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Article
Publication date: 13 March 2009

Renee Warning and F. Robert Buchanan

The purpose of this paper is to inquire whether gender plays a role in the supervisory preference of female workers, and to establish a starting‐point in the…

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1800

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to inquire whether gender plays a role in the supervisory preference of female workers, and to establish a starting‐point in the identification of any bias that is discovered.

Design/methodology/approach

A field experiment of 226 adults of both genders was used to test the hypotheses. It combined a video vignette with a survey that employed a dispositional index followed by attitudinal measures.

Findings

Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and regression analyses were used to highlight the biases that were discovered. Females believed that other women are good managers, but the female workers did not actually want to work for them. The results may have some basis in females' perceptions of female managers as being high in dominance. The female manager was also seen as being emotional. More specifically, the female manager was seen as being more nervous and more aggressive than a male manager. It was also discovered that female preference for male supervisors increased with greater numbers of years in the workforce.

Research limitations/implications

This is an exploratory study. Workers surveyed were enrolled in a large metropolitan US university. Subsequent studies need to include a broader sample, particularly including workers from earlier generations. Extensive additional research is essential.

Originality/value

The findings lend credence to strong but seldom discussed anecdotal undercurrents of women's unwillingness to work for other women. Although female managers have been studied to a limited degree, there has been no empirical research on the female subordinate relationship. The study makes an entry into this important question of whether women have a prejudice against working for other women. The practitioner/policymaker implications are substantial.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 24 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1995

Jenny McCune

In the next 10 years, service industries will dominate the list of fast‐growing, small‐business fields. Take a look at what factors are behind the trends, as well as who's…

Abstract

In the next 10 years, service industries will dominate the list of fast‐growing, small‐business fields. Take a look at what factors are behind the trends, as well as who's taking advantage of them—and how.

Details

Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0275-6668

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Book part
Publication date: 18 January 2021

Altheria Caldera and Renee Simms

This narrative will combine stories with poetry to convey our lived experiences as Black women who took different roads to academia, and serve in differently situated…

Abstract

This narrative will combine stories with poetry to convey our lived experiences as Black women who took different roads to academia, and serve in differently situated institutions, but who now face similar experiences. We write this narrative, not as generic advice to new academics. Rather, it is a transparent, honest missive from sisters to sisters. It is written from the perspectives of Black women and with Black women in mind. This may be particularly instructive to emerging scholars whose work centers the intersections of race, gender, and class. It provides a glimpse into our work as scholars, teachers, activists, and writers.

We base this work on central tenets of Black feminist thought. The core objectives of Black feminist thought are to clarify Black women's experiences and ideas through self-definition, to refute stereotypical depictions, to validate Black women's situated knowledge, and to resist marginalization that occurs as a result of our intersectional identities (Hill Collins, 2000). Our work as academics is informed by our identities as Black women, and these identities continue to be shaped by our work as academics. Last, our narrative examines how both mentorship from Black and non-Black academics, and sisterhood among Black women scholars, sustain and inspire the work to which we are committed.

Details

The Beauty and the Burden of Being a Black Professor
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-267-6

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2015

Kirsten Thompson, Renee Van Eyden and Rangan Gupta

The purpose of this study is to construct a financial conditions index (FCI) for the South African economy to enable the gauging of financial conditions and to better…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to construct a financial conditions index (FCI) for the South African economy to enable the gauging of financial conditions and to better understand the macro-financial linkages in the country. The global financial crisis that began in 2007-2008 demonstrated how severe the impact of financial markets’ stress on real economic activity can be. In the wake of the financial crisis, policy-makers and decision-makers across the world identified the critical need for a better understanding of financial conditions, and more importantly, their impact on the real economy.

Design/methodology/approach

The FCI is constructed using monthly data over the period 1966 to 2011, and is based on a set of 16 financial variables, which include variables that define the state of international financial markets, asset prices, interest rate spreads, stock market yields and volatility, bond market volatility and monetary aggregates. The authors explore different methodologies for constructing the FCI, including full sample and rolling-window principal components analysis. Furthermore, the authors investigate whether it is beneficial to purge the FCI of the real effects of inflation, economic growth and interest rates, and evaluate the performance of our constructed FCIs by comparing their ability to pick up turning points in the South African business cycle, and by running in-sample causality (forecast) tests.

Findings

The authors find that the estimated FCIs are good predictors of economic activity; with the rolling-window FCI being the “best” performing index. Causality tests indicate that this FCI is a good in-sample predictor of industrial production growth and the Treasury Bill rate, but a weak predictor of inflation.

Practical implications

The authors find that the resulting FCI can act as an “early warning system”. This, in turn, may serve to indicate that monetary policy should take broader financial conditions into account.

Originality/value

This study offers three main contributions to the existing literature on financial conditions in South Africa: the authors construct an FCI over a sample period that is three decades longer than existing indices, the FCI of this paper comprises a wider coverage of financial variables than others and the authors make use of rolling-window estimation techniques that allow them to account for parameter instability and to capture the real-time constraints faced by a policymaker.

