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Article
Publication date: 5 August 2021

Sandrine Bonin, Wafa Singh, Veena Suresh, Tarek Rashed, Kuiljeit Uppaal, Rajiv Nair and Rao R. Bhavani

The study aims to co-create a “priority action roadmap for women's economic empowerment” based on women's top priorities to charting recovery directions. Doing so contributes to…

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Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to co-create a “priority action roadmap for women's economic empowerment” based on women's top priorities to charting recovery directions. Doing so contributes to the growing body of knowledge on COVID-19 literature in at least four areas: assessing COVID-19 impacts on women entrepreneurs; mapping these impacts with four interdependent women's entrepreneurial ecosystem components; innovating a co-creation methodology based on remote participatory research; and providing a replicable model to perform action-oriented research in the context of COVID-19 impacts.

Design/methodology/approach

A co-creation methodology is proposed, combining systems-thinking and remote participatory research to engage women entrepreneurs and institutional stakeholders to prioritize impact, response actions and recovery needs in the wake of COVID-19. A ranking exercise using the analytic hierarchy process was used to derive ranking and assess user inputs' consistency.

Findings

The study exemplifies the integration of participatory methods and mathematical tool to engage stakeholders in prioritizing recovery work. PARWEE action items ranked by entrepreneurs and vetted by institutional stakeholders cover: access to finances, capacity building, health care, public and private partnership, marketing opportunities and formation of active advocacy groups to voice out women entrepreneurs' needs to institutional stakeholders. Results show a slight difference in the ranking of priority actions between experience owners and fresh starters.

Originality/value

This study innovated a new co-creation methodology for remotely engaging stakeholders of the women's entrepreneurial ecosystem, which is grounded in evidence and provides a replicable model for performing action-oriented research.

Details

International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-6266

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 January 2019

Anup Kumar and Rajiv R. Thakur

There has been a persistent debate on measures of efficiency and ranking procedures of higher education institutions (HEIs). Deriving absolute efficiency measures and their…

Abstract

Purpose

There has been a persistent debate on measures of efficiency and ranking procedures of higher education institutions (HEIs). Deriving absolute efficiency measures and their ranking provide a critical input for the society to choose the appropriate educational institute. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the relative performance of institutions in management education in different locations in India and propose a holistic efficiency measurement which can be applied to HEIs in general.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses dynamic data envelopment analysis (DDEA) as the primary methodology of analysis. Multiple measures of inputs and output have been defined to assess efficiency in institutions of management education. Some of the output variables used for measuring relative effectiveness are: the number of students placed, number of entrepreneurs, median CTC of placed students, total number of students passed, number of research publications, number of students and faculty who have participated in international exchange, input variables used, student intake, faculty profile, resource allocation on the development of student, faculty and staff, industry linkages, alumni network. The institutions under study are in three different locations in India, having distinct characteristics. The multiple measures of inputs and outputs defined have been used to measure efficiency, following which DDEA was used to rank the efficiency measures.

Findings

Various agencies use their framework to evaluate and rank HEIs; however, they are either subjective or less researched methodologies. The proposed method acts as a new researched and objective methodology for ranking of HEIs operating across regions with different societal, economic and political contexts. Efficiency in education is of high relevance today for various stakeholders such as students, parents, industry, policy-makers and government. An objective, such as the one proposed in this paper, would be helpful in satisfying the needs of various stakeholders. Furthermore, the government has policies of allocating funds, in case of public-funded institutions, based on efficiency levels in HEIs. The measure using DDEA suggested in this study provides a better measurement of efficiency.

Research limitations/implications

This research is based on the extension of DDEA with slight modification to the denominator portion of efficiency calculation. The modification is accentuated by taking an industry benchmark or government benchmark. This may lead to slight difficulty in the appropriation of input parameters. Hence, selection of appropriate input and output parameters is the key limitation. To demonstrate capabilities of the proposed approach, this framework is implemented for performance evaluation of institutions of higher education in India. Some helpful policy-making and managerial insights are derived from the numerical results.

