 27 February 2020

Muhammad Qamar Zia, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Adnan Bashir and Aamir Feroz Shamsi

Organizations are facing pressure to reduce costs of training and enhancing the role of self-development that is self-driven and contextual in nature as a means to…

Abstract

Purpose

Organizations are facing pressure to reduce costs of training and enhancing the role of self-development that is self-driven and contextual in nature as a means to supplement employee development. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of individual and situational factors on self-development as well as the moderating role of situational factors. Individual factors are referred to personal characteristics, i.e. learning goal orientation and proactive personality, while situational factors are environmental conditions, including job autonomy and empowering environment.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were gathered from 280 middle managers of the banking sector. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was conducted to validate the model.

Findings

The study findings revealed a significant direct relationship of individual (learning goal orientation and proactive personality) and situational (empowering environment and job autonomy) factors with self-development. The study also found only a significant moderating effect of empowering environment in relation to learning goal orientation and self-development, correspondingly job autonomy moderates the relationship of proactive personality and self-development.

Practical implications

The study concludes with offering some implication for organization to focus on self-development activities by providing an empowering environment and job autonomy to its employees, which will result to minimize the overall cost of training. Organizations should also identify the individual factors that lead to self-development like proactive personality and learning goal orientation.

Originality/value

This study gives new insight on the predictors of self-development and their interaction. This study may be a pioneer to empirically validate a theoretical model about the interaction of situational factors between individual factors and self-development. Furthermore, it contributes and advances our knowledge by demonstrating how individual and situational factors are influencing middle mangers’ self-development in workplace.

Details

European Journal of Training and Development, vol. 44 no. 4/5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-9012

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1986

Alan Mumford

My first written work on Self Development was published in 1971, and I have written about various aspects of its meaning, objectives, and processes since then. I recently…

Abstract

My first written work on Self Development was published in 1971, and I have written about various aspects of its meaning, objectives, and processes since then. I recently had the opportunity to review what I perceive as relatively unattended issues of strategy and principle. In this article I look at these and show where at least some of the answers may be found to be available.

Details

Industrial and Commercial Training, vol. 18 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0019-7858

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1978

GEORGE DELF and BRYAN SMITH

All people working in organisations learn and develop to some extent over time. The outcome of this development varies as widely between individuals as people themselves…

Abstract

All people working in organisations learn and develop to some extent over time. The outcome of this development varies as widely between individuals as people themselves vary from one another. Some people achieve top managerial positions in industry and commerce in their late twenties or early thirties while others have to wait to the final stages of their working careers to achieve such positions. Some struggle at stages throughout their careers and achieve only moderate success; others do not seem to try at all. Management training and development activities are aimed at providing better opportunities and facilities for such development to meet the need of organisations to improve management performance. In practice these activities are designed to meet overall organisational needs and to conform with general behavioural and learning theories. The crucial significance of individual differences in motivation and ability to learn and develop is seldom, if ever, consciously exploited as a route towards securing real improvements in management performance. It is the contention of this paper that self‐development is such an approach.

Details

Industrial and Commercial Training, vol. 10 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0019-7858

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1989

Nigel Kemp

Personal development involves individuals acting and reflecting onthe world and themselves, and learning from this. The practical issuesfaced by facilitators in setting up…

Abstract

Personal development involves individuals acting and reflecting on the world and themselves, and learning from this. The practical issues faced by facilitators in setting up and running self‐development groups are discussed. The structure of the process is focused on and a number of guidelines presented.

Details

Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 13 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0590

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1988

Mike Pedler

In a report on two conferences concerned with “Applying Self‐development in Organisations”, the current position of the self‐development idea in management education and…

Abstract

In a report on two conferences concerned with “Applying Self‐development in Organisations”, the current position of the self‐development idea in management education and training is summarised. It is concluded that many management development practitioners have accepted the practical value of self‐development and are now concerned with attempting to apply the concept within organisations.

Details

Industrial and Commercial Training, vol. 20 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0019-7858

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2000

Elena P. Antonacopoulou

The employee development initiatives in three retail banks are the focus of this paper. The discussion draws on recent empirical findings to examine the motives and…

Abstract

The employee development initiatives in three retail banks are the focus of this paper. The discussion draws on recent empirical findings to examine the motives and expectations that underpin employee development initiatives, and the underlying assumptions which shape how such initiatives are implemented in practice. The perspective of the organisation in relation to employee development is further enhanced with findings from the perspective of the individual employee. These findings show the impact of employee development initiatives on individuals’ willingness to learn and take personal responsibility for their development. The analysis highlights the nature of the interaction between individual and organisational priorities within development and draws attention to some of the challenges that underpin employee development initiatives. The implications of these challenges for the way organisations design employee development initiatives in the future, and the way we think and research employee development are discussed at the end of the paper.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2005

Kelly A. Rutkowski and Lisa A. Steelman

The purpose of this research paper was to examine the construct of accountability and its impact leadership development initiative in an upward feedback framework…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research paper was to examine the construct of accountability and its impact leadership development initiative in an upward feedback framework. Previous research has suggested that accountability may be an important moderator of the relationship between upward feedback and self‐development. However, there has been little research examining the construct of accountability and this study sought to modify that.

Design/methodology/approach

Within the context of upward feedback the present study examined the impact of two contextual antecedents of accountability (LMX and feedback environment) and self‐development initiative as an outcome of accountability in a path model framework. Survey methodology was used to assess the constructs of interest and the results were analyzed with regression‐based path modeling.

Findings

The results indicate the path model was partially supported by the data: the feedback environment and LMX were related to accountability and accountability was related to self‐development initiative.

Research limitations/implications

Limitations of this study include the self‐report methodology and relatively small sample size.

Originality/value

The current study was unique in that it examined manager's perceptions of accountability for using upward feedback. Managers who utilize upward feedback for self‐development are role models for subordinates and others, potentially contributions to a favorable feedback environment.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 24 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1984

Roy Canning

As a training concept self‐development remains for many a curious, yet insoluble, puzzle. On the one hand, it appears deceptively simple yet can be highly theoretical and…

Abstract

As a training concept self‐development remains for many a curious, yet insoluble, puzzle. On the one hand, it appears deceptively simple yet can be highly theoretical and general, while on the other, it claims to be specific yet covers everything from Guided Reading to Outward Bound and Action Learning.

Details

Journal of European Industrial Training, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0590

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1982

Mike Pedler

This article consists of four parts. The first part describes some of the forces in management and society in general which are supporting the move towards…

Abstract

This article consists of four parts. The first part describes some of the forces in management and society in general which are supporting the move towards self‐developmental approaches to education and training. The second part suggests that managerial competencies and skills generally come about not through formal training but as a result of self developmental processes. Following this is a brief description of management self development — what it is and what it means in practice. The final section of the paper discusses the need for support in the self development process and suggests that support groups of learning communities go some way towards meeting this need.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 1 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

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