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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1992

Talib Younis, S.A.M. Ibrahim and M.A. McLean

The first of a two‐part article (Part II to be published in IJPSM, Vol. 5 No. 2) which gives the historical background to thedevelopment of modern Turkey with particular…

Abstract

The first of a two‐part article (Part II to be published in IJPSM, Vol. 5 No. 2) which gives the historical background to the development of modern Turkey with particular reference to the inherited bureaucratic structure of the Ottoman Empire and the reforms undertaken by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder and first president of Turkey. Reviews the attempts made by successive Turkish governments to initiate and implement administrative reform. Discusses the barriers to the achievement of these objectives and draws conclusions as to the relative success or failure of the endeavours.

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International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1992

Talib Younis, S.A.M. Ibrahim and M.A. McLean

The second of a two‐part article (Part I published in IJPSM, Vol. 5 No.1) which continues the historical overview from 1949 whenthe new democratic government instigated…

Abstract

The second of a two‐part article (Part I published in IJPSM , Vol. 5 No.1) which continues the historical overview from 1949 when the new democratic government instigated administrative reforms based on initiatives from foreign research. In the period after the Second World War attempts at reform were hindered by increased number of Civil Servants and economic problems, particularly inflation and a fall in the standard of living. Traces the difficulties which emerged between the bureaucracy and successive governments as a direct result of their failure to appreciate the role of the bureaucracy. The 1960 revolution led to the establishment of three bodies with specific tasks to change the structure of the economic and administrative systems and to implement five‐year plans, but which met with limited success. Discusses the ensuing excessive review and evaluation in every sphere of state activity which has continued to date.

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International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3558

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Book part
Publication date: 21 November 2018

Kogila Vani Annammala, Anand Nainar, Abdul Rahim Mohd Yusoff, Zulkifli Yusop, Kawi Bidin, Rory Peter Dominic Walsh, William H. Blake, Faizuan Abdullah, Dhinesh Sugumaran and Khuneswari Gopal Pillay

Although there have been extensive studies on the hydrological and erosional impacts of logging, relatively little is known about the impacts of conversion into…

Abstract

Although there have been extensive studies on the hydrological and erosional impacts of logging, relatively little is known about the impacts of conversion into agricultural plantation (namely rubber and oil palm). Furthermore, studies on morphological impacts, sediment-bound chemistry and forensic attribution of deposited sediment to their respective sources are scarcer. This chapter introduces the potential for using the multi-proxy sediment fingerprinting technique in this context. Featuring pilot projects in two major flood-prone river systems in Malaysia, the studies explore application of geochemistry-based sediment source ascription. The geochemical signatures of sediment mixtures on floodplains were compared to sediments from upstream source tributaries. The tributaries were hypothesised to have different geochemical signatures in response to dominant land management. The first case study took place in the Segama River system (4,023 km2) of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo where a mixture of primary forest, logged-forests and oil palm plantations were predominant. The second case study was in the Kelantan River Basin (13,100 km2) with two major tributaries (Galas River and Lebir River) where logged-forests and rubber and oil palm plantations are dominant land-uses. Both case studies demonstrated the applicability of this method in ascribing floodplain deposited sediment to their respective upstream sources. Preliminary results showed that trace elements associated with fertilisers (e.g. copper and vanadium) contribute to agricultural catchment signatures. Alkaline and alkaline-earth elements were linked to recently established oil palm plantations due to soil turnover. Mixing model outputs showed that contributions from smaller, more severely disturbed catchment are higher than those from larger but milder disturbed catchments. This method capitalises on flood events to counter its adverse impacts by identifying high-priority sediment source areas for efficient and effective management.

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Improving Flood Management, Prediction and Monitoring
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-552-4

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Book part
Publication date: 20 November 2020

Aldo Alvarez-Risco, Alfredo Estrada-Merino and Ricardo Perez-Luyo

Efforts to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals are increasingly part of tourism business planning, forming part of their business policies, linking with…

Abstract

Efforts to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals are increasingly part of tourism business planning, forming part of their business policies, linking with society and generating a sustainable hotel offer. The great impact it causes and, which in the short term it will achieve, digital tools in hotel activities can be evidenced. It will also help to collect the information that serves for the certifications of hotel companies. In spite of all the efforts, there is still a great knowledge gap that needs to be filled to achieve the expected business results and that it can be evidenced that the hospitality industry is now more than ever focussed on the care of its workers and on contributing to the sustainability of the world.

