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Case study
Publication date: 29 June 2021

Harikrishnan Ramesh Varma and Ram Kumar Kakani

The theoretical concepts and frameworks from the following literature are brought in to discuss the case situation. Freeman’s stakeholder framework, Yukl’s Influence…

Abstract

Theoretical basis

The theoretical concepts and frameworks from the following literature are brought in to discuss the case situation. Freeman’s stakeholder framework, Yukl’s Influence Tactics, Johnson and Scholes’ Power-Interest Matrix Please see: Freeman, R. E. (2010). Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Pitman Publishing Inc. Yukl, G. (2002). Leadership in Organizations. Prentice-Hall. Johnson, G. and Scholes, K. (1999). Exploring Corporate Strategy: Text and Cases. Prentice-Hall.

Research methodology

Information required for the case was primarily collected from Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussorie, India, where the newly recruited civil service officers (probationary trainees) of India are trained. The main protagonist, a senior officer in the Indian Administrative Services was interviewed by one of the authors. Secondary data from contemporary newspaper reports and government orders were also made use of.

Case overview/synopsis

Palakkad District Magistrate Gayathri Nair was tasked with acquiring 130 hectares of land for a government-sponsored public-private partnership project to set up a railway coach factory in Palakkad. After taking the landowners into confidence and fast-tracking the administrative process through the line departments, she successfully acquired 93 hectares of land for Phase I of the project. However, the intervention from local politicians and activists halted the next phase. Gayathri was pressured by her bosses to solve the standstill in four weeks. Unable to make the owners realize the benefits of the project, she witnessed a showdown between the agitating masses and the district administration. The entire episode is worsened by the partisan media coverage. The only options open to Gayathri, as the head of the district administration, are either to go ahead with forceful land acquisition and thereby, risk the wrath of the public or abandon the project and bury the months-long back-breaking teamwork. How could Gayathri handle the situation better? What steps could she take at various stages to ensure a balanced outcome for all the stakeholders in the project?

Complexity academic level

This case is applicable for the courses/sessions in training programmes for executives, and undergraduate courses related to project management, strategic management, leadership and public policy. It is also useful for courses and training programmes on stakeholder mapping and conflict management.

Case study
Publication date: 15 February 2022

Harikrishnan Ramesh Varma and Ram Kumar Kakani

This case uses two key theoretical notions for discussion and analysis: Policy-trade off model by Deborah Stone is adapted to the context of decision-making during the…

Abstract

Theoretical basis

This case uses two key theoretical notions for discussion and analysis: Policy-trade off model by Deborah Stone is adapted to the context of decision-making during the cyclone warning [Stone, Deborah. Policy Paradox: The Art of Political Decision-Making. Third, New York: W.W. Norton & Co, 2012.]. The critical success factors in disaster response- John R. Harrald’s five-stage framework is applied to analyse Case B. [Harrald, John R. “Agility and Discipline: Critical Success Factors for Disaster Response:” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 8 September 2016. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716205285404.].

Research methodology

This case is written with the information collected through interviews, over three months from March 2020, with Ms Ranjana Chopra (Indian Administrative Services), a senior civil servant working for the Government of Odisha, who was associated with the event in the case. Secondary sources, including newspaper reports and meteorological bulletins from the Indian Meteorological Department, is also made use of.

Case overview/synopsis

Anupama Gowda was the District Magistrate of Kalinga in the state of Odisha, in the Eastern coast of the Indian peninsula. In April 2019, when the meteorological department issued a cyclone warning, she had to take a call on how to go ahead. Her team did not seem too enthused as Kalinga was away from the coast and meteorological warnings were taken as routine. The case discusses Gowda’s dilemma on whether to push for full-fledged preparations or a limited preparation at least or leave it laissez-faire. She made the decision by 24th April and “what happened” serve as Case B.

