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Abstract

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

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Article

Gang Peng, Ying Wang and Rammohan Kasuganti

This study seeks to develop the concept of technological embeddedness by extending the social embeddedness theory of economic actions to household computer adoption. It…

Abstract

Purpose

This study seeks to develop the concept of technological embeddedness by extending the social embeddedness theory of economic actions to household computer adoption. It also aims to propose a research framework in which technological embeddedness is a key factor that influences household computer adoption.

Design/methodology/approach

The US 1989‐2003 Computer and Internet Use Supplements to the Current Population Surveys are used to validate the proposed research framework.

Findings

The results show that technological embeddedness positively affects household computer adoption. In addition, the impact of technological embeddedness is positively moderated by household income, and this impact is particularly stronger on first‐time buyers than on repeat buyers.

Practical implications

The results provide important policy and managerial implications for encouraging household computer adoption and bridging the digital divide.

Originality/value

The paper proposes a new concept and develops a research framework for analyzing household computer adoption and technology adoption in general.

Details

Information Technology & People, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-3845

Keywords

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Article

Jifeng Mu, Gang Peng and Yi Tan

The importance of innovation to the performance of firms has led to numerous studies conducted to identify the critical successful factors in new product development…

Abstract

Purpose

The importance of innovation to the performance of firms has led to numerous studies conducted to identify the critical successful factors in new product development (NPD). However, most of these studies were conducted within the context of the developed economies or for large enterprises; relatively little is known about how firms, especially small and medium‐size enterprises (SMEs), develop new products in many of the emerging markets. This paper tries to bridge the gap by examining the key success factors of NPD in Chinese SMEs. Different from the traditional approach regarding the success factors in each stage of NPD as homogeneous, the key success factors in each stage of the NPD process are examined from a managerial perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

The data used in this study were collected through a multi‐stage procedure including in‐depth field interviews and surveys. Two rounds of pretests were used to refine the measurements, and the 74 questionnaires retuned in the third round were used to analyze the key success factors for NPD through score ranking and principal component analysis.

Findings

Chinese SMEs do not regard financial return as the primary criterion in the idea‐generation stage. Although the key success factors are relatively quite different in various stages, technological, marketing, commercial, and managerial factors are important across all stages.

Research limitations/implications

The samples were from Beijing Incubator Alliances, which might not be representative.

Practical implications

The results will be interesting to both researchers and managers who want to know how the Chinese SMEs develop their new products.

Originality/value

Very few studies were conducted on how the Chinese SMEs develop new products, and this research contributed to this important topic. Various success factors were examined for each stage of the NPD process from a managerial perspective, rather than viewing the success factors in each stage of NPD as homogeneous, as most previous research has suggested.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

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Article

Patricia R. Todd and Rajshekhar (Raj) G. Javalgi

This paper aims to focus on the determinants influencing the internationalization of small and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs) in India. The objective is to investigate…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to focus on the determinants influencing the internationalization of small and medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs) in India. The objective is to investigate and evaluate the business environment and, then, examine the importance of developing and promoting entrepreneurship to allow SMEs in India to develop a competitive position in the international marketplace. It is proposed that the primary method for fostering or promoting the growth of entrepreneurship is through the utilization of technology.

Design/methodology/approach

An overview is provided of the current economic situation facing SMEs in India. Then factors necessary for the expansion of the business are discussed, along with the challenges of overcoming the resource gaps identified. The importance of fostering entrepreneurship is presented. The current state of technology is then evaluated. The paper concludes with an assessment of challenges and implications for future expansion.

Findings

Information is provided concerning the current situation for SMEs in India and the challenges encountered as they face a business environment that is becoming more competitive. Several factors are identified that must be addressed before the SME can achieve international growth, specifically the utilization of technology. Special attention is given to the gaps in infrastructure that could enable a more efficient use of resources and the impact of entrepreneurship on the economic growth of the SME.