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Sustainable Hospitality Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-266-4

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Article
Publication date: 12 December 2018

Resit Yildiz and Basak Dogru Mert

This paper aims to study inhibitory effect of 4-aminothiophenol on the corrosion of mild steel (MS) in 0.5 M HCl.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study inhibitory effect of 4-aminothiophenol on the corrosion of mild steel (MS) in 0.5 M HCl.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, electrochemical experiments, quantum chemical calculations, potentiodynamic measurements, linear polarization resistance and scanning electron microscopy were used.

Findings

The experimental results suggest that this compound is efficient corrosion inhibitor and the inhibition efficiencies increase with increasing their (from 0.5 to 10.0 mM.) concentrations. This reveals that inhibitive actions of inhibitors were mainly due to adsorption on mild steel surface. The adsorption of these inhibitors was found to obey Langmuir adsorption model. The computed quantum chemical features show good correlation with empirical inhibition efficiencies.

Originality/value

The 4-aminothiophenol is suitable inhibitor for application in closed-circuit systems against corrosion. The study is original and has great impact in industrial area. The obtained theoretical results have been adapted with the experimental data.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 66 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 6 May 2020

I.M. Mousaa

In this paper, two promising corrosion inhibitors based on natural and eco-friendly materials such as peanut fatty acids (PFA) were prepared and challenged with a common…

Abstract

Purpose

In this paper, two promising corrosion inhibitors based on natural and eco-friendly materials such as peanut fatty acids (PFA) were prepared and challenged with a common efficient commercial inhibitor. Two amino derivatives based on aliphatic and aromatic compounds such as 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP) and 2-amino-2-phenyl-1-propanol (APP), respectively, were used and reacted with PFA under controlled conditions to produce the corrosion inhibitors. The prepared inhibitors, namely, PFA-AMP (inhІ) and PFA-APP (inhІІ), were confirmed and characterized by Fourier transfer infrared spectroscopy, acid value determination and viscosity measurements.

Design/methodology/approach

First, different coating formulations free from any inhibitors were prepared and irradiated under different doses of electron beam source to select the best dose. Several concentrations of synthesized anticorrosion materials were then added to coating formulations to estimate them as anticorrosion materials for mild steel panels. Then, all formulations were coated and polymerized at a dose of 10 kGy. The corrosion tests, weight loss and water uptake were studied for all films after immersion in 3.5% sodium chloride. Moreover, the chemical and physico-mechanical properties were determined for all films.

Findings

The results exhibited that the different concentrations of two inhibitors did not show any significant change on the different properties of all films, and the best concentration, which gives the better protection for steel panels, was to be 1.0 g for two inhibitors.

Originality/value

It was found that the protection efficiency of the inhІ is better and higher than that of the inhІІ and also of the commercial inhibitor with the following order: inhІ > commercial inhibitor > inhІІ.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 67 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2002

E.H. El‐Mossalomy and A.A. Ibrahim

Cu(II) complexes with some hydroxy azo compounds derived from thiazole and benzothiazole have been synthesized. The structures of the complexes are inferred from data of…

Abstract

Cu(II) complexes with some hydroxy azo compounds derived from thiazole and benzothiazole have been synthesized. The structures of the complexes are inferred from data of elemental analysis, electronic, IR and H1 NMR spectra. It is found that the Cu(II) coordinated to ligands through the nitrogen atom of azo group and hetero ring. This coordination lead to lower the energy of CT transition of ligands. The effect of molecular structure of the ligands and nature of the metal ion on complex formation are also examined. The free energy and stability constant of complexes formed in solution have been determined spectrophotometrically. Thiazole azo dyes were found to behave as an inhibitor with respect to the corrosion of copper in acidic solutions.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 31 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2006

Konstantinos D. Patlitzianas, Haris Doukas and John Psarras

To contribute to the design of the energy service companies (ESCOs)' environment in the Mediterranean countries, mainly focusing on the constraints this company's

Abstract

Purpose

To contribute to the design of the energy service companies (ESCOs)' environment in the Mediterranean countries, mainly focusing on the constraints this company's environment face and the actions that can fulfil its needs and aims, taking also into consideration the opportunities and threats emerging from the energy liberalization and climate change.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology that was followed (based in a large part on the context of two projects targeted to the Mediterranean region and funded by the European Commission) incorporated four steps, the desk analysis for energy efficiency potential in the Mediterranean, the data collection, the assessment of the constraints and the final assessment of the ESCOs' environment.

Findings

Provides information regarding the current status of ESCOs' development, in the dimensions of the ESCOs' environment (political/legal, economical/financial, social/cultural and technological), both in the European Union (EU) (Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta and Spain) and non‐EU (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey) Mediterranean countries.