Originality/value

The uniqueness of this research is that it adds a well-researched methodology based on DDEA to measure efficiency and rank HEIs for effective assessment and benchmarking. The frameworks used so far have been either subjective or less researched methodologies.

Details

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, vol. 68 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 20 March 2017

Manjeet Kharub and Rajiv Sharma

The purpose of this paper is to measure and analyze the competitive advantage of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) based upon the Porter’s diamond framework. The major…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to measure and analyze the competitive advantage of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) based upon the Porter’s diamond framework. The major objective is to contribute toward better understanding of various determinants of the diamond model in context within Indian MSMEs.

Design/methodology/approach

Extent review of the literature has been done to identify various critical factors contributing to developing a competitive advantage. Exploratory factor analysis and internal consistency tests were performed to verify scales validity and reliability of measuring instrument (questionnaire). In research design, a case study approach has been used, in which MSMEs operating in the pharmaceutical, electrical and electronics, automobile, food and textile sectors were considered.

Findings

Study findings indicate that the pharmaceutical sector is more competitive followed by food (112.491) as revealed by the high value of surface area i.e. 150.931. The competitiveness among MSME sectors is mostly affected by demand conditions followed by firm strategy, structure and rivalry. Moreover, the score of diamond axes indicates significant difference with respect to determinants. For instance, in the textile sector, the determinants such as factor conditions and related and supporting industries scored low, for example, 4.710 and 4.280, respectively, which indicates it needs to be strengthened as this sector stands at last position with minimum surface area, for example, 67.398.

Research limitations/implications

Owing to the time and resource constraints, this study was conducted in MSMEs situated in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India, and thus generalizations of results are rather limited.

Practical implications

This study is one of the original being undertaken by authors which helps to underline the importance of various determinants which may help the MSME units to improve competitiveness by implementing effective competitive strategies. The study could be extended to other regions of the country.

Originality/value

This study is a result of extended research on competitiveness and provides an instrument to measure firm ability to be competitive. CEO’s, managers and policy makers from industries as well as government will be able to use this to evaluate their competitive positioning and identify key problem areas which required improvements.

Details

Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, vol. 27 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1059-5422

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 June 2014

Rajiv D. Banker, Raj Mashruwala and Arindam Tripathy

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the strategic positioning of firms and the sustainability of firm performance. The paper argues that pursuing…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the strategic positioning of firms and the sustainability of firm performance. The paper argues that pursuing a differentiation strategy leads to more sustainable financial performance compared to following a cost leadership strategy. However, a differentiation strategy may also be associated with greater risk.

Design/methodology/approach

To investigate the research questions, the authors utilize publicly available archival data consisting of 12,849 firm-year observations for the period 1989-2003. In the first stage of the analysis, factor analysis is used to determine firms’ strategic positioning. The resulting factor scores are subsequently used in regression analysis to investigate the sustainability of performance based on the strategic positioning of firms.

Findings

The results indicate that both cost leadership and differentiation strategies have a positive impact on contemporaneous performance. However, the differentiation strategy allows a firm to sustain its current performance in the future to a greater extent than a cost leadership strategy. The differentiation strategy, though, is also associated with greater systematic risk and more unstable performance.

Originality/value

Sustainability of performance refers to how much a firm's current profitability can be sustained in future periods. The main contribution of this study is the comparison of generic strategies based on the sustainability of firm performance. This aspect of the strategy-performance link has not been considered in prior work. Another contribution of the study is that it considers multiple dimensions of firm performance in order to evaluate the trade-offs involved with pursuing different strategies. In particular, the authors contribute to the literature by documenting that while differentiation leads to more sustainable earnings, it also leads to riskier and more unstable earnings.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 52 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 5 May 2020

Krishna K. Tummala

This paper focuses on two examples of constitutional corruption in India where the constitution is used for questionable political reasons by the Bharatiya Janata Party under the…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper focuses on two examples of constitutional corruption in India where the constitution is used for questionable political reasons by the Bharatiya Janata Party under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper relies on public documents and media reports to analyse Prime Minister Modi's handling of the purchase of Rafale jet fighters from France and the revocation of Articles 370 and 35A which resulted in the division of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

Findings

Constitutional and democratic norms were violated in both cases, but the Supreme Court did not find any irregularities in the sale of the Rafale jet fighters. The second case is under challenge in the Supreme Court. The analysis reveals how the Modi government has undermined democratic values and used constitutional provisions to pursue its partisan and ideological agenda.

