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The purpose of this study is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for laminar flow of water through a ribbed-wavy channel with the top…
The purpose of this study is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for laminar flow of water through a ribbed-wavy channel with the top wall as wavy and bottom wall as flat with ribs of three different geometries, namely, triangular, rectangular and semi-circular.
The finite element method-based numerical solver has been adopted to solve the governing transport equations.
A critical value of Reynolds number (Recri) is found beyond which, the average Nusselt number for the wavy or ribbed-wavy channel is more than that for a parallel plate channel and the value of Recri decreases with the increase in a number of ribs and for any given number of ribs, it is minimum for rectangular ribs. The performance factor (PF) sharply decreases with Reynolds number (Re) up to Re = 50 for all types of ribbed-wavy channels. For Re > 50, the change in PF with Re is gradual and decreases for all the ribbed cases and for the sinusoidal channel, it increases beyond Re = 100. The magnitude of PF strongly depends on the shape and number of ribs and Re. The relative magnitude of total entropy generation for different ribbed channels varies with Re and the number of ribs.
The findings of the present study are useful to design the economic heat exchanging devices.
The effects of shape and the number of ribs on the heat transfer performance and entropy generation have been investigated for the first time for the laminar flow regime. Also, the effects of shape and number of ribs on the flow and temperature fields and entropy generation have been investigated in detail.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for the magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) pressure-driven flow of Al2O3…
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for the magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) pressure-driven flow of Al2O3-water nanofluid through an asymmetric wavy channel.
Galerkin finite element method is used to solve the governing transport equations numerically within the computational domain using the appropriate boundary conditions. The temperature and flow fields are computed by varying Reynolds number (Re), Hartmann number (Ha) and nano-particle volume fraction (ϕ) in the following range: 10 ≤ Re ≤ 500, 0 ≤ Ha ≤ 75 and 0 ≤ ϕ ≤ 5%.
The formation of the recirculation zones in the wavy passages, the size of it and the strength of the vortices formed can be modulated by the application of the magnetic field. The overall heat transfer rate increases with Ha for all ϕ both for a lower and higher regime of Re although the enhancement is more for lower values of Re and nanofluids as compared to base fluid and for intermediate values of Re, the effect of a magnetic field is almost insignificant. The magnetic performance factor (PFmagnetic) decreases with Ha although the rate of decrement varies with Re. The increase ϕ also enhances PFmagnetic especially at lower and higher values of Re. The addition of nano-particle enhances the entropy generation at lower values of the Re, while the opposite effect is seen for higher values of Re.
The present study has enormous practical relevance for the design of heat exchanger applied for solar collectors, process plants, textile and aerospace applications.
The combined effects on the heat transfer rate and the associated pressure drop penalty due to the applied magnetic field for the flow of nanofluid through an asymmetric wavy channel have not been reported to date. The effect of the magnetic field on the formation of recirculation zones and hot spot intensity in the asymmetric wavy channel has been examined in detail. The PFmagnetic is investigated first time for the MHD nanofluid flow through a wavy channel.