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Article
Publication date: 1 November 2003

E. Soltani, R.B. van der Meer and J. Gennard

This article focuses on the key research findings and challenges pertaining to evaluation and managing the employee performance in the context of quality management…

Abstract

This article focuses on the key research findings and challenges pertaining to evaluation and managing the employee performance in the context of quality management derived from the literature survey, questionnaire survey, and a semi‐structured interview survey. Topics include the generic criteria of the current HR performance evaluation systems, the main criteria of a quality‐driven HR performance evaluation system, and the extent to which HR performance evaluation systems have been adjusted to integrate TQM requirements. Thus, the goal of the article is to review the published literature and highlight the actual practices and trends in the HR performance evaluation in organisational environments with a quality orientation. It concludes that by highlighting where we have made progress, acknowledge critical gaps, and attempt to stimulate additional research.

Details

Management Research News, vol. 26 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1992

Robert van der Meer, Norman Lawrie and Sun Moon Hwang

There are both “Swedish” and “Japanese”models for the organization of final assembly. Discusses the theoreticaland historical background to these models and the main…

Abstract

There are both “Swedish” and “Japanese” models for the organization of final assembly. Discusses the theoretical and historical background to these models and the main practical differences between them. Provides an empirical study based on action research conducted in the final assembly area of a Scottish electronics company. The aims of the research were to effect change in the company by applying just‐in‐time (JIT) assembly methods, and to observe the process of change and the consequences for production of the cellular approach to assembly and the formation of assembly teams. Two projects were undertaken. In the first, a JIT cell was built for the assembly of a new product; this cell and an existing, conventional flowline operated in parallel for a period. In the second, a work team was formed, consisting of the operators assembling an older product on a machine‐paced line; the members of this team were given a significantly higher level of work autonomy than before. Provides a detailed account of the two projects.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Ebrahim Soltani, Robert van der Meer, Terry M. Williams and Pei‐chun Lai

This paper aims to address the question whether or not quality‐driven organisations have, in practice, tended to adjust their performance appraisal systems to integrate…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to address the question whether or not quality‐driven organisations have, in practice, tended to adjust their performance appraisal systems to integrate total quality management (TQM) requirements.

Design/methodology/approach

To do so, the findings of an initial literature survey suggested the combined use of quantitative and qualitative methods for empirical research. The quantitative element consists of a postal questionnaire survey of 64 UK‐based, quality‐driven organisations on the topic of performance appraisal in the context of TQM. Key informants from ten of these organisations were subsequently interviewed in order to gather detailed information on the reasons behind their initial responses.

Findings

The results indicated that only a minority of the respondents were satisfied with their TQM programmes. But this comparative lack of success did not lead them to eliminate performance appraisal altogether, as advocated by Deming and others because of the role of systems‐level causes of performance variation.

Research limitations/implications

One important question concerns the notion (expounded in much of the quality literature) that a vast proportion of the variance in individual performance is caused by systems‐level features. There is, however, little hard evidence for this view.

Practical implications

By acquiring the relevant knowledge and understanding of contextually‐appropriate performance appraisal and management, practitioners would be able to translate and mediate TQM requirements into performance appraisal criteria to maintain the integrity of organisational change initiatives aimed at long‐term business excellence.

Originality/value

The research provides a starting‐point for both TQM scholars and managers, and it can serve as a road‐map and a challenge to quality‐driven organisations.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 4 May 2010

Marisa K. Smith, Peter D. Ball, Umit S. Bititci and Robert van der Meer

The purpose of this paper is to identify theories from manufacturing which can be applied to alleviate current issues within contact centre organisations. As contact…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify theories from manufacturing which can be applied to alleviate current issues within contact centre organisations. As contact centres currently adopt a mass production approach to customer service, this paper aims to examine the key issues currently facing contact centres and investigate how manufacturing has overcome some of its issues with the mass production approach.

Design/methodology/approach

The research employs a qualitative case study approach using a cross section of different types of contact centre to identify the current issues with contact centres. Interview and direct observation are the chosen methods for data collection and the data are analysed using a series of deductive and emergent codes.

Findings

From empirically investigating the issues that contact centres are currently facing it would imply that they have the same issues as manufacturing historically faced. Therefore, it can be concluded that if manufacturing can develop from an industry founded on scientific management principles, then so can the contact centre industry.

Research limitations/implications

The findings of this paper provide a useful starting point to discuss the ability of theories developed in manufacturing to be adapted into the contact centre context. This paper is a starting point for further work into the applicability of manufacturing theories into the contact centre environment and as such it is deliberately discussed at a high level of abstraction.

Practical implications

Many of the techniques employed in contact centres originate from manufacturing's past but little of the research focuses on how contact centres can learn from manufacturing's future therefore this paper has practical implications in identifying which concepts can be transferred from manufacturing to contact centres.

Originality/value

The value of this paper is that it looks to the future of contact centre operations and discusses which techniques can be transferred from manufacturing to alleviate some of the current issues with contact centres.

