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Article
Publication date: 30 April 2021

Miquel Reina Ortiz, Mario Santana Quintero, Clemencia Vernaza, Patricia Ramírez, Fernando Montejo Gaitán and Juana Segura Escobar

The purpose of this contribution is to demonstrate the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in integrating advanced and emerging digital techniques in the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this contribution is to demonstrate the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in integrating advanced and emerging digital techniques in the appropriate and sustainable documentation of heritage sites in Latin America. Existing collaboration between the Universidad del Externado de Colombia, the Colombian Institute of Anthropology and History and the Carleton Immersive Media Studio of Carleton University in Ottawa (Canada) have been sued to demonstrate the importance of this approach. The described collaboration allowed a team of students, researchers, government experts and educators to document selected pilot areas of the remarkable UNESCO World Heritage Sites of National Archeological Park of Tierradentro (UNESCO, 1995) and San Agustín Archaeological Park (UNESCO, 1995). The sophisticated digital recording techniques described, such as 3D scanning, aerial and ground photogrammetry techniques, were used to capture the site's current physical condition, emphasizing the pressing need to conserve the threatened mural paintings (Tierraadentro) and carved rock phases (San Agustin). This contribution also underlines the importance of developing the training of emerging professionals from Colombia in adopting these techniques to make their documentation more accurate, reliable and sustainable in the long term. The project's conclusions demonstrate that it is crucial to integrate emerging documentation techniques into the sustainable approach to conservation of these two important UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach presented in this contribution makes technology more accessible to the conservation specialist in Latin America. It provides a comprehensive capacity building program that involves teaching about theory and practice, using two important UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Colombia. It is also relevant to the interdisciplinary and institutional collaboration between two universities in the North/South areas of the continent and a government institution that effectively collaborates to provide training to emerging professionals.

Findings

The contribution summarizes the opportunities and limitations of adopting technology to make the documentation process for conservation more sustainable in low-income economies and provides a framework to implement future strategies in South America.

Originality/value

The paper raises a discussion on how the concept of sustainability of adopting new technologies in the context of Latin American countries can assist in optimizing the conservation of decorated surfaces in important UNESCO World Heritage Sites by involving capacity building of emerging professionals.

Details

Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1266

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1991

H.C. Phillips and R.P. Bradshaw

Various attempts have been made to study in‐store customer behaviour, mainly using manual recording techniques. Manual recording usually involves tracking a customer round…

Abstract

Various attempts have been made to study in‐store customer behaviour, mainly using manual recording techniques. Manual recording usually involves tracking a customer round a store and tracing the customer's path on a store plan. Other behavioural features such as product handling, verbal contact with sales assistants, display viewing, can also be recorded on the store plan. The recorded data can then be collected and an overall picture of customer traffic and customer behaviour obtained. The extremely labour intensive nature of this technique makes it very time consuming and difficult to obtain a large sample size. Furthermore it is almost impossible to gain a comprehensive picture of customer behaviour throughout the whole store at any given moment or series of moments in time.

Details

Management Research News, vol. 14 no. 4/5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1991

B. Daniels

Examines the application of work study methods to the efficiency ofoffice workers. Discusses the basic Select, Record, Examine, Develop,Install, Maintain procedure of…

Abstract

Examines the application of work study methods to the efficiency of office workers. Discusses the basic Select, Record, Examine, Develop, Install, Maintain procedure of method study as well as forms design and control, office layout and quality control in the office. Concludes that recent initiatives such as TQM have highlighted the importance of every station of a procedure in determining product quality.

Details

Work Study, vol. 40 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 2006

Gary Spraakman

Aims to examine the four different management accounting systems or sets that existed at the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) during the 1670‐2005 period with Burns and Scapens'…

1280

Abstract

Purpose

Aims to examine the four different management accounting systems or sets that existed at the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) during the 1670‐2005 period with Burns and Scapens' institution‐based framework of management accounting change.

