Search results1 – 2 of 2
Govind Umarji, Supriya Ketkar, Ranjit Hawaldar, Suresh Gosavi, Kashinath Patil, Uttam Mulik and Dinesh Amalnerkar
The purpose of this paper is to ascertain chemical changes occurring at various stages involved in processing of silver‐based photoimageable thick films; and to determine…
The purpose of this paper is to ascertain chemical changes occurring at various stages involved in processing of silver‐based photoimageable thick films; and to determine ensuing topographical features which other wise appeared to be hindered in 2D scanning electron microscopy.
Surface sensitive techniques, viz. X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used.
Interfacial adhesion of silver film with substrate (Al2O3) was specifically looked into with respect to role played by photoimaging (before and after exposure to ultra‐violet light). XPS results revealed occurrence of subtle chemical changes in terms of unsaturation to saturation in C−C bonding and also an interesting C−Al bonding which presumably improves mechanical adhesion of unfired film with the alumina substrate. AFM was carried out to examine the surface roughness, particle size, and microstructure of film which are very important from the standpoint of high‐frequency applications.
Surface sensitive techniques like XPS and AFM were exclusively used in order to characterize silver‐based photoimageable thick films.
Krishan Lal Grover and Pritpal Singh Bhullar
The main purpose of the present study is to stretch the theoretical framework of existing stock of literature with reference to Risk Disclosures in IPO Prospectus and IPO…
The main purpose of the present study is to stretch the theoretical framework of existing stock of literature with reference to Risk Disclosures in IPO Prospectus and IPO performance. The systematic literature review study endows easy and quick access to researchers as well as categorization of the available literature.
Fifty research papers, which has been published or presented from 2000 to 2019 and are related to IPO risk disclosures and IPO performance, have been finalized. Further, these research papers were categorized based upon the five different variables to identify the probable research gap in the selected topic.
This review provides a coherent summary of past studies related to topic and develop a comprehensive evidence on relationship between disclosure of risk factors and IPO underpricing in short run. It shows the existing research gap that needs to be fulfilled to expand the research horizon of future research studies.
The sole limitation of the study is that being a systematic literature review study, it does not carry any empirical results.
The investors will be able to identify the key risk factors, disclosed in IPO prospectus, that may have probable dent on the short-term return from IPO. The findings will further help the investors and financial analyst to identify the degree of impact of risk disclosures that are listed in IPO prospectus.
The paper is a first of its kind to stretch the existing literature and develop theoretical framework in the context of risk factor discloses in IPO prospectus and IPO performance with reference to India. The present study is an attempt to integrate the existing gap between empirical research and existing literature and suggest the techniques to the future practitioners to widen the horizon of their research.