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Article
Publication date: 28 October 2003

Crystal L. Owen, Robert F. Scherer, Michael Z. Sincoff and Mark Cordano

The objective of the current study was to determine if stereotypical perceptions of women as managers existed among men and women in two different cultural settings, the…

Abstract

The objective of the current study was to determine if stereotypical perceptions of women as managers existed among men and women in two different cultural settings, the U.S. and Chile. Using the Women as Managers Scale (WAMS), 412 participants from the U.S. and Chile responded to questions about their perceptions of women performing managerial roles and tasks. Gender and culture effects were identified at both the multivariate and univariate levels.1 The results showed that male subjects in both cultures had more stereotypical and negative perceptions of women as managers than did female subjects, and the U.S. participants (both male and female) had more positive and less stereotypical perceptions of women as managers than the Chilean participants. Implications for research and practice in cross‐cultural and international management are discussed.

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American Journal of Business, vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1935-5181

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Article
Publication date: 22 April 2003

Joseph A. Petrick and Robert F. Scherer

The nature, value, and neglect of integrity capacity by managers and the adverse impacts that Enron executive practices have had on a range of stakeholders are delineated…

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5893

Abstract

The nature, value, and neglect of integrity capacity by managers and the adverse impacts that Enron executive practices have had on a range of stakeholders are delineated. An explanation is given on how moral competence in management practice is addressed by each dimension of the management integrity capacity construct (process, judgment, development, and system) and how Enron executive practices eroded each dimension. Specifically addressed is how behavioral and moral complexity can be utilized to balance the competing values of management and ethics theories to reduce the likelihood of future Enron‐like managerial malpractice. Finally, three positive action steps are recommended to improve managerial integrity capacity and remedies are proposed for victimized Enron stakeholders.

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American Journal of Business, vol. 18 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1935-5181

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Article
Publication date: 22 April 2009

Michael Bryant and Robert F. Scherer

A key factor in achieving initial AACSB accreditation is establishing an effective relationship between the mentor and the business school. If individual issues are not…

Abstract

A key factor in achieving initial AACSB accreditation is establishing an effective relationship between the mentor and the business school. If individual issues are not addressed during the development and implementation of the accreditation plan, time to initial accreditation can be increased substantially. We review four steps in the initial accreditation process and identify seven challenges to the mentor‐business school relationship. Strategies for meeting these challenges are developed for both mentors and business schools. General principles from the organizational mentoring literature are applied to the initial accreditation process to maximize and enhance interaction between mentors and business schools.

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American Journal of Business, vol. 24 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1935-5181

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Article
Publication date: 12 February 2018

Lori Radulovich, Rajshekhar (Raj) G. Javalgi and Robert F. Scherer

The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the relationships between the drivers of economic growth in emerging markets to include entrepreneurial orientation…

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1342

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the relationships between the drivers of economic growth in emerging markets to include entrepreneurial orientation (EO), human capital (HC), relational capital (RC), and international performance (IP).

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from 199 small- to medium-sized Indian professional service entrepreneurs that employ less than 500 employees and engage in international business. Given the multidimensional nature of IP, structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the measurement and substantive models.

Findings

SEM and mediation tests confirmed significant relationships among the constructs in the model and indicated that HC can be leveraged for international growth using RC to deliver new professional services across borders. EO, the strongest predictor, along with HC and RC, directly influenced IP. The effect of HC is mediated by an EO and RC.

Research limitations/implications

By design, only successful professional service firms in India were studied, which limited generalizability.

Practical implications

Entrepreneurs can enhance the likelihood of international expansion success by utilizing highly skilled HC and developing strong network relationships. Entrepreneurial managers should leverage their professional service resources through judicious investments in personnel and relationship-building skills to develop RC.

Originality/value

This study examined entrepreneurial professional HC and RC as related to international entrepreneurship emerging market research. Data collection in India contributes to empirical research on internationalization from emerging markets.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 35 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1989

Robert F. Scherer, Janet S. Adams and Frank A. Wiebe

Research on entrepreneurial behaviour has been largely descriptivein nature. Critics of the field have called for an interdisciplinaryapproach to build theory. A social…

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2467

Abstract

Research on entrepreneurial behaviour has been largely descriptive in nature. Critics of the field have called for an interdisciplinary approach to build theory. A social learning theory framework is proposed for explanation and prediction of entrepreneurial development. Research questions are posed and a model developed to guide future enquiry.

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Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0953-4814

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2002

Mark Cordano, Robert F. Scherer and Crystal L. Owen

This paper examines attitudes toward women managers in Chile (n=194) and the USA (n=218) using the women as managers scale (WAMS) and a Spanish version of WAMS developed…

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7078

Abstract

This paper examines attitudes toward women managers in Chile (n=194) and the USA (n=218) using the women as managers scale (WAMS) and a Spanish version of WAMS developed for this study. Across both cultures, two coherent measures were labeled “acceptance” and “ability”. No cultural differences in the acceptance of women as managers were discovered. The differences in acceptance were divided solely according to sex. There were differences in the perceived ability of women managers for both the sex and culture variables. The paper then compares the impact of the sex and culture variables. Results show that sex explained approximately three times more variance than culture. These findings can inform both the expatriate woman manager who is likely to encounter friction in interactions with males in many cultures and the human resource manager interested in improving the success of women managers working overseas.