Details

Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, vol. 21 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-038X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 February 2009

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 29 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 19 July 2011

Umit S. Bititci, Fran Ackermann, Aylin Ates, John Davies, Patrizia Garengo, Stephen Gibb, Jillian MacBryde, David Mackay, Catherine Maguire, Robert van der Meer, Farhad Shafti, Michael Bourne and Seniye Umit Firat

It is argued that whilst operational and support processes deliver performance presently, it is the managerial processes that sustain performance over time. The purpose of…

Abstract

Purpose

It is argued that whilst operational and support processes deliver performance presently, it is the managerial processes that sustain performance over time. The purpose of this research paper is to better understand what these managerial processes are and how they influence organisational performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The theoretical background is reviewed covering literature on the subject of business process management, resourced‐based view (RBV), dynamic capabilities and managerial processes. A research framework leads to qualitative case study‐based research design. Data are collected from 37 organisations across Europe, classified according to their performance.

Findings

Findings suggest that the five managerial processes and their constituent managerial activities, identified through the empirical research, influence performance of organisations as an interconnected managerial system rather than as individual processes and activities. Also, the execution and maturity of this managerial system is influenced by the perceptions of the managers who organise it.

Research limitations/implications

Within the limitation of the study the discussion leads to eight research propositions that contribute to our understanding of how managerial processes influence organisational performance. These propositions and ensuing discussion provide insights into the content and structure of managerial processes, as well as contributing to the debate on RBV by suggesting that managerial processes and activities could be considered as valuable, rare and inimitable resources. Furthermore, the discussion on how managerial perceptions influence the organisation and execution of the managerial system contributes towards our understanding of how and why dynamic capabilities develop.

Practical implications

The results suggest that in higher performing organisations, managers: demonstrate a wider awareness of the overall managerial system; achieve a balance between short‐term and future‐oriented activities; exploit their managerial activities for multiple purposes; demonstrate greater maturity of managerial activities; and pay greater attention to the organisation of the managerial system.

Originality/value

This paper presents one of the first empirical studies that attempt to understand how business processes, and particularly managerial processes, as an interconnected managerial system serve to sustain performance of organisations.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 31 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2006

Marcos Maciel, Jason Whalley and Robert van der Meer

This paper aims to analyse structural changes within the Brazilian mobile telecommunications market. More particularly, the paper aims to highlight why the market was

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyse structural changes within the Brazilian mobile telecommunications market. More particularly, the paper aims to highlight why the market was fragmented and identify drivers for its subsequent consolidation.

Design/methodology/approach

Comparative case studies are used to understand change in the Brazilian mobile telecommunications market. The evolution of the market is described and key factors driving change identified.

Findings

This paper shows how each of the leading mobile telecommunications groups in Brazil employed a different strategy, both for entering into the fragmented market and for participating in its subsequent consolidation. Attention is also drawn to the role of government in determining market structure, not least in terms of its rationale for initially fragmenting the market in order to encourage foreign investment.

Originality/value

This paper provides a detailed analysis of structural change within the Brazilian mobile telecommunications market. In doing so, it sheds light on the role played by foreign telecommunications companies in the transformation of one of the world's largest, but often overlooked, telecommunications markets.

Details

info, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6697

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1996

Robert van der Meer and Mairi Gudim

Demonstrates how different forms of assembly organization can be classified on the basis of three structural characteristics and analyses the possible relationships…

Abstract

Demonstrates how different forms of assembly organization can be classified on the basis of three structural characteristics and analyses the possible relationships between these characteristics and the various dimensions of competitive advantage. Uses the resulting model of the “assembly organization cube” to show that ‐ apart from four “pure” forms of assembly organization ‐ there is a multitude of potential “hybrid” forms, all of which may be expected to support the competitive advantage of the business in different ways from one another. Applies the model to a case study of group working in a clothing manufacturing plant. Explains how the net effects of the move from progressive assembly in batches towards a form of assembly organization incorporating somewhat longer task cycles, tighter coupling, and a more horizontal form of co‐operation have been significant improvements in each of the dimensions of competitive advantage targeted (throughput times, product flexibility, in‐process quality, and production efficiency) as well as an increase in the level of job satisfaction of assembly operators.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 16 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Abstract

Details

Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, vol. 21 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-038X

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Article
Publication date: 15 January 2018

Evangelia Varoutsa and Robert W. Scapens

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to debates about the relationship between trust and control in the governance of inter-organisational relationships. In…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to contribute to debates about the relationship between trust and control in the governance of inter-organisational relationships. In particular, the authors focus on the question of how the relationship between trust and control shifts over time.

Design/methodology/approach

An in-depth case study was conducted in a company operating in the aerospace industry. The authors aim to understand this company’s practices and, at the same time, to use the case study to deepen the knowledge of the complex trust/control nexus. The authors follow the changes in the relationship between trust and control as the company restructured its supply chain, and discuss issues which it had to address in the later phases of the supply chain restructuring.

Findings

The paper illustrates the duality of the trust/control nexus. The authors show how the studied company coped with the complex relationships with its suppliers as collaboration increased. The authors identify particular control mechanisms that the company developed to manage such complexity, such as a supplier strategy and a relationship profile tool.

Research limitations/implications

The paper studies supply chain restructuring and the changing relationship of trust and control over time only from the perspective of the assembler/manufacturer which “owns”/manages the supply chain.

Originality/value

The authors observe a move from inter-personal trust to inter-organisational trust. Furthermore, the authors illustrate how managers can intervene to maintain and stabilise trust and ensure that trust and control do not degrade or escalate beyond desirable levels.

Details

Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. 31 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3574

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