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Article

Hong‐Linh Truong and Schahram Dustdar

The purpose of this paper is to examine how cloud‐based information systems and services can support emerging and future requirements for sustainability governance of facilities.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how cloud‐based information systems and services can support emerging and future requirements for sustainability governance of facilities.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors present basic elements of cloud‐based sustainability governance platforms, conduct a survey of existing industrial platforms and research works, discuss distinguishable and common characteristics of cloud computing platforms for sustainability governance, and give views on future research.

Findings

Cloud computing emerges as a potential candidate for supporting sustainability governance. However, several techniques must be provided in order to support multiple stakeholders, complex analysis and compliance processes.

Research limitations/implications

The number of industrial platforms and research works in the survey is limited, as is information about industrial platforms. Furthermore, industrial platforms are continuously updated, thus some information might be outdated.

Originality/value

There exists no survey for understanding how cloud computing could be used for sustainability governance. The paper not only helps to understand state‐of‐the‐art in using cloud computing for sustainability governance but also discusses main components, stakeholders and requirements for cloud‐based sustainability governance platforms.

Details

International Journal of Web Information Systems, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1744-0084

Keywords

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Article

Marie Claire Van Hout

The misuse of pharmaceutical opioid analgesics is identified as a global public health concern. Codeine represents an interesting quandary in terms of its regulated…

Abstract

Purpose

The misuse of pharmaceutical opioid analgesics is identified as a global public health concern. Codeine represents an interesting quandary in terms of its regulated status, with individuals varying in their metabolism of codeine, estimation of safe dosages, risk of adverse health consequences and abuse potential. Efforts to quantify and address hidden non-compliant medical codeine use, overuse and intentional misuse is compromised by availability to the public in prescribed and over the counter forms. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

A review of literature on codeine use, misuse and dependence, and associated innovative medical and pharmacy interventions is presented, and was conducted as part of a larger scoping review on codeine.

Findings

The review highlights the complexities associated with monitoring public health awareness of codeine's abuse potential, and customer/patients trends in non-compliant codeine use for therapeutic and recreational purposes. Aberrant codeine behaviours centre on visiting multiple doctors for prescriptions, repeated lost or stolen prescriptions, forging prescriptions and use of multiple pharmacies. Innovations to monitor misuse of codeine include national prescription databases and recent developments in real-time monitoring of dispensing activity.

Practical implications

Further development of real-time monitoring processes with process evaluation is advised.

Originality/value

This viewpoint is intended to demonstrate how efforts to quantify and address codeine use are compromised by its availability. It intends to encourage further policy and practitioner dialogue on how to monitor, support and intervene with consumers misusing codeine.

Details

Drugs and Alcohol Today, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1745-9265

Keywords

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Article

Xiaochun Li, Wenliang Tang and Anastasios Golnas

It is often important to acquire information such as temperature and strain values from metallic tools and structures in situ. With embedded sensors, structures are…

Abstract

It is often important to acquire information such as temperature and strain values from metallic tools and structures in situ. With embedded sensors, structures are capable of monitoring parameters at critical locations not accessible to ordinary sensors. To embed sensors in the functional structures, especially metallic structures, layered manufacturing is a methodology capable of rapidly and economically integrating sensors during the production of tooling or structural components. Embedding techniques for both fiber‐optic sensors and thin‐film sensors have been developed.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article

K. Minten, K. Kitchens and J. Cisson

In the preceding three parts of this series, the authors have extensively reviewed and quantified the special processing sequences required for the ‘additive’ and…

Abstract

In the preceding three parts of this series, the authors have extensively reviewed and quantified the special processing sequences required for the ‘additive’ and ‘semi‐additive’ process strategies of PWB manufacture. In this, the fourth part of the series of five, they wish to present a series of full build processes which meet all the interconnect requirements of the 1990s while eliminating the drawbacks traditionally associated with additive processes.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article

Daniel Bumblauskas, William Meeker and Douglas Gemmill

The purpose of this paper is to review cotemporary maintenance programs and analyze factory production data for an SF6 gas filled circuit breaker population. Various…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review cotemporary maintenance programs and analyze factory production data for an SF6 gas filled circuit breaker population. Various maintenance techniques and studies are reviewed to understand the reliability of circuit breaker models and the impact manufacturing can have on long term maintenance considerations.

Design/methodology/approach

Production and field event data were analyzed using statistical analysis tools. The population data were formatted so that a recurrent event analysis could be conducted to establish the mean cumulative function (MCF) by model and product family (class). Average Field Two‐year Recorded Event Rate (AFTRER) is introduced and compared to commonly used Field Incident Rate (FIR) and Mean‐Time between Failure (MTBF) measures.

Findings

Common managerial operating questions can be answered as exhibited for the provided circuit breaker population. This includes the longevity of field issues, the anticipated life cycle of a model or class, and AFTRER for models or classes of interest. These statistical analysis tools are used to make critical production quality and asset management observations and aid in decision‐making.

Research limitations/implications

Due to limitations in existing database systems, the cost of events and explanatory variables related to event rates were not included in the analyses. There remains much work to be done in terms of the installation and retro‐fitting of breakers with conditions monitors in the field.