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Women in Management Review, vol. 17 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0964-9425

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1993

Joseph A. Petrick and Robert F. Scherer

Reports a study conducted to determine whether or notthere were differences between descriptive andnormative social responsibility values for managers whoassume roles in…

Abstract

Reports a study conducted to determine whether or not there were differences between descriptive and normative social responsibility values for managers who assume roles in different functional department clusters. The research findings support a conclusion that differences in CSRV profiles exist among three functional clusters: accounting/finance managers, marketing/distribution managers and general strategy/human resources/operations managers. These differences have implications for career and employment professionals in enhancing managerial recruitment, selection, placement, development and appraisal now and in the future.

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Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-3946

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Article
Publication date: 30 October 2019

William I. MacKenzie Jr, Robert F. Scherer, Timothy J. Wilkinson and Norman A. Solomon

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a systematic review of the research on the quality and value of AACSB International accreditation.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a systematic review of the research on the quality and value of AACSB International accreditation.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were abstracted from published journal articles between 2003 and 2017 in which the words “AACSB” and “quality” or “value” (or both quality and value) were used in the title or the article text.

Findings

In total, 91 studies were identified that have been published on the value and/or quality of AACSB accreditation. These studies focused primarily on students and faculty and were conducted using survey research methods. Results indicate that accreditation does have some effects on stakeholder value and quality.

Research limitations/implications

While there is evidence to support the importance of accreditation to enhance the quality and value of business schools, additional research is needed to empirically support the quality and value propositions.

Practical implications

In order to effectively communicate to stakeholders how AACSB accreditation enhances the business school, the current study’s findings indicate that identification of indicators and factors that affect quality and value would be productive.

Originality/value

This study contributes insight on what is currently known about the quality and value of AACSB accreditation to both internal and external stakeholders from research conducted over an extended period of time.

Details

Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1026-4116

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1995

James Poon Teng Fatt and Teo Hee Ang

The growing importance of entrepreneurship is the result of a global awareness of increasing competitiveness in the business environment. In Singapore, the SME Master Plan…

Abstract

The growing importance of entrepreneurship is the result of a global awareness of increasing competitiveness in the business environment. In Singapore, the SME Master Plan (1989) emphasises entrepreneurship as “a key component of the strategy to develop Singapore into a major node in global business and a total business centre.” Much has been reported in the press about entrepreneurship. The article “So You Think We've Arrived?” (Straits Times, 3 Jan 1993) says it all. In the past, Singapore had the temporary sensation of plenty and peace. Singapore industrialised and attracted multinational corporations (MNCs) to leap‐frog the region. This has enabled Singapore to grow at a phenomenal rate. Now, the region has awakened. Our neighbours have learned and are now more competitive to demand a share of the market. The challenge for tomorrow is a more competitive business environment. Our Senior Minister, Mr Lee Kuan Yew, has emphasised that about 15 to 20 percent of Singapore's better graduates must venture abroad if Singapore is to become a developed country (Straits Times, 23 Apr. 1993). Thus, the emerging need for an entrepreneurial spirit has begun and is more real now than ever.

Details

Management Research News, vol. 18 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

Rajshekhar (Raj) G. Javalgi, Lori P. Radulovich, Glenna Pendleton and Robert F. Scherer

At the core of an international marketing strategy is the internet firm's goal of building and sustaining a competitive advantage. The purpose of this paper is to present…

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14048

Abstract

Purpose

At the core of an international marketing strategy is the internet firm's goal of building and sustaining a competitive advantage. The purpose of this paper is to present an integrative framework to explain the role that customer behavior and customer relationship management (CRM) play in developing a profitable, sustainable competitive advantage for internet companies.

Design/methodology/approach

The integrative framework utilizes existing theoretical concepts from the areas of strategy and internet marketing and develops a framework to provide firms with insights into how they can gain the competitive advantage.

Findings

This paper links global customer behavior to the firms' business value chain and provides guidelines for strategic implications. In this conceptual paper, it is discussed that understanding consumer decision‐making behavior on the web and managing these relationships are critically important to achieve a superior performance.

Research limitations/implications

This is not empirical research. A theoretical model is presented for future testing by researchers using statistical techniques such as structural equation modeling.

Practical implications

The framework provides managerial insights into building and sustaining a competitive advantage using a consumer‐centric approach, coupled with CRM technology on a global scale. Managerial value is derived by providing an understanding of the link between a sustainable competitive advantage, customer‐focused strategies, consumers' needs and wants, the firm's performance, and shareholder value.

Originality/value

It is important for global marketers to understand how consumer decision‐making on the web affects strategic and financial performance. This paper extends the current literature by integrating consumer decision behavior on the web, CRM, and the firms' performance. This framework explains the creation of a sustainable competitive advantage using customer‐focused strategies to develop customer loyalty for superior firm performance.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 22 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

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