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The term Canterbury Sound emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s to refer to a signature style within psychedelic and progressive rock developed by bands such as…
The term Canterbury Sound emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s to refer to a signature style within psychedelic and progressive rock developed by bands such as Caravan and Soft Machine as well as key artists including Robert Wyatt and Kevin Ayers. This chapter explores Canterbury as a metaphor and reality, a symbolic space of music inspiration which has produced its distinctive ‘sound’.
Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork, particularly observations and interviews with music artists and cultural intermediates (Bourdieu, 1993), we suggest that the notion of the Canterbury Sound – with its affinity for experimentation, distinctive chord progressions and jazz allusions in a rock music format – is perceived as a continuing artistic and aesthetic influence. We interpret the genealogy of the Canterbury Sound alternativity through discussions focused on the position of the ‘Sound’ within contemporary heritage discourses, the metaphorical and geographical implications of place in relation to popular music, and cultural longevity of the phenomenon.
The active and passive flow of information that this issue of WwOP has so far explored is all about the betterment of older people's lives. But how far can we drill down…
The active and passive flow of information that this issue of WwOP has so far explored is all about the betterment of older people's lives. But how far can we drill down into the minutiae of an individual's life in order to make it better without being intrusive? Through the story of Dennis, Sam Bennett, Helen Sanderson and Gill Bailey now describe a method that is being refined to do just that.
To study the interface properties of anisotropic conductive adhesives (ACAs) and improve the electrical properties of ACA joints as a replacement for Sn/Pb solder in the…
To study the interface properties of anisotropic conductive adhesives (ACAs) and improve the electrical properties of ACA joints as a replacement for Sn/Pb solder in the electronics industry.
In this study, different types of self‐assembled monolayer (SAM) compounds were introduced into the interface between the metal filler and the substrate bond pad. The formation of these SAMs on gold and silver surface and their thermal stability were investigated by measuring the contact angles with water of these SAM coated surfaces. The SAM compounds used had either hydrophilic or hydrophobic tail groups, and included octadecanethiol (ODT), mercpatoacetic acid (MAA), 1,4‐benzenedithiol (dithiol) and malonic acid (acid M). Epoxy resins with two different curing temperatures were used as polymer matrices for the ACA formulations. The electrical properties of ACA joints containing these SAMs were studied by measuring their current‐voltage relationship.
The results show that SAMs can be successfully coated onto specific metal surfaces, depending on the affinity of their functional groups with the specific metal. The SAM treated ACA joints show much lower resistance at the same applied current than non‐treated joints, and the effect on the low curing temperature epoxy matrices was more significant. Nano‐Ag filled ACAs show more significant improvements in their electrical properties due to the greater surface area and higher surface energy of nano‐particles and consequently their higher thermal stability when coated with SAMs.
This paper is the first to use functional organic monolayers to enhance the interface properties of electrically conductive adhesives and, in particular, for ACAs.