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Article
Publication date: 8 October 2019

Shubhranshu Mohan Parida, Pravat Kumar Rout and Sanjeeb Kumar Kar

This study proposes a modified sliding mode control technique having a proportional plus integral (PI) sliding surface aided by auxiliary control applied to a wind turbine…

Abstract

Purpose

This study proposes a modified sliding mode control technique having a proportional plus integral (PI) sliding surface aided by auxiliary control applied to a wind turbine driven permanent magnet synchronous generator. This paper aims to realize real and reactive power control, keeping the voltage under the desired limit during transients.

Design/methodology/approach

First, a PI sliding surface type sliding mode control (PISMC) is formulated, which is capable of dragging the system to the desired state and stability. Then a saturation function-based auxiliary controller is incorporated with PISMC to enhance its performance during wind speed and system parameter variations.

Findings

The proposed controller can tackle the problems faced while using a PI controller and the conventional sliding mode controller (CSMC) such as lack of robustness and requirement of unnecessary large control signals to overcome the parametric uncertainties and problem of chattering.

Originality/value

To justify the superior performance of the proposed controller in terms of robustness, reliability and accuracy a comparative study is done with the CSMC and PI controllers. The simulations are performed using MATLAB.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 16 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 June 2018

Shubhranshu Mohan Parida, Subhashree Choudhury, Pravat Kumar Rout and Sanjeeb Kumar Kar

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel self-adjusting proportional integral (SA-PI) controller, for controlling the active and reactive power of permanent magnet…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel self-adjusting proportional integral (SA-PI) controller, for controlling the active and reactive power of permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) when subjected to variable wind speed and parameter variations.

Design/methodology/approach

The proportional and integral gains of the proposed SA-PI controller are based on tan-hyperbolic function and adjust themselves automatically within pre-fixed limits according to the error occurring during transient situations.

Findings

The proposed SA-PI controller is able to evade the problems usually encountered while using a constant gain PI controller, such as lack of robustness, adaptability and a wide range of operation. It also damps out system oscillations faster with reduced settling time and fewer overshoots.

Originality/value

Simulation results and comparative studies with conventional PI controller and the differential evolution–optimized PI (DE-PI) controller reveal the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme. MATLAB is used to perform the simulation studies.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 April 2018

Swagat Pati, Kanungo Barada Mohanty and Sanjeeb Kumar Kar

This paper aims to demonstrate the efficacy of fuzzy logic controller (FLC) over proportional integral (PI) and sliding mode controller (SMC) for maintaining flat voltage…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to demonstrate the efficacy of fuzzy logic controller (FLC) over proportional integral (PI) and sliding mode controller (SMC) for maintaining flat voltage profile at the load bus of a single-generator-based micro-grid system using STATCOM.

Design/methodology/approach

A STATCOM is used to improve the voltage profile of the load bus. The performance of the STATCOM is evaluated by using three different controllers: PI controllers, FLCs and SMCs. The performance comparison of the controllers is done with different dc bus voltages, different load bus voltage references, various loads such as R-L loads and dynamic loads.

Findings

A comparative analysis is done between the performances of the three different controllers. The comparative study culminates that FLC is found to be superior than the other proposed controllers. SMC is a close competitor of fuzzy controller.

Originality/value

Design of fuzzy logic and SMCs for a STATCOM implemented in a single-generator-based micro-grid system is applied.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 April 2018

Swagat Pati, Kanungo Barada Mohanty and Sanjeeb Kumar Kar

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the suitability and robustness of sliding mode controller (SMC) for maintaining flat voltage profile at the load bus of two…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the suitability and robustness of sliding mode controller (SMC) for maintaining flat voltage profile at the load bus of two different micro-grid systems using STATCOM.

Design/methodology/approach

Two micro-grid systems are dynamically modelled and simulated using MATLAB/Simulink. The first micro-grid has a single diesel engine-driven synchronous generator. The second micro-grid has one diesel engine-driven synchronous generator and a doubly fed induction generator-based wind energy conversion system. The STATCOM is connected to the load bus in both the micro-grids. SMC is used for the control of STATCOM for voltage profile improvement of micro-grid. The performance of SMC-based STATCOM is analysed and compared with the performance of conventional PI controller-based STATCOM.

Findings

The SMCs are more suited for STATCOM control as these are more immune to load disturbances even with the presence of wind energy generators. The voltage deviations and the steady state errors in voltage are less with SMC. Although SMC introduces a bit of steady state error in the dc link voltage of the STATCOM, it is much less than the settling limit of 2 per cent, which is quite acceptable. SMC proves to be better than conventional PI controllers in both the proposed models of micro-grid.

Originality/value

Design of a robust first-order SMC for a STATCOM is used for voltage profile improvement in two different micro-grid systems.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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