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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Mark Brown, Barbara Minsky, Richard Voss and Eren Ozgen

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relation between countries’ values of individualism/collectivism and organizations’ top management team (TMT) pay…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relation between countries’ values of individualism/collectivism and organizations’ top management team (TMT) pay structures. Individualistic countries are expected to prefer more hierarchical TMT pay structures and collectivist countries are expected to prefer more egalitarian TMT pay structures. The manuscript also investigates the international implications of the relation between TMT pay structures and organizational performance. Specifically, it is proposed that a country’s level of individualism/collectivism will mediate the relation between TMT pay structure hierarchy and organizational performance.

Design/methodology/approach

A pooled sample of data from 56 organizations in 12 countries was used to investigate the research questions. Individualism/collectivism was measured using country specific individualism/collectivism scores and top management pay structures were operationalized using Gini coefficients. Organizational performance was evaluated using return on assets.

Findings

Support was found both for a preference for more hierarchical TMT pay structures in individualistic countries, and that a country’s level of individualism/collectivism mediates the relationship between an organization’s top management’s pay structure and company performance.

Originality/value

Findings demonstrate that organizations use pay structures consistent with their environments. Results suggest cultural dimensions can contribute to understanding cross-national TMT pay structures and that national culture plays a significant role in the relationship between TMT pay structure and company performance.

Details

Evidence-based HRM: a Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2049-3983

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Stories and Lessons from the World's Leading Opera, Orchestra Librarians, and Music Archivists, Volume 2: Europe and Asia
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80262-659-9

Article
Publication date: 22 June 2012

Michele Esteves Martins, Guilherme Silveira Martins, João Mario Csillag and Susana Carla Farias Pereira

The purpose of this paper is to characterize and discuss the collaborative network formed by researchers that published about services in the top journals in Operations…

1502

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to characterize and discuss the collaborative network formed by researchers that published about services in the top journals in Operations, Marketing, and Human Resources Management, and provide further comparison with major Service journals.

Design/methodology/approach

The method used was designed documentary research using papers published in the top three relevant international journals specific to Operations, Marketing, and Human Resources from 1995 to 2010. Papers were selected using a search of the ABI/Inform Global (Proquest) database on the word “service” in the title, abstract, or keywords. Additionally, it included two major Service journals. A total of 1,481 papers and 2,457 authors composed the Social Network Analysis (SNA).

Findings

The co‐authorship network revealed that the social structure is highly fragmented. However, its main component can be classified as “small world”, indicating that authors are connected to others outside their group through a small number of intermediaries. This type of structure is favorable both to knowledge flow and development.

Practical implications

The results may be valuable to the community of researchers interested in the theme of Services, as well as in the fields of Operations, Marketing, and Human Resources to identify researchers and research groups. Thus, it can serve as guidance for publishers, colleges, and companies in the search for scholars in the service subject.

Originality/value

The paper uses SNA to investigate the interaction/collaboration of co‐authors using authorship as the unit of analysis.

Details

Journal of Service Management, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-5818

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1948

Under this heading arc published regularly abstracts of all Reports and Memoranda of the Aeronautical Research Committee, Reports and Technical Notes of the United States…

Abstract

Under this heading arc published regularly abstracts of all Reports and Memoranda of the Aeronautical Research Committee, Reports and Technical Notes of the United States National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and publications of other similar Research Bodies as issued

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Article
Publication date: 1 October 1999

Anton Meyer, Richard Chase, Aleda Roth, Chris Voss, Klaus‐Ulrich Sperl, Larry Menor and Kate Blackmon

This paper provides a cross‐country examination of service management practice and performance of service organizations in the UK, USA and Germany. The findings reported…

3558

Abstract

This paper provides a cross‐country examination of service management practice and performance of service organizations in the UK, USA and Germany. The findings reported are based on a sample of firms from the international service study (ISS) from four service sectors: financial services, professional services, hotels, and utilities. The paper argues that generally there are differences in services management practices and performance and, more specifically, that service quality performance may be explained by the nature and market dynamics of the service sector within the individual countries.