Practical implications

A framework to analyze maintenance data from fleet of similar assets using recurrent event data analysis is provided. The methods illustrated here would be useful for quality and asset managers to make operating decisions. This includes resource allocation decisions across a network of equipment.

Social implications

Data analyzed are for power circuit breakers which are a critical element in the operation and reliability of the US power grid.

Originality/value

Using recurrent event data analysis to review and develop solutions to production quality and asset management problems including a comparison of AFTRER to FIR and MTBF measures.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 29 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

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Article

T Halsey, M Brimbal and G Grottenthaler

The efficiency of range telemetry, as currently practiced, is somewhat limited by the available display technology. The manpower, space and accuracy problems associated…

Abstract

The efficiency of range telemetry, as currently practiced, is somewhat limited by the available display technology. The manpower, space and accuracy problems associated with current methods are examined, and the limitations of some new approaches are discussed The concept of Real Time Digital Strip Chart Emulation (RTDSCE), as exemplified by the ES2000 System, and the benefits inherent to such a technical approach are presented and discussed in detail These benefits include reduction of manpower and space requirements by the use of the workstation concept, the elimination of D/A conversion by direct recording of digitised signals, and the facilitation of critical realtime viewing through high resolution video monitoring.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 59 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Lisa Dethridge and Brian Quinn

This paper aims to examine how media play a role in community responses to disaster. The authors explore how communication technology may allow new relationships between…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine how media play a role in community responses to disaster. The authors explore how communication technology may allow new relationships between community groups and emergency agencies. The authors examine the context within which warnings and risk communication are interpreted by media services. The authors observe how, in an emergency context, the thinking about media may change from that of a linear framework of information provision to one of shared resources.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors focus on Second Life, a shared, online space which uses 3D graphic images to simulate a virtual environment. Second Life is posited as a media tool with clear advantages for the training of emergency services professionals and citizens in the community. The authors observe emergency training scenarios and advantages for training for critical thinking and decision-making.

Findings

The authors observe then how virtual worlds such as Second Life provide an online forum in which participants can interact, communicate and simulate action in a complex 3D graphic environment. Second Life may be a useful medium for simulating and testing geo-physical and social manoeuvres using the modeling tools. This may allow for collaborative decision-making in simulations which can prepare or rehearse people for emergency conditions. It may be useful in an emergency with information streamed and coordinated at a single online site. A shared network like Second Life may be shared by many people co-synchronously or a-synchronously, despite their geographic distance. Second Life applications may also be useful in the aftermath of emergencies for design and rebuilding, for analytical and educational purposes.

Research limitations/implications

It is clear that social networks like Second Life provide a valuable tool with which to learn about and share data and information about bushfires, community emergencies and safety precautions in a social setting. It can also provide, at the local level, a forum for community information and discussion, as well as for counselling and reconstruction in the aftermath.

Practical implications

The authors suggest that the range and flexibility of tools and their excellent geographic visualization and social networking functions may in future allow for learning and decision-making among diverse and disparate groups who can come together in virtual space. It is especially useful in remote communities as a means of uniting people who are otherwise isolated by distance or trapped in emergency situations. Second Life is useful for sharing information, organizational and local knowledge about disaster and mitigation management. This media-rich platform is valuable to a community that is increasingly adept with shared, 3D graphic computer interfaces.

Social implications

Applications like Second Life may provide a space where users can access a range of tools as a means of informing, educating, empowering and warning participants in emergency scenarios, both real and simulated. They are more than virtual spaces; they are also social spaces. A platform like Second Life may provide a virtual solution for such communication challenges especially where communities are too remote, too dispersed or even too many in number to be easily accessible in the field.

Originality/value

This paper contains new and significant information about emerging communication systems and platforms that may be of use to those researching and planning around disaster management, mitigation and resilience. It addresses the use of new techniques which are the result of innovation in technology, software design and network design. It applies a discussion of these techniques to several hypothetical and real-life scenarios to explore the potential for virtual tools as a way of providing enriched information, mapping and communication tools across a range of disaster response scenarios.

Details

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-5908

Keywords

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Article

Andy Rumble

THE vast majority of noise specifications, rating indices, requlations and working procedures are based around overall levels and/or octave or fractional octave frequency…

Abstract

THE vast majority of noise specifications, rating indices, requlations and working procedures are based around overall levels and/or octave or fractional octave frequency analysis. Traditionally, analyses of this type are carried out by passing noise signals through analogue filter sets, using the ‘energy’ (pressure‐squared) outputs that result to drive analogue or digital indicators.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 65 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

W.J. Garland, W.F.S. Poehlman, N. Solntseff, J. Hoskins and L. Williams

This paper reports on an investigation of the integration of symbolic computation and reasoning into highly computerized numerically‐based realtime control systems for…

Abstract

This paper reports on an investigation of the integration of symbolic computation and reasoning into highly computerized numerically‐based realtime control systems for complex plant process management. This is the natural next step in an evolving maturation of the use of computers for automated monitoring and control of continuous processes. A particular implementation involving nuclear power plant intelligent monitoring is being developed from which overall principles and specifications can be distilled, ultimately leading to a general methodology that can be applied to other continuous plant processes.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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