Originality/value

The paper focuses attention on the often neglected topic of constitutional corruption in India.

Details

Public Administration and Policy, vol. 23 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1727-2645

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 September 2011

Gagan Deep Sharma and B.S. Bodla

Internationalization of capital markets gives opportunities to investors to invest their money in the country of their choice, not just in their own country. The relationships…

Abstract

Purpose

Internationalization of capital markets gives opportunities to investors to invest their money in the country of their choice, not just in their own country. The relationships between international stock markets have become increasingly important in recent times. The purpose of this paper is to study the inter‐linkages between stock markets of India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper studies the inter‐linkages between stock markets of India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Daily closing levels of the benchmark indices in the three countries are taken for a period of January 2003‐June 2010. While line charts, correlogram and unit‐root test are applied to check the stationary nature of the series; Granger's causality model, vector auto regression (VAR) model and variance decomposition analysis are performed to find out the linkages between the markets under study.

Findings

The paper concludes that while the National Stock Exchange (India) Granger causes Karachi Stock Exchange (Pakistan) and Colombo Stock Exchange (Sri Lanka), the vice versa is not true. These results of Granger's causality model are also confirmed by the VAR models.

Originality/value

Studies have been conducted in large numbers to test the linkages and integration between stock exchanges of the developed nations, namely the USA, Canada, Europe and Japan. Even the studies that have focused on the developing and under‐developed nations have studied the linkages of those with the developed nations. Little research has been conducted about the inter‐linkages between the nations from Asia. Even fewer studies have focused on stock exchanges in the South‐Asian region. This research paper focuses on the return from the benchmark stock exchanges from these three countries and also on the linkages between India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Article
Publication date: 8 July 2019

Sheetal and Rajiv Kumar

The purpose of this paper is to revisit the growth mechanism of Indian sugar industry by deploying quantitative and qualitative metaphors.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to revisit the growth mechanism of Indian sugar industry by deploying quantitative and qualitative metaphors.

Design/methodology/approach

The research paper has been composed through comprehensive primary research survey using a structured questionnaire, and qualitative discussion following semi- structured interviews with industry professionals on emerging issues across the whole value chain of sugar industry. Respondents regarding primary survey were selected using the purposive sampling, and this collected quantitative information has been verified on the lenses of multiple stream modelling (MSM).

Findings

To support the data analysis, MSM – a policy-making framework has been developed which found that government being a central construct exerts a profound presence across whole value chain; in suppliers’ mechanism, marketing of sugar and sugar mills’ infrastructural expansions. Nationwide uniformity in sugar policy instead of states’ monopolistic policies, rational and mutual benefits-based decisions collectively by the government, mills management and sugarcane growers, and diversification in production processes are enumerated as the proposed solutions against the chronical industry problems.

Practical implications

This study enriches extant Asian sugar industry literature. For policymakers, the proposed results should be of help in identifying specific policies to support the competitiveness of local systems and individual manufacturing companies in the Indian sugar industry suggesting that the development of growth mechanisms can contribute simultaneously to improve the financial, market and operational performance of both individual firms and supply chains.

Originality/value

Cyclicality in production, rising sugarcane farmers’ problems and resulting severe financial distress of mills are some of the topical issues of Indian sugar industry, and the study has explored these issues factually, quantitatively and qualitatively in proximity of industry professionals and described in this depository with the help of document analysis.

