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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1954

Aarhus Kommunes Biblioteker (Teknisk Bibliotek), Ingerslevs Plads 7, Aarhus, Denmark. Representative: V. NEDERGAARD PEDERSEN (Librarian).

Abstract

Aarhus Kommunes Biblioteker (Teknisk Bibliotek), Ingerslevs Plads 7, Aarhus, Denmark. Representative: V. NEDERGAARD PEDERSEN (Librarian).

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article
Publication date: 5 June 2020

Wassim Albalkhy and Rateb Sweis

The purpose of this paper is to identify and theoretically explain the general barriers to adopting lean construction practices in the construction industry regardless of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify and theoretically explain the general barriers to adopting lean construction practices in the construction industry regardless of the country or the company size or specialization, and to suggest future research studies in this field.

Design/methodology/approach

Systematic literature review was conducted to identify and explain the list of the barriers from scientific sources that were published before May 2018.

Findings

Twenty-nine barriers were identified and explained, and a proposed model to classify the sources of the barriers was chosen. Seventeen barriers were classified as internal environment-related barriers, five were labor-related, three were materials-related and four were exogenous barriers. In addition, some directions for the future research studies were suggested.

Research limitations/implications

The barriers that are related to the advanced levels of lean construction (LC) implementations, to a specific location or to a specific LC tool were excluded.

Originality/value

This review will help to increase the understanding of the new concept of LC and might help to encourage the adoption of LC practices. Also, it might be useful for identifying the strategies to achieve successful application of these practices.

Details

International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-4166

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1996

R.L. Ballard

Looks at how inventory can best be monitored and measured in the warehouse. Includes finding out what has to be monitored and measured; a closer look at stock counting;…

Abstract

Looks at how inventory can best be monitored and measured in the warehouse. Includes finding out what has to be monitored and measured; a closer look at stock counting; discussing how information is gathered; asking what makes a good warehouse management system and what the benefits are of using inventory control and warehouse management together and looking at working with limited systems.

Details

Logistics Information Management, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6053

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1964

W.E. BATTEN

We designed our own hardware and drew up our own word list in a purely empirical way, unhampered by theory. We do not think of our word list as a language, but as a list…

Abstract

We designed our own hardware and drew up our own word list in a purely empirical way, unhampered by theory. We do not think of our word list as a language, but as a list of descriptive features, a list of only about 450 words, and this we find to be ample. It seems that there is a limit to which the feature system can subdivide a field, and beyond this limit trouble arises from cross‐fertilization. The limit, however, is more than adequate for most purposes. If greater subdivision is required it seems preferable to split the larger field into several smaller ones, and to provide a separate set of features for each of these. The general tendency for beginners is to overdo the degree of subdivision. This should be resisted in the interests of efficiency. The essence of the feature system is that it is a method for narrowing down the search; each feature that is used in retrieval divides the field by a factor which may range from about five to twenty or more, so that the convergence is very rapid. In our system we regard the author, source, form, language and country of origin as features. Proper names are also features, so that the system is self‐contained, without the necessity of separate author or title indexes.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 16 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article
Publication date: 8 October 2019

Vikki Schaffer and Aaron Tham

This paper aims to propose a framework for engaging tourists as citizen scientists in marine research. Justification for such a framework is driven by the increasing use…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a framework for engaging tourists as citizen scientists in marine research. Justification for such a framework is driven by the increasing use of citizen science (CS) as a method for collecting data in various research projects. While the tenets of CS exist, few studies have demonstrated how these could be integrated to address the challenges and benefits of engaging tourists as scientists.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic review focused on CS-based literature within environmental management, tourism and marine tourism revealed 18 models. Key themes, those repeatedly identified, were extracted. These were adapted to inform the proposed theoretical framework for engaging tourist scientists.

Findings

The key themes were clarified and incorporated into the framework to enhance the value of marine research by engaging tourists. Important features considered were the singularity and sporadic nature of tourist participation, training and engagement as well as the reliability of data collected by citizen scientists.

Practical implications

Originality/value

The framework informs the unique requirements of research in marine environments and the under-used potential of tourist scientists.

