Search results

1 – 7 of 7
Article
Publication date: 1 April 1993

Richard Civille

Establishes a vision and a national (USA) strategy for civicnetworking. Encompasses citizen groups, voluntary organizations andlocal government, using an information…

379

Abstract

Establishes a vision and a national (USA) strategy for civic networking. Encompasses citizen groups, voluntary organizations and local government, using an information infrastructure for public benefit. Outlines four “Grand Challenges”, a set of policy goals and a detailed agenda for action.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 3 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2000

R.G. Lentz

Traces the trajectory of the digital divides by focusing on different areas of research that are competing to shape the public policy agenda. Posits that policy should…

Abstract

Traces the trajectory of the digital divides by focusing on different areas of research that are competing to shape the public policy agenda. Posits that policy should focus at least as much on the context and content of technology use as it has this far on the increased distribution of computing resources.

Details

info, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6697

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1994

Shirley Gray Adamovich

Adamovich, a former state librarian and Director of Cultural Affairs in New Hampshire and now a U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science Commissioner…

Abstract

Adamovich, a former state librarian and Director of Cultural Affairs in New Hampshire and now a U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science Commissioner, gives her widely experienced view of youth services and the bottom line.

Details

The Bottom Line, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0888-045X

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1994

R. Kathleen Molz

During the 1994 spring semester, twelve students, enrolled in ColumbiaUniversity′s graduate program in public policy and administration andexplored the new phenomenon of…

229

Abstract

During the 1994 spring semester, twelve students, enrolled in Columbia University′s graduate program in public policy and administration and explored the new phenomenon of civic networking for a workshop in applied public policy analysis. Each workshop is required to be sponsored by a governmental client, which in this case was the US National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. The commission was interested in ascertaining the range of activities sponsored by the networks and in determining their involvement or lack of involvement with local public libraries. Participating in this project were representatives of twenty‐four civic networks, who answered telephone queries covering a range of topics dealing with network services, users, goals, funding, governance, technical design, social benefits, government information provision, evaluation, and definition. This paper summarizes the findings of the students′ investigation.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1994

Steven R. Corman

A growing movement toward public access to the federal government viathe Internet has created increased interest in establishing networkcommunications and information…

747

Abstract

A growing movement toward public access to the federal government via the Internet has created increased interest in establishing network communications and information services, especially among national officeholders. However, little empirical study of the use and users of such services exists to guide their efforts This paper reports results of a two‐part study of the use and users of US Representative Sam Coppersmith′s (D – Arizona 1) Gopher and distribution list services during the first quarter of 1994. The first part analyzes Gopher usage data gathered during the study period. The second part detials with a user survey distributed to fifty‐seven Gopher server guest registrants and eighty listserv subscribers just after the end of the study period. The research shows that (1) use of the Gopher subdirectory dwarfs that of the listserv, (2) services like Coppersmith′s should provide basic information, as well as unique and timely information and issue position statements, (3) assessment of such services is methodologically challenging, and (4) Coppersmith′s services are effective information media that promote observability of distant officeholders, a function that helps promote increased participation in government.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 4 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 March 2011

Alison M. Kane, Ruthann B. Swanson, Brenda G. Lyon and Elizabeth M. Savage

Staling, the progressive non‐microbial deterioration of quality, is influenced by baked product fat, sugar and moisture levels. Although 50 percent sugar replacement with…

788

Abstract

Purpose

Staling, the progressive non‐microbial deterioration of quality, is influenced by baked product fat, sugar and moisture levels. Although 50 percent sugar replacement with an acesulfame‐K‐dextrose blend, and/or 50 percent fat replacement with dried plum puree, produces acceptable oatmeal and chocolate chip cookies within one day of baking, flavor and texture changes with continued storage are unknown. The purpose of this paper is to profile three oatmeal and chocolate chip cookie formulations.

Design/methodology/approach

Three oatmeal and chocolate chip cookie formulations (control, reduced‐in‐fat (50 percent) and reduced‐in‐fat and sugar (50 percent)) were profiled 1, 3, 5 and 7 days post‐bake by a trained sensory panel (n=8) using the Spectrum®‐approach on 0‐15 point linescales; three replicates were obtained. Water activity was determined on six replicates. Data were analyzed with PROC Mixed and PDIFF (p<0.05).

Findings

Water activity increased with modification; increases (aW<0.60) do not support microbial growth. Day 1 flavor and texture reformulation effects mirror those previously reported. Storage effects across all formulations (p<0.05) on oatmeal and chocolate chip cookie sensory attributes are within one linescale unit. Different significant (p<0.05) formulation×storage interactions suggest staling patterns differ with cookie type. Water activity increased during storage for chocolate chip cookies only; practical significance is questionable. Panelists' comments suggesting oxidative effects for both controls by day 5 are consistent with water activity.

Originality/value

Consumption of products with improved nutritional profiles can assist consumers in bringing their diets in‐line with dietary recommendations. Maximizing benefits requires continued selection of modified rather than non‐modified products. Technical issues (sensory characteristics, nutritional profile and storage convenience) do not appear to limit consumer selection of these reformulated cookies.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 41 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 April 2012

Faqir Muhammad Anjum, Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Issa Khan and Shahzad Hussain

The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of multiple functions of sunflower seeds including their nutritional and nutraceutical benefits.

1587

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of multiple functions of sunflower seeds including their nutritional and nutraceutical benefits.

Design/methodology/approach

The literature review is of the chemical composition of sunflower seeds, their health benefits and their utilization in different products.

Findings

“We are what we eat.” All living creatures need to take in nutrients to live. Nutrients provide energy for processes in the body and can promote growth, maintenance and repair. The classes of nutrients are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Sunflower seeds are a good source of all these nutrients. Plant foods such as fruits, vegetables, oil crops and whole grains contain many components that are beneficial to human health. Research supports that some of these foods, as part of an overall healthful diet, have the potential to delay the onset of many age‐related diseases.

Research limitations/implications

Currently available information on sunflower seeds is insufficient. These observations have led to continuing research aimed at identifying specific bioactive components in foods, such as antioxidants, which may be responsible for improving and maintaining health. Antioxidants are present in foods as vitamins, minerals, carotenoids, and polyphenols.

Originality/value

This review is unique in its comprehensive nature. This article will reflect the role of sunflower seeds as nutritional and nutraceutical package.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 114 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

Keywords

1 – 7 of 7