Originality/value

There are no papers investigating the activation environment of ESCOs in a coherent and integrated way in the Mediterranean. This paper provides to decision makers a supportive framework for policy design and formulation of policy priorities for ESCOs development in the region.

Details

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, vol. 17 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7835

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Article
Publication date: 12 February 2018

Younes El Kacimi, Mouhsine Galai, Khaoula Alaoui, Rachid Touir and Mohamed Ebn Touhami

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of silicon and phosphorus content in steel suitable for galvanizing on its corrosion and inhibitor adsorption processes in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of silicon and phosphorus content in steel suitable for galvanizing on its corrosion and inhibitor adsorption processes in steels/cetyltrimethylammonium bromide combined and KI (mixture)/5.0 M hydrochloric acid systems has been studied in relation to the temperature using chemical (weight loss), Tafel polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electronic microscope (SEM) analysis and Optical 3D profilometry characterization. All the methods used are in reasonable agreement. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for each steels corrosion and inhibitor adsorption, respectively, were determined and discussed. Results show that the adsorption capacity for Steel Classes A and B are better than Steel Class C surfaces depending on their silicon and phosphorus content. Surface analyses via SEM and Optical 3D profilometry was used to investigate the morphology of the steels before and after immersion in 5.0 M HCl solution containing mixture. Surface analysis revealed improvement of corrosion resistance of Steels Classes A and B in the presence of mixture more than Classes C. It has been determined that the adsorbed protective film on the steels surface heterogeneity markedly depends on steels compositions, that is, the heterogeneity increases with decreasing silicon and phosphorus content.

Design/methodology/approach

The effect of silicon and phosphorus content in Steels Classes A, B and C on its corrosion and inhibitor mixture adsorption processes in 5.0 M HCl solution has been studied by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, EIS and surface analysis.

Findings

The inhibition efficiency of mixture follows the order: (Steel Class A) > (Steel Class B) > Steel Class C) and depends on their compositions in the absence of mixture according on their silicon and phosphorus content, that is, the corrosion rate increases with increasing of the silicon and phosphorus content. A potentiodynamic polarization measurement indicates that the mixture acts as mixed-type inhibitor without changing the mechanism of corrosion process for the three classes of mild steels.

Originality/value

Corrosion rate mild steels in 5.0 M HCl depends on their compositions in the absence of mixture according to their silicon and phosphorus content, that is, the corrosion rate increases with increasing silicon and phosphorus content. The adsorbed protective film on the steels surface heterogeneity markedly depends on steels class’s compositions, that is, the heterogeneity increases with decreasing silicon and phosphorus content.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 65 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 13 February 2017

Tanuj K. Tanwar, Arvind Kumar and Nrip K. Pankaj

The purpose of this paper was to explore the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of locally available herbs, namely, Bacopa monnieri in enhancing the shelf life of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to explore the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of locally available herbs, namely, Bacopa monnieri in enhancing the shelf life of chicken nuggets.

Design/methodology/approach

Meat products are highly vulnerable to spoilage due to their excessive fats and protein content. Therefore, chicken nuggets incorporated with 1, 2 and 3 per cent Bacopa monnieri extracts and control chicken nuggets, were studied to explore the potency of this locally available herb on oxidative stability and storage quality of chicken nuggets on the 0,7th,14th and the 21st day at the refrigerated storage (4 ± 1°C).

Findings

Extracts of Bacopa monnieri were prepared and optimally incorporated in the chicken nuggets. Chicken nuggets prepared with 2 per cent of Bacopa monnieri were adjudged as the best among all based on sensory attributes. Extracts of Bacopa monnieri-incorporated nuggets were safe for consumption until 21 days of refrigerated storage (4 ± 1°C), based upon the power of hydrogen (pH), free fatty acid (FFA), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), microbiological profile and sensory evaluation of the chicken nuggets.

Practical implications

Two per cent of Bacopa monnieri extracts’ incorporation in the chicken nuggets successfully improved the oxidative stability and storage quality of chicken nuggets and, therefore, can be commercially exploited.

Social implications

The Bacopa monnieri herb is commonly available in the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir state in the Indian Republic; hence, it can be used in its extract form in meat products, to make the products function with enhanced shelf life.

Originality/value

The addition of 2 per cent extracts of Bacopa monnieri in the chicken nuggets successfully improved the oxidative stability and its storage quality during the refrigerated (4 ± 1°C) storage. Therefore, it can be commercially exploited to improve the storage quality for longer duration of the meat food without adversely affecting the sensory quality of the products.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 47 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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