抽象

Purpose

本文构建了一个吸引游客成为海洋研究的公民科学家的框架。越来越多的人使用公民科学(CS)作为在各种研究项目中收集数据的一种方法, 这证实了这种框架具有合理性。尽管 CS 的原则是存在的, 但很少有研究表明如何将这些原则整合起来, 以便在吸引游客成为科学家的过程中解决问题, 实现效益。

Design/methodology/approach

本文对环境管理, 旅游和海洋旅游领域基于 CS 的文献进行了系统的回顾, 发现了18 种模式。接下来, 提取出重复确定的关键主题。为了吸引旅游者成为科学家, 这些都根据所提出的理论框架作了调整。

Findings

为了通过吸引游客成为科学家来提高海洋研究的价值,本文明确关键主题并将其纳入框架。同时,本文考虑到了一些重要因素,包括游客参加, 培训和融入的奇异性和零星性,以及公民科学家收集的数据的可靠性

Practical implications

Originality/value

该框架反映出,海洋环境研究具有独特的要求,以及旅游者科学家的潜力尚未得到充分利用。

Resumen

Propósito

Este artículo propone un marco de trabajo, para involucrar a los turistas como ciudadanos científicos en la investigación marina. La justificación de este marco, está impulsada por el uso creciente de la ciencia ciudadana (CS), como un método para recopilar datos en los proyectos de investigación. Si bien ya existen los principios de la CS, pocos estudios han demostrado cómo estos podrían integrarse para abordar los desafíos y beneficios de involucrar a los turistas como científicos.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque

Una revisión sistemática, centrada y basada en la literature sobre CS, y al mismo tiempo relacionada con la gestión ambiental, turismo y turismo marino, reveló 18 diferentes modelos. Se extrajeron los temas clave, identificados repetidamente. Estos fueron adaptados para fundamentar el marco teórico propuesto e involucrar a los científicos turísticos.

Resultados

Se aclararon los temas claves y se incorporaron en el marco de trabajo, para aumentar el valor de la investigación marina, mediante la participación de los turistas. Las características consideradas importantes, fueron la singularidad y la naturaleza esporádica de la participación turística, la capacitación y el compromiso, así como la fiabilidad de los datos recopilados por los científicos ciudadanos.

Implicaciones prácticas

Originalidad/valor

El marco de análisis, expone los requisitos únicos de investigación en entornos marinos y el potencial infrautilizado de los científicos turísticos.

Details

Tourism Review, vol. 75 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1660-5373

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Article
Publication date: 6 April 2010

Mikko Kärkkäinen, Timo Ala‐Risku, Kary Främling, Jari Collin and Jan Holmström

The purpose of the paper is to evaluate the feasibility of implementing a tracking based inventory management system in temporary storage locations of a project delivery…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to evaluate the feasibility of implementing a tracking based inventory management system in temporary storage locations of a project delivery chain. To describe the use of tracking based inventory information for improved logistics control in equipment delivery and installation.

Design/methodology/approach

A solution design experiment was carried out in 16 temporary storage locations with one original equipment manufacturer and four installation partners.

Findings

It is feasible to implement tracking based inventory management in temporary storage locations. The challenge is to ensure that installation partners adopt the system. The benefit is improved logistics control of equipment delivery and installation for the original equipment manufacturer.

Research limitations/implications

Tracking information is more useful than conventional stock keeping in project delivery. By monitoring the dwell time of delivery items it is possible to identify and resolve problems in project execution.

Practical implications

Inventory management in temporary storage locations help project management, project logistics, and central logistics organizations carry out their work more effectively. Implementation can be based on tracking.

Originality/value

The paper's value lies in empirical tests and evaluation of tracking based inventory management in temporary storage locations.

Details

International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8378

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Article
Publication date: 8 May 2018

Norazira Abd Karim, Anuar Nawawi and Ahmad Saiful Azlin Puteh Salin

For a manufacturing company, inventory control and management is crucial to ensure smooth production and sustainable sales performance, as well as preventing stockout that…

Abstract

Purpose

For a manufacturing company, inventory control and management is crucial to ensure smooth production and sustainable sales performance, as well as preventing stockout that will result in customer switch to competitors. This paper aims to examine the effectiveness of cycle count activities, one of the inventory control tools to manage inventory. Beside, this study also wishes to identify any loopholes in practices and procedures in inventory control of companies.

Design/methodology/approach

One of the lubricant manufacturing companies in Malaysia was selected as a case study and mixed method data collection of document analysis and observation were used. The analysis and examination was conducted by using Committee of Sponsoring Organization of the Treadway Commission Framework 2013 as guidance.

Findings

This study found that problems in inventory control can be caused by inconsistency of practices due to incomplete or absent standard operating procedures. Furthermore, no segregation of duties and excessive reliance on one person to conduct many tasks will lead to human error and fraud.

Research limitations/implications

This paper enhances the theoretical understanding on the inventory control and management system applied in the manufacturing organization particularly. However, frequent changes of the management in the organization of the case study make the study difficult to obtain consistent information. Not all standard operating procedures were revised or updated and available for examination. In addition, some of the reports needed for investigation are confidential and requests to observe and scrutinize information from those documents are denied by the company. Thus, more in-depth analysis and verification on the issues of interest were unable to be conducted.

