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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2009

S.M. Sapuan, I.M. Mujtaba and C.S. Wright

In this paper, a review of materials selection methods is presented. It initially discusses the importance of materials selection in various fields of scientific study…

652

Abstract

In this paper, a review of materials selection methods is presented. It initially discusses the importance of materials selection in various fields of scientific study particularly in engineering design. Various tools and methods for the selection of materials are reviewed. These include materials handbook, materials data‐bases, materials selection charts, artificial intelligence systems, and other computeraided materials selection systems.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 October 2017

M.R.M. Huzaifah, S.M. Sapuan, Z. Leman, M.R. Ishak and M.A. Maleque

The purpose of this paper is to present the review of natural fibre composites as well as a specific type of fibre, i.e., sugar palm fibre and its composites.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the review of natural fibre composites as well as a specific type of fibre, i.e., sugar palm fibre and its composites.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach of this review paper is to present previous work on natural fibres and their composites. Then a review of several important aspects such as history, origin, botanic description, distribution, application and characterisation of sugar palm tree, and its fibre is presented. Finally a review of properties and characterisation of sugar palm composites is presented.

Findings

Findings of this review include the potential application of natural fibres and their composites for engineering application, the use of sugar palm and its fibres, as well as the suitability of sugar palm composites in engineering application after conducting review of their performance and characterisation.

Originality/value

The value of this review is to highlight the potential of natural fibres, natural fibre composites, sugar palm, sugar palm fibres and sugar palm composites as materials for engineering applications.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 13 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

S.S.S. Imihezri, S.M. Sapuan, S. Sulaiman, M.M. Hamdan and E.S. Zainudin

This paper presents the simulation results of a glass fiber reinforced PA 6,6 composite automotive clutch pedal. The analysis is carried out using Moldflow Plastics Insight (MPI…

Abstract

This paper presents the simulation results of a glass fiber reinforced PA 6,6 composite automotive clutch pedal. The analysis is carried out using Moldflow Plastics Insight (MPI) software to investigate the effects of increasing gate number from 1 to 2 on temperature and pressure. The results of temperature show that for single gate, the temperature was 291.3 °C and for double gate was 292.3 °C. Double gates mold induce higher temperature due to longer runner length. Both designs revealed different hot spots locations indicating probable areas of excess shear heating. The results of pressure (end of fill), for the single gate it was 61.31 MPa and for double gate was 60.73 MPa. Double gates mold reduce the required injection pressure as well as pressure variation, hence a lower volumetric shrinkage. Lower injection pressure produces lower shear rate and shear stress level.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 23 May 2023

I. Aliyu, S.M. Sapuan, E.S. Zainudin, M.Y.M. Zuhri and Y. Ridwan

The conflicting results on the corrosion characteristics of aluminium matrix composites reinforced with agrarian waste have stimulated an investigation on the hardness and…

Abstract

Purpose

The conflicting results on the corrosion characteristics of aluminium matrix composites reinforced with agrarian waste have stimulated an investigation on the hardness and corrosion rate of sugar palm fibre ash (SPFA) reinforced LM26 Al/alloy composite by varying the SPFA from 0 to 10 wt% in an interval of 2 wt%. This paper aims to discuss the aforementioned issue.

Design/methodology/approach

The composites were produced via stir-casting and the hardness was determined using a Vickers hardness testing machine, corrosion rate was examined through the weight loss method by immersion in 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 M hydrochloric acid (HCl) at temperatures of 303, 318, and 333 K for the maximum duration of 120 h. The morphological study was conducted using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) on the samples before and after immersion in HCl.

Findings

The incorporation of SPFA improved the hardness of the alloy from 58.22 to 93.62 VH after 10 wt% addition. The corrosion rate increases with increased content of SPFA, the concentration of HCl and temperature. The least corrosion rate of 0.0272 mpy was observed for the LM26 Al alloy in 0.5 M after 24 h while the highest corrosion rate of 0.8511 mpy was recorded for LM26 Al/10 wt% SPFA in 1.5 M HCl acid after 120 h. The SEM image of corroded samples revealed an increased number of pits with increased SPFA content.

Research limitations/implications

The work is limited to SPFA up to 10 wt% as reinforcement in LM26 Al alloy, the use of HCl as corrosion medium, temperatures in the range of 303–333 K, and a weight loss method were used to evaluate the corrosion rate.

Originality/value

The corrosion rate was determined for LM26 Al/SPFA composites with various amounts of SPFA in 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 M HCl at 303, 318 and 333 K and compared with the matrix alloy.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 19 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2009

E.S. Zainudin and S.M. Sapuan

Specific responses of thermoplastic components are required when they are subjected to impact conditions to minimize the damage in human body. Hardness property gives material…

Abstract

Specific responses of thermoplastic components are required when they are subjected to impact conditions to minimize the damage in human body. Hardness property gives material, high resistance to various kinds of shape change when force is applied. In this study, mechanical properties such as impact strength and hardness of banana pseudo‐stem (BPS) unplastisized polyvinyl chloride (UPVC) composites were determined. It was found that fibre loading of BPS filler could enhance the properties of the impact strength and hardness of BPS/UPVC composites. The results on the addition of acrylic modifier to the composites have been discussed.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2004

