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Article

Mikhail Geraskin

This paper aims to consider the problem of determining the equilibriums on oligopoly market in case of Stackelberg leader (leaders) and reflexive behavior of market agents.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to consider the problem of determining the equilibriums on oligopoly market in case of Stackelberg leader (leaders) and reflexive behavior of market agents.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper includes economic and mathematical modeling, optimization methods and game theory.

Findings

This paper explains models of reflexive games on oligopoly market, taking into account the diversity of agents’ reasoning about strategies of environing and equilibrium mechanisms for coincidence or opposition of agents’ reflexive reasoning on the same rank of reflection.

Research limitations/implications

This paper considers the oligopoly market with linear function of demand and costs of agents, the rational behavior of agents and the reflexive reasoning on the same rank of reflection. The set of agents’ reasoning about the environing strategies is considered as a set of market states for which the problem of agent’s optimal action choosing solves with the complete awareness.

Practical implications

Identification of reflexive behavior of environing allows agents to increase their market shares and profit.

Social implications

Oligopoly markets play a leading role in the world oil trade and reflexive behavior affects the market equilibrium.

Originality/value

In the paper, the mechanisms of equilibrium in reflexive games on the linear duopoly market for arbitrary rank reflection are developed.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 46 no. 06
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article

Kurnianingsih Kurnianingsih, Lukito Edi Nugroho, Widyawan Widyawan, Lutfan Lazuardi, Anton Satria Prabuwono and Teddy Mantoro

The decline of the motoric and cognitive functions of the elderly and the high risk of changes in their vital signs lead to some disabilities that inconvenience them. This…

Abstract

Purpose

The decline of the motoric and cognitive functions of the elderly and the high risk of changes in their vital signs lead to some disabilities that inconvenience them. This paper aims to assist the elderly in their daily lives through personalized and seamless technologies.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors developed a personalized adaptive system for elderly care in a smart home using a fuzzy inference system (FIS), which consists of a predictive positioning system, reflexive alert system and adaptive conditioning system. Reflexive sensing is obtained from a body sensor and environmental sensor networks. Three methods comprising the FIS generation algorithm – fuzzy subtractive clustering (FSC), grid partitioning and fuzzy c-means clustering (FCM) – were compared to obtain the best prediction accuracy.

Findings

The results of the experiment showed that FSC produced the best F1-score (96 per cent positioning accuracy, 94 per cent reflexive alert accuracy, 96 per cent air conditioning accuracy and 95 per cent lighting conditioning accuracy), whereas others failed to predict some classes and had lower validation accuracy results. Therefore, it is concluded that FSC is the best FIS generation method for our proposed system.

Social implications

Personalized and seamless technologies for elderly implies life-share awareness, stakeholder awareness and community awareness.

Originality/value

This paper presents a model of personalized adaptive system based on their preferences and medical reference, which consists of a predictive positioning system, reflexive alert system and adaptive conditioning system.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. 14 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

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Article

Chris Mason and John Simmons

The purpose of this paper is to offer a theoretical framework of whistleblowing that gives due recognition to the emotional and reflexive processes that underpin it. Modes…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to offer a theoretical framework of whistleblowing that gives due recognition to the emotional and reflexive processes that underpin it. Modes of anger are integrated into the model based on a reading of Geddes and Callister (2007), and developed by Lindebaum and Geddes (2016) work on moral anger.

Design/methodology/approach

The model is derived by interrogation of the extant literature on whistleblowing with due recognition accorded to emotional and reflexive dimensions that have been underrepresented in previous research. The model was tested by a qualitative study that uses memoir analysis to interrogate a board level whistle-blower’s account of the complex, traumatic and like-changing nature of his experience.

Findings

The paper identifies key stages in whistle-blower thinking before, during and subsequent to a decision to expose corporate wrongdoing. It demonstrates how emotional and reflexive processes influence a whistle-blower’s mode of anger expression, and how different perspectives by the whistle-blower and the focal organisation may view this expression as moral or deviant anger.

Research limitations/implications

The complexity of the whistleblowing process, together with possible alternative perspectives of it, makes identifying every influencing variable extremely challenging. Also, reliance on a whistle-blower’s own account of his experience means that recall may be partial or self-serving. The model can be used to analyse other whistle-blower accounts of their experience, and further confirm its applicability.

Originality/value

This is the first application of memoir analysis to a whistle-blower’s account of his experience that relates modes of anger expression to stages in the whistleblowing episode. It addresses a significant imbalance in whistleblowing research that hitherto has emphasised rationality in whistle-blower decision making and downplayed the influence of reflexivity and emotion.