Practical implications

This study provides an indicator that cycle count activities need to be conducted frequently on a regular basis so that the physical inventory and recording system are accurate. Cycle count activities also must involves various related departments in the company in which regular training is essential to ensure employees are aware and understand their responsibility and accountability on the inventory.

Originality/value

This study is original as it focuses on the inventory control management of one of the largest lubricant manufacturing in Malaysia, particularly on cycle count activities which is scare in literature. Furthermore, the company allows research access to the documents and operations conducted in the company, which is usually difficult to obtain from many companies.

Details

Journal of Financial Crime, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-0790

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1997

G. Robinson and J.B.C. Davies

Looks at Amadeus (advanced manipulator for deep underwater systems) which is an international subsea manipulator project, funded by the European Community Marine Science…

Abstract

Looks at Amadeus (advanced manipulator for deep underwater systems) which is an international subsea manipulator project, funded by the European Community Marine Science and Technology Research Programme. The object is to improve the sampling and manipulation capabilities of underwater systems, through the development of advanced grippers and manipulation control techniques. Says that Phase 1 of the project produced an innovative dextrous gripper system for laboratory use. The objective of phase 2 is to produce more robust systems offering enhanced functionality and suitability for trials in the marine environment. Provides an overview of the Amadeus project describing the achievements of the first phase and the proposed developments for phase 2.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

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Article
Publication date: 26 October 2018

Frank Ekow Atta Hayford, Collins Afriyie Appiah, Taofik Al Hassan, Odeafo Asamoah-Boakye and Matilda Asante

In Ghana, the body mass index (BMI) is widely used in clinical practice in assessing weight status, but it is limited as a measure of adiposity. The purpose of this study…

Abstract

Purpose

In Ghana, the body mass index (BMI) is widely used in clinical practice in assessing weight status, but it is limited as a measure of adiposity. The purpose of this study was to compare bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and body mass index (BMI) methods in determining obesity among some Ghanaians.

Design/methodology/approach

This was a cross-sectional survey involving 134 participants whose BMI were determined. Percentage body fat mass (%BF) and percentage visceral fat (%VF) were obtained by BIA using a hand-to-hand Omron body composition monitor with a weighing scale.

Findings

Based on the WHO BMI criteria, 6.0 per cent of the participants were obese. However, according to BIA 18.7 and 20.9 per cent of the participants were obese according to % BF and %VF, respectively. The BMI and %BF showed higher prevalence of obesity among female participants (8.2 and 34.4 per cent, respectively) than male participants (4.1 and 5.5 per cent, respectively), whereas for %VF, obesity was higher among male participants than female participants (26.0 per cent, 14.8 per cent). There was significant positive correlation between BMI and % BF (r = 0.604, p = 0.001); and between BMI and %VF (r = 0.555, p = 0.001).

Research limitations/implications

There are discrepancies in the prevalence of obesity in the study population as measured by BMI and BIA methods. This suggests that the BMI and BIA may not be reliable tools for assessing obesity in this population. Further studies are needed to determine the cut-offs for BMI and BIA that are associated with metabolic risk in the population. The small sample size limits the generalizability of findings of this study.

Originality/value

Body composition tends to vary by ethnicity and race; hence, it is essential to determine the appropriate tool for assessing adiposity in African populations for prompt and targeted interventions.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 49 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2000

Vanessa Burholt, Clare Wenger, Anne Scott, Bashar Yahya and Sibani Roy

The Bangladeshi Migrants Pilot Study establishes the feasibility of applying the methods used in studying the informal support networks of older people in the majority…

Abstract

The Bangladeshi Migrants Pilot Study establishes the feasibility of applying the methods used in studying the informal support networks of older people in the majority population of Britain, specifically the Wenger support networks typology, to the elders of an immigrant group, and to elders who have remained in the region of origin. The sample consists of Bangladeshis aged 55+ in Tower Hamlets, London, United Kingdom (N=98), and Sylhet in Bangladesh (N=51) (see Table 1). The paper provides an ethnohistory of Bangladeshi immigration to the United Kingdom, a comparison of the support networks of Bangladeshis living in Sylhet and Tower Hamlets, and a comparison of support networks of Bangladeshis with rural and urban dwellers in the United Kingdom. The Practitioners Assessment of Network Typology (PANT) algorithm produces support network types in 99% of cases and demonstrates that the instrument is applicable in different cultures. Results show little difference between the support networks of Bangladeshis in Sylhet compared with London. There are significant differences between support networks of the Bangladeshi samples and the rural and urban United Kingdom samples.

Details

Quality in Ageing and Older Adults, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-7794

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