Practical implications

Advancements in information technology and improvements in communication infrastructure have resulted in opportunities for SMEs to participate in global markets in both developing and developed countries. Since, governmental reform in 1991, SMEs in India have been faced with new competitive intensity. Improvements in resource utilization make it possible to sell a variety of products and services from anywhere in the world, around the clock. This paper calls attention to ways in which Indian SMEs can become competitive.

Originality/value

This paper integrates entrepreneurship, resource‐based view, and internationalization of SMEs in India, specifically focusing on the use of technology.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

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Article

Tatiana S. Manolova, Bojidar S. Gyoshev and Ivan M. Manev

While trust is widely recognized as central to the establishment of an effective market economy, research on transition economies has not examined sufficiently its role in…

Abstract

Purpose

While trust is widely recognized as central to the establishment of an effective market economy, research on transition economies has not examined sufficiently its role in promulgating economic development. This study seeks to ascertain the links between supplier trust, asset specificity, and uncertainty reduction in the context of a transition economy, and to validate a measure of trust developed in a Western developed market economy in the conditions of a transition economy.

Design/methodology/approach

A confirmatory factor analysis of trust, asset specificity and uncertainty reduction was performed with a sample of Bulgarian small business owners.

Findings

Commensurate with expectations, supplier trust is significantly and positively associated with both asset specificity and uncertainty reduction. The six‐item measure of supplier trust is a valid measure for new and small ventures in the context of a transition economy.

Originality/value

This paper demonstrates that private entrepreneurs in transition economies compensate for the lack of institutional support through embeddedness in their relational exchange network.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

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Article

Jorge Miguel Carrillo Rivera

This study seeks to compare and contrast the contexts and processes of the formation and development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Brazil and Mexico…

Abstract

Purpose

This study seeks to compare and contrast the contexts and processes of the formation and development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Brazil and Mexico. Additionally, a research agenda is defined based on information generated by various sources regarding the initial stages of enterprise formation.

Design/methodology/approach

This research paper uses data collected from a 2002 study conducted by the Inter‐American Development Bank, along with institutional reports and academic literature, in order to perform a comparative analysis on the gestation and early development of SMEs in Brazil and Mexico.

Findings

This analysis of prior research studies indicates that emerging economies like Brazil and Mexico face enormous social and economic challenges that have in turn slowed down the efficiency and effectiveness of SME support programs. In addition, the differences found in the institutional, socio‐cultural, and economic context of Brazil and Mexico reveal that governments and entrepreneurs face the challenge of sustaining the existence of SMEs.

Research limitations/implications

Since, there was no access to raw data and no statistical procedures could be conducted, the significance of the differences between SMEs in Brazil and Mexico discussed in this paper is perceptual. Future research resulting from this paper shall develop theories that would help to create effective SME support programs, identify how particularities in every country affect SME formation, development, and survival, and explore issues faced in the growth, maturity, and mortality stages of SMEs.

Originality/value

SMEs are extremely important to the economies of both Brazil and Mexico. However, an understanding of the micro and macro issues faced by these countries is very limited. This research paper identifies and analyzes such issues in order to specifically make way for future empirical research.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

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Article

Madhusudan N. Rao

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of and insight into the creation and success of Webject Systems, Inc., an international SME in the IT consulting sector.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of and insight into the creation and success of Webject Systems, Inc., an international SME in the IT consulting sector.

Design/methodology/approach

A history of the company along with background information regarding the founder and the information technology (IT) industry is provided. Highlighted are aspects of the competition, financing, business operations, and human resources management. To conclude, the current state of both the industry and Webject Systems is projected.

Findings

The information provided in this case study illustrates various business strategies that helped Webject Systems to thrive during the late 1990s and early 2000s. The description of the current state of the company and of the industry helps to forecast its future existence and success.

Originality/value

This case study would be of value to entrepreneurs, specifically in the IT sector, and also to those interested in the globalization of existing firms.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

Content available
Article

Yusaf Akbar

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Content available
Article

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. 3 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

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