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Article

In a debate in the House of Commons on February 2nd, the following Motion was proposed and agreed : – “That this House is of opinion that further steps should be taken by…

Abstract

In a debate in the House of Commons on February 2nd, the following Motion was proposed and agreed : – “That this House is of opinion that further steps should be taken by His Majesty’s Government to encourage cleanliness in the preparation and serving of food in retail shops and catering establishments.”

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 53 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article

This article has been withdrawn as it was published elsewhere and accidentally duplicated. The original article can be seen here: 10.1108/14664100010332748. When citing…

Abstract

This article has been withdrawn as it was published elsewhere and accidentally duplicated. The original article can be seen here: 10.1108/14664100010332748. When citing the article, please cite: P. Stutchfield, S. Nicklin, P. Minchom, T. Powell, A. Kelly, V. Klimach, R. Davies, S. Horrocks, (2000), “Assessment of health status at two years of very low birthweight infants – clinical governance”, British Journal of Clinical Governance, Vol. 5 Iss 1 pp. 14 - 21.

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Clinical Performance and Quality Healthcare, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1063-0279

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Article

Dennis L. Payette

Examines the use and misuse of the term fiduciary responsibility as it applies to trustees and officers of the corporation in universities and colleges. Through research…

Abstract

Examines the use and misuse of the term fiduciary responsibility as it applies to trustees and officers of the corporation in universities and colleges. Through research on published applications of the term, reveals that the term is rarely defined yet frequently used as a justification for action or inaction by trustees and officers. Antagonists of decisions sometimes use the term as a rationalization for suggesting action or decisions that should be made by trustees or officers in higher education. Concludes with a proposed definition of fiduciary responsibility that could be useful for trustees and officers and others interested in the concept of fiduciary responsibility.

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Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-0701

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Article

Mr R. Britten Spence, 49, has been appointed Scottish regional manager for Liquid Plastics Ltd, the Lancashire based manufacturer of elastomeric membrane systems.

Abstract

Mr R. Britten Spence, 49, has been appointed Scottish regional manager for Liquid Plastics Ltd, the Lancashire based manufacturer of elastomeric membrane systems.

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Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 6 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article

Lead Industries Group Ltd announce that the Antimony and Zircon activities of Associated Lead Manufacturers have been transferred to a new subsidiary company, Anzon Ltd…

Abstract

Lead Industries Group Ltd announce that the Antimony and Zircon activities of Associated Lead Manufacturers have been transferred to a new subsidiary company, Anzon Ltd, with effect from 1st January, 1977.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article

P. Stutchfield, S. Nicklin, P. Minchom, T. Powell, A. Kelly, V. Klimach, R. Davies and S. Horrocks

Aims to establish a mechanism to determine prospectively the health status at two years of babies who weighed less than 1.5kg at birth, born and receiving neonatal…

Abstract

Aims to establish a mechanism to determine prospectively the health status at two years of babies who weighed less than 1.5kg at birth, born and receiving neonatal intensive care in North Wales. Maternal and neonatal data on all babies discharged from each of the three units in North Wales meeting this criteria were collated by the study co‐ordinator. A mechanism for review of the health status at two years, corrected for gestational age, was established using the data set recommended by a working group convened by the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit and Oxford Regional Health Authority. The procedures developed and the outcome data, for a two year cohort of babies born in 1995 and 1996, are reported. Concludes that prevalence of severe disability was similar to that found in other studies, with a considerable number exhibiting impaired growth and delay in speech development.

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British Journal of Clinical Governance, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1466-4100

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Article

Martin Loosemore and Benson Teck-Heng Lim

Increasing workforce casualisation, under representation of women and other minority groups, racial discrimination, corruption and poor safety are just some of the…

Abstract

Purpose

Increasing workforce casualisation, under representation of women and other minority groups, racial discrimination, corruption and poor safety are just some of the documented examples of intra-organisational injustice in the industry. Typically these issues are problematised separately using different theoretical frameworks, yet at the most fundamental behavioural level they have a common cause which lies in the “unjust” treatment of one person by another. The purpose of this paper is to integrate the conceptual understanding of these hitherto separated but conceptually linked problems.

Design/methodology/approach

A survey 135 consultants, contractors, subcontractors and suppliers from across the Australian construction supply chain.

Findings

Surprisingly despite widespread academic concerns about injustice in the construction industry, there are not significant concerns within the industry community. Contrary to much research about the poor culture of the construction industry, the results indicate that the relatively low levels of perceived injustice are institutional rather than cultural. The research also highlights the plight of middle management, which appear to consistently suffer the highest levels of injustice across all its theoretical categories.

Research limitations/implications

Sample size and Australian focus.

Practical implications

Informs organisational policies to reduce injustice in the construction industry.