Complexity academic level

This case is intended to cover two key competencies: decision-making in ambiguity for public service professionals or bureaucrats and disaster response within a limited time period and resources. This case is useful for undergraduate-level foundational courses with decision-making under ambiguity as a component; in management, public policy and public administration disciplines. Executive training or short-term courses for early-career public service professionals (with no solid background in management/policy theory) on decision-making at the local administration level.

Details

The CASE Journal, vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 1544-9106

Keywords

Case study
Publication date: 18 August 2021

Harikrishnan Ramesh Varma, Ram Kumar Kakani and James Sebastian Poovathingal

Kotter’s framework of change management adapted to the situation of public policy implementation under the leadership of a civil service officer in the rural areas of a…

Abstract

Theoretical basis

Kotter’s framework of change management adapted to the situation of public policy implementation under the leadership of a civil service officer in the rural areas of a developing economy in South Asia.

Research methodology

This case has been written using the primary data collected from the protagonist through personal and computer-based interviews. Some of the documents associated with the event shared by the protagonist are also reproduced as case exhibits. Secondary data from government official websites were also used to enrich the case.

Case overview/synopsis

Mahbubnagar, an arid agricultural district in central India faced the threat of a water crisis owing to the unscientific water extraction by the resident farmers. The government appointed a task force to investigate the problem. The team executed the idea to harvest excess water from the fields through a cheap and efficient method. Though it showed spectacular results in the initial months, the farmers gave up the innovation soon. When the team met two years later, they were shocked by the unenthusiastic response of the farmers. This case pertains to the failure of policy innovations and change management in government.

Complexity academic level

This case is useful for undergraduate-level courses in public management, public policy and governance with modules in change management, innovation management, rural development and programme implementation. Training modules for novice public service professionals and programme management personnel in government organisations. Elective courses on public policy, government relations and public sector management for undergraduate students of business administration.

Article
Publication date: 3 August 2021

Nemiraja Jadiyappa, L. Emily Hickman, Ram Kumar Kakani and Qambar Abidi

The Indian Companies Act 2013 mandated auditor rotations in the financial year 2018–2019. Similar regulations are being considered in many countries, based on the…

Abstract

Purpose

The Indian Companies Act 2013 mandated auditor rotations in the financial year 2018–2019. Similar regulations are being considered in many countries, based on the assumption that longer tenure is detrimental to audit quality; yet, the evidence from investigations of this assumption is inconclusive. This paper aims to examine the effect of moderating factors on the relation between audit quality and audit tenure, given the regulatory trend and the lack of consensus in extant literature.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper examines the relationship between audit quality and audit tenure among Indian firms from 2001 to 2015 and tests for moderating factors including auditor compensation, business group affiliation and chief executive officer (CEO) duality.

Findings

Contrary to the objective of mandatory rotations, this study finds that longer auditor tenure generally enhanced audit quality among Indian firms prior to mandatory rotations. However, for companies paying abnormally high compensation to auditors, this paper finds that longer tenure decreases audit quality, particularly if the firm is affiliated with a business group or firms where the CEO also serves as the board chair. Thus, the potential benefits of mandated shorter tenure appear to be confined to high-fee paying companies with a business group affiliation and/or a dual-role CEO.

Originality/value

This study is one of the first to examine conditioning factors that affect the relationship between audit quality and auditor tenure. Results suggest that regulations limiting auditor tenure would be beneficial only to the shareholders of a narrow group of firms; while for the majority of firms, limiting auditor tenure may actually be counter-productive.

Details

Managerial Auditing Journal, vol. 36 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-6902

Keywords

Case study
Publication date: 18 August 2021

Rebecca J. Morris

Abstract

Details

The CASE Journal, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Case Study
ISSN:

Content available
Case study
Publication date: 9 March 2022

Rebecca J. Morris

Abstract

Details

The CASE Journal, vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 1544-9106

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Sony Kuriakose and Justin Paul

Consolidation through mergers and acquisitions indicates one of the major outcomes of the financial transformation process and contemporary trend in the Indian banking…

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Abstract

Purpose

Consolidation through mergers and acquisitions indicates one of the major outcomes of the financial transformation process and contemporary trend in the Indian banking sector. Literature suggests that the pre-merger financials of banks are crucial in deciding the post-merger performance of merged entities. In this context, the aim of the present study is to provide insights on the strategic and financial similarities of merging partners in the bank mergers that occurred in the post-liberalization India.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper considers all bank merger deals in the post-liberalization period, which involve purchase consideration either in the form of stock or cash. Hypotheses about the strategic similarities and dissimilarities are tested. The study considers all important aspects such as relative size of targets, diversity of earnings, efficiency, financial leverage, prudential norms and profitability.