Design/methodology/approach

A case study was used with comprehensive archival evidence coming mainly from the Hudson's Bay Company Archives (HBCA) and the HBC's private archive for 1670‐1970 and from interviews with retired and existing senior managers at the HBC for 1970‐2005.

Findings

The findings indicated that Burns and Scapens' framework was helpful. Institutions did prevent management accounting changes, even when seriously needed. Under certain conditions, institutions do not resist management accounting changes. Six suggestions are provided for extending and refining Burns and Scapens framework.

Research limitations/implications

Although the 325 years of evidence was uniquely rich, it was still a case study of a single firm.

Practical implications

Management accounting is slow to change because of institutions.

Originality/value

Management accounting change is very much path‐dependent. Changes occur in management accounting because of major external changes such as competition and modernization. Also, management accounting changes come from the introduction of taken‐for‐granted external techniques such as budgeting, capital budgeting, and planning.

Details

Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1832-5912

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1993

Barrie Daniels

Considers the application of ′work study′ processes –typically used to analyse factory work‐to office environments.Recommends the basic procedure of method study and…

Abstract

Considers the application of ′work study′ processes – typically used to analyse factory work‐to office environments. Recommends the basic procedure of method study and proposes a method for form design and control and office layout. Concludes that ′work study′ remain just as valid as business process re‐engineering for studies carried out in office environments.

Details

Work Study, vol. 42 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 November 1995

Anna Baines

In these days of total quality management, business processre‐engineering, etc. it is easy to forget tried and tested approaches toproductivity and performance measurement…

2386

Abstract

In these days of total quality management, business process re‐engineering, etc. it is easy to forget tried and tested approaches to productivity and performance measurement and improvement. Work measurement, for example, has been around for many years but still can be extremely effective in informing us of the working times, and delays, inherent in different ways of carrying out work.

Details

Work Study, vol. 44 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1986

James E. Rush and Robert S. Tannehill

No comprehensive set of data elements for describing computer software has previously been developed. Applications determine the need for specific data elements. This…

Abstract

No comprehensive set of data elements for describing computer software has previously been developed. Applications determine the need for specific data elements. This article presents a comprehensive profile of data elements, and identifies their probable application in library catalogs, bibliographic references, program documentation, program front matter, program packaging, software catalogs and eye‐legible labels. The data elements are correlated with existing MARC tags, providing compatibility with current usage.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1976

M.C. White and P.L. Noerr

This document describes, briefly, the techniques employed in the MERLIN database 10 store and retrieve bibliographic data. An explanation of the choice of value related

Abstract

This document describes, briefly, the techniques employed in the MERLIN database 10 store and retrieve bibliographic data. An explanation of the choice of value related storage is given, with an indication of the merits of this approach both for data management (cataloguing) and retrieval (searching). Particular attention is paid to the necessity of accurately maintaining the intellectually established relationships between bibliographic data elements, and economic use of storage in a publicly shared data base.

Details

Program, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1959

Why is it so important that progressing should be an active part of a teacher's work and not merely a passive recording of change? This article by a correspondent provides…

Abstract

Why is it so important that progressing should be an active part of a teacher's work and not merely a passive recording of change? This article by a correspondent provides some stimulating answers to this question and some suggestions which are likely to be of particular interest to the less experienced technical teacher.

Details

Education + Training, vol. 1 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0040-0912

Article
Publication date: 1 December 1996

Mortaza Kokabi

Discusses some of the problems associated with the requirements and the prospects for international standards for the exchange of bibliographic records in machine‐readable…

555

Abstract

Discusses some of the problems associated with the requirements and the prospects for international standards for the exchange of bibliographic records in machine‐readable form: the various roles of national bibliographies and national libraries; a lack of international cataloging standards; a lack of an international subject control system; language difficulties; character sets and codes; and nonroman alphabets. Explains that these problems lie behind the development of various MARC formats out of UNIMARC. In this final part of a four‐part article, describes the formats for South Africa, Taiwan, Japan, Croatia and Germany and indicates the points of difference and local requirements.

Details

OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, vol. 12 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-075X

Keywords

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