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Article
Publication date: 3 July 2017

Mohammad Mahdi Zolfagharzadeh, Alireza Aslani, Ali Asghar Sadabadi, Mahdi Sanaei, Fahimeh Lesan Toosi and Mahdi Hajari

Science and technology diplomacy (STD) is an emerging area in the field of public policy and technology management. The purpose of this study is to overview the concept of…

Abstract

Purpose

Science and technology diplomacy (STD) is an emerging area in the field of public policy and technology management. The purpose of this study is to overview the concept of STD based on the two approaches “Science and TechnologyandDiplomacy” to explain its necessity for Non-Aligned Movement member countries.

Design/methodology/approach

To design the work, principal domains and sub-domains of STD are identified based on the thematic analysis. By using MAXQDA software, the initial codes are analyzed and validated for the case study. Then, six areas and 29 sub-areas are identified based on the fuzzy Delphi and the framework is designed.

Findings

STD is defined from six scopes, including political, economics, law and legal issues, social sciences, philosophy and science and technology. Each scope has its own mechanism that is discussed in the article.

Originality/value

This work is one of the first in the literature of science and technology policy making.

Details

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2053-4620

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 April 2007

Ken Harmon

The purpose of this research is to define a knowledge‐centric model of the technological innovation process which can serve as a baseline for the development of enhanced

518

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to define a knowledge‐centric model of the technological innovation process which can serve as a baseline for the development of enhanced enterprise performance capabilities.

Design/methodology/approach

This purpose is achieved through the integration of basic knowledge derived from a critical review of contemporary R&D, intellectual property and new product development.

Findings

Emerging from this research is a holistic appreciation for technological innovation at both the micro and macro levels of practice.

Originality/value

Corporate executives and technology professionals engaged in enterprise transformation initiatives; government and NGO professionals responsible for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) capacity building; and students of technological innovation in both graduate and continuing education programs will find this knowledge‐centric portrayal of technological innovation helpful in modeling the current performance capabilities of a competitive global enterprise. A further outcome of this research is an indication that ongoing managerial effort to further enhance capabilities for technological innovation (STI capacity) is a rational strategy for improving the global competitiveness of any complex enterprise.

Details

VINE, vol. 37 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-5728

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Making Trade Missions Work: A Best Practice Guide to International Business and Commercial Diplomacy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-471-6

Article
Publication date: 18 November 2020

Sachi Edwards and Akemi Ashida

This paper reviews the national and institutional internationalization activities in Japan's higher education sector and considers the extent to which these efforts have…

352

Abstract

Purpose

This paper reviews the national and institutional internationalization activities in Japan's higher education sector and considers the extent to which these efforts have attempted to incorporate and/or contribute to meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Design/methodology/approach

This paper was developed based on a review of available demographic data on internationalization in Japan (in both English and Japanese), a survey of recent scholarly literature on this topic and conversations with numerous faculty and staff members working on internationalization issues in a wide range of higher education institutions throughout the country.

Findings

There are substantial internationalization efforts being made at both national and institutional levels, yet scholars and practitioners of higher education question the extent to which genuine internationalization is occurring. Moreover, the metrics used to track internationalization are somewhat limited and the available data, in many cases, can be complicated to interpret. A bit of tension also exists in Japanese universities between those who support the movement to internationalize and those who see it as a passing fad, an intrusion on their academic freedom and/or as a guise for Westernization – a tension that some cite, along with language barriers and system misalignment, as a challenge to internationalization.

Originality/value

Numerous scholars discuss the internationalization of higher education in Japan. The originality of this paper is in the comparison of Japan's higher education internationalization efforts to the movement to achieve the SDGs – both in Japan and as a global effort.

Details

International Journal of Comparative Education and Development, vol. 23 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2396-7404

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 August 2021

Ali Asghar Sadabadi, Zohreh Rahimi Rad and Kiarash Fartash

This study aims to to provide a model based on the context and conditions of the regions in Iran for monitoring regional innovation systems (RISs).

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to to provide a model based on the context and conditions of the regions in Iran for monitoring regional innovation systems (RISs).

Design/methodology/approach

In the first stage, after reviewing the literature, interviewing the experts, and then thematic analyzing the content of the obtained data, initial Dimensions and indicators were identified. Then, a fuzzy Delphi technique and a seven-scale questionnaire were used to test the results and expert opinion. Finally, after the extraction and correction of the indicators to evaluate the RISs, a comprehensive model was identified in 5 dimensions, 16 indicators and 176 sub-indicators. In the next step, the importance weights of the main 16 indicators were determined using the analytic hierarchy process method.

Findings

The proposed RIS assessment model consists of firms’ behavior and regional interactions, economy, human capital, innovative outputs, locational features, that each dimension has its own indicators and sub-indicators, each one is discussed in the paper.

Originality/value

The research contribution is that the proposed RIS model of this research is the first model that is appropriate to the context of Iran.