Findings

The study finds that banks are dissimilar in most of the key areas, and these might have an adverse impact on the post-merger performance.

Originality/value

The study is original because we take into account all the bank merger deals in the period, which involve purchase consideration either in the form of stock or cash.

Details

Review of International Business and Strategy, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-6014

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 August 2022

Prerna Ahuja and Navjit Singh

This all-inclusive bibliometric study aims to highlight the importance and shift of the researchers and the society towards the sustainable menstrual products (SMPs). This…

Abstract

Purpose

This all-inclusive bibliometric study aims to highlight the importance and shift of the researchers and the society towards the sustainable menstrual products (SMPs). This study also provides insights for this taboo topic which needs to be addressed for improving the menstrual hygiene of women.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopts a trio of systematic literature review, bibliometric analysis and content analysis of the research articles taken from the SCOPUS database. The influential journals, authors and countries were established with the bibliometric analysis. Most prestigious research articles were identified based on the page-rank analysis. The intellectual structure was established with bibliographic coupling through which various themes were identified. For the content analysis, thematic mapping and author keyword analysis was performed to gain deeper understanding of themes.

Findings

It was established that the taboo yet novel research domain of SMPs is a necessary step towards the improvement of hygiene of women as well as the economy. The products are here to stay making them a Classic; hence, more research normalizing their usage is necessary. From this analysis, research gaps providing directions to the researchers were identified.

Originality/value

To the best knowledge of the authors, this is the first study that provides a comprehensive review of the SMPs. The research methodology applied in this review involves the triad of systematic literature review, bibliometric and content analyses study that establishes an intellectual structure and provides an all-inclusive overview of this taboo research area.

Details

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4902

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 December 2021

Deepak S. Uplaonkar, Virupakshappa and Nagabhushan Patil

The purpose of this study is to develop a hybrid algorithm for segmenting tumor from ultrasound images of the liver.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to develop a hybrid algorithm for segmenting tumor from ultrasound images of the liver.

Design/methodology/approach

After collecting the ultrasound images, contrast-limited adaptive histogram equalization approach (CLAHE) is applied as preprocessing, in order to enhance the visual quality of the images that helps in better segmentation. Then, adaptively regularized kernel-based fuzzy C means (ARKFCM) is used to segment tumor from the enhanced image along with local ternary pattern combined with selective level set approaches.

Findings

The proposed segmentation algorithm precisely segments the tumor portions from the enhanced images with lower computation cost. The proposed segmentation algorithm is compared with the existing algorithms and ground truth values in terms of Jaccard coefficient, dice coefficient, precision, Matthews correlation coefficient, f-score and accuracy. The experimental analysis shows that the proposed algorithm achieved 99.18% of accuracy and 92.17% of f-score value, which is better than the existing algorithms.

Practical implications

From the experimental analysis, the proposed ARKFCM with enhanced level set algorithm obtained better performance in ultrasound liver tumor segmentation related to graph-based algorithm. However, the proposed algorithm showed 3.11% improvement in dice coefficient compared to graph-based algorithm.

Originality/value

The image preprocessing is carried out using CLAHE algorithm. The preprocessed image is segmented by employing selective level set model and Local Ternary Pattern in ARKFCM algorithm. In this research, the proposed algorithm has advantages such as independence of clustering parameters, robustness in preserving the image details and optimal in finding the threshold value that effectively reduces the computational cost.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-378X

Keywords

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