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Article
Publication date: 28 May 2024

Pattaraporn Piwong, Tiwaporn Junkhaw, Kavinash Loganathan, Murallitharan Munisamy and Ratana Somrongthong

The known advantage of exercise for older adults who had knee pain is limited by low adherence to an exercise program. This study aims to determine the effect of the LINE…

Abstract

Purpose

The known advantage of exercise for older adults who had knee pain is limited by low adherence to an exercise program. This study aims to determine the effect of the LINE application on action and coping plans on exercise adherence, self-efficacy for exercise, specific self-efficacy (task, maintenance and recovery), functional performance (knee range of motion, time up and go, 30-s chair stand and knee outcome for activities of daily living) and knee pain scale among older adults with knee pain in suburban Bangkok, Thailand.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 86 participants aged between 50 and 65 years old were divided into two groups for a period of 14 weeks: intervention (received action and coping plans via the LINE application) and control group (received usual care). All outcomes were measured at baseline and posttest except exercise adherence, which was collected postintervention.

Findings

A significant difference between intervention and control groups across all outcomes. Within group comparisons before and after, the intervention indicates that participants of the intervention group significantly improved posttest. In conclusion, using mobile health technology in combination with action and coping plans was found to enhance older adults’ exercise adherence and motivation, thus, decreasing knee pain while increasing functionality.

Originality/value

This study provides new insight into the combination of action and coping plans implementing with instant messaging through the LINE application which had a positive impact on enhance exercise adherence and knee functional performance of Thai elderly with knee pain.

Details

Working with Older People, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1366-3666

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 17 July 2018

Saowanee Thongnopakun, Tepanata Pumpaibool and Ratana Somrongthong

University students who have low knowledge, attitudes and intentions regarding the prevention of unintended pregnancies may experience higher rates of unintended pregnancies. An…

2486

Abstract

Purpose

University students who have low knowledge, attitudes and intentions regarding the prevention of unintended pregnancies may experience higher rates of unintended pregnancies. An educational program was developed based on the self-efficacy theory and peer-led education to improve unintended pregnancy problems among university students. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of an educational program on knowledge, attitudes and intentions regarding the use of condoms and emergency contraceptive pills among Thai university students.

Design/methodology/approach

The effectiveness of the educational program was tested by a quasi-experimental study with a pre- and post-test design. The study was conducted between September and October 2017. Multistage sampling was used to recruit 73 Thai female university students, including 36 students in the intervention group and 37 students in the comparison group. The intervention group received an eight-week educational program, while the comparison group did not. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the improvement of knowledge, attitudes and intention regarding condom and emergency contraceptive pill use. Descriptive statistics, paired samples t-test, Wilcoxon test and Mann–Whitney tests were used for data analysis.

Findings

Most participants in both groups had sexual intercourse. After the end of the program, the before-after mean score of the intervention group’s knowledge (8.0, 11.0), attitudes (29.4, 32.4) and intention (17.4, 20.4) were significantly increased (p-value<0.001). Post-intervention, there were statistically significant differences in knowledge scores (p-value<0.001) and intention scores (p-value=0.04) between the intervention group and the comparison group.

Originality/value

This educational program increases knowledge and intention but does not influence attitudes toward using condoms and emergency contraceptive pills.

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 6 December 2018

Nanthakan Woodham, Surasak Taneepanichskul, Ratana Somrongthong and Nanta Auamkul

Hypertension is a common disease among elderly. Adherence to antihypertensive medication is a key predictor of optimal blood pressure control that prevents the risk of…

3371

Abstract

Purpose

Hypertension is a common disease among elderly. Adherence to antihypertensive medication is a key predictor of optimal blood pressure control that prevents the risk of cardiovascular disease and potentially death. The purpose of this paper is to assess adherence to antihypertension and identify associated factors among the elderly in a rural area, Buengkan province, Thailand.

Design/methodology/approach

A health facilities based cross-sectional study was conducted in Buengkan district. A simple random sampling method was used to select 408 participants. A structured questionnaire adapted from the World Health Organization STEPwise approach was used to collect data. The medication adherence level was identified by pill count with percentage ⩾70 defined as good adherence. Descriptive and summary statistics were used. Bivariate analysis was done using Pearson’s χ2 test, and multivariable analyses were also carried out.

Findings

A total of 408 (143 males and 265 females) elderly hypertension patients with uncontrolled blood pressure participated in this study. Most of the participants were found to have lower adherence to medication treatment (86.8 percent), whereas the remaining ones (13.2 percent) were found to have good adherence. The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that having a daughter as a care taker (adjust odd ratio=7.99, 95% confidence interval: 1.23–51.778) was significantly associated with high medical adherence.

Originality/value

Hypertension medication adherence among elderly patients with uncontrolled blood pressure was poor. Having a care taker, especially a daughter, is a key to improve adherence. Effective strategy to improve adherence should focus on and involve family participation into the program.

Details

Journal of Health Research, vol. 32 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2586-940X

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 10 July 2018

Fauzia Akhter Huda, Anisuddin Ahmed, Hassan R. Mahmood, Faisal Ahmmed, Alessio Panza and Ratana Somrongthong

The purpose of this paper is to assess the effect of delaying first pregnancy in reducing burden of unintended pregnancy (UP) among married adolescent girls in urban slums of…

1178

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the effect of delaying first pregnancy in reducing burden of unintended pregnancy (UP) among married adolescent girls in urban slums of Bangladesh.

Design/methodology/approach

This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 783 married adolescents in five urban slums of Bangladesh during January 2013–January 2014.

Findings

Half of the respondents’ first pregnancy was reported as unintended. Of the respondents, 58 percent with no school education had experienced UP which was 38 percent among respondents with eight year’s education. Respondents who did not willingly agreed to their marriage experienced more UP (61 percent) than those who were agreed/got married by their own choice (51 percent). Respondents having five years of age difference with their husbands experienced more UP (58 percent) than those with ten years of age difference (46 percent). Respondents aged 14 years at first conception experienced 63 percent UP, while the respondents aged 18 years had 35 percent UP experience. Of the respondents, 66 percent who became pregnant within one year of marriage reported their pregnancy as unintended which was 29 percent among those who delayed their first pregnancy for three years.

Originality/value

Significant association was observed between pregnancy intention with respondents’ educational status (p=0.03), age difference with husbands (p=0.02), age at first conception (p<0.01) and delaying first pregnancy (p<0.001).

Details

Journal of Health Research, vol. 32 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2586-940X

Keywords

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