Details

Journal of Asia Business Studies, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1558-7894

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 2004

Khaiser Nikam, A.C. Ganesh and M. Tamizhchelvan

“India lives in villages” said the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. With 1,000 million people and 180 million households, India is one of the biggest growing economies in the…

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Abstract

“India lives in villages” said the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. With 1,000 million people and 180 million households, India is one of the biggest growing economies in the world. With the advent of the Information, Communication and Technology (ICT) revolution, India and its villages are slowly but steadily getting connected to the cities of the nation and the world beyond. Owing to the late Rajiv Gandhi, India is now a powerful knowledge economy, and though India may have been slow to start, it certainly has caught up with the West and is ahead in important respects. The Government, the corporate sector, NGOs and educational institutions have supported rural development by encouraging digital libraries, e‐business, e‐learning and e‐governance. The aim of this paper is to touch upon and highlight some of the areas where, by using ICT, the masses have been reached in this way. A follow‐up paper will outline collections of significant cultural material which, once national IT strategies are fully achieved, could form part of a digitally preserved national heritage collection.

Details

Library Review, vol. 53 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

Keywords

Case study
Publication date: 28 November 2022

Deepa Kumari and Ritu Srivastava

The learning outcomes are as follows:1. enable students to appreciate how a platform company can navigate through diminishing network effects;2. enable students to foresee the…

Abstract

Learning outcomes

The learning outcomes are as follows:

1. enable students to appreciate how a platform company can navigate through diminishing network effects;

2. enable students to foresee the downside of scaling up a platform business;

3. enable students to appreciate the trade-off between an efficiency-centric and a novelty-centric business model for platform businesses; and

4. enable students to create a platform business model canvas for a company.

Case overview/synopsis

The teaching case discusses the dilemma of Akshay Chaturvedi, the founder of Leverage Edu, an artificial intelligence-enabled platform for students seeking admission to foreign universities. It had received nearly US$9.6m in funding until December 2021.

Chaturvedi wanted to make the best use of his funds, but was torn between turning Leverage Edu into an “efficient platform” and transforming it into a “novelty-centric platform”. The teaching note attempts to resolve Chaturvedi’s dilemma by analyzing competitors using the platform canvas model and determining how Chaturvedi could create and use network effects to Leverage Edu’s advantage. The case is based on secondary data that is freely available in the public domain.

Complexity academic level

This case is intended for MBA Entrepreneurship students taking a platform business elective. It can also be used in faculty and management development programs under the banner “Technology and Platform Businesses”.

Supplementary materials

Teaching notes are available for educators only.

Subject code

CSS 3: Entrepreneurship.

Details

Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies, vol. 12 no. 4
Type: Case Study
ISSN:

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 October 2017

Gaurav Goyal, Harsh Vardhan Samalia and Piyush Verma

The purpose of this paper is to identify and rank the contextual relationship among the quality management (QM) constructs for manufacturing and its related service organizations…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify and rank the contextual relationship among the quality management (QM) constructs for manufacturing and its related service organizations providing integrated value bundles, which has got limited research attention.

Design/methodology/approach

The QM constructs of manufacturing and services are selected by performing the citation analysis. Studies related to manufacturing and service are selected by reviewing their citations index in the three major research databases namely ProQuest, Scopus and Google Scholar. The subjective responses from both industry and academia are taken in order to gain better understanding of the contextual relationship among the QM constructs. Finally, an integrated model is proposed using Micmac analysis and Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM).

Findings

The citation analysis lead to identification of 12 QM constructs: top management commitment, supplier relationship management, human resource management, strategic focus, customer focus, quality of information sharing, process management, servicescape, employee involvement, service quality, supply chain flexibility and customer satisfaction. The expert opinions of executives in the automotive industry and academia resulted in the development of contextual relationships among the identified QM constructs for the development of an ISM model, which is a major contribution of this study.

Originality/value

The unique focus of this study is on analyzing the contextual relationship among QM aspects in manufacturing and services as clubbed offering. The researchers in the existing literature have so far differentiated between manufacturing and services but this study integrates the QM constructs for manufacturing and its associated services through expert feedback and proposes an ISM model.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 34 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

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