Details

Studies in Economics and Finance, vol. 32 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1086-7376

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 1 June 2011

Renee Prendergast

The relationship between the economy and wider social structures and the extent to which these could be studied independently were important issues for both Marshall and…

Abstract

The relationship between the economy and wider social structures and the extent to which these could be studied independently were important issues for both Marshall and Schumpeter. Marshall had clear views on the issue. As noted in the chapters by Arena, Hodgson, and Nishizawa, for Marshall, economics was concerned with the study of mankind in the ordinary business of life. Marshall warned against the separation of the study of economics from other social phenomena although he remained skeptical about the extent to which a comprehensive social science was possible.

Details

Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78052-006-3

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Article
Publication date: 13 November 2017

Renée J. Mitchell and Stuart Lewis

The purpose of this paper is to argue that police research has reached a level of acceptance such that executive management has an ethical obligation to their communities…

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1545

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to argue that police research has reached a level of acceptance such that executive management has an ethical obligation to their communities to use evidence-based practices.

Design/methodology/approach

Using an Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) framework the authors apply an ethical-based decision-making model to policing decisions. EBM does not allow physicians to ignore research when giving guidance to patients. The authors compare the two professional approaches to decision making and argue policing has reached a level of research that if ignored, just like medicine, should be considered unethical. Police interventions can potentially be harmful. Rather than do no harm, the authors argue that police managers should implement practices that are the least harmful based on the current research.

Findings

The authors found policing has a substantial amount of research showing what works, what does not, and what looks promising to allow police executives to make decisions based on evidence rather than tradition, culture, or best practice. There is a deep enough fund of knowledge to enable law enforcement leadership to evaluate policies on how well the policies and procedures they enforce prevent crime with a minimum of harm to the communities they are sworn to protect and serve.

Originality/value

Policing has yet to view community interventions as potentially harmful. Realigning police ethics from a lying, cheating, stealing, lens to a “doing the least harm” lens can alter the practitioner’s view of why evidence-based policing is important. Viewing executive decision from an evidence-based ethical platform is the future of evaluating police executive decisions.

Details

International Journal of Emergency Services, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2047-0894

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2006

Julie Renee Moore

Article provides an overview (as of September 2006) of the genesis, history, and processes involved in creating the new cataloging rules, a work‐in‐progress, under the…

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3815

Abstract

Purpose

Article provides an overview (as of September 2006) of the genesis, history, and processes involved in creating the new cataloging rules, a work‐in‐progress, under the working title, RDA: Resource Description and Access. Also discusses structure and content, as well as possible uses outside of the library community.

Design/methodology/approach

Describes the history of the new rules and how they are currently organized, as well as where to go to keep informed of the new rules.

Findings

RDA will likely be adopted by libraries; because of its flexibility, there is a possibility that other non‐library and non‐MARC information communities will also be able to make use of this tool.

Originality/value

Article is of great benefit to librarians who want an overview of RDA in a nutshell. Provokes thought on flexibility of the new rules, using them for other communications standards than MARC and for other metadata schemas.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 23 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 27 March 2006

Kona Renee Taylor, Eun Won Whang and Sharon Y. Tettegah

Although “acceptable use” policy (AUP) constitutes a fairly straightforward perspective in many school districts – students’ ethical, legal, and personally responsible…

Abstract

Although “acceptable use” policy (AUP) constitutes a fairly straightforward perspective in many school districts – students’ ethical, legal, and personally responsible educational usage of electronic technologies – there is a more ambiguous area of which administrators need to be aware. For example, what constitutes an AUP and who is responsible for creating them and upholding their guidelines? Other issues that need to be thought about are what makes up “appropriate” (instructionally acceptable) standards of educational quality in terms of the content of web sites?

Details

Technology and Education: Issues in Administration, Policy, and Applications in K12 Schools
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-280-1

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1985

Recently at the Westland Helicopters facility at Yeovil Somerset, Rear Admiral Michael F. Simpson RN, Director General Aircraft (Naval), inspected the first production…

Abstract

Recently at the Westland Helicopters facility at Yeovil Somerset, Rear Admiral Michael F. Simpson RN, Director General Aircraft (Naval), inspected the first production version of the Sea King Mk2 Airborne Early Warning (AEW) helicopter, equipped with the successful THORN EMI Searchwater AEW radar.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 57 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 6 July 2010

Robert J. Allio

As the tide of recession recedes, CEOs should consider potential changes in the business environment, make a list of emerging threats and review how firms in other

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1218

Abstract

Purpose

As the tide of recession recedes, CEOs should consider potential changes in the business environment, make a list of emerging threats and review how firms in other industries have successfully employed new innovation concepts in response. this paper aims to address this issue.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper points to three worrisome trends that CEOs need to watch, and offers some suggestions for finding opportunistic ways to address them.

Findings

In the midst of the doom and gloom of a severe recession, when optimists grab the spotlight by pointing to signs of recovery, the author warns that there is too little attention paid to the pessimists' warnings of persistent low growth or a period of stagnation.

Practical implications

The opportunity initiative for CEOs: establish a formal process that demands continuous innovation in every stage of the value chain.

Originality/value

The paper identifies clear imperatives for the CEO today: learn to manage transparency amid the chaos of the internet; re‐examine assumptions about customer beliefs, values, attitudes, and needs; sweep away the vestiges of your firm's “not invented here” culture; take advantage of willing collaborators among the firm's external virtual community; concentrate on innovation across the entire value chain; and be the disruptor not the disrupted.

Details

Strategy & Leadership, vol. 38 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1087-8572

Keywords

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