Details

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2053-4620

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 23 August 2021

Randolf Mariano and Andreas Vårheim

Libraries, museums and cultural centers have long served as cultural ambassadors and foreign policy instruments, bridging diplomatic relationships among nation-states and

Abstract

Purpose

Libraries, museums and cultural centers have long served as cultural ambassadors and foreign policy instruments, bridging diplomatic relationships among nation-states and institutions. The purpose of this scoping review is to ascertain and understand the emerging areas of research on libraries, museums and cultural centers in foreign policy and cultural diplomacy within broader research paradigms of international relations, social sciences, education and library and information studies by systematically mapping key concepts and identifying the types of studies and knowledge gaps.

Design/methodology/approach

Using the Joanna Briggs Institute’s (JBI) Manual for Evidence Synthesis, relevant peer-reviewed journal articles, books and book chapters that were published over a wide time period in any language from various databases were systematically examined. Two reviewers worked independently to extract the data and reached a consensus regarding the inclusion criteria using the JBI’s data charting template.

Findings

In total, 6,436 citations were screened, and 57 documents were identified as eligible for inclusion. The following sequences were reviewed and explored: study characteristics, theoretical approaches and research themes. The research themes were grouped into broader ones that included goals, actors, strategies and instruments. Finally, the concentration and clusters of ideas and gaps that emerged in the identified studies were investigated, resulting in a discussion of the recommendations and directions for future research.

Originality/value

This first scoping review is a useful tool for investigating the changing and novel roles of libraries, museums and cultural centers in cultural diplomacy and foreign policy. Although substantial work exists on the topic, the potential remains for interdisciplinary research to challenge and extend the current knowledge about cultural diplomacy practices in libraries, museums and cultural centers.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 78 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Ilan Kelman

The purpose of this paper is to present a first exploration of governmental duty of care towards scientists involved in science diplomacy by focusing on disaster research.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a first exploration of governmental duty of care towards scientists involved in science diplomacy by focusing on disaster research.

Design/methodology/approach

The method is a conceptual exploration, using specific case studies and potential scenarios within theories and practices of science diplomacy and duty of care, to raise questions and to suggest policy recommendations for government. The focus on disaster research links the analysis to disaster diplomacy, namely, how and why disaster-related activities (in this case, science) do and do not influence peace and conflict.

Findings

From examining case studies of, and outputs and outcomes from, disaster-related science diplomacy, governments need to consider duty of care issues in advance and develop a science diplomacy strategy, rather than responding after the fact or developing policy ad hoc.

Practical implications

Policy recommendations are provided to try to ensure that governments avoid simply reacting after a crisis, instead being ready for a situation before it arises and drawing on others’ experience to improve their own actions.

Social implications

Improved interaction between science and society is discussed in the context of diplomacy, especially for disaster-related activities.

Originality/value

Governmental duty of care has not before been applied to science diplomacy. The focus on disaster-related science further provides a comparatively new dimension for science diplomacy.

Details

Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0965-3562

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Radical Transparency and Digital Democracy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-763-0

Book part
Publication date: 3 October 2019

Zhao Alexandre Huang and Rui Wang

Using the theoretical frameworks of public diplomacy and public relations, we mapped how the Chinese government has used panda imagery to build its national brand on…

Abstract

Using the theoretical frameworks of public diplomacy and public relations, we mapped how the Chinese government has used panda imagery to build its national brand on Twitter and how this ‘panda diplomacy’ has facilitated its para-diplomatic actions. Our findings uncover new attempts by the Chinese government to engage in digital diplomacy. Mobilizing panda imagery on Twitter enhanced friendly relations with foreign political leaders and people and established a friendly and peaceful image of China on Twitter.

Details

Big Ideas in Public Relations Research and Practice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-508-0

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 22 November 2017

Huub Ruël and Luisa Suren

Multinational corporations (MNCs) are experiencing a number of major challenges in the international business arena. Can business diplomacy help them to deal with these…

Abstract

Purpose

Multinational corporations (MNCs) are experiencing a number of major challenges in the international business arena. Can business diplomacy help them to deal with these challenges effectively? In this introductory chapter we conceptualize and identify the relationship between MNCs’ international business diplomatic activities and firm performance.

Design/methodology/approach

We conducted a literature review and interviews with five large MNCs that are operating in distinctive industries. Business diplomatic activities have been classified into three particular areas to support the analysis, namely: (1) MNC–Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) relations, (2) MNC–Host Government relations, and (3) MNC–Local Community relations.

Findings

The main findings suggest that international business diplomacy has a direct positive effect on firm performance with regard to so-called soft or nonfinancial indicators. These indicators include knowledge sharing, reputation, company image, and marketing possibilities. The effect can in turn lead to a better financial performance and market stance in the long run.

Originality/value

The results of this study are important for the future awareness and execution of business diplomacy in large MNCs.

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