Details

International Journal of Service Industry Management, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-4233

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 1937

THE Hamburger Ha‐139 is an all‐metal, four‐engined, twin‐float seaplane recently built in Hamburg to meet the requirements of the Deutsche Lufthansa for transatlantic mail…

Abstract

THE Hamburger Ha‐139 is an all‐metal, four‐engined, twin‐float seaplane recently built in Hamburg to meet the requirements of the Deutsche Lufthansa for transatlantic mail service. It was designed and built by the Hamburger Flugzeubau G.m.b.H., who are a new aviation department of Blohm and Voss, the well‐known shipbuilders of Hamburg. The company was formed in 1933 with Dr. Richard Vogt as Director and has in the past built several training machines ; the new Ha‐139 being the largest and most important machine built up to the present time. The seaplane has a gross weight of 16 tons and a range of 5,000 kilometres (3,100 miles) at its cruising speed of 250 k.p.h. (155 m.p.h.). The four engines give a total of 2,400 h.p.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 9 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1974

Frances Neel Cheney

Communications regarding this column should be addressed to Mrs. Cheney, Peabody Library School, Nashville, Term. 37203. Mrs. Cheney does not sell the books listed here…

Abstract

Communications regarding this column should be addressed to Mrs. Cheney, Peabody Library School, Nashville, Term. 37203. Mrs. Cheney does not sell the books listed here. They are available through normal trade sources. Mrs. Cheney, being a member of the editorial board of Pierian Press, will not review Pierian Press reference books in this column. Descriptions of Pierian Press reference books will be included elsewhere in this publication.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2003

Richard C. Becherer, Diane Halstead and Paula Haynes

Marketing orientation refers to a culture in which organizations strive to create superior value for their customers (and superior performance for the business) by…

1758

Abstract

Marketing orientation refers to a culture in which organizations strive to create superior value for their customers (and superior performance for the business) by focusing on customer needs and long-term profitability. Some studies have found that firms with a high degree of marketing orientation experience improved performance; others have found mixed or nonsignificant results. The marketing orientation of small businesses has not been thoroughly investigated, however. This study of more than 200 small business CEOs examines the marketing orientation levels of small to medium-sized firms (SMEs) as well as the impact of various internal variables (sales/profit performance, company characteristics, and CEO characteristics) on marketing orientation levels. The results confirm some earlier research on marketing orientation and provide new insights into this important strategic dimension.

Details

New England Journal of Entrepreneurship, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2574-8904

Book part
Publication date: 4 August 2014

Blake D. Mathias

Since March (1991) presented his ideas on organizational learning, hundreds of empirical tests have been conducted on relationships among the activities of exploration…

Abstract

Since March (1991) presented his ideas on organizational learning, hundreds of empirical tests have been conducted on relationships among the activities of exploration, exploitation, ambidexterity, and firm performance. Despite continued interest in his ideas, there has not been a systematic assessment of extant research to reveal whether, and to what extent, these activities relate to firm performance. This study uses meta-analysis to take a next step by aggregating results of 117 studies from more than 21,000 firms. I find strong performance effects for exploration and exploitation, but contrary to received theory, I discover ambidexterity yields weaker effects than a focus on either exploration or exploitation. Thus, I leverage these findings to offer future research opportunities.

Details

Exploration and Exploitation in Early Stage Ventures and SMEs
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-655-2

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2001

Richard C. Becherer, Diane Halstead and Paula Haynes

Marketing orientation can be described as a culture in which organizations strive to create superior value for their customers (and superior performance for the business…

1539

Abstract

Marketing orientation can be described as a culture in which organizations strive to create superior value for their customers (and superior performance for the business) by focusing on customer needs and long‐term profitability. Some studies have found that firms with a high degree of marketing orientation experience improved performance; othershave found mixed or non‐significant results. While all firms are strongly influenced by their external environment, small to medium sized firms (SMEs) may be even more influenced by their own internal culture. The smaller firms are less bureaucratic and more a reflection of their own specific leadership and internal circumstances. The marketing orientation of these firms may in part be determined by such factors as the scope of the business or the managerial style of the president. This study examines the market orientation of SMEs relative to several characteristics of the organization and the managerial style and background of the company president. In addition, marketing orientation is examined relative to company performance in terms of both change in sales and change in profits. The results of this study confirm some earlier research on marketing orientation and provide some new insights and questions on this important strategic dimension.

Details

Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-5201

Keywords

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