Covering a fiber-reinforced concrete column (fiber reinforced plastic (FRP)) improves the performance of the column primarily. The purpose of this paper is to investigate…
Covering a fiber-reinforced concrete column (fiber reinforced plastic (FRP)) improves the performance of the column primarily. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the behavior of small FRP concrete columns that are subject to axial pressure loading, in order to study the effect of many parameters on the effectiveness of FRP couplings on circular and square concrete columns.
These parameters include the shape of the browser (circular and square), whole core and cavity, square radius of square columns, concrete strength (low strength, normal and high), type of FRP (carbon and glass) and number of FRP (1–3) layers. The effective fibrillation failure strain was investigated and the effect of effective lateral occlusion pressure.
The results of the test showed that the FRP-coated columns improved significantly the final conditions of both the circular and square samples compared to the unrestricted columns; however, improvement of square samples was not as prominent as improvement in circular samples. The results indicated that many parameters significantly affected the behavior of FRP-confined columns. A new model for predicting compressive force and the corresponding strain of FRP is presented. A good relationship is obtained between the proposed equations and the current experimental results.
The average hoop strain in FRP wraps at rupture in FRP-confined concrete specimens can be much lower than that given by tensile coupon tests, meaning the theoretical assumption that the FRP-confined concrete cylinder ruptures when the FRP material tensile strength attained at its maximum is not suitable. Based on this observation, the effective peak strength and corresponding strain formula for FRP concrete confined columns must be based on the effective hoop rupture strain composite materials.
This paper aims to analyse the behaviour of dune sand mortars with the addition of ceramic waste. The objective of improving the performance of these modified mortars was…
This paper aims to analyse the behaviour of dune sand mortars with the addition of ceramic waste. The objective of improving the performance of these modified mortars was evaluated in terms of accelerated carbonation performance.
The effect of these recycled materials was studied in an experimental programme through several tests. The carbonation depth was determined using a classical phenolphthalein test. The mass fractions of Ca(OH)2 and CaCO3 were calculated using thermogravimetric analysis, water absorption occurring through capillary action and open porosity, and the mechanical characteristics were measured after subjecting the materials to wetting–drying cycles.
The results show that using ceramic waste provides better performance in terms of water absorption by capillary action, open porosity and carbonation penetration.
This research is a study of the incorporation of ceramic waste up to 10 per cent in dune sand mortar. The choice of using ceramic waste to produce dune sand mortars has benefits from economic, environmental and technical points of view and offers a possibility for improving the durability of mortars.