The purpose of this paper is to present a computationally efficient approach for the stochastic modeling of an inhomogeneous reluctivity of magnetic materials. These materials can be part of electrical machines such as a single-phase transformer (a benchmark example that is considered in this paper). The approach is based on the Karhunen–Loève expansion (KLE). The stochastic model is further used to study the statistics of the self-inductance of the primary coil as a quantity of interest (QoI).
The computation of the KLE requires solving a generalized eigenvalue problem with dense matrices. The eigenvalues and the eigenfunction are computed by using the Lanczos method that needs only matrix vector multiplications. The complexity of performing matrix vector multiplications with dense matrices is reduced by using hierarchical matrices.
The suggested approach is used to study the impact of the spatial variability in the magnetic reluctivity on the QoI. The statistics of this parameter are influenced by the correlation lengths of the random reluctivity. Both, the mean value and the standard deviation increase as the correlation length of the random reluctivity increases.
The KLE, computed by using hierarchical matrices, is used for uncertainty quantification of low frequency electrical machines as a computationally efficient approach in terms of memory requirement, as well as computation time.
The purpose of this paper is to show that constructing magnetic equivalent circuits (MECs) for simulating accelerator magnets is possible by defining a three-port magnetic…
The purpose of this paper is to show that constructing magnetic equivalent circuits (MECs) for simulating accelerator magnets is possible by defining a three-port magnetic element for modelling the T-shape field distribution, where the flux leaves the yoke and enters the aperture.
A linear three-port magnetic element is extracted from an analytical field solution and can be represented by a number of two-port elements. Its nonlinear counterpart is obtained as a combination of the corresponding nonlinear two-port elements. An improved nonlinear three-port element is developed on the basis of an embedded nonlinear one-dimensional finite element model.
The T-shaped field distribution comes together with a complicated interplay between the saturation of the ferromagnetic yoke parts and flux leaking to the aperture. This is more accurately modelled by the improved nonlinear three-port magnetic element.
MECs have a limited validity range, especially for configurations where a high saturation level and fringing flux effects coexist.
The results of the paper appeal to be careful with applying nonlinear MECs for simulating bending magnets.
A new nonlinear three-port magnetic element for ferromagnetic yoke parts with T-shaped flux distribution has been developed.