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Book part
Publication date: 2 June 2008

Roy J. Ruffin

This chapter investigates the structure of a simple vertical competition model by exhibiting the competitive links among assemblers, component producers, and integrated…

Abstract

This chapter investigates the structure of a simple vertical competition model by exhibiting the competitive links among assemblers, component producers, and integrated firms in a generalization of Cournot's model of the vertical integration by allowing any degree of competition among cohorts. Vertical integration in the model can take place by vertical mergers, forward or backward integration. Vertical integration is highly profitable and always reduces the price of the final product. The cost-raising strategy of an integrated firm buying out unneeded component producers is profitable and detrimental to consumers only if the firm faces no competition from other integrated firms.

Details

Contemporary and Emerging Issues in Trade Theory and Policy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-541-3

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1989

DALE S. BREMMER and RANDALL G. KESSELRING

The treatment of tax incidence in most principles textbooks is incomplete and misleading. This anomaly results from treating tax incidence as a short‐run phenomenon. This…

Abstract

The treatment of tax incidence in most principles textbooks is incomplete and misleading. This anomaly results from treating tax incidence as a short‐run phenomenon. This paper briefly reviews the theory regarding tax incidence and surveys the leading textbooks in regard to their treatment of this issue. A strong recommendation is made that tax incidence—if covered in a principles text—be treated only in a long‐run context.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 2 June 2008

Abstract

Details

Contemporary and Emerging Issues in Trade Theory and Policy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-541-3

Book part
Publication date: 10 August 2018

Marta B. Calás and Linda Smircich

Since the late 1980s we’ve been inspired by feminist theorizing to interrogate our field of organization studies, looking critically at the questions it asks, at the…

Abstract

Since the late 1980s we’ve been inspired by feminist theorizing to interrogate our field of organization studies, looking critically at the questions it asks, at the underlying premises of the theories allowing for such questions, and by articulating alternative premises as a way of suggesting other theories and thus other questions the field may need to ask. In so doing, our collaborative work has applied insights from feminist theorizing and cultural studies to topics such as leadership, entrepreneurship, globalization, business ethics, issues of work and family, and more recently to sustainability. This text is a retrospective on our attempts at intervening in our field, where we sought to make it more fundamentally responsive to problems in the world we live in and, from this reflective position, considering how and why our field’s conventional theories and practices – despite good intentions – may be unable to do so.

Details

Research in Organizational Change and Development
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-351-3

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1993

Lawrence A. Leger

Both labour groups and the national press frequently justifydemands for protection against industrial adjustment on the grounds thatit leads to the destruction of…

Abstract

Both labour groups and the national press frequently justify demands for protection against industrial adjustment on the grounds that it leads to the destruction of communities and traditional ways of life, with a devastating effect on welfare. To justify this claim in the context of a Ricardian open‐economy model requires quite strong restrictions on worker preferences, but a plausible case can be made. Presents a model based on the attachment of workers to their socio‐cultural environment, and suggests some policy options for redressing trade‐induced inequities.

Details

International Journal of Manpower, vol. 14 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7720

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1959

The limitations of the “passing over” defence contained in Section 113, Food and Drugs Act, 1955, especially in its use by an employer to avoid liability for the act or…

Abstract

The limitations of the “passing over” defence contained in Section 113, Food and Drugs Act, 1955, especially in its use by an employer to avoid liability for the act or default of his employee, have been described in recent issues of the B.F.J., which have also contained a brief historical review of the development of the defence. With the enormous extension in recent years of the sale of factory‐wrapped and packed foods and retailers selling them to the public without prior inspection, unopened in the same state as received from the manufacturers, there have been increasing attempts to use the defence by retailers charged with selling food or drugs not of the nature, etc., under Section 2 of the Act, and especially where this Section has been invoked for the presence of foreign matter in the food. Judgment delivered by the Lord Chief Justice in the case of Chingford Borough Council v. Gwalter and A. & B. C. Chewing Gum Ltd., in the Divisional Court, where the first respondent was the retailer and the second, the manufacturers, the relevant parts of the judgment being reported on page 123 of this issue, emphasises the limitations of the passing‐over defence when used in this way.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 61 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Article
Publication date: 6 July 2012

Sheng Lu

The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the impacts of quota elimination on the world clothing trade.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the impacts of quota elimination on the world clothing trade.

Design/methodology/approach

Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was undertaken based on trade statistics of 51 clothing exporters from 2000 to 2009 provided by the World Trade Organization (WTO).

Findings

First, exporters’ performances in response to quota elimination overall were suggested unequal among countries located in different geographic regions of the world. Second, clothing exporters located in different geographic regions were suggested having unequal results of compound annual growth rate from 2005 to 2009 and market share changes from 2000 to 2009. Third, it was suggested that European countries were achieving faster clothing export growth from 2005 to 2009 and more market share gains from 2000 to 2009 than the rest of the world; and that China was also achieving more market share gains from 2000 to 2009 than other clothing exporters.

Research limitations/implications

Although China once again was suggested as one of the largest beneficiaries of quota elimination, the paper's findings remind us that neither China's gains nor some other countries’ losses should be exaggerated. The findings also call attention to the influence of geographic location as a key factor shaping the pattern of the world clothing trade in the post‐quota era. Also, the findings suggest special care be given to African clothing exporters in the future.

Originality/value

The paper evaluates the real impacts of quota elimination on the world clothing trade by taking a global perspective based on updated data.

Details

Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management: An International Journal, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-2026

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