Search results

1 – 10 of over 1000
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 14 August 2017

Robert Fox

Understanding the user’s viewpoint is crucial so that any website be considered successful. Many organizations pay attention to their internal concerns first at the…

Downloads
143

Abstract

Purpose

Understanding the user’s viewpoint is crucial so that any website be considered successful. Many organizations pay attention to their internal concerns first at the expense of the user. Libraries as service organizations should be committed to understanding the top-level tasks of their stakeholders by engaging in both cognitive and hierarchical task analysis.

Originality/value

One of the primary purposes of a library is to act as a facilitator to information. One way to accomplish that is via the library website. For the website to be effective, it is necessary to understand the top tasks that the user needs to engage in so that they can accomplish their goals.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 14 November 2016

Robert Fox

This column takes a critical look at how technology projects are valued according to various cost factors. Those factors are examined, and a proposal is made regarding the…

Downloads
512

Abstract

Purpose

This column takes a critical look at how technology projects are valued according to various cost factors. Those factors are examined, and a proposal is made regarding the use of agile scrum to overcome the limitations of standard cost analysis. Standard cost analysis based on time and financial burden limit the ability of library leadership to make innovative and visionary decisions concerning library strategy vis-à-vis technology.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a regular column. The material was written based on experience and familiarity with current issues as well as a literature review.

Findings

As this is a regular column that is exploratory and speculative in nature, there are no formal findings. The conclusion is based on the ideas presented in the column narrative.

Originality/value

The average approach to cost analysis, otherwise known as the return on investment, stifles the ability of library leadership to make strategic decisions that are focused on opportunities and relevance. Agile scrum is not simply a method to organize and manage software development projects. It transforms the thinking of an organization and establishes a decision-making model that places concerns at the appropriate level so that libraries can be nimble with regard to technology implementation.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 32 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 6 February 2018

Robert Fox

This paper aims to describe several methods to expose website information to Web crawlers for providing value-added services to patrons.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to describe several methods to expose website information to Web crawlers for providing value-added services to patrons.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a conceptual paper exploring the areas of search engine optimization (SEO) and usability in the context of search engines.

Findings

Not applicable

Originality/value

This paper explains several methods that can be used to appropriately expose website content and library services to the Web crawlers in such a way that services and content can be syndicated via those search engines.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 34 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 9 May 2016

Robert Fox

The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of machine learning. Current trends in the field are explored, along with the potential impact on information science…

Downloads
679

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the concept of machine learning. Current trends in the field are explored, along with the potential impact on information science. Machine learning is both an old and new field. It has been theoretically explored since the 1940s, but advances in technology, statistics and mathematics have recently created conditions, wherein it can be put into practice.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a conceptual column exploring the notion of machine learning and the applications for information science.

Findings

Some of the objections to machine intelligence are common philosophical problems dealing with the nature of thinking, self-awareness, understanding and other human traits that allow us to relate to people, develop intuitions and have situational awareness.

Originality/value

While machine learning is being taken advantage of in the commercial sector, it has not been effectively exploited in the academic sphere. Libraries have traditionally focused on structured analysis and strictly controlled vocabularies to enable information discovery. Machine learning opens up possibilities for unstructured data to be analyzed intelligently. Over 80 per cent of regularly consumed information on the Internet is unstructured, so this field has huge implications for discovery from a library perspective.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 32 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 8 May 2017

Robert Fox

The psychology of user experience is sometimes overlooked in favor of assumptions based on didactic principles that do not apply to the use of the Web. This column aims to…

Abstract

Purpose

The psychology of user experience is sometimes overlooked in favor of assumptions based on didactic principles that do not apply to the use of the Web. This column aims to explore the implications of some psychological principles that bear on user interface (UI) design and the implications those principles may have for the digital library.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a regular column – a literature review was completed and incorporated into the text.

Findings

Common perceptual biases, particularly related to our perception of the material world, heavily influence our interaction with Web UIs. Aligning Web UI design with our hardwired expectations regarding physical space and material objects has the possibility of increasing the effectiveness of those interfaces.