Social implications

By reducing injustice, this research will improve the fairness of business practices in the construction industry.

Originality/value

Application of justice theories to conceptualise unfair construction practices.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 23 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

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Article

The Milk (Special Designations) Order, 1936, which with its associated circular letter No. 1533, both dated April of this year, are the two latest issues by the Ministry…

Abstract

The Milk (Special Designations) Order, 1936, which with its associated circular letter No. 1533, both dated April of this year, are the two latest issues by the Ministry of Health in relation to the purity of the milk supplies of this country. The whole tendency of modern legislation, so far as it relates to the production and the sale of milk, is to bring the trade in milk in all its branches within the compass of legislation based on scientific principles; and these principles in their turn have been derived from extensive experiment and observation in the regions of chemistry, physics, bacteriology, veterinary practice, and medicine, all of which have vastly extended their scope during the present century. The Ministry of Health, as the central authority, acting through the county councils and sanitary authorities in England and Wales, seeks to control in the interest of consumers and producer alike every detail of the production of milk from cow byre to shop counter. The bovines themselves, premises, plant, vessels, methods of transport, nothing is foreign to its purpose. These and similar regulations point to a general tightening up of the conditions under which milk may be sold. The control of a trade that is in some respects the most important in the country. The Ministries of Health and of Agriculture have tried to do not only much but many things, and the measure of control that they exercise at present has only been obtained by overcoming the inertia of ignorance and prejudice, and in many cases the active opposition of vested interests.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 38 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article

Mark Tester

Establishes what is meant by the term “genetic modification” and reviews the many methods used in agriculture to achieve it, including traditional breeding techniques and…

Abstract

Establishes what is meant by the term “genetic modification” and reviews the many methods used in agriculture to achieve it, including traditional breeding techniques and new, artificial recombinant DNA technologies (“new GM”). Argues strongly that it is important that neither side of the debate resorts to over‐simplified generalizations about the “new GM” but that each new development needs to be treated on its own, scientific, merit. Expresses concern that if politically pragmatic strategies are not developed on that basis, the opportunities presented by new GM technologies could be permanently lost.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 103 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article

Saeid Masoumi, Hassan Hajghassem, Alireza Erfanian and Ahmad Molaei Rad

Smart sensors based on graphene field effect transistor (GFET) and biological receptors are regarded as a promising nanomaterial that could be the basis for future…

Abstract

Purpose

Smart sensors based on graphene field effect transistor (GFET) and biological receptors are regarded as a promising nanomaterial that could be the basis for future generation of low-power, faster, selective real-time monitoring of target analytes and smaller electronics. So, the purpose of this paper is to provide details of sensors based on selective nanocoatings by combining trinitrotoluene (TNT) receptors (Trp-His-Trp) bound to conjugated polydiacetylene polymers on a graphene channel in GFET for detecting explosives TNT.

Design/methodology/approach

Following an introduction, this paper describes the way of manufacturing of the GFET sensor by using investigation methods for transferring graphene sheet from Cu foil to target substrates, which is functionalized by the TNT peptide receptors, to offer a system which has the capability of answering the presence of related target molecules (TNT). Finally, brief conclusions are drawn.

Findings

In a word, shortly after graphene discovery, it has been explored with a variety of methods gradually. Because of its exceptional electrical properties (e.g. extremely high carrier mobility and capacity), electrochemical properties such as high electron transfer rate and structural properties, graphene has already showed great potential and success in chemical and biological sensing fields. Therefore, the authors used a biological receptor with a field effect transistor (FET) based on graphene to fabricate sensor for achieving high sensitivity and selectivity that can detect explosive substances such as TNT. The transport property changed compared to that of the FET made by intrinsic graphene, that is, the Dirac point position moved from positive Vg to negative Vg, indicating the transition of graphene from p-type to n-type after annealing in TNT, and the results show the bipolar property change of GFET with the TNT concentration and the possibility to develop a robust, easy-to-use and low-cost TNT detection method for performing a sensitive, reliable and semi-quantitative detection in a wide detection range.

Originality/value

In this timeframe of history, TNT is a common explosive used in both military and industrial settings. Its convenient handling properties and explosive strength make it a common choice in military operations and bioterrorism. TNT and other conventional explosives are the mainstays of terrorist bombs and the anti-personnel mines that kill or injure more than 15,000 people annually in war-torn countries. In large, open-air environments, such as airports, train stations and minefields, concentrations of these explosives can be vanishingly small – a few parts of TNT, for instance, per trillion parts of air. That can make it impossible for conventional bomb and mine detectors to detect the explosives and save lives. So, in this paper, the authors report a potential solution with design and manufacture of a GFET sensor based on a biological receptor for real-time detection of TNT explosives specifically.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 38 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

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