F. Mustapha, S.M. Sapuan, N. Ismail and A.S. Mokhtar

In this paper, an intelligent knowledge‐based system (KBS) capable of assisting aircraft mechanics and engineers to deal with fault diagnosis of the turbo‐prop aircraft engine is…

Abstract

In this paper, an intelligent knowledge‐based system (KBS) capable of assisting aircraft mechanics and engineers to deal with fault diagnosis of the turbo‐prop aircraft engine is presented. The KBS intelligent jet engine trouble‐shooting system (IJETSS) employs expert knowledge to act in a way similar to that of a human expert in an aircraft maintenance field by using if‐then rule‐based system. The major aim of the KBS of IJETSS is to generate rapid and precise engine fault diagnosis that can simulate the work of experienced aircraft maintenance mechanics and engineers. The developed system can also be useful for the inexperienced aircraft mechanics and engineers and can be used for training module for them.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2009

A. Hambali, S.M. Sapuan, N. Ismail and Y. Nukman

Selection of the design concepts is one of the significant activities in product development process. Most of the products are usually failed due to inappropriate decision during…

Abstract

Selection of the design concepts is one of the significant activities in product development process. Most of the products are usually failed due to inappropriate decision during the selection of the design concepts at the early stage of product development process. The determination of the greatest selection of design concepts at the conceptual design stage is a crucial decision due to a poor design concept which can never be compensated for by a good detailed design and it will implicate great expense of redesign cost. Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) is one available method in forming a systematic approach for a single decision maker or a group decision maker, is employed to solve such problem. In this paper, 7 design concepts of wheelchair designs were considered as a case study. The AHP through utilizing Expert Choice software was implemented to determine the most suitable design concept of wheelchair design at the conceptual design stage. The sensitivity analysis was performed to test the stability of the priority ranking and to increase the confidence in the selection of design concepts.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2009

H.R. Zahedi, N.M. Adam, S.M. Sapuan and M.M.H.M. Ahmad

A thermosyphon solar water heating system with in‐tank auxiliary electric heater has been simulated according Malaysian hot water consumption profile using TRNSYS simulation…

324

Abstract

A thermosyphon solar water heating system with in‐tank auxiliary electric heater has been simulated according Malaysian hot water consumption profile using TRNSYS simulation program. The optimum value of a parameter is defined as the value which maximized the annual solar fraction of the system. This paper has a good deal of information concerning sizing of common components of thermosyphon solar water heater operated under certain condition (load volume, distribution profile and temperature). The results indicate that collector should be tilted at Ø + (→ 7° 37°) for all collector areas. Vertical storage tank has better performance in tropical climate (The average annual solar fraction for vertical was 88% and for horizontal was 82.9%).

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 August 2018

Aidy Ali, Wei Kuan Ng, Faiz Arifin, Kannan Rassiah, Faiz Othman, Shauqi Hazin and Megat Hamdan Megat Ahmad

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fracture properties of hybrid woven bamboo (WB)/woven e-glass (EG) fiber composites with various layer arrangements. This paper…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the fracture properties of hybrid woven bamboo (WB)/woven e-glass (EG) fiber composites with various layer arrangements. This paper utilized a specific type of bamboo species named Gigantochloa Scortechinii (Buluh Semantan).

Design/methodology/approach

In these experiments, unsaturated polyester, woven EG and WB fibers were prepared through the hand lay-up technique. The composite bamboo strips were prepared in 1.5 mm thickness. The strips are woven to make a single layer. The layer was then laminated into several thicknesses. The specimens were then characterized using compact tension fracture tests.

Findings

The fracture toughness of 12–14 MPa was obtained. These findings suggest that this hybrid bamboo composite provides superior fracture strength that is equivalent with steel alloy and is extremely a good alternative for reinforcing fibers to combat fracture failures of materials and structures.

Originality/value

In this paper, experimental determination of newly developed composite made of WB and woven EG is presented.

Details

International Journal of Structural Integrity, vol. 9 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-9864

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 February 2007

Y.A. Khalid and S.M. Sapuan

To design and fabricate a wear testing rig for a water pump impeller and to select a parameter that can be used to determine the wear rates of slurry pump impeller.

1564

Abstract

Purpose

To design and fabricate a wear testing rig for a water pump impeller and to select a parameter that can be used to determine the wear rates of slurry pump impeller.

Design/methodology/approach

A wear equipment was designed and fabricated in this study that of main rotating shaft, supported by two ball bearings, and main electric motor bully mechanism for the rotational speed torque needed. An impeller made of cast iron was selected. The wear medium selected consists of solid particles and water. The tests were conducted by letting the impeller to rotate in slurry. The wear data collection are divided into impeller's weight loss, impeller's diameter loss, impeller blade's thickness loss, impeller's blade height loss and impeller's thickness change.

Findings

The major type of wear that takes place in this experiment is erosion. The weight loss of the impeller is due to the material removal from the impeller as result of erosion wear. The diameter loss of the impeller is attributed to the impingement of solid particles on the surface area. The surface topography under the microscope indicates that the region near the center of impeller encounters less wear compared to the region at the rim of the impeller.

Originality/value

From this study, among all the parameters studied, the height loss of impeller blades encounters the highest percentage of wear. This is useful for determining the running hours before the complete failure of the impeller for slurry and impeller types used in this study.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 59 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

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