Originality/value

The psychology of user design is an important area of concern, and it should be considered by libraries engaged in the provisioning of online content and services. This has not been extensively explored in the literature, and these principles are rarely adhered to in the library community. The primary example given that seems to have successfully taken this seriously in the commercial sector is Google’s promotion of a recommendation called Material Design.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 8 August 2016

Robert Fox

There are valuable lessons that can be learned from the software industry regarding process improvement. The modern library is now so closely wedded to technology that the…

Downloads
361

Abstract

Purpose

There are valuable lessons that can be learned from the software industry regarding process improvement. The modern library is now so closely wedded to technology that the way in which services are implemented mirrors that of software development.

Design/methodology/approach

Several methodologies are explored and compared to processes that involve the implementation of digital services in libraries.

Findings

Libraries have reconsidered how they might adopt various business practices to improve service delivery.

Originality/value

This column advocates a study of software development methodologies that have been adopted across the industry with the hope that lessons learned in the corporate world and also in manufacturing could be of value to the digital library.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 13 February 2017

Robert Fox

This study aims to explore the use of the conversion rate metric as well as A/B testing which is complimentary to that measurement for the improvement of exposing and…

Downloads
383

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the use of the conversion rate metric as well as A/B testing which is complimentary to that measurement for the improvement of exposing and increasing usage of library digital services.

Design/methodology/approach

This column is a viewpoint piece. A literature search was performed as well as ideas from cited books.

Findings

There are no findings to speak of.

Originality/value

The use of certain marketing techniques such as the conversion rate and the use of user experience testing such as A/B analysis has the potential to increase the ability of libraries to objectively measure the impact of their online services and increase the efficacy of those services.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 13 November 2017

Robert Fox

This paper aims to explore several methods for developing an effective content model for library websites.

Downloads
293

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore several methods for developing an effective content model for library websites.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is conceptual.

Originality/value

Websites can take a couple of approaches to design. One is “top down” that focuses on the User Interface (UI) and graphic design. Another is “bottom up” that focuses on the organization of content. This paper encourages website designers to take a more “bottom up” approach to web design.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 33 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 12 November 2008

Casey A. Holtz and Robert A. Fox

Behavior problems are common in toddlers and preschoolers. Richman, Stevenson, and Graham (1975) identified difficulties with eating, sleeping, toileting, temper, fears…

Abstract

Behavior problems are common in toddlers and preschoolers. Richman, Stevenson, and Graham (1975) identified difficulties with eating, sleeping, toileting, temper, fears, peer relations, and activity as typical in this young population. While all young children should be expected to experience behavior problems as part of their normal development, an ongoing challenge in the field has been to determine when these “normal” developmental problems rise to the level of being considered “clinical” behavior problems (Keenan & Wakschlag, 2000). For example, when does a two-year-old child's tantrum behavior, a three-year-old's urinary accidents, and a four-year-old's defiance become clinically significant? To answer these questions, clinicians must examine the frequency, intensity, and durability of these difficulties, their potential to cause injury to the child or others, the extent to which they interfere with the child development, and the degree to which they disrupt the lives of their siblings, caregivers, peers, teachers, and others.

Details

Autism and Developmental Disabilities: Current Practices and Issues
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-357-6

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 August 1963

Robert Fox

IN 1958 the College of Arts, Science and Technology was founded north of Kingston, Jamaica, on a campus of about 35 acres adjacent to the world‐famous Botanical Gardens at…

Abstract

IN 1958 the College of Arts, Science and Technology was founded north of Kingston, Jamaica, on a campus of about 35 acres adjacent to the world‐famous Botanical Gardens at Hope, and opposite the University of the West Indies. A pleasanter site for a technical college would be hard to find. Overlooked by mountains, the college has a peaceful atmosphere, in sharp contrast to the feverish tempo of Kingston proper.

Details

Education + Training, vol. 5 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0040-0912

1 – 10 of over 1000