Details

Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management: An International Journal, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5648

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Book part

Barbara Gray

This chapter asks: ‘How often do we as social scientists question the validity of our theories and our findings? How often do we reflexively examine the distortions in the…

Abstract

This chapter asks: ‘How often do we as social scientists question the validity of our theories and our findings? How often do we reflexively examine the distortions in the lenses we use to analyse organizations? ‘It proceeds to answer these questions by defining reflexivity and presenting six perspectives on reflexive analysis that build on and extend previous analytical treatments of reflexivity, especially that by Alvesson, Hardy, and Harley (2008). Illustrations of the six are drawn from my own experiences as well as those of other scholars. The intention is to stimulate greater interest in reflexivity and provoke other scholars to look more reflexively at their own work.

Details

The Production of Managerial Knowledge and Organizational Theory: New Approaches to Writing, Producing and Consuming Theory
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-183-4

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Article

Ruth Barratt and Nada Korac‐Kakabadse

In recent decades, there have been far too many examples of the world’s business being not sufficiently attentive to governance, with little foresight as to emerging…

Abstract

In recent decades, there have been far too many examples of the world’s business being not sufficiently attentive to governance, with little foresight as to emerging consequences, such as major oil spills, chemical leaks and Enron. Many leaders do not seem to address issues beyond short‐term profitability. The emerging worldwide view is that corporations need to adopt governance models that are more holistic in their approach, pluralistic in representing varying interests, egalitarian in the treatment of stakeholders and essentially more collaborative in their mode of operation. Corporate leaders must emerge more cognitively, emotively and behaviourally reflexive. Such reflexivity comes through the application of practical wisdom to facilitate corporate change. Fully realising value from the board of directors as the guide of the organisation, and specifically from non executive directors (NEDs) is crucial to enduring sustainable change. NEDs’ abilities to span the boundary between the needs and wants of a variety of legitimate stakeholders and the survival requirements of the firm poses a unique management development challenge. NEDs who effectively provide holistic and reflexive insight into the challenges of corporate systems are likely to enhance organisational, societal and environmental wellbeing. Through reflexivity, well skilled and capable NEDs can stimulate the desire to change in the leadership of the organisation and may, as such, prevent future crisis. Towards this end, this presentation will examine how NEDs can leverage their role to promote corporate social performance.

Details

Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-0701

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Book part

Marc Garcelon

The diversity of social forms both regionally and historically calls for a paradigmatic reassessment of concepts used to map human societies comparatively. By…

Abstract

Purpose

The diversity of social forms both regionally and historically calls for a paradigmatic reassessment of concepts used to map human societies comparatively. By differentiating “social analytics” from “explanatory narratives,” we can distinguish concept and generic model development from causal analyses of actual empirical phenomena. In so doing, we show how five heuristic models of “modes of social practices” enable such paradigmatic formation in sociology. This reinforces Max Weber’s emphasis on the irreducible historicity of explanations in the social sciences.

Methodology

Explanatory narrative.

Findings

A paradigmatic consolidation of generalizing concepts, modes of social practices, ideal-type concepts, and generic models presents a range of “theoretical tools” capable of facilitating empirical analysis as flexibly as possible, rather than cramping their range with overly narrow conceptual strictures.

Research implications

To render social theory as flexible for practical field research as possible.

Originality/value

Develops a way of synthesizing diverse theoretical and methodological approaches in a highly pragmatic fashion.

Details

Social Theories of History and Histories of Social Theory
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78350-219-6

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Article

Tyrone Perreira and Whitney Berta

The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of a coherent conceptual framework that could guide research that enhances our understanding of the factors that…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of a coherent conceptual framework that could guide research that enhances our understanding of the factors that influence extra-role workplace behaviors and work performance in health care. In health-care settings, work performance is dependent upon worker’s extra-role behaviors.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors draw upon theory and current research in the field of organizational behavior and work motivation to explain the relationships between extra-role behaviors (ERBs), commitment, perceived organizational support (POS) and justice. These behaviors are related to a number of factors, including one’s affective commitment, POS and organizational justice. The influence of most of these concepts on work outcomes has been established in disparate studies, but their precedence in terms of influencing extra-role behaviors is not well understood.

Findings

An augmented framework is produced, incorporating concepts of relevance to work motivation and work attitudes. Propositions, predicated on research evidence, are offered.

Research limitations/implications

Spontaneous, emotional and/or reflexive behaviors are not accounted for in the conceptual framework.

Practical implications

By adjusting interaction with employees, managers can bring about positive effects, facilitating constructive ERBs, which can improve work performance and productivity, patient safety, care quality and enable cost savings.

Originality/value

This paper offers a novel comprehensive framework based upon a comprehensive literature review.

