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Article
Publication date: 3 June 2014

Mark Fafard and Rob Haley

The Peruvian Canon system was designed to collect a percentage of taxed profits from the country's natural resource industries and redistribute these funds into…

287

Abstract

Purpose

The Peruvian Canon system was designed to collect a percentage of taxed profits from the country's natural resource industries and redistribute these funds into communities that are important to the natural resource extraction process. However, these communities often lack significant basic resources, such as adequate public health facilities and basic medical supplies. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

This analysis focusses on the political and economic factors within Peru's Canon distribution system and proposes public policy strategies that could more effectively ensure natural resource profits reach extraction zone communities.

Findings

Policymakers should consider the implementation of policies that require a transparent Canon collection and distribution system. Policies should be developed that mandate an adequate percentage of Canon funds for investment in Peru's public health system.

Research limitations/implications

A significant portion of the available literature on local conditions within natural resource extraction communities and systematic empirical data available are lacking.

Originality/value

This analysis can lead to the development and implementation of public policy that more effectively targets improvements throughout Peru's natural resource communities.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 34 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 May 2014

Cele C. Otnes, Julie A. Ruth and Elizabeth Marie Crosby

The purpose of this research is to explore the product-agency benefits that emerge as consumers interact with products, and how these benefits shape consumer experiences…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to explore the product-agency benefits that emerge as consumers interact with products, and how these benefits shape consumer experiences and marketing-related outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach

Sixty-one depth interviews were conducted, and 78 written narratives were collected from informants, which explored how products had changed consumers’ lives. The authors applied the tenets of grounded theory in the analysis of their text, creating abstract categories or tropes that reflected consistent patterns in their consumers’ experiences.

Findings

The findings support that the conceptualization of agentic benefits should be broadened. The research identifies five salient product-agency benefits: regulation, clarification, transcendence, discovery and growth.

Research limitations/implications

Prior conceptualizations of agency in marketing focus almost solely on control, yet the authors find that multiple product-agency benefits emerge, supporting the need for a broader understanding of product-related agency. The authors also find these benefits can be anticipated or unanticipated. It is also important to note that the benefits can be paradoxical, in that while they often yield positive outcomes, at times they can produce unintended and even negative consequences.

Practical implications

Incorporating consumers’ (vs researchers’) benefit perceptions into theory building and preference models will enhance understanding of consumer behavior and improve predictive power of preference and choice forecasts. The five salient product-agency benefits provide mechanisms for segmentation and building meaningful relationships with consumers, can propel product development and assist in creating more effective marketing–communication strategies.

Originality/value

The paper offers a broader, more nuanced conceptualization of agency beyond control. It identifies five types of product-agency benefits that reflect a wide spectrum of consumers’ lived experiences.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 48 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 September 2009

Paul Dunn and Barbara Sainty

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the link between qualitative measures of a firm's Board of Directors and its corporate social performance (CSP).

4931

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the link between qualitative measures of a firm's Board of Directors and its corporate social performance (CSP).

Design/methodology/approach

CSP is a function of qualitative measures of a firm's Board of Directors, as well as firm risk and financial performance. A longitudinal sample of 104 Canadian firms is used.

Findings

Board independence is positively related to social performance but shareholder orientation is not. In addition, a positive relationship between social performance with both financial performance and debt is found.

Research limitations/implications

Although the sample is small and restricted to Canadian firms, the results are quite robust. Future studies should consider using qualitative measures on a larger international sample of firms.

Originality/value

This paper uses qualitative measures – the degree of independence of the Board and the Board's level of shareholder orientation – to examine the interrelationship between a firm's Board of Directors and its CSP.

Details

International Journal of Managerial Finance, vol. 5 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1743-9132

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 July 2021

Meike Siegner, Rajat Panwar and Robert Kozak

Community forest enterprises (CFEs) represent a unique business model in the forest sector which has significant potential to foster community development through…

Abstract

Purpose

Community forest enterprises (CFEs) represent a unique business model in the forest sector which has significant potential to foster community development through sustainable utilization of forest resources. However, CFEs are mired in numerous management challenges which restrict their ability to harness this potential. This paper identifies those challenges and, by drawing on the field of social enterprises, offers specific solutions to address them. The paper also enriches the social enterprise literature by highlighting the role of decentralized decision-making and community empowerment in achieving sustainable development.

Design/methodology/approach

Using qualitative meta-synthesis, the paper first identifies key challenges from the CFE literature. It then draws on the social enterprise literature to distill actionable insights for overcoming those challenges.

Findings

The study reveals how the social enterprise literature can guide CFEs managers in making decisions related to human resource management, marketing, fundraising, developing conducive organizational cultures and deploying performance measures.

Originality/value

The paper provides novel and actionable insights into managing and scaling CFEs. It also identifies opportunities for future inter-disciplinary research at the intersection of decentralized management of natural resources and social enterprises that could facilitate progress toward achieving sustainable development.

Article
Publication date: 24 May 2011

Ina Louw and Ortrun Zuber‐Skerritt

The aim of this paper is to identify the principles and characteristics of a learning conference which uses action learning and action research (ALAR) processes to create…

1186

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to identify the principles and characteristics of a learning conference which uses action learning and action research (ALAR) processes to create: optimal learning for all participants through a collaborative, inclusive conference culture; further knowledge creation in publishing conference papers post‐conference through a supportive research culture.

Design/methodology/approach

The 2010 World Congress of the Action Learning and Action Research Association (ALARA) is showcased to exemplify a learning conference, using the PIP (preamble–interview–postscript) framework to demonstrate the utility of this new genre for research and writing conference papers and action research models as frameworks to support publishing articles.

Findings

Discussion offers ways to enhance opportunities for conference learning through creative purposeful activities that promote collaboration, critical thinking and reflection, and models of action research cycles to progress research from conference presentation to journal article.

Originality/value

The paper makes the crucial link between conference procedure and publication of learning from conference to extend knowledge creation. The PIP model used here presents ways for novice researchers to network with experienced researchers through interview, for professional development, career advancement and publication.

Details

The Learning Organization, vol. 18 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-6474

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1998

William Saunders and Joseph D. Haley

Identifies three “pillars” of US retirement benefits policy (savings, redistribution and insurance) and outlines the legislative development of private pensions since the…

Abstract

Identifies three “pillars” of US retirement benefits policy (savings, redistribution and insurance) and outlines the legislative development of private pensions since the 1920s. Supports reform of the social security system and proposes that employee contributions should be held in privately managed, government qualified accounts while employer contributions should continue to be used by the federal government to help low earners. Calculates the final values arising from three different levels of contribution for buying a qualified minimum benefit retirement annuity. Discusses some features of this idea in greater detail, shows how it relates to the three “pillars” and believes it could reduce the burden of social security on employers.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 24 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 July 2005

Brieana D. Roumeliotis and Brian H. Kleiner

The purpose of this article is to identify various methods for responding to sexual harassment, defined in terms of quid pro quo and a hostile work environment, on an…

2161

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to identify various methods for responding to sexual harassment, defined in terms of quid pro quo and a hostile work environment, on an individual basis within an organisation. Four individuals typically involved in sexual harassment cases are discussed: the supervisor or manager, the victim, any witnesses, and the perpetrator. Based on an analysis of the literature, individual efforts should be focused on prevention of sexual harassment by guarding one’s own behaviour and stopping potential problems early. A simple test to prevent sexual harassment used by a prominent company is given.

Details

Equal Opportunities International, vol. 24 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0261-0159

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 28 August 2019

Iris Andriessen

One in every five of the almost 17 million inhabitants in the Netherlands is a first- or second-generation migrant. The largest immigrant groups with a non-Western…

Abstract

One in every five of the almost 17 million inhabitants in the Netherlands is a first- or second-generation migrant. The largest immigrant groups with a non-Western background are Turks Moroccans, Surinamese and Antilleans. Their labour market position is precarious, as is indicated by higher levels of unemployment, larger dependency on temporary (rather than fixed) contracts and lower job levels. Substantial part of the migrants perceives that their weaker position is due to discrimination. Statistical analyses and field experiments show discrimination in hiring and indicate that part of the differential position of migrant workers in the Dutch labour market may be attributed to discrimination as well. At the work floor, migrants experience more discrimination than native Dutch, mostly in the form of hurtful jokes. Research that focuses on more discrimination grounds shows that ethnic background is not the only, nor the most important ground of perceived discrimination. Age and disability are also major grounds of perceived discrimination. Discrimination is a heavily debated topic that polarizes political debate and public opinion. It has shown to have mobilizing powers in politics. The high levels of public attention for the topic not only spurs citizens’ initiatives and governmental policies for combating it but may also facilitate recognition of discriminatory practices resulting in relatively high levels of perceived discrimination within a European context.

Details

Race Discrimination and Management of Ethnic Diversity and Migration at Work
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-594-8

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1998

Barbara A. Haley

Discusses prevention of lead poisoning among US children, claiming that it is entirely preventable yet is the most common environmentally induced disease in children…

Abstract

Discusses prevention of lead poisoning among US children, claiming that it is entirely preventable yet is the most common environmentally induced disease in children. Outlines the extent of the problem then focuses on legislation, what the various acts were meant to achieve, and how they can be enforced. Explains how sociological skills were used in the author’s work for the US Department of Housing and Urban Development. Indicates that sociologists can help in a number of fields not immediately linked to sociology.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 18 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 27 February 2007

349

Abstract

Details

Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, vol. 16 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0965-3562

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