Details

Strategic HR Review, vol. 14 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1475-4398

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Article

Bruce T. Lamont, James J. Hoffman and Monique Forte

This paper expands the theory of competitive decision making in declining industries. Kelley and Thibaut's theory of interdependence is used to analyze and explain the use…

Abstract

This paper expands the theory of competitive decision making in declining industries. Kelley and Thibaut's theory of interdependence is used to analyze and explain the use of competitive and cooperative strategies among competitors. The analysis suggests that although the use of competitive strategies is more likely, cooperative strategies should produce higher performance. Several barriers to, and facilitators of, the use of cooperative strategies in declining industries are identified, and their prescriptive implications are discussed.

Details

The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1055-3185

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Article

Ibticem Ben Zammel and Tharwa Najar

In the present paper the research respects a specific steps regarding to the specificities of the study. The first step is compiling data into formal set which calls for…

Abstract

Purpose

In the present paper the research respects a specific steps regarding to the specificities of the study. The first step is compiling data into formal set which calls for the careful and methodic organizing of the original data. The second phase is disassembling the data in the base which calls the formal coding procedure. This phase supposes the use of a type of coding (axial coding). The authors combined three sources of information; nonparticipating observation of employee practices, techniques of semi-structural Biographical Interviews and explanations to collect data.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper aims to report one-case study approach in a knowledge-based multinational to propose a framework that explores the role of reflexivity as determinant and the KM practices base of organizational changes and interpretations. The practice theory of Bourdieu and Giddens is mobilized to explain the individual behavior and the effect on the organizational structures. The paper assigns the role of team reflexivity as antecedent and emphasizes the individual and organizational practices to KM assessment.

Findings

The results showed the value of considering individual practices and team reflexivity on the learning stock of groups and knowledge sharing. Also, organizational learning, capability and social interactions are promising to build a practice-based framework of individual-organization duality of KM and for understanding changes in organizational structure and management modes.

Research limitations/implications

The results showed the value of considering individual practices and team reflexivity on the learning stock of groups and knowledge sharing. Also, organizational learning, capability and social interactions are promising to build a practice-based framework of individual-organization duality of KM and for understanding changes in organizational structure and management modes.

Practical implications

The organization's business strategy should identify and assess knowledge within the company's targets based on practice related concepts. The development of KM and HRM strategies must be embedded in business strategy which enables and support the organizational learning through practice community formation. Also, the direction should facilitate interpersonal knowledge sharing through certain forms of social interaction like establishing trust between new team's projects, team reflexivity and individual practices. Moreover, in the managerial issues, the study values the transformational leadership, participative management and commitment within the working group.

Originality/value

As any organizational phenomenon, KM can be addressed in different ways. The authors’ objective is to present an original and global approach leading to understanding different dimensions of this phenomenon. The proposed framework stipulates that knowledge is formed in practice through social interactions (Bourdieu, Giddens) and presents itself as a solution to the duality individual-organization. The originality of the paper is presumed in building a theory about KM effectiveness to develop its literature in terms of determinants and practices.

Details

Management Decision, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article

Marjan Raoufinia, Vahid Baradaran and Reza Shahrjerdi

The purpose of this study is to analyze comparatively the properties of open-loop and closed-loop equilibria in a dynamic oligopoly model with price dynamics and reflexive

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to analyze comparatively the properties of open-loop and closed-loop equilibria in a dynamic oligopoly model with price dynamics and reflexive behavior of market agents.

Design/methodology/approach

To consider dynamic competitive markets, the authors focus on a differential game theory in oligopolistic structures, using analytical models to illustrate how advertising effort, good differentiation and price stickiness interact simultaneously in the open-loop and the closed-loop Nash equilibria. The comparative assessment of these equilibria obtains some significant results.

Findings

An optimization model that enriches the continuous time is presented. Under the open-loop and the closed-loop, Nash equilibrium showed an increase in the total output, advertising in price stickiness and promotional efficiency, while there was a decrease in product differentiation and advertising promotional efficiency. However, the open-loop equilibrium levels are larger than the closed-loop equilibrium. Under the closed-loop information, the long-run equilibrium was faster than the opened-loop in a dynamic oligopoly. The graphical illustration was used to present the behavior of the model parameters.

Practical implications

This study helps managers to choose an appropriate price and advertising adjustment to maximize profit. The obtained results may help firms to make the smart decision and may provide managers the valuable tool for making decisions in the competitive market environments.

Originality/value

This is a first attempt to analyze a dynamic oligopoly in the differentiated market environment. It considers a joint action of the output and advertising in shaping the closed-loop and the open-loop equilibria with N competitors in a dynamic